Pupisoma, Stoliczka, 1873

Hausdorf, Bernhard, 2007, Revision of the American Pupisoma species (Gastropoda: Pupilloidea), Journal of Natural History 41 (21 - 24), pp. 1481-1511: 1489-1494

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1080/00222930701401069

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03F43138-FFE6-6D5C-0A3D-FC51FBADFE1C

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Pupisoma
status

 

Pupisoma   ( Pupisoma   ?) comicolense H. B. Baker, 1928  

( Figures 3–5, 7 View Figure 7 )

Pupisoma comicolense Baker 1928, p 224   , Plate 15 Figures 4–7.

Pupisoma galapagorum Pilsbry 1934, p 114   , Plate 16 Figures 7–9 View Figure 7 .

Pupisoma bailyi Pilsbry 1934, p 116   , Plate 24 Figure 15 View Figure 15 .

Pupisoma latens Hylton Scott 1960, p 26   , Figures 3–6.

Pupisoma comicolense: Baker 1930, p 3   , Plate 7 Figures 1, 2.

Pupisoma galapagorum: Baker 1963, p 201   .

Ptychopatula bailyi: Schileyko 1998, p 96   , Figure 106.

Pupisoma mediamericanum: Pilsbry 1920, p 42   [partim, non Pilsbry 1920]; Baker 1930, p 4 [partim, non Pilsbry 1920].

Type material examined

Pupisoma comicolense Baker   : paralectotypes: Mexico, Puebla: below Necaxa , 900 m alt., 20 ° 139N, 98 ° 009W ( ANSP 256464 View Materials ); Hidden Valley below Necaxa , 950 m alt. ( ANSP 256463 View Materials )   ; Salto Chico near Necaxa , 1160 m alt. ( ANSP 256462 View Materials )   .

Pupisoma bailyi Pilsbry   : holotype: Mexico, Morelos: Cuernavaca , 18 ° 559N, 99 ° 159W ( ANSP 156099 View Materials ).

Pupisoma galapagorum Pilsbry   : lectotype (design. Baker 1963, p 201): Ecuador, Galapagos: Isla San Cristóbal, Wreck Bay towards Progreso ( ANSP 152716 View Materials ).

Pupisoma latens Hylton Scott   : paratype: Argentina, Córdoba : Cabana, 700 m alt., 31 ° 139S, 64 ° 229W ( SMF 171794 View Materials ).

Pupisoma mediamericanum Pilsbry   : former paralectotype: Mexico, Veracruz-Llave : 150 m above Orizaba, 18 ° 519N, 97 ° 069W ( ANSP 28270 View Materials partim).

Other material examined

Mexico, Nuevo León: Cerro Peña Nevada   , 1 km S of La Encantada , 2860 m alt., 23 ° 539480N, 99 ° 479580W ( FLMNH 226374 View Materials )   ; 13.5 km S of Zaragoza , 2070 m alt., 23 ° 569060N, 99 ° 439100W ( FLMNH 226404 View Materials )   ; 3 km ESE of La Cienega , 1720 m alt., 25 ° 229000N, 100 ° 139150W ( FLMNH 159195 View Materials partim)   ; 2.5 km WNW of La Cienega , 1350 m alt., 25 ° 229340N, 100 ° 149550W ( FLMNH 159204 View Materials )   . Tamaulipas: 28 km WNW of Ocampo , 920 m alt., 22 ° 569010N, 99 ° 309520W ( FLMNH 200764 View Materials partim)   . San Luis Potosı´: Ciudad Valles , 21 ° 599N, 99 ° 019W ( FLMNH 35461 View Materials )   ; 4 km W and 4 km S of Valle de San Francisco , 2630 m alt., 22 ° 049060N, 100 ° 389420W ( FLMNH 283833 View Materials partim)   ; 5.5 km ESE of Valle de San Francisco , 1940 m alt. ( FLMNH 283978 View Materials partim)   . Puebla: below Intake gorge near Necaxa , 800 m alt., 20 ° 139N, 98 ° 009W ( ANSP 256465 View Materials )   ; Oak valley above Necaxa , 1375 m alt. ( ANSP 256469 View Materials partim, voucher to Baker 1930)   . Chiapas: 17 km NW of Teopisca , 2290 m alt., 16 ° 389320N, 92 ° 329160W ( FLMNH 190530 View Materials )   ; 2.3 km S of La Trinitaria , 1767 m alt., 16 ° N, 92 ° W ( FLMNH 35457 View Materials partim) GoogleMaps   ; 7.5 km N of Bochil , 1533 m alt., 17 ° N, 92 ° W ( FLMNH 35454 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Honduras: Cerro Santa Barbara, ca 2 km N of Huatosa, 1450 m alt., 14 ° 529300N, 88 ° 089000W ( FLMNH 242786 View Materials partim); Cerro Santa Barbara, ridge above El Cedral , 2800 m alt., 14 ° 549550N, 88 ° 079350W ( FLMNH 242651 View Materials ); Magua Cave , 15 km SSW of Gualaco, 940 m alt., 14 ° 569300N, 86 ° 079300W ( FLMNH 194342 View Materials partim); 1 km NW of El Cedral, Cerro Santa Barbara, 1800 m alt., 14 ° 589N, 88 ° 019W ( FLMNH 221090 View Materials , 221093 View Materials ); Agalta National Park , 6 km NW of Catacamas, 1300 m alt., 14 ° N, 85 ° W ( FLMNH 221508 View Materials partim) GoogleMaps   .

Costa Rica: Tapanti , 1433 m alt., 9 ° 469N, 83 ° 469W ( FLMNH 34810 View Materials partim); Volcan Barba, 2.7 km N of San Jose de la Montana, 1933 m alt., 10 ° 089N, 84 ° 069W ( FLMNH 34824 View Materials )   ; Volcan Barba , 2.7 km N of San Jose de la Montana, 2300 m alt., 10 ° 089N, 84 ° 069W ( FLMNH 34839 View Materials partim); Volcan Poas, 1.5 km W of Poasito, 2300 m alt., 10 ° 119N, 84 ° 139W ( FLMNH 34823 View Materials )   ; 11.7 km E of Bahia Tamarindo, 10 ° N, 85 ° W ( FLMNH 34827 View Materials partim); 10 km S of Nicoya, 10 ° N, 85 ° W ( FLMNH 34825 View Materials partim); San Gerardo de Dota , 2311 m alt., 9 ° 329490N, 83 ° 489390W ( FLMNH 310096 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Panama: Copete Trail, Finca Lerida, Boquete , Chiriqui, 2400 m alt., 8 ° N, 82 ° W ( FMNH 86350 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Copete Trail, Finca Lerida, Boquete , Chiriqui, 2440 m alt., 8 ° N, 82 ° W ( FMNH 86409 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Casita Alta, Finca Lerida, Boquete , Chiriqui, 2200m alt., 8 ° N, 82 ° W ( FMNH 86360 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Spring near Casita Alta, Finca Lerida , Boquete , Chiriqui, 2100 m alt., 8 ° N, 82 ° W ( FMNH 86486 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; 6.4 km above Cerro Punta , Chiriqui, 2000 m alt., 8 ° N, 82 ° W ( FMNH 73725 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   .

Colombia, Boyaca´: gorge above Villa de Leiva , single trees, W slope, 2340 m alt., 05 ° 379150N, 73 ° 319030W ( ZMH 4110 View Materials )   ; Moniquira 5.4 km towards Arcabuco, disturbed forest rest near quarry Cantera el Porvenir in La Roca , 2150 m alt., 05 ° 509580N, 73 ° 329470W ( ZMH 4160 View Materials )   ; Barbosa 5 km towards Arcabuco, forest near quarry El Cairo in Vereda Pueblo Viejo , 1840 m alt., 05 ° 539550N, 73 ° 359080W ( ZMH 4176 View Materials )   . Cundinamarca: La Calera 0.5 km towards Bogota´, farm Las Cabreras, Vereda San Rafael, Andean forest , 2820–2840 m alt., 04 ° 429300N, 73 ° 589200W ( UNAL; ZMH 4015 View Materials , 4030 View Materials ; 4062)   ; La Calera, S of Entrada Fabrica de Cemento Samper, degraded Andean forest , NW slope, 2750 m alt., 04 ° 439150N, 73 ° 569460W ( ZMH 4078 View Materials )   ; Bogotá towards Tunja, Alto del Sisga, Andean forest , N slope, 2890 m alt., 05 ° 049580N, 73 ° 449420W ( ZMH 4101 View Materials )   . Distrito Capital: Bogota´, forest near brook above Escuela Militar de Caballeria , 2750–2790 m alt., 04 ° 419150N, 74 ° 019330W ( ZMH 4238 View Materials , 4318 View Materials )   .

Peru, Amazonas: Leymebamba 9.5 km towards Balsas , 06 ° 439520S, 77 ° 489570W ( ZMH 37943 View Materials )   ; Balsas, Rio Maranon bridge 20 km towards Leymebamba , 06 ° 509470S, 77 ° 579440W ( ZMH 37933 View Materials )   . Ancash: 7 km NE of San Marcos , 2720 m alt., 9 ° S, 77 ° W ( FLMNH 243158 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   ; Chavín de Huantar , 3200 m alt., 9 ° 359S, 77 ° 159W ( FLMNH 243159 View Materials )   ; Pampama (N of Chiquian), 3300 m alt., 10 ° 079420S, 77 ° 099240W ( ZMH 37944 View Materials )   . Cuzco: Santa Maria 3 km towards Ollantaytambo , 1270 m alt., 13 ° 009S, 72 ° 379W ( ZMH 4453 View Materials )   ; Paucartambo 41 km towards Pillcopata , 2770 m alt., 13 ° 119S, 71 ° 379W ( ZMH 4458 View Materials )   ; Lamay 1 km towards Calca , 2980 m alt., 13 ° 219S, 71 ° 569W ( ZMH 4609 View Materials )   ; Pisac 0.5 km towards Colquepata , 3010 m alt., 13 ° 259S, 71 ° 519W ( ZMH 4544 View Materials )   ; Huayllatamba , 3600 m alt., 13 ° 329S, 71 ° 429W ( ZMH 4526 View Materials )   .

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul: Taquara del Mundo novo, 29 ° 399S, 50 ° 479W ( SMF 55285 View Materials partim)   .

Argentina, Tucumán: San Miguel de   Tucumán, park of the institute M. Lillo, 430 m alt., 26 ° 499S, 65 ° 139W ( SMF 275438 View Materials partim); Cerro San Javier, km 17, 26 ° S, 65 ° W ( FMNH 216319 View Materials partim); Horco Molle, 750 m alt. ( FMNH 216620 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   . Córdoba: Cabana, 700 m alt., 31 ° 139S, 64 ° 229W ( SMF 171795 View Materials )   .

Shell ( Figures 3–5)

Globose-conical or oblong-conical; apex obtuse; with irregular growth lines, without incised spiral striae; corneous; usually brightly shining; subtranslucent; 2.75–3.5 inflated whorls separated by a deep suture; body whorl hardly or slightly descending towards the aperture, basally rounded; aperture truncate-rounded, edentate; peristome neither expanded nor reflexed nor thickened; columellar margin slightly dilated, hardly or partly covering the umbilicus; umbilicus taking 2–15% of the shell breadth. Shell measurements and ratios are listed in Tables I and II.

Remarks

Pupisoma comicolense   differs from P. mediamericanum   in the on-average larger (diameter of the first two whorls of P. comicolense   0.90–1.05 mm; diameter of the first two whorls of P. mediamericanum   0.80–0.95 mm), smoother shell (see also P. mediamericanum   ).

Specimens with 3.5 whorls are oblong-conical, whereas specimens with three or fewer whorls are globose-conical. In oblong-conical specimens the umbilicus usually takes less than 10% of the shell breadth, whereas in the globose forms it can be wider. Pupisoma latens Hylton Scott, 1960   from Argentina is such a globose form with a comparatively wide umbilicus. In an extreme form from San Miguel de Tucumán the umbilicus occupies 11– 15% of the shell breadth. The identity of the widely umbilicated forms from Argentina with P. comicolense   should be checked with molecular genetic markers. Preliminarily, they are considered to be conspecific with P. comicolense   , because there are apparently intermediate specimens between the extreme forms. No constant conchological differences have been found between P. galapagorum Pilsbry, 1934   from the Galapagos Islands, P. bailyi Pilsbry, 1934   from Mexico, and P. comicolense   .

Pupisoma comicolense   occurs sympatrically with P. dioscoricola   , P. macneilli   , P. mediamericanum   , and P. costulata   .

The anatomy of P. comicolense   has been described by Baker (1928).

Distribution ( Figure 7 View Figure 7 )

Pupisoma comicolense   is distributed in Central and South America from Mexico to the Galapagos Islands, southern Brazil, and northern Argentina. It is most frequent at medium and higher altitudes. Its altitudinal range extends from about 100 to 2600 m altitude.

ZMH

Zoologisches Museum Hamburg

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Order

Stylommatophora

Family

Valloniidae

Loc

Pupisoma

Hausdorf, Bernhard 2007
2007
Loc

Ptychopatula bailyi:

Schileyko AA 1998: 96
1998
Loc

Pupisoma galapagorum:

Baker HB 1963: 201
1963
Loc

Pupisoma galapagorum

Baker HB 1963: 201
1963
Loc

Pupisoma latens

Hylton Scott MI 1960: 26
1960
Loc

Pupisoma galapagorum

Pilsbry HA 1934: 114
1934
Loc

Pupisoma bailyi

Pilsbry HA 1934: 116
1934
Loc

Pupisoma comicolense:

Baker HB 1930: 3
1930
Loc

Pupisoma comicolense Baker 1928 , p 224

Baker HB 1928: 224
1928
Loc

Pupisoma mediamericanum: Pilsbry 1920 , p 42

Baker HB 1930: 4
Pilsbry HA 1920: 42
1920