Smeringopus turkana, Huber, 2012

HUBER, BERNHARD A., 2012, Revision and cladistic analysis of the Afrotropical endemic genus Smeringopus Simon, 1890 (Araneae: Pholcidae), Zootaxa 3461 (1), pp. 1-138 : 38-40

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3461.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0704C43A-73D8-4A28-915A-7FF8611C8606

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6418174

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FBB532-FFA0-1724-FF6A-0E7C389FFCE7

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Smeringopus turkana
status

new species

Smeringopus turkana new species

Figs. 171–172, 180 View FIGURES 169–183 , 186–187 View FIGURES 184–193 , 196–197 View FIGURES 194–203 , 219–224 View FIGURES 219–224

Smeringopus arambourgi Fage ” (misidentification; females only) in Fage & Simon 1936: 319–320, fig. 12c.

Type. Male holotype from Kenya, Rift Valley , Kacheliba [~ 1°28’N, 35°01’E?], 1400 m a.s.l., hot dry area, 4.viii.1972 (Murphy) in ZFMK GoogleMaps (Ar 8565; from CJFM 1464 ) .

Note. This species might be a synonym of S. zonatus Strand, 1906 (see below).

Etymology. Named for the Turkana people in northwestern Kenya; noun in apposition.

Diagnosis. Easily distinguished from similar congeners (other species of the arambourgi species group and S. pallidus ) by second pair of apophyses frontally on male chelicerae ( Fig. 223 View FIGURES 219–224 ); also distinguished by tip of procursus ( Figs. 219, 220 View FIGURES 219–224 ), shapes of bulbal processes (pointed processes on dorsal projection; Figs. 221, 222 View FIGURES 219–224 ), and epigynum shape (frontal part with dark hexagonal area; Fig. 196 View FIGURES 194–203 ).

Male (holotype). Total body length 4.9, carapace width 1.6. Leg 1: 37.6 (10.5 + 0.7 + 9.6 + 14.9 + 1.9), tibia 2: 6.4, tibia 3: 4.9, tibia 4: 6.9; tibia 1 L/d: 57. Habitus as in Fig. 171 View FIGURES 169–183 . Carapace with distinct brown pattern medially and laterally, clypeus with pair of dark lines, sternum brown with light spots, leg femora and tibiae with subdistal dark rings and light tips, abdomen with distinct dorsal and ventral pattern. Distance PME-PME 140 µm, diameter PME 135 µm, distance PME-ALE 45 µm, distance AME-AME 35 µm, diameter AME 135 µm. Ocular area slightly elevated, secondary eyes with barely visible ‘pseudo-lenses’; deep thoracic pit. Chelicerae as in Fig. 223 View FIGURES 219–224 , with usual pair of small distal apophyses and unique additional pair more proximally. Palps as in Figs. 186 and 187 View FIGURES 184–193 , coxa without retrolateral apophysis, trochanter barely modified, femur with shallow retrolateral furrow, cymbium without projection near tarsal organ, procursus with distinctive tip ( Figs. 219, 220 View FIGURES 219–224 ), bulb with sclerotized embolus and distinctive dorsal process set with two pointed projections ( Figs. 221, 222 View FIGURES 219–224 ). Legs without spines, few vertical hairs, with curved hairs ventrally on tibiae and metatarsi 1–2, retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 2.5%; prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1.

Variation. The pointed projections on the dorsal bulbal process vary slightly in size and position. Tibia 1 in 4 other males: 8.2, 8.5, 10.0, 10.7.

Female. In general similar to male; tibia 1 in 12 females: 7.2–10.3 (mean 8.4). Epigynum a simple flat plate without pockets, with dark median hexagonal area, internal structures visible through cuticle, posterior part with two darker areas ( Fig. 196 View FIGURES 194–203 ); internal genitalia as in Figs. 197 View FIGURES 194–203 and 224 View FIGURES 219–224 .

Distribution. Known from northwestern Kenya and southwestern Ethiopia ( Fig. 204 View FIGURE 204 ).

Material examined. KENYA: Rift Valley: Kacheliba : 1♂ holotype above. GoogleMaps Turkana, Kanapoi [~ 2°19’N, 36°06’E?], 10.ix.1966 (B. Patterson), 1♂ 1♀ 1 juv. in MCZ (34013) GoogleMaps ; same data but 17.–24.vii.1966, 2♀ 1 juv. in MCZ (34021). GoogleMaps Lodwar, along Turkwell River (3°07.0’N, 35°35.7’E), 10.–12.vi.1999 (W.J. Pulawski, J.S. Schweikert), 1♀ in CAS. GoogleMaps Lodwar , 60 km W of Lake Rudolf [3°07’N, 35°36’E], 16.–26.viii.1963 (B. Patterson), 1♂ 2♀ 3 juvs in MCZ (34023). GoogleMaps Turkana, Lokori [~ 1°57’N, 36°00’E], 26.viii.1965 (B. Patterson), 1♂ 1♀ in MCZ (34025) GoogleMaps ; same data but in concrete houses, 25.vii.1965, 1♂ in MCZ (34010). GoogleMaps Loperot [~ 2°20’N, 35°50’E], vii.1964 (B. Patterson), 1♂ in MCZ (34019). GoogleMaps 7 mi S Loperot [~ 2°15’N, 35°50’E], vii.1964 (B. Patterson), 1♂ 1♀ (2 vials) in MCZ (34009, 34024). GoogleMaps 16 km SW Loperot [~ 2°15’S, 35°44‘E], Akuryo waterhole, bat cave, 24.vi.1964 (B. Patterson), 1♂ 1♀ in MCZ (34020) GoogleMaps ; same data but viii.1964, 1♀ in MCZ (34027). GoogleMaps Kamatira [~ 1°16’N, 35°10’E], roadside scrub, 2300 m a.s.l., 23.viii.1972 (Murphy), 1♀ in CJFM (2164). GoogleMaps Kongelai [~ 1°28’N, 35°01’E?], dry scrub, 1400 m a.s.l., 17.viii.1972 (Murphy), 1♀ in CJFM (1958). GoogleMaps Lake Baringo [~ 0°38’N, 36°00’E], lakeside scrub, 1100 m a.s.l., 28.viii.1972 (Murphy), 1♀ in CJFM (2274). GoogleMaps “ Turkana méridional” and “Lokitang”, Mission de l’Omo , 19.i.1933 and 23.i.1933 [C. Alluaud, R. Jeannel, P.A. Chappuis], 2♀ misidentified as S. arambourgi in Fage & Simon (1936), in MNHN ( AR 10357 View Materials , 10366 View Materials ). GoogleMaps

ETHIOPIA: Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Region: Caschei [~ 4°52’N, 36°29’E?], 5.vii.1939 (E. Zavattari) 1♂ 2♀ 1 juv. (2 vials) in MZF; GoogleMaps same data but 5./ 7.vii.1939, 1♀ in MZF. GoogleMaps Gonga-Baino [~ 4°57’N, 36°41’E], 21.vi.1939 (E. Zavattari), 1♀ in MZF GoogleMaps .

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Smeringopus

Loc

Smeringopus turkana

HUBER, BERNHARD A. 2012
2012
Loc

Smeringopus arambourgi

Fage, L. & Simon, E. 1936: 319
1936