Thysanarthria atriceps ( Régimbart, 1903 )

Fikáček, Martin & Liu, Hsing-Che, 2019, A review of Thysanarthria with description of seven new species and comments on its relationship to Chaetarthria (Hydrophilidae: Chaetarthriini), Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 59 (1), pp. 229-252 : 236-238

publication ID 10.2478/aemnp-2019-0020

publication LSID


persistent identifier

treatment provided by


scientific name

Thysanarthria atriceps ( Régimbart, 1903 )


Thysanarthria atriceps ( Régimbart, 1903)

( Figs 2a View Fig , 3B,G,H View Fig , 4 View Fig A–J)

Hydrobius atriceps Régimbart, 1903: 33 .

Hydrobius atriceps: KNISCH (1924a: 169 , catalogue); ZAITZEV (1908: 373, catalogue).

Thysanarthria atriceps: ORCHYMONT (1926a: 195 , transfer to Thysanarthria ); ORCHYMONT (1926b: 242, transfer to Thysanarthria explained in more detail, comparison with T. championi ); BALFOUR--BROWNE (1952: 134, distribution); BALFOUR- BROWNE (1957: 21, distribution); HANSEN (1999: 105, catalogue); HEBAUER (2001: 394, redescription and update of distribution); HEBAUER (2005: 39, distribution); HEBAUER (2006: 24, catalogue).

Type material. Not examined.

Additional material examined. MALAWI: 2 ♀♀ ( NMPC): Nkhotakota env., 12.92716°S 34.2831°E, 2–3.i.2002, J. Bezděk lgt. GoogleMaps REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA: WESTERN CAPE: 3 ♂♂, 2 unsexed specimens ( NMPC): 8 km NEE of Stanford, in gravel/sand and small isolated pools at the sandy stream and on/in sandy banks along the stream, 34°25.0′S 19°32.4′E, 4–5.xii.2015, Arriaga, Fikáček, Seidel & Vondráček lgt. ( RSA 49). GoogleMaps ZIMBABWE: 1 ♂, 7 unsexed specimens ( NMPC): 20 km W Gwanda, 120 km SE Bulawayo, 6.xii.1999, F. Kantner lgt.

Redescription. Body length 1.4–2.0 mm, maximum body width 1.1–1.3 mm. Head and labrum black, pronotum and elytra uniformly yellowish; legs reddish to yellowish. Head with strongly granulate microsculpture on interstices; punctation sparse. Eyes separated by 2.7× the width of one eye in dorsal view. Pronotum with sparse setiferous punctation similar to that on head; interstices with strongly granulate microsculpture. Elytra with 10 striae sharply impressed except anteromedially (near scutellar shield) where neither striae nor serial punctures are visible; interval punctation sparse, setiferous; interstices without distinct microsculpture. Aedeagus ( Figs 4 View Fig A–J) c. 0.5–0.6 mm long. Phallobase slightly widened at base of parameres, slightly narrower than bases of parameres combined, weakly constricted at c. midlength, slightly bent in lateral view. Paremere widely rounded basally, narrowing in apical third, apex rounded. Median lobe narrow, membranous apically, without subapical projections; apex reaching c. level of apex of parameres; gonopore transversely oval, situated in distal third.

Variability. The examined specimens from the Republic of South Africa and Zimbabwe differ slightly in the shape of the basal part of the parameres (compare Figs 4 View Fig A–E and 4F – J) but seem to be identical in all other aspects including the morphology of the median lobe. Examination of much larger material from Africa covering the known distribution would be needed to reveal whether these differences may be constant and correlated with geography; without such a study we consider the observed differences to be intraspecific variation for the moment.

Differential diagnosis. Thysanarthria atriceps seems to be the only species occurring in Africa and is hence easy to identify. In form of the median lobe and parameres it resembles only the Arabian T. brittoni from which it differs in relatively longer and narrower parameres and less constricted phallobase.

Biology. The species seems to be usually collected at light. Examined South African specimens were collected from wet sandy banks of a small lowland stream ( Fig. 11E View Fig ), the beetles were found when the sandy parts were flooded with water or pressed to get submerged, which caused the beetles to float on the water surface.

Distribution. Central and southern part of Africa and Madagascar (where the type locality is situated); on African continent so far recorded from Togo, the Ivory Coast, Angola, Rwanda, Burundi, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and the Republic of South Africa ( HEBAUER 2006).


National Museum Prague














Thysanarthria atriceps ( Régimbart, 1903 )

Fikáček, Martin & Liu, Hsing-Che 2019

Thysanarthria atriceps: ORCHYMONT (1926a: 195

HEBAUER F. 2006: 24
HEBAUER F. 2005: 39
HEBAUER F. 2001: 394
HANSEN M. 1999: 105
ORCHYMONT A. d' 1926: 195
ORCHYMONT A. d' 1926: 242

Hydrobius atriceps:

KNISCH A. 1924: 169
ZAITZEV F. A. 1908: 373

Hydrobius atriceps Régimbart, 1903: 33

REGIMBART M. 1903: 33