Meoneura mucki, Stuke & Barták, 2019

Stuke, Jens-Hermann & Barták, Miroslav, 2019, Records of Carnidae from the collection of Miroslav Barták (Diptera: Carnidae), with the description of five new species, Zootaxa 4567 (2), pp. 326-346: 340-345

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4567.2.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8C4E34D8-2D18-4DE4-A5AA-0BB2B8BECBCA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/C078E26F-49B9-4416-9C81-B6A614ED3E8E

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:C078E26F-49B9-4416-9C81-B6A614ED3E8E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Meoneura mucki
status

spec. nov.

Meoneura mucki   spec. nov.

( Figs. 19–23 View FIGURES 19–23 )

Holotype ♂: (1) „ SU: Amankutan / pasture / 39.19N / 66.55E 1300 m / Barták, 23.v.1989 “; (2) „ Holotypus / Meoneura mucki   / spec. nov. ♂ / det. Stuke 2018“. GoogleMaps  

The holotype is deposited in the collection of the Czech University of Life Sciences, Czech Republic, Prague (CULSP). The specimen is glued on a card point and therefore only the left side of head without proboscis and thorax could be examined. Otherwise the specimen is in good condition. The posterior part of abdomen is dissected, macerated and stored in a glycerine microvial pinned underneath the specimen.

Description of holotype (male). Length about 1.9 mm. Wing length 1.4 mm. Head height 0.4 mm.

Head black with anterior half of frons yellow brown. Antenna black to dark brown. Arista without pubescence. Maximum eye length: maximum eye height = 0.9. Posteroventral margin of gena closest to eye margin: maximum eye height = 0.5. Frons slightly microtomentose to subshining, frontal triangle shining. Frontal triangle distinct, reaching about 1/2 distance from anterior ocellus to frontal margin. Face and proboscis cannot be examined due to preparation of the specimen. Postcranium slightly microtomentose. 1 distinct ocellar seta; supralunular setae convergent; 4 fronto-orbital setae (2 anterior mesoclinate, 2 posterior lateroclinate); 2 vertical setae; 2 mesoclinate postorbital setae; postocellar setae slightly divergent; 1 strong vibrissal seta; 2 supravibrissal setae, the ventral one indistinct and much smaller; 2 strong genal setae.

Scutum shining to subshining, anterior 2/3 covered with black setulae. Scutellum microtomentose. Pleurae —as far as can be seen in the type—shining. Scutum with only 1 long posterior, 1 intermediate medial, and 1 smaller anterior dorsocentral seta. 1 postpronotal seta; 1 praesutural seta; 1 anterior and 2 posterior notopleural setae; 1 long and 1 inconspicuous short supraalar seta; 2 postalar setae; 1 praescutellar seta; 1 apical and 1 lateral scutellar seta. 1 seta at posterior margin of anepisternum. 1 dorsal seta and 1 ventral seta on katepisternum. Costa with no obvious setae beyond radial vein R 1. Wing hyaline, costa light brown, other veins white to light yellow. R 4+5 slightly curved to apex of wing. Knob of haltere whitish yellow, base of haltere brown. Legs black to brown. Fore femur apically with 3 and basally with 2 strong posteroventral setae. Hind femur apically with 1 strong anteroventral seta. Hind metatarsus ventrally with dense yellow golden setae. Length metatarsus 2: length tibia 2 = 0.6.

Tergites with no obvious depressions or tufts of setulae. Abdominal pleura with scattered setae on abdominal segments 4–5. Abdominal segments 1–5 narrow, width of tergite 3: length of tergite 3 = 2.5. Tergites 2–4 each with 1 short lateral seta at the posterior margin, and with 2–4 indistinct setae at the posterior margin. Sternite 5 almost rectangular, about as long as broad ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 19–23 ). Sternite 5 with 2 lateral setae, the posterior obvious long ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 19–23 ). Midventral tergite 7 not recognized. Protandrium small, slightly shorter than epandrium and about 0.5 of length of tergite 5. Epandrium with few setae ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19–23 ). Maximum length dorsally in the middle of epandrium: maximum width of epandrium = 0.5. Cerci indistinct, not projecting, and with a few setulae only. Subepandrial plate hardly sclerotised with the exception of a x-shaped brown structure. Subepandrial plate with scattered, hardly visible fine setulae. Obvious proceeding of hypoproct with 4 large setae on the laterally projecting part and several fine setulae basally. No tooth on subepandrial plate. Surstylus as Figs. 19, 21–22 View FIGURES 19–23 : with a slightly broadened base, falcated, and with a broad apical tip. Surstylus with short, strong setae apically, and long setae ventrally. No lamella. Postgonite as in Fig. 20 View FIGURES 19–23 : distinctly sclerotised, with a small base, elongated, pointed, apically bent like a hook. Distiphallus —as far as can be seen in the type—short and with dense brown setulae.

Diagnosis. Meoneura mucki   belongs to the Meoneura obscurella   -group that is characterised by a distinct process of hypoproct that has long distinct setae ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19–23 ). From all other species of this group M. mucki   is easily distinguished by the unique falcated surstylus with a densely haired tip ( Figs. 19, 21 View FIGURES 19–23 ). Process of hypoproct has 4 large setae ( Fig. 19 View FIGURES 19–23 ). Mesoscutum and pleurae are shiny and contrasting with the microtomentose scutellum. If characters of setation turn out to be constant 3 notopleural setae, 2 postalar setae and 2 mesoclinate postorbital setae are remarkable characters. A key of the Meoneura obscurella   -group is published by Stuke & Freidberg (2017). M. mucki   will run to the last couplet 11 together with Meoneura prima ( Becker, 1903)   and Meoneura goldemari Stuke & Freidberg, 2017   but will not be assigned to one of these species due to the very different shape of the surstylus.

Etymology. The „Kleine Muck“ is a participant of Wilhelm Hauf´s fairy tale „Die Karavane“. The Kleine Muck is a small misshapen figure and outsider as Carnidae   are small inconspicious Diptera   in which hardly anybody is interested in.

Distribution. Meoneura mucki   is hitherto only known from the locus typicus Aman-Kutan (near Samarkand, Uzbekistan).

Meoneura neottiophila   COLLIN, 1930

CZECH REPUBLIC: 5♂♂, 11.–25.iv.2009, Čertova voda, right lake shore [50°48’47.3’’N 14°13’35.3’’E], 130 m, Malaise trap, meat baited, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 7.–14.v.2012, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 10.v.–4.vi.2011, Vráž nr. Písek near brook [49°23’59’’N 14’07’58’’E], 400 m, Malaise trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP   ; 7♂♂, 2.iv.–10.v.2011, dito; 1♂, 10.iv.–4.vi.2011, Vráž nr. Písek near brook [49°23’59’’N 14’07’58’’E], 400 m, Malaise trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP   ; 1♂, 21.–24.vi.2010, Vráž nr. Písek , wood [49°24’8’’N 14°7’8’’E], 430 m, pyramid trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, 24.vi.–19.vii.2010, Vráž nr. Písek , wood [49°24’12’’N 14°6’57’’E], 400 m, pyramid trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 13.vi.–30. ix.2014, Vráž nr. Písek , wood, protein trap [49°24’12’’N 14°7’03’’E], 400 m, protein trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; TURKEY: 3♂♂, xi.2012 – iii.2013, Muğla, pine wood [37°09’41’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, Malaise trap, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubík, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, v.–vi.2013, Muğla, pine wood [37°09’41’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, protein trap, leg. O. Dursun, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Freidberg (2017).

M. neottiophila   has not been reported from Turkey before.

Meoneura obscurella   ( FALLÉN, 1823)

Material: CZECH REPUBLIC: 1♂, 11.viii.–11.ix.2010, 5 km nnw of Uhlířské Janovice [49°53’27.5’’N 15°1’48.2’’E], 400 m, pyramid trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP. Diagnosis: Stuke & Freidberg (2017) GoogleMaps  

Meoneura occulta   STUKE, 2015

Material: ITALY: 1♂, 4.viii.1988, Lago di Campotosto , 4 km s, pasture [42.29°N 13.20°E], 1300 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Bächli (2015).

Prior to this record only the type material from Switzerland was known.

Meoneura palaestinensis   HENNIG, 1937

Material: TURKEY: 1♂, 8.–20.viii.2015, Dalyan , farm [36°48’54’’N 28°39’04’’E], 1m, Malaise trap, leg. O. Dursun, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 19.viii.–17.ix.2015, Muğla, University campus [37°09’42’’N 28°22’13’’E], 720 m, Malaise trap, leg. H. Kavak, coll. PJHS; UNITED ARABIAN EMIRATES GoogleMaps   : 4♂♂, 1.–30.vi.2016, Houbara protected area [24.08°N 52.97°E], AD 1021, Malaise trap, leg. A. Saji & A. van Harten, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Freidberg (2017).

These are the first records of M. palaestinensis   from Turkey.

Meoneura pappi   STUKE, 2015

Material: AUSTRIA: 1♂, 31.vii.1988, Heiligenblut [47.00°N 12.46°E], 1700 m, on Compositae, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; CZECH REPUBLIC: 3♂♂, 5.–12.x.1995, 5 km w of Uhlířské Janovice , damp meadow [49.53°N 15.03°E], 460 m, pan trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 16.–17.vi.2005, Krkonoše , Labská and Pančavská louka [50°46’07’’N 15°32’31’’E], 1340 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, 12.–13.viii.2005, Krkonoše , Labská bouda environment [50°46’18.6’’N 15°32’47.2’’E], 1300 m, pan trap +sweeping, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 23.–26.v.2001, Krkonoše , Labská louka [50°46’11’’N 15°32’32’’E], 1350 m, pan trap, leg. J. Vaněk, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 4♂♂, 3.–4.vii.2005, Krkonoše , Luční hora (maringotka) [50°43’14.4’’N 15°41’00.9’’E], 1450 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, 2.viii.2007, Krkonoše , Obří důl nr. brook [50°43’36’’N 15°43’40’’E], 950 m, pan trap +sweeping, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 12.–13.viii.2005, Krkonoše , Pančavská louka [50°46’06’’N 15°32’31’’E], 1330 m, pan trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, ix.2008, Krkonoše , Slunečná stráň, meadow [50°38’00’’N 15°49’30.4’’E], 650 m, pan trap, leg. J. Vaněk, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 22.–24. vii.2006, Lrkonoše Mountains , Labská rokle near brook [50°46’20’’N 15°32’45’’E], 1330 m, pan trap +sweeping, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, 10.vi.1995, MS Beskydy , Muřinkový vrch [49.31°N 18- 39°E], 950 m, pan trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP   ; ITALY: 1♂, 5.vii.2011, Passo Nigra , meadow and wood [46°26’39’’N 11°35’18’’E], 1700 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 8.viii.1988, Passo Rolle , alpine meadow [46.13°N 11.42°E], 1900 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 4. vii.2011, Weisslahnbad , edge of forest [46°28’40’’N 11°34’11’’E], 1400 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; SLOVAKIA: 1♂, 28.vii.2002, Nizké Tatry Mountains [7083], alpine zone between Dereše Mountain and Ďumbier Mt., 1700–2000 m, leg. J. Farkač, K. Farkačová, V. Zedek, coll. CULSP   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Bächli (2015).

M. pappi   is herewith reported the first time from Austria and Slovakia.

Meoneura prima ( BECKER, 1903)  

Material: ALGERIA: 2♂♂, 24.–28.x.2015, Ghardaia garden [32°30’24’’N 3°37’43’’E], 520 m, leg. B. Aissa, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; CZECH REPUBLIC: 1♂, 9.x.–17.xi.2011, Kunice [49°56’1.4’’N 14°40’7.5’’E], 435 m, pyramid trap meat & fruit, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; UZBEKISTAN: 2♂♂, 18.v.1989, Chimgan , alpine meadow [41.38°N 70.06°E], 1800 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 18.v.1989, Karamazar , alpine meadow [41.30°N 69.49°E], 800 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Freidberg (2017)

M. prima   has not been known from Algeria before.

Meoneura pseudoflavifacies   PAPP, 1997

Material: BULGARIA: 7♂♂, 21.vii.1987, Sliven, 13 km n, damp valley [42.49°N 26.16°E], 700 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; ITALY: 2♂♂, 12.vii.1990, Cesana , mixed wood [44.57°N 6.47°E], 1000 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Bächli (2015).

These are the first records of M. pseudoflavifacies   from Bulgaria.

Meoneura triangularis   COLLIN, 1930

Material: CZECH REPUBLIC: 2♂♂, 11.viii.–11.ix.2010, 5 km nnw of Uhlířské Janovice [49°53’27.5’’N 15°1’48.2’’E], 400 m, pyramidal trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 2.iv.–10.v.2011, Vráž nr. Písek near brook [49°23’59’’N 14’07’58’’E], 400 m, Malaise trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP   ; 1♂, 16.–20.vi.2008, Vráž nr. Písek , damp meadow [49°24’12’’N 14°7’13’’E], 430 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; TURKEY: 6♂♂, xi.2012 – iii.2013, Muğla, pine wood [37°09’41’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, protein trap, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 21.–24.ix.2012, Muğla, University campus, 700 m [37°09’42’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, pan trap, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 21.–24.ix.2012, Muğla, University campus, 700 m [37°09’42’’N 28°22’21’’E], 700 m, Malaise trap, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubik, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Stuke & Freidberg (2017).

M. triangularis   has not been reported from Turkey before.

Meoneura vagans   ( FALLÉN, 1823)

Material: BULGARIA: 1♂, 23.vi.2016, 9 km nee of Dospat , meadow nr wood [41°40’13’’N 24°15’50’’E], 1170 m, leg. M. Barták & Š. Kubík, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; CZECH REPUBLIC: 4♂♂, 11.viii.–11.ix.2010, 5 km nnw of Uhlířské Janovice [49°53’27.5’’N 15°1’48.2’’E], 400 m, pyramidal trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 11.vii.–11.viii.2010, 5 km w of Uhlířské Janovice [49°53’28’’N 15°01’48’’E], 410 m, pyramidal trap, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 5.–12.x.1995, 5 km w of Uhlířské Janovice , damp meadow [49.53°N 15.03°E], 460 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 17.–18.vii.2005, Bystřice near Třinec, shore of Olše river [49°38’08’’N 18°42’46’’E], leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 23.–26.v.2001, Krkonoše, Labská louka [50°46’11’’N 15°32’32’’E], 1350 m, pyramid trap, leg. J.Vaněk, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 2♂♂, viii.2008, Krkonoše, Slunečná stráň, meadow [50°38’00’’N 15°49’30.4’’E], 650 m, pyramid trap, leg. J.Vaněk, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 15.–22.v.2012, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 26. iv.–2.v.2012, dito; 1♂, 22.–29.v.2012, Praha, Troja [50°07’15’’N 14°23’53’’E], 184 m, emergence trap baited with pig carcas, leg. M. Barták, coll. PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, 16.–20.vi.2008, Vráž nr. Písek , damp meadow [49°24’12’’N 14°7’13’’E], 430 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP, PJHS GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 30.v.–3.vi.2005, Vráž u Písku , damp meadow [49°24’13’’N 14°07’15’’E], 400 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 22.v.1995, Vráž u Písku , near pond [49.23°N 14.08°E], 400 m, leg. M. Barták, coll. CULSP GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis: Collin (1930).

SU

Stanford University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Carnidae

Genus

Meoneura

Loc

Meoneura mucki

Stuke, Jens-Hermann & Barták, Miroslav 2019
2019
Loc

Meoneura prima ( BECKER , 1903)

Becker 1903
1903