Noctiliostrebla pantaneira, Alcantara & Graciolli & Nihei, 2019

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S., 2019, Revision of Noctiliostrebla (Diptera: Streblidae), parasites of bulldog bats (Chiroptera: Noctilionidae: Noctilio), Zootaxa 4560 (3), pp. 483-521 : 511-513

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4560.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:93B6CEE9-82DF-4600-B0A4-F281A6E44DEE

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3860434

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F987A5-4379-0E07-32DD-FDFBFE5BFE76

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Noctiliostrebla pantaneira
status

sp. n.

Noctiliostrebla pantaneira   sp. n.

( Figs 2B View FIGURE 2 , 13 View FIGURE 13 , 17B View FIGURE 17 )

Noctiliostrebla maai: Dick & Gettinger (2005   : 1020; part, survey, misidentification); Presley & Willig (2008: 80; tab. 2; part, misidentification); Presley (2011: 835; tab. 1; part, misidentification); Presley (2012: 5–6; tabs 1–2; part, misidentification).

Diagnosis. The pattern of setae on the connexivum of the female is very similar to that found in N. dubia   , but it is mainly differentiated by the few setae in the middle of the bare areas on the median dorsal connexivum. The female sternite II is weakly emarginate compared to the shape observed in N. dubia   and N. traubi   . The male is easily recognized by the set of macrosetae anterior to sternite VI, and sternite II weakly emarginate.

Description. Measurements (mm, n=20, 10 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀). HFL: ♂ 0.45 (0.43–0.47), ♀ 0.52 (0.51–0.55); SL: ♂ 0.51 (0.49–0.53), ♀ 0.56 (0.55–0.58); TL: ♂ 0.49 (0.47–0.51), ♀ 0.52 (0.51–0.55); WL: ♂ 0.29 (0.27–0.31), ♀ 0.30 (0.28–0.33); WW: ♂ 0.17 (0.15–0.18), ♀ 0.18 (0.17–0.20).

Thorax. Mesepimeron with 1–2 setae on each side. Wing with 1–3 setae on median vein. Metasternum ( Fig. 13B, E View FIGURE 13 ) like in N. traubi   .

Female abdomen. Syntergite I+II ( Fig. 13A View FIGURE 13 ) like in N. maai   , except 35–56 setae on each plate of lateral lobe, and inner lateral margin moderately inclined. Dorsal connexivum ( Fig. 13A View FIGURE 13 ) like in N. dubia   , except as follows: with few short setae at middle of bare areas; row posterior to spiracle VI with one pair of setae in the middle as long as setae on cluster of setae around spiracle III. Lateral connexivum with free cluster of minute setae below spiracle III. Tergite VII ( Fig. 13A, C View FIGURE 13 ) like in N. dubia   , except 4–7 setae on each plate. Sternite II ( Fig. 2B View FIGURE 2 , 13B View FIGURE 13 ) with posterior margin weakly emarginate, and longest lateral setae twice as long as shortest median setae; discal setae not in row. Sternite VII ( Fig. 2B View FIGURE 2 ) subtriangular and longer than wide; 8–13 setae on each plate. Epiproct ( Fig. 13A, C View FIGURE 13 ) like in N. dubia   .

Male abdomen. Syntergite I+II like in N. dubia   , except 37–71 setae on each plate of lateral lobe. Ventral connexivum with segmental setae longer and thicker than other ventral setae but not twice the length, easily distinguishable. Sternite II ( Fig. 13E View FIGURE 13 ) with posterior margin weakly emarginate, and longest lateral setae longer than shortest median setae but not twice the length. Hypopygium ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 D–E) with ventral setae like in N. dubia   ; sternite VI straight or slightly curved, narrower and longer than half length of cercus; cluster of macrosetae anterior of sternite VI, 1–3 macrosetae longer than dorsal macrosetae of hypopygium but not twice the length. Genitalia ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 F–H) like in N. guerreroi   sp. n., except gonopod wider than in N. guerreroi   sp. n., and dorsal margin of aedeagus similar to that of N. falsispina   sp. n.

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay ( Fig. 17B View FIGURE 17 ).

Type locality. Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Base de Estudos do Pantanal   .

Host. Noctilio albiventris   .

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♀: Brazil: “ HOLOTYPE ♀ / Noctiliostrebla pantaneira   / Alcantara, Nihei & Graciolli”, “MZSP / Host. N. albiventris Desmarest   / Brazil, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Base de Estudos do Pantanal—UFMS [= Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul] / 19°34’48.0”S, 57°01’15.1”W / 03.iii.2013 / D.M.C. Alcantara & C.S. Souza leg. / BEP88” ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   . PARATYPES (89 ♂♂, 76 ♀♀): Brazil   : 1 ♂, 5 ♀♀, Mato Grosso, Poconé, Pousada Rio Clarinho , 16°36’02.1”S, 56°43’46.7”W, 19.i.2013, D. M.C. Alcantara, M. D. Santis & M.S. Sato leg., on N. albiventris   ( MZSP) GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Fazenda Arara Azul , 19°15’81”S, 57°03’44”W, 19.v.2007, J.M. Longo leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 4 ♂♂, 8 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Forte Coimbra, 19°54’49.6”S, 57°47’19.4”W, 4.iv.2008, M.O. Bordignon leg. ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 19°34’29”S, 57°00’53”W, 14.v.2007, J.M. Longo leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 5 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, same data as previous except 19°34’51.3”S, 57°01’13.5”W, 15.v.2007, ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as previous except 19°34’51.3”S, 57°01’13.5”W, 15.v.2007, on Artibeus planirostris Spix ( Chiroptera   : Phyllostomidae   ) [doubtful record, see further on] ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 2 ♀♀, same data as previous except 19°34’38.9”S, 57°01’09.1”W, 28.x.2008, M.O. Bordignon leg. ( ZUFMS); 4 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Passo do Lontra, Base de Estudos do Pantanal, 27.i.2011, C.L. Silva leg., on N. albiventris   ( ZUFMS); 2 ♂♂, 1 ♀, same data as previous except 1.iii.2011 ( ZUFMS); 10 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, same data as previous except 25.iv.2011 ( ZUFMS); 2 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, same data as previous except 26.iv.2011 ( ZUFMS); 26 ♂♂, 19 ♀♀, same data as previous except 27.iv.2011 ( ZUFMS); 3 ♂♂, same data as previous except 28.iv.2011 ( ZUFMS); 18 ♂♂, 10 ♀♀, same data as previous except 24.vi.2011 ( ZUFMS); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype ( DZUP); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype ( MZSP); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype ( NHMUK); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype ( ZMHU); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype except 27.ii.2013 ( MZSP); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, same data as holotype except 27.ii.2013 ( MPEG); GoogleMaps   Paraguay: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Misiones, Rio Antinguy, 80m, 27°20.67’S, 56°40.52’W, 15.i.1996, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. albiventris   ( FMNH); 4 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, Presidente Hayes, Estancía La Victoria , 120m, 23°39.03’S, 58°34.79’W, 29.vii.1995, R. D. Owen & M.R. Willig leg., on N. albiventris   ( FMNH). GoogleMaps  

Etymology. A noun in apposition, the specific epithet “ pantaneira   ” refers to the traditional inhabitants of the Pantanal region, where the holotype and most of the paratypes are from.

Remarks. In his comments about N. dubia, Wenzel (1976)   mentioned two females that have many features in common with N. pantaneira   sp. n. However, the females he examined were from the state of Amazonas, Brazil, and do not match the geographical records of N. pantaneira   sp. n. Some of the specimens studied by Dick & Gettinger (2005), Presley & Willig (2008) and Presley (2011, 2012) were identified by us as N. pantaneira   sp. n. and were included in the type series. Many specimens of N. pantaneira   sp. n. were collected on the same host individuals as N. morena   sp. n.

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

DZUP

Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

ZMHU

Zoologisches Museum der Humboldt Universitaet

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Streblidae

Genus

Noctiliostrebla

Loc

Noctiliostrebla pantaneira

Alcantara, Daniel Maximo Correa, Graciolli, Gustavo & Nihei, Silvio S. 2019
2019
Loc

Noctiliostrebla maai

: Dick & Gettinger 2005
2005