Noctiliostrebla morena, Alcantara & Graciolli & Nihei, 2019

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S., 2019, Revision of Noctiliostrebla (Diptera: Streblidae), parasites of bulldog bats (Chiroptera: Noctilionidae: Noctilio), Zootaxa 4560 (3), pp. 483-521: 509-511

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4560.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:93B6CEE9-82DF-4600-B0A4-F281A6E44DEE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3860426

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987A5-437F-0E05-32DD-FF48FCA5FE0B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Noctiliostrebla morena
status

sp. n.

Noctiliostrebla morena   sp. n.

( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 A–E, G–I, 2A, C–D, 3A–B, D–G, 12, 17A)

Noctiliostrebla maai: Dick & Gettinger (2005   : 1020; part, survey, misidentification); Presley & Willig (2008: 80; tab. 2; part, misidentification); Presley (2011: 835; tab. 1; part, misidentification); Presley (2012: 5–6; tabs 1–2; part, misidentification).

Diagnosis. This is the only species in which the setae of the cluster around spiracle III of the female are the same size as the setae on the longitudinal sideband. The male is similar to that of N. guerreroi   sp. n., but can be distinguished from it by the setae on the ventral margin of the hypopygium, which are longer than the setae around the dorsal macrosetae of the hypopygium.

Description. Measurements (mm, n=20, 10 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀). HFL: ♂ 0.41 (0.38–0.45), ♀ 0,47 (0.45–0.51); SL: ♂ 0.51 (0.47–0.54), ♀ 0.56 (0.53–0.58); TL: ♂ 0.47 (0.43–0.49), ♀ 0.5 (0.46–0.54); WL: ♂ 0.29 (0.25–0.32), ♀ 0.29 (0.26–0.30); WW: ♂ 0.17 (0.15–0.19), ♀ 0.16 (0.15–0.18).

Thorax. Mesepimeron ( Fig. 1E View FIGURE 1 ) with 1–2 setae on each side. Wings ( Fig. 1E, G View FIGURE 1 ) with 0–3 setae on median vein. Metasternum ( Fig. 12B, E View FIGURE 12 ) like in N. maai   .

Female abdomen. Syntergite I+II ( Figs. 2A View FIGURE 2 , 12A View FIGURE 12 ) like in N. maai   , except 26–37 setae on each plate of lateral lobe. Dorsal connexivum ( Fig. 12A View FIGURE 12 ) resembling that of N. ecuadorensis   sp. n., except as follows: cluster of setae around spiracle III with setae anterior to spiracle III as long as setae posterior to spiracle III, and longest setae 1/3 the length of longest setae on syntergite I+II; longitudinal sideband with setae as long as setae on cluster of setae around spiracle III and three times as long as setae on median dorsal connexivum; without setae near inner side of spiracle V; lateral pair of setae between each spiracle VI longer than longest setae on cluster of setae around spiracle III but not twice the length, and median pair of setae between each spiracle VI shorter than longest setae on longitudinal sideband of setae but longer than half their length. Tergite VII ( Figs. 2 View FIGURE 2 C–D, 12A, C) like in N. guerreroi   sp. n., except 4–8 setae on each plate. Sternite II ( Fig. 12B View FIGURE 12 ) like in N. aitkeni   . Sternite VII with 8–11 setae on each plate. Epiproct ( Figs. 2 View FIGURE 2 C–D, 12A, C) like in N. maai   .

Male abdomen. Syntergite I+II ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ) like in N. maai   , except 32–48 setae on each plate of lateral lobe. Ventral connexivum like in N. dubia   . Sternite II ( Fig. 12E View FIGURE 12 ) like in N. maai   . Hypopygium ( Figs. 3 View FIGURE 3 A–B, E–F, 12D–E) with 1–2 setae on ventral margin longer than setae around the dorsal macrosetae of hypopygium but not twice the length, and shorter than dorsal macrosetae of hypopygium; sternite VI like in N. aitkeni   . Genitalia ( Figs. 3B View FIGURE 3 , D–F, 12F–H) similar to N. guerreroi   sp. n.

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay ( Fig. 17A View FIGURE 17 ).

Type locality. Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Base de Estudos do Pantanal   .

Host. Noctilio albiventris   .

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♀: Brazil: “ HOLOTYPE ♀ / Noctiliostrebla morena   / Alcantara, Nihei & Graciolli”, “MZSP / Host. N. albiventris Desmarest   / Brazil, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Base de Estudos do Pantanal—UFMS [= Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul] / 19°34’48.0”S, 57°01’15.1”W / 03.iii.2013 / D.M.C. Alcantara & C.S. Souza leg. / BEP96” ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   . PARATYPES (122 ♂♂, 109 ♀♀): Brazil   : 4 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Mato Grosso, Poconé, Pousada Rio Clarinho , 16°36’02.1”S, 56°43’46.7”W, 19.i.2013, D. M.C. Alcantara, M. D. Santis & M.S. Sato leg., on N. albiventris   ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Fazenda Arara Azul , 19°15’81”S, 57°03’44”W, 19.v.2007, J.M. Longo leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Fazenda Nazaré, 18°40’14.8”S, 57°08’0.87”W, 27.iv.2013, L.F.A.C. Carvalho leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 4 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Fazenda São Bento, ix.2006, R.M. Gamarra et al. leg., on N. albiventris   ( MZSP); 20 ♂♂, 21 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Forte Coimbra, 19°54’49.6”S, 57°47’19.4”W, 4.iv.2008, M.O. Bordignon leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 19°34’29”S, 57°00’53”W, 14.v.2007 – 11.i.2008, J.M. Longo leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 6 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 19°34’51.3”S, 57°01’13.5”W, 15.v.2007, J.M. Longo leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 17.x.2007, M.O. Bordignon leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 4 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Passo do Lontra, Corumbá, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 19°34’38.9”S, 57°01’09.1”W, 28.x.2008, M.O. Bordignon leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 3 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 28.vi.2011, 19°34’48.9”S, 57°01’16.2”W, C.L. Silva leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 11 ♂♂, 9 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 27.i.2011, C.L. Silva leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 6 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, same data as previous except 31.i.2011 ( ZUFMS); 3 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀, same data as previous except 1.iii.2011 ( ZUFMS); 17 ♂♂, 11 ♀♀, same data as previous except 27.iv.2011 ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, same data as previous except 28.iv.2011 ( ZUFMS); 19 ♂♂, 18 ♀♀, same data as previous except 24.vi.2011 ( ZUFMS); 3 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, same data as holotype ( MZSP); 2 ♂, 2 ♀, same data as holotype ( NHMUK); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype ( ZMHU); 3 ♂, 3 ♀, same data as holotype except 25.ii.2013 ( MZSP); 1 ♂♂, 1 ♀♀, same data as holotype except 25.ii.2013 ( MPEG); 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Porto Índio, 17°40’08.7”S, 57°45’21.4”W, 12.viii.2008, M.O. Bordignon leg., on Platyrrhinus lineatus (E. Geoffroy)   ( Chiroptera   : Phyllostomidae   ) [doubtful record, see further on] ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, riparian forest, 19.i.1999, Missirian leg., on N. albiventris   ( DZUP); GoogleMaps   Paraguay: 5 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Alto Paraguay, Bahía Negra, 90m, 20°10.98’S, 58°09.42’W, 15.ii.1996, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. albiventris   ( FMNH); 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, Misiones, Rio Antinguy, 80m, 27°20.67’S, 56°40.52’W, 15.i.1996, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. albiventris   ( FMNH); 3 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, Presidente Hayes, Estancía La Victoria , 120m, 23°39.03’S, 58°34.79’W, 27.vii.1995, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. albiventris   ( FMNH); 1 ♀, same data as previous except 29.vii.1995 ( FMNH). GoogleMaps  

Etymology. A noun in apposition, the specific epithet “ morena   ” refers to the nickname of the city of Campo Grande, capital of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The holotype and most paratypes are from the state of Mato Grosso do Sul.

Remarks. We examined part of the material studied by Dick & Gettinger (2005), Presley & Willig (2008) and Presley (2011, 2012). Some of these specimens were identified by us as N. morena   sp. n., whereas others were identified as N. pantaneira   sp. n. The individuals of N. morena   sp. n. were included in the type series. No specimen from their material was confirmed as N. maai   . Like N. dubia   , N. maai   has also been recorded from Bolivia (Dick et al. 2007), but the specimens collected in that country may in fact belong to N. morena   sp. n., since N. maai   only occurs in Central America and northern South America.

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Streblidae

Genus

Noctiliostrebla

Loc

Noctiliostrebla morena

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S. 2019
2019
Loc

Noctiliostrebla maai

: Dick & Gettinger 2005
2005