Colophorina tapuio, Burckhardt & Queiroz, 2020

Burckhardt, Daniel & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Neotropical jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with plants of the tribe Detarieae (Leguminosae, Detarioideae), Zootaxa 4733 (1), pp. 1-73 : 13-16

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4733.1.1

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Colophorina tapuio

sp. nov.

Colophorina tapuio sp. nov.

( Figs 12, 19 View FIGURES 11–21 , 28 View FIGURES 27–38 , 41, 45, 49 View FIGURES 39–50 , 53, 57 View FIGURES 51–60 , 65, 66 View FIGURES 61–70 )


Material examined. Holotype ♂, Brazil: GO, Alto Paraíso do Goiás, São Jorge , -14.1783 -47.8097, 1010 m, 17–18.ii.2018, Copaifera marginata , forest edge (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz) #269(1) ( UFPR, dry mounted). GoogleMaps

Paratypes. Brazil: GO: 17 ♂, 22 ♀, 1 immature, 1 exuvia same data as holotype GoogleMaps ( NHMB, UFPR, dry and slide mounted, 70% ethanol).

Description. Adult. Colouration. Reddish brown to dark brown. Genal processes ochreous. Eyes reddish, ocelli yellowish. Antennal segments 1 and 2 brown, 3 yellow, 4–9 yellow with variably expanded brown apices, and 10 dark brown to black. Mesopraescutum with two submedian darker spot anteriorly; mesoscutum with four longitudinal darker stripes. Apical segment of tarsi dirty whitish. Forewing ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 39–50 ) semitransparent; ground colour reddish brown with dark brown, partially confluent spots covering the entire membrane but slightly denser anteriorly and apically. Hindwing greyish, with brown veins; semitransparent. Abdominal sclerites brown to dark brown, intersegmental membranes yellowish or reddish. Younger specimens lighter with less expanded dark elements.

Structure. Head inclined in a 45° angle from longitudinal body axis. Vertex trapezoidal, 0.4–0.6 times as long as wide. Genal processes ( Fig. 45 View FIGURES 39–50 ) 0.7–0.8 times as long as vertex along midline, broad, anteriorly deeply incised, forming a narrower submedian and a broader lateral tubercle, respectively. Antenna 1.3–1.4 times as long as head width; relative length of segment 10 and terminal setae as 1.0:0.9:0.5. Rostrum short, only tip visible in profile, 0.3 times as long as head width. Pro- and mesotibiae not modified, similar in diameter to metatibiae; protibia 1.2 times as long as profemur ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 39–50 ); metatibia 0.9 times as long as head width, with 5 more or less evenly spaced sclerotised apical spurs. Forewing ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 39–50 ) oval, 3.0–3.6 times as long as head width, 1.8–1.9 times as long as wide; pterostigma relatively short, ending at the level of Rs midlength; cell cu 1 0.8 times higher than wide; surface spinules forming cellular pattern, covering the entire wing. Hindwing with costal setae more or less evenly spaced, not arranged in groups; short vein M+Cu developed. Male and female terminalia as in Figs 53, 57 View FIGURES 51–60 , 65 and 66 View FIGURES 61–70 . Male proctiger 0.4 times as long as head width. Paramere broadest near base, with subparallel margins in basal two thirds, narrowing to slender apex in apical third. Female proctiger 0.8 times as long as head width; circumanal ring 0.4 times as long as proctiger; female subgenital plate 0.6 times as long as proctiger.

Measurements (in mm) (1 ♂, 1 ♀). Head width ♂ 0.58, f0.60; antenna length ♂ 0.78, ♀ 0.82; forewing length ♂ 1.98, ♀ 2.18; male proctiger length 0.22; paramere length 0.26; length of distal segment of aedeagus 0.22; female proctiger length 0.48.

Fifth instar immature. Colouration. Sclerites light brown dorsally, yellowish ventrally, membranes yellow. Eyes red. Antenna yellow to light brown, segments 1 and 2 brown, 7 and 8 brown to dark brown. Rostrum almost black. Legs yellow with brown tibiae and dark brown tarsi. Forewing pad darker at base and apex; hindwing pad light. Caudal plate brown; wax pores yellowish.

Structure. Body 1.7 times as long as wide. Antenna 0.8–0.9 times as long as forewing pad. Lateral margin of forewing pad evenly curved, giving the wing pad a more ovoid look. Hindwing pad with one marginal sectasetae each. Caudal plate 1.3 times as wide as long; with 4+4 marginal sectasetae, bearing a pair of submedian dorsal sectasetae.

Measurements (in mm) and ratios (2 immatures). Body length 1.62–2.18, antenna length 0.52; forewing pad length 0.56–0.64; caudal plate width 0.74–0.76.

Etymology. Noun in apposition. This species is dedicated to the Tapuio, indigenous Brazilian people living in Goiás.

Distribution. Brazil (GO).

Host plant, biology and habitat. Copaifera marginata Benth. —The immatures induce leaf rolls in which they develop.—Cerrado vegetation.

Comments. Colophorina tapuio differs from Colophorina species from the Old World in the broadly rounded forewing. From the New World species, it differs in the slender pro- and mesotibiae, that are strongly inflated in the other three species, and as indicated in the key, i.e. in details of the forewing pattern and the shape of the genal processes; also, the paramere in C. tapuio is tapering mostly in apical half and is slender near the apex.


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