Sphecodes perplexus Nurse, 1903

Astafurova, Yulia & Proshchalykin, Maxim, 2020, New and little-known bees of the genus Sphecodes Latreille, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae) from the Himalayas, European Journal of Taxonomy 729, pp. 74-120 : 102-104

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.729.1195

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2FA17849-A224-4B0B-8894-EDB6ECBE029B

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5705465

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FA8783-FFD0-FF8C-B754-FCE6FD14FACD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sphecodes perplexus Nurse, 1903
status

 

Sphecodes perplexus Nurse, 1903

Figs 14 View Fig , 15 View Fig A–D

Sphecodes perplexus Nurse, 1903: 540 , ♀.

Sphecodes perplexus – Saini & Rathor 2012: 163. — Ascher & Pickering 2020: map.

Diagnosis

The female of this species is similar to that of S. tantalus Nurse, 1903 owing to a similar structure, sculpture and coloration of the body, but it differs from this species by having a more densely punctate mesoscutum, with the punctures separated by 1–2 puncture diameters (vs 2–5), and the pygidial plate as wide as the metabasitarsus (vs 0.8). Both these species are close to S. crassus Thomson, 1870 by the strongly enlarged metafemur, but it differs by the entirely red metasoma.

Material examined

Syntypes INDIA • 1 ♀; “syntype: <red circle>”, “Kashmir 5–6000 ft. 5.01”, “ Col. C. G. Nurse Collection, 1920- 72”, “ Sphecodes perplexus Nurse ”, “B.M. TYPE HYM. 17.a.586”; NHMUK 1 ♀; “ Kashmir 5–6000 ft. 5.01”, “ Sphecodes perplexus Friese det.”, “ Coll. Friese ”, “Typus”; ZMHB (label photo Fig. 14 View Fig ) .

Descriptive notes

Wings hyaline, without darkening; hind wing with the angle between basal (M) and cubital (Cu) veins ca 80°, costal margin with five hamuli.

Female

Total body length 6.5 mm ( Fig. 14 View Fig ). Head ( Fig. 15A View Fig ) strongly transverse, ca 1.3 times as wide as long; vertex weakly elevated as seen in frontal view (distance from top of head to upper margin of lateral ocellus at most a lateral ocellar diameter), but wide as seen in dorsal view (approximately three ocellar diameters); F1 and F2 strongly transverse, ca 0.6 times as long as wide, F3 weakly transverse, 0.8 times as long as wide; labrum semi-oval, 0.6 times as long as wide; clypeus and ocello-ocular area with dense punctures separated by 0.5–1 puncture diameter; paraocular and supracypeal areas with dense plumose pubescence, but not obscuring integument. Mesoscutum ( Fig. 15 View Fig C–D) with sparse punctures (20–25μm) separated by one or two puncture diameters; hypoepimeral area reticulate; metafemur strongly enlarged in proximal half, maximum width 0.5 times its length; tibia and tarsi red-yellowish. Metasomal T1 impunctate ( Fig. 15B View Fig ), T2 on an anterior half with fine and relatively dense punctures; marginal zones impunctate; pygidial plate as wide as metabasitarsus; T1–T5 red.

Male

Unknown.

Distribution

Himalayas: India (Jammu and Kashmir).

ZMHB

Germany, Berlin, Museum fuer Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universitaet

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Halictidae

Genus

Sphecodes

Loc

Sphecodes perplexus Nurse, 1903

Astafurova, Yulia & Proshchalykin, Maxim 2020
2020
Loc

Sphecodes perplexus

Saini M. S. & Rathor V. S. 2012: 163
2012
Loc

Sphecodes perplexus

Nurse C. G. 1903: 540
1903