Antecerococcus kakamegae Hodgson & Williams

Chris J. Hodgson & Douglas J. Williams, 2016, (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha, Coccomorpha) with particular reference to species from the Afrotropical, western Palaearctic and western Oriental Regions, with the revival of Antecerococcus Green and description of a new genus and fifteen new species, and with ten new synonomies, Zootaxa 4091 (1), pp. 1-175: 69-71

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Antecerococcus kakamegae Hodgson & Williams

sp. nov.

Antecerococcus kakamegae Hodgson & Williams   , sp. nov.

( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 )

Material studied. Holotype: KENYA, Kakamega, on Croton   sp. ( Euphorbiaceae   ), 6.x. 1984, Duggal (BMNH): 1 / 2 adff (f –g—holotype specimen on right side, nearest name label. Originally identified as C. theydoni   ). Also paratypes: data as for holotype (BMNH): 1 / 3 adff (g).

Note: description taken from all specimens.

Mounted material. Body roundly pear-shaped, 2.4 mm long, and 2.0 mm wide.

Dorsum. Eight-shaped pores all quite small, of 2 sizes: (i) a larger pore, each 13 x 10 µm, sparse around each stigmatic pore band and also in small submarginal groups of 6–10 pores, with 2 groups on each side of head and 3 pairs submarginally on abdomen, probably on segments I –III; largest pores absent from margins of posterior abdominal segments; and (ii) an intermediate-sized pore, each 8 x 5 µm, frequent throughout dorsum and in segmental rows on posterior abdomen, where slightly smaller; also present between larger pores and associated with each stigmatic pore band. Simple pores very sparse, each 2.0– 2.5 µm wide. Cribriform plates quite large and oval, each 35–55 µm long and 28–35 µm wide, with narrow margins and small micropores; in a submedial group of 2 quite close together on each side of segment IV, with 1 pore anterior to other. Dorsal setae few, each setose, mostly 5 µm long. Tubular ducts with each outer ductule 30–33 µm long, about 3 µm wide, slightly broader than those on venter; abundant throughout. Anal lobes lightly sclerotized, with distinctly sclerotized inner margins; each lobe about 60 µm long with a long apical seta, all broken; posterior fleshy setae on dorsal surface each 11–15 µm long; anterior fleshy setae on dorsal surface each 17 µm long; ventral setose seta near apex longer, each 28–30 µm long; medioventral and anteroventral setae not detected; outer margin setae each about 8 µm long; each lobe with 1 or 2 intermediate-sized 8 -shaped pores. Median anal plate triangular, 35–40 µm long, 40 µm wide at base. Anal ring with 4 pairs of setae, each 88–91 µm long.

Venter. Eight-shaped pores similar to intermediate-sized pores on dorsum but slightly larger, each 8.5 x 5.5 µm, in a fairly wide submarginal band and sparsely across abdominal segments in bands 1 pore wide; also with a few along lateral margins of posterior abdominal segments. Simple pores similar to those on dorsum but very sparse; those on posterior abdominal segments slightly larger. Bilocular pores small, each about 5 µm widest, frequent medially on head and thorax. Spiracular disc-pores small, each 5–6 µm wide, mainly with 5 loculi (but a few with more loculi near apex of some bands), in bands mainly 2–4 pores wide but widening near apex, each band with 70–100 pores; posterior band bifurcate; each band also with 4–6 intermediate-sized 8 -shaped pores close to each pore band; a small group of 6–8 5 -locular pores also present near each antenna. Small convex closed pores absent. Multilocular disc-pores, each 8–13 µm wide and mainly with 10–13 loculi, distributed on abdomen as follows: VIII with a line of 8 or 9 on each side: VII with a line of 14–25 on each side of vulva; VI 3–5 submarginally + 28–35 medially, V 3 or 4 submarginally + 30 medially, IV 6 or 7 submarginally + 33 medially; III 6–8 submarginally + 30–32 medially; II 2–6 submarginally + about 30 medially, and metathorax with 6–11 laterad + 0–2 mesad to each hind leg; none present associated with spiracles. Tubular ducts narrower than those on dorsum, each 2.0 µm wide and 33–35 µm long. Ventral setae showing nothing distinctive but all setose and short; preanal setae each 65 µm long; companion setae short. Leg stubs small. Antennae probably unsegmented, each 40– 50 µm long, with about 7 or 8 setose and fleshy setae, mainly in a distinct setal cavity, and with a rounded cone-like apex. Clypeolabral shield 160–170 µm long. Spiracular peritremes each 28–30 µm wide.

Comment. Antecerococcus kakamegae   sp. nov. is very similar to A. royenae Brain   from South Africa. It differs mostly in having two clearly different sizes of 8 -shaped pores on the dorsum, the larger pores in groups around the submargin— A. royenae   arguably has two sizes of dorsal 8 -shaped pores, although the two sizes are very similar and variable, the larger restricted to near the stigmatic pore bands. Other differences are (character-states for A. royenae   in brackets) (i) presence of two pairs of cribriform plates (only one pair, although Lambdin & Kosztarab (1977) mention occasionally two pairs); (ii) absence of slender setae on inner margins of anal lobes (three pairs shown as present in Lambdin & Kosztarab’s figure but these probably refer to the medioventral setae, which are absent on A. kakamegae   ; see present description of A. royenae   ); (iii) anteroventral and medioventral setae considered absent (present and unusually long); (iv) more quinquelocular disc-pores in each stigmatic pore band— 70–100 in A. kakamegae   (fewer than 40 in A. royenae   ), and (v) absence of a band of simple pores on dorsum associated with cribriform plates (a distinct band of simple pores present laterad and between cribriform plates). It is just possible that this is an extreme form of A. royenae   but, based on the above differances, it is here considered that they represent separate species.

The adult female of A. kakamegae   can be recognised by the following combination of character-states: (i) dorsal eight-shaped pores of two clearly different sizes, larger pores in groups around submargin and along margins of stigmatic bands; (ii) large 8 -shaped pores absent from margins of posterior abdominal segments; (iii) smaller 8 - shaped pore frequent throughout rest of dorsum; (iv) two cribriform plates present submedially on each side of abdominal segment IV; (v) leg stubs present; (vi) posterior stigmatic bands bifurcated; (vii) multilocular disc-pores present on abdominal segments II –VII and across metathorax; (viii) antennae with a distinct setal cavity and perhaps a short cone-like apex, and (ix) few ventral 8 -shaped pores in rows across abdominal segments.

The adult female of A. kakamegae   falls within Group B in the key to species of Antecerococcus   , and keys out closest to A. royenae   and A. steppicus   .

Name derivation: kakamegae   —named after the small town in the Rift Valley, Kakamega, near which this species was collected, and is in the Latin genitive, meaning of or from.