Baeus leai Dodd

Stevens, Nicholas B. & Austin, Andrew D., 2007, Systematics, distribution and biology of the Australian ' micro-flea' wasps, Baeus spp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae): parasitoids of spider eggs, Zootaxa 1499, pp. 1-45: 23-25

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.177085

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D72B854C-7A85-446F-9041-78B9EA38CFBA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F5879F-5279-D120-FF68-4DC2F2E2FB77

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Baeus leai Dodd
status

 

7. Baeus leai Dodd  

( Figs 3 View FIGURE 3 A, 5 B, 6 D, 7 D, 9 E & F, 15 C)

Baeus leai Dodd, 1914: 73   ; Kieffer, 1926: 147, 150; Austin, 1981: 89; Johnson 2004.

Holotype, Ψ, ‘Sydney, [A. M.] Lea’ ( SAM). [Head and forelegs mounted on slide]

Other material examined. Queensland: 2 Ψ, Bunya Mountains, 15.iv. 1927, A.P. Dodd ( ANIC); 5 Ψ, Mt Tamborine, xi. 1978 –iii.1979, 6– 17.iii.1981, 16– 30.I.1982, 21.ii – 29.iii. 1984 ( QDPC); 1 Ψ, Rex Range lookout via Julatten, 9.xi – 2.xii. 1981, Storey ( QDPC); 2 Ψ, 16 km up Davies Creek Rd, via Mareeba, 4–13.iii. 1983, Storey & Titmarsh ( QDPC); 4 Ψ, Windsor Tablelands via Mt Carbine, 12.xi – 26.xii. 1983, Storey, Walford & Huggins ( ANIC); 7 Ψ, Windsor Tablelands via Mt Carbine, 26.xii. 1983 – 24.i. 1984, Storey & Halfpapp ( QDPC); 1 Ψ, Hugh Nelson Range, 31 km S of Atherton, 31.xii. 1983, R.I. Storey ( QDPC); 7 Ψ, Hugh Nelson Range, 21 km S of Atherton, 1.xii. 1983 – 9.i.1984, 9.i – 10.ii.1984, 12.x – 5.xi. 1989, Storey & Brown ( QDPC); 11 Ψ, Mt Glorious N.P., 28.ii – 9.iii. 1984, L. Masner ( CNC), 1 Ψ, Mt Glorious N.P., 3.i – 4.ii. 1989, H. Howden ( CNC); 1 Ψ, Indooroopilly, 28.ii – 9.iii. 1984, L. Masner ( CNC); 12 Ψ, Lake Eacham, 17.17 S 145.39 E, 15.ii – 16.iii.1988, 29.iii – 31.v. 1988, D.C.F. Rentz ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, 27.57 S 153.11 E, Guanaba Shelf, Tamborine Mountain, xii. 1992 – i. 1993, K.J. Lambkin ( ANIC); 10 Ψ, Hugh Nelson Range, 17.27 S 145.29 E, 3.i – 4.ii.1995, 6.iii – 4.iv. 1995, P. Zborowski ( ANIC); 3 Ψ, Massey Creek, 17.37 S 145.34 E, 3.i – 4.ii.1995, 4.ii – 6.iii. 1995, P. Zborowski ( ANIC); 8 Ψ, Longlands Gap, 17.28 S 145.29 E, 3.i – 4.iii.1995, 4.iv – 2.v. 1995, P. Zborowski ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, Hugh Nelson Road, 17.27 S 145.29 E, 6.iii – 4.iv. 1995, P. Zborowski ( ANIC); 2 Ψ, Brisbane Forest Park, 27.25.04S 152.49.48E, 4–11.iii. 1998, & 11–17.iv. 1998, N. Power, malaise trap ( CNC); 1 Ψ, Main Range National Park, 28.03.01 S 152.23.59E, 9.xii. 2002, Owen, George, Munro, sweeping ( CNC); 1 Ψ, Great Sandy National Park, 26.00.95S 153.01.32E, 15–16.xii. 2002, J. Munro, yellow pan trap ( CNC); 1 Ψ, Great Sandy National Park, 25.00.62S 153.02.80E, 16–17.xii. 2002, J. Munro, A. Owen, yellow pan trap ( CNC); New South Wales: 2 Ψ, Fitzroy Falls, 31.i. 1968 ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, Victoria Park via Alstonville, 25.xii. 1974 – 22.iii. 1975, G.B. & S.R. Monteith ( QDPC); 6 Ψ, Pearl Beach, 7.i. 1979, A.D. Austin, reared series ( WINC); 1 Ψ, Beaury State Forest, 28.29 S 152.23 E, 15–17.ii. 1983, T. Weir & A. Calder ( ANIC); 7 Ψ, Macquarie Pass, 34.34 S 150.40 E, 8.II. 1984, I.D. Naumann ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, Ben Boyd N.P., Bittangabee nr Green Cape, 16– 19.ii. 1984, J. Lawrence ( ANIC); 12 Ψ, Mt Wog Wog, 37.04 S 149.28 E, ii. 1987, C.R. Margules ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, Kosciuszko National Park, 35.54.9S 148.37.3E, 26–28.xi. 2002, George et al. yellow pan trap ( CNC); Australian Capital Territory: 34 Ψ, 1 ɗ, Canberra, 1.vi. 1946, ex. eggs Caelaenia sp. (bird dung spider; Araneae   ) ( ANIC, WINC); 28 Ψ, 1 ɗ, 15.iii. 1950, E.F. Riek ( ANIC, WINC); 6 Ψ, Mt Majura, 14.xii.1969, 6.i. 1970, C.G. Brooks ( ANIC); 2 Ψ, Black Mountain, 2.vi. 1970, J. Simmons ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, Mt Ainslie, 11.viii. 1970, C. Taplin ( ANIC); 3 Ψ, Wombat Creek, 35.19 S, 148.51 E, IV. 1985, J. Lawrence, T. Weir & M.L. Johnson ( ANIC); 4 Ψ, Piccadilly Circus, 35.22 S, 148.48 E, V. 1986, J. Lawrence, T. Weir, & M.L. Johnson ( ANIC); Victoria: 1 Ψ, Greensborough, 29.ii. 1961 ( ANIC); Tasmania: 13 Ψ, Hobart, 4.i. 1951, E.F. Riek ( ANIC); 1 Ψ, Bird River, Launceston, 41.14 S 147.28 E, 3.ii. 1973, E. Britton ( ANIC); 2 Ψ, Barrow Creek, 41.21 S 147.22 E, 12.i – 6.ii. 1983, I.D. Naumann & J.C. Cardale ( ANIC); South Australia: 1 Ψ, Port Davenport, York Penninsula, 26.iii. 1979, D. Morgan ( WINC); 4 Ψ, Wistow, iv –v. 1988, A.D.Austin ( WINC); 3 Ψ, Mt Barker Summit, 18.i – 4.ii. 1996, M. Iqbal & A.D. Austin ( WINC); Western Australia: 3 Ψ, Perth, 30km E, 24–28.xii. 1986, J.S. Noyes ( WINC); 1 Ψ, Fitzgerald River N.P., Quaalup area, 5–9.i. 1987, J.S. Noyes ( BMNH); 2 Ψ, Stirling Range N.P., 11–15.i. 1987, J.S. Noyes ( WINC); 3 Ψ, Narnahop N.P., Walpole, 17–21.i. 1987, J.S. Noyes ( BMNH); 7 Ψ, Bold Park, 31.57 S 115.46 E, 20.v.– 20.vii.1993, 24.ix – 18.xi.1993, 19.xi. 1993 – 6.i. 1994, J.M. Waldock, K. Goodsell & J. Webb ( WINC), 9 Ψ, Bold Park, 31.57 S 115.46 E 6.i – 18.iii.1994, 18.iii – 19.v. 1994, M.S. Harvey & J.M. Waldock ( WAMP, WINC); 1 Ψ, Perth Airport, 31.59 S 115.58 E, 10.v – 24.vi.1993, 6.i – 18.iii.1994, 18.iii – 19.v. 1994, M.S. Harvey & J.M. Waldock ( WAMP, WINC); 3 Ψ, Perth Airport, 31.59 S 115.58 E, 10.v – 24.vi.1993, 18.xi. 1993 – 6.i. 1994, J. Waldock, K. Goodsell, J. Webb ( WAMP); 1 Ψ, Tuart Hill, 31.53 S 115.52 E, 18.xii. 1993 – 7.i. 1994, J.M. Waldock ( WAMP); 3 Ψ, Stirling Range National Park, Salt River & Redgum Pass roads, 34.18.79S 117.17.59E, 21–22.xi. 2002, yellow pan traps, J. George, J. Munro, A. Owen ( CNC); 1 Ψ, Carter’s Rd nr. Margaret River, 33.56.12S 115.03.94E, 15–16.xi. 2002, yellow pan trap, George, Hawks, ( CNC); Lord Howe Island: 2 Ψ S. & J. Peck, 17–31.v. 1980. ( CNC); Norfolk Island: Sp 3. 8 Ψ 29.01 S 167.57 E, Filmy Fern Walk, NINP, 14.xi – 2.xii. 1984, T.A. Weir. 2 nd Flight intercept window/trough trap. ( ANIC); 1 Ψ 29.01 S 167.57 E, Red Rd, Tr. NINP, 14.xi – 2.xii. 1984, T.A. Weir. 2 nd Flight intercept window/ trough trap. ( ANIC); 1 Ψ 29.01 S 167.56 E, South Spur Track (bottom) NINP, 14.xi – 2.xii. 1984, T.A. Weir. 2 nd Flight intercept window/trough trap. ( ANIC); 4 Ψ Palm Glen 1.xii. 1979, G.B. Monteith, pyrethum knockdown. ( QDPI); New Zealand: 1 Ψ Lynfield, 18.iv. 1981, G. Kuschel. Malaise trap ( NZAC); 1 Ψ Mt Albert Research Centre, 13.ii. 1977, A.K. Walker. ( NZAC); 1 Ψ Rotorua, Forest Research Institute, ii. 1981, J. Bain, Malaise trap. ( NZAC); 4 Ψ North Island, Coromandel Peninsula, 10 km E. Thames, 22–29.i. 1999, yellow pan trap, S.A. Marshell ( NZAC).

Description. Female. Mean length 1.09 mm (1.00– 1.24; n = 10); body and head dark red brown, sometimes almost black, both legs and antennae brown with darker markings on dorsal surfaces.

Head. 2.03 (1.88–2.21) x as wide as inter-ocular distance and 1.99 (1.80–2.27) x as wide as long; medial ocellus 15 μm in diameter, 96 (80–120) μm from posterior head margin; lateral ocelli 5 μm from eye margin, 18 (10–20) μm from posterior head margin; posterior ocellar line 1.21 (1.14–1.37) x inter-ocular distance; vertex coriarious, pilosity generallyof sparse density, but can be of moderate density in areas, mostly short in length, but if setae do qualify as medium length then usually only just; i.e. mostly within 10–15 µm range, not exceeding 20 µm, except for some Norfolk Island specimens whose pilosity is mostly of medium length often exceeding 20 µm; eyes large and ovoid, eye height 0.53 (0.47–0.56) x head height, eye width 0.53 (0.44–0.62) x eye length, pilosity short; frontal carina often reaching 0.5 distance to medial ocellus; cristulations of malar region often extending to within 10 μm of eye margin; in postero-lateral view, anterior and posterior genal margins usually parallel medially, but may be marginally divergent; anterior genal margin in contact with 0.60 (0.50–0.77) of ventral eye margin length; posterior eye margin touching hyperoccipital carina.

Mesosoma. Length 0.62 (0.55–0.67) x width; mesoscutum and mesoscutellum coriarious, pilosity varies from sparse to moderately dense, for most specimens, the setae are mixture of short and medium length, but if medium in length then usually only just; i.e. within 10–15 µm range, not exceeding 20 µm, except some Norfolk Island specimens that exhibit a mixture of medium to long setae; medio-dorsally, propodeum glabrous; mesoscutum length 0.42 (0.38–0.47) x width, 0.65 (0.58–0.68) x mesosoma length and 3.23 (2.33–4.25) x mesoscutellum length; mesoscutellum length 1.5 (1.0– 2.5) x propodeum length; sculpturing dorsal mesopleuron distinctly scrobiculate, ending adjacent to or slightly ventral of dorsal margin of metapleuron; sculpturing of propodeum anterior to spiracle scrobiculate, region posterior to spiracle generally smooth, but may be faintly carinulate; ventral to spiracle is distinct crescent shaped ridge running from ventral margin of spiracle to lateral posterior margin of propodeum, enclosed by ridge are varying number of faint carina bearing hairs posteriorly; propodeal spiracle small and tear-drop shaped; posterior margin of metapleuron curving dorsomedially, dorsal extent of suture equal to level of antero-lateral margin of T 2; hind femoral spine reduced.

Metasoma. T 2 length equal to width, posterior margin extending ventrally to below level of ventral margin of pronotum, sculpturing coriarious, pilosity sparse and mixture of short and medium length, if setae medium in length then only just; i.e. mostly within 10–15 µm range, not exceeding 20 µm, except for some Norfolk Island specimens whose pilosity is mostly of medium length, often exceeding 20 µm and even long in patches; T 3 and T 4 coriarious anteriorly with wide, smooth bands along posterior margins, T 3 bearing one row of setae.

Description. Male. Mean length 1.05 mm (0.94–1.16; n = 2).

Head. 1.55 (1.50–1.61) x as wide as inter-ocular distance and 2.4 (2.25–2.5) x as wide as long; medial ocellus 17 μm in diameter, 104.5 (99–110) μm from posterior head margin; lateral ocelli 17 μm from eye margin, 44 (33–55) μm from posterior head margin; posterior ocellar line 1.0 (0.97–1.1) x inter-ocular distance; eyes ovoid, eye height 0.59 (0.56–0.61) x head height; frontal carina reaching greater than 0.5 of distance to medial ocellus; in postero-lateral view, anterior and posterior genal margins convergent medially; anterior genal margin in contact with the entire length of the ventral eye margin; posterior eye margin more than 40 μm from hyperoccipital carina.

Mesosoma. Length 1.03 x width; mesoscutum length 0.73 x width, 0.63 x mesosoma length; propodeal spiracle small and round; hind femoral spine reduced.

Metasoma. T 1 transverse, length 0.24 x width; T 2 length 0.6 x width.

Biology. This species has been reared from the eggs of a Celaenia   sp. ( Araneidae   ), commonly referred to as the ‘bird dung’ spider, in the Canberra area, ACT, and Araneus   sp. ( Austin 1985; Table 2).

Comments. Baeus leai   is a large species with a very compact mesosoma and long metasoma. The distinctive feature of this species is the crescent-shaped ridge on the dorso-lateral propodeum beginning from the ventral margin of the spiracle ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 D, 9 E). Baeus leai   is the most widespread and commonly collected member of the genus ( Fig 15 View FIGURE 15 C).

SAM

South African Museum

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

QDPC

Queensland Primary Industries Insect Collection

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

WINC

Waite Insect and Nematode Collection

QDPI

Queensland Department of Primary Industries

NZAC

New Zealand Arthropod Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Scelionidae

Genus

Baeus

Loc

Baeus leai Dodd

Stevens, Nicholas B. & Austin, Andrew D. 2007
2007
Loc

Baeus leai

Austin 1981: 89
Kieffer 1926: 147
Dodd 1914: 73
1914