Paraproto murrayae, Guerra-García & Keable & Ahyong, 2020

Guerra-García, José M., Keable, Stephen J. & Ahyong, Shane T., 2020, A new species of Paraproto (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from southern New SouthWales, Australia, Zootaxa 4755 (2), pp. 271-293: 272-274

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4755.2.4

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scientific name

Paraproto murrayae

n. sp.

Paraproto murrayae   n. sp.

( Figs. 1–12 View FIGURE 1 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 View FIGURE 9 View FIGURE 10 View FIGURE 11 View FIGURE 12 )

Type material. Holotype: AM P.83424, mature male (vial + 2 slides; mouthparts dissected, used for description, figured), north side of Bass Point , north-west of ‘ The Gutter’, New South Wales, Australia, 34°35’28”S, 150°53’58”E, 18.7 m depth, water temperature 19.3°C, RV Baragula, collected on SCUBA, from hairy brown algae on top of rocks, fixed in 7% formalin, preserved 80% ethanol, coll. A. Murray, 1 May 2010 GoogleMaps   . Paratypes (all data same as for the holotype): AM P. 101350, mature female “a” (vial + 1 slide; mouthparts dissected, used for description, figured; photographed alive, Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ); AM P. 101351, mature male “b” (vial, no slides; not dissected; photographed alive, Fig 1 View FIGURE 1 ); AM P. 101352, mature male “c” (vial + 1 slide; mouthparts dissected); AM P. 101353, 2 males (vial, two specimens, no slides). An additional registration number AM P. 101354 was assigned for a vial containing all the mixed detached pereopods (pereopod 5, 6 and 7) that could not be associated with specific individuals. Many pereopods were found at the bottom of the vials so it was not possible to assign them to a particular specimen. GoogleMaps  

Additional material examined. North of Ulladulla, east of Bendalong and Red Point, New South Wales, Australia, 34°15’00”S, 150°32’46”E, 16 m depth, water temperature 20°C, RV Baragula, collected by SCUBA, from hairy brown algae (cf. Ectocarpus   sp.), fixed in 10% formalin, preserved in 80% ethanol, coll. A.D. Hegedus, 11 May 2013: AM P.101355, 65 specimens (12 mature males, 6 mature females, 4 premature females, 43 juveniles); GoogleMaps   AM P. 101356, 8 specimens (2 juveniles, 1 male juvenile, 1 premature female, 2 mature males, 2 mature females were used for figures of ontogenetic development).  

South of Broulee Island, New South Wales, Australia, 35° 50’ 49” S, 150° 11’ 5” E, 8m depth, water temperature 16°C, RV Connemara, hand collected by SCUBA, from macroalga Halopteris platycena Sauvageau, 1904   , 25 October 2002, coll. A.J. Millar & N. Yee, NSW 1990: AM P.103289, 62 specimens (12 males, 18 females, 9 premature females, 23 juveniles). GoogleMaps  

Etymology. The species is dedicated to Anna Murray, who collected the type material of the species and was indispensable in organizing the fieldwork during which all the material was collected; JMGG is very grateful to Anna for her hospitability, kindness and support during his stays at the Australian Museum.

Description. Holotype, male (6.2 mm) AM P.83424. Body ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ). Dorsally smooth. Head rounded, fused with pereonite 1, lacking any projections, length 1.1 mm, eyes present. Length of pereonites 2–7, 1.0 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.9 mm, 1.1 mm, 0.9 mm, 0.4 mm respectively.

Gills ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ). Present on pereonites 3–4, elongated, length about three times width.

Mouthparts ( Figs. 3–4 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 ). Upper lip symmetrically bilobed, smooth. Lower lip without setae; inner lobes separate. Mandibles with 3-articulate palp; setal formula for distal article 1-3-1; mandibular molar absent; left mandible with incisor and lacinia mobilis 5-dentate, followed by 2 trapezoid plates and row of setae; incisor of right mandible 6- dentate, lacinia mobilis plate-like, followed by additional plate and row of setae; molar flake absent. Maxilla 1 outer lobe with 5 robust spines; palp 2-articulate, distal article with 4 apical spines and 6 setae medially. Maxilla 2 inner and outer lobe with ca. 8 setae respectively. Maxilliped inner plate rectangular, carrying 3 strong spines and 2 setae; outer plate oval, with row of setae and small tubercles on inner margin; palp 4-articulate, inner margin setose.

Antennae ( Figs. 2 View FIGURE 2 , 5 View FIGURE 5 ). Antenna 1 about 2/3 body length; proximal article of peduncle without projection; flagellum with 15 articles. Antenna 2 about half of antenna 1 length; flagellum 5-articulate.

Gnathopods ( Figs. 2 View FIGURE 2 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 6 View FIGURE 6 ). Gnathopod 1 basis longer than the combination of ischium, merus and carpus; propodus triangular, length about 1.5 width, palm with 5 proximal grasping spines; dactylus falcate, inner margin lined with very fine setules. Gnathopod 2 inserted on the posterior half of pereonite 2; basis almost twice pereonite 2 length; ischium short; merus rounded; carpus slender, about twice ischium length; propodus elongated, as long as basis, with grasping spine medially, small U-notch and several grasping spines distally; dactylus short, curved, thickened medially.

Pereopods ( Figs. 7–8 View FIGURE 7 View FIGURE 8 ) Pereopods 3 and 4 subequal, 6-articulate, coxae large ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 ); carpus with 3 grasping spines; propodus with 2 proximal grasping spines, row of setae ventrally and thick bunch of setae dorsodistally. Pereopod 5 6-articulate; carpus with grasping spine; propodus without grasping spine, with thick bunch of setae dorsodistally; dactylus short, curved. Pereopods 6 and 7 subequal, 6-articulate; merus with grasping spine; carpus with 3 grasping spines; propodus with 2 pairs of grasping spines proximally and smaller spine distally; dactylus with setules.

Penes ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 ) situated laterally, short, triangular.

Abdomen ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 ) with pleopods reduced to a small plate; 2 pairs of 2-articulate appendages, peduncle elongate, ramus short, about ¼ of peduncle length; telson small, with pair of plumose setae.

Paratype “a”, female (4.7 mm) AM P. 101350. Head and pereonite 1 completely fused ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ), 0.6 mm, suture absent. Length of pereonites 2–7, 0.7 mm, 0.7 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.4 mm respectively. Pereonite 2 with tiny lateral acute projection proximally. Antenna 1 flagellum 11-articulate. Antenna 2 flagellum 4-articulate Oostegites on pereonites 3 and 4, first pair setose ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 , 2 View FIGURE 2 ). Gnathopod 2 ( Figs. 2 View FIGURE 2 , 6 View FIGURE 6 ) inserted on anterior half of pereonite 2; basis as long as pereonite 2; propodus palm formed by medial projection with 3 robust grasping spines and row of smaller spines to distal end. Abdomen similar to that of holotype male ( Fig. 10 View FIGURE 10 ).

Intraspecific variation and ontogenetic development

Most of the morphological characters of Paraproto murrayae   n. sp. are relatively constant in all the specimens examined. All mature males and females have a similar pattern, lacking dorsal projections on all pereonites. A small anterolateral projection is present on pereonite 2 of females, but vestigial or absent in males (as in the holotype; Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ). The morphology of the antennae, gnathopods and pereopods is similar in all mature specimens examined. For the mouthparts, the inner plate of the maxilliped always has 3 strong spines, and apart from the holotype, the tiny tubercles on the inner margin of outer plate are less apparent in the three specimens dissected. The maxilla 1 outer lobe has 5 or 6 robust spines. The maxilla 2 is similar in all the dissected specimens, but the number of setae of inner and outer lobe ranges from 7 to 9. The number of proximal grasping spines of gnathopod 1 varies, being 4 or 5.

In small juveniles the flagellum of antennae 2 is 2-articulate. The number of articles of the antennae 1 flagellum increases with increasing body size (being 3 in the smallest juvenile examined and 15 in larger specimens, such as the holotype male) ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 ). The aspect of male gnathopod 2 changes considerably during development ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 ). Initially, the gnathopod 2 propodus is wider, provided with several grasping spines proximally, and dactylus length is approximately half that of the propodus. As size increases, the number and location of these grasping spines decreases to one in adult specimens and it moves to a medial instead of proximal position. The basis and carpus of gnathopod 2 also becomes more elongate with increasing body size ( Fig. 12 View FIGURE 12 ).


Australian Museum


Collection of Leptospira Strains