Lasioglossum (Dialictus) cactorum, Gardner & Gibbs, 2020

Gardner, Joel & Gibbs, Jason, 2020, The ‘ red-tailed’ Lasioglossum (Dialictus) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) of the western Nearctic, European Journal of Taxonomy 725, pp. 1-242: 32-39

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.725.1167

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:89FA8DDF-F4B9-417A-A5AF-B2BC9660E024

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4337961

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A034807A-0DCB-48D2-9C47-EA6271D76562

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:A034807A-0DCB-48D2-9C47-EA6271D76562

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) cactorum
status

sp. nov.

Lasioglossum (Dialictus) cactorum   sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:A034807A-0DCB-48D2-9C47-EA6271D76562

Figs 16–18 View Fig View Fig View Fig , 93C View Fig , 114A View Fig

Diagnosis

Females of Lasioglossum cactorum   sp. nov. can be recognized by the unusual rims of T1–3, which are extremely narrow, abruptly depressed, and with long and dense lateral hair fringes, head broad (face length/width ratio ~0.83) and often quite large, mesepisternum rugose or with very dense punctures at least dorsally (i <1 pd), T1 without impunctate apicolateral oval patches, T2–4 with dark spiracular spots, and supraclypeal area sometimes black or golden-green medially. They are most similar to L. festinum   sp. nov. and L. mesillense   . Both of these species have the rims of T1–3 wide and flat and T1 with impunctate apicolateral oval patches. In addition, females of L. festinum   sp. nov. have T2 lacking dark spiracular spots, and females of L. mesillense   have the supraclypeal area always metallic blue-green.

Males of L. cactorum   sp. nov. can be recognized by T1–4 strongly convex in lateral view, with very narrow, steeply depressed rims and no change in punctation or sculpture across the premarginal line, mesepisternum densely punctate (i <1 pd), propodeum dorsolateral slope smooth and distinctly punctate, face below eye emargination covered in dense tomentum, and metasoma entirely black. They are most similar to L. arenisaltans   sp. nov., L. clematisellum   , and L. minckleyi   sp. nov. All of these species have the metasomal terga mostly flat in lateral view with sparser, less distinct punctures across the premarginal line. In addition, males of L. arenisaltans   sp. nov. have the propodeum dorsolateral slope rugulose and metasoma often red-orange. Males of L. clematisellum   are smaller (about 4 mm), with the mesepisternum more sparsely punctate dorsally (i=1–2 pd), and propodeum dorsolateral slope weakly rugulose. Males of L. minckleyi   sp. nov. have the face slightly shorter (length/width ratio ~0.8) and metasoma often partially red-orange.

Etymology

The specific epithet ‘ cactorum   ’ is the Latin genitive plural of the noun ‘ cactus ’. It refers to this species’ frequent association with flowering plants in the family Cactaceae   . An appropriate translation would be the cactus sweat bee.

Material examined

Holotype

UNITED STATES – Nevada   • ♀; Clark Co., 2.2 mi. SSW of Mormon Well; 36.6147° N, 115.1111° W; 2008 m a.s.l.; 14 Jun. 2004; E. Ahlstrom and D. Skandilis leg.; PCYU.

[Verbatim label: USA NV Clark Co. 2.2 mi. SSW Mormon Well 6588ft 11S E668922 N4053788 14Jun 2004 PnTrp, fl ylw, E. Ahlstrom, D. Skandilis / BBSL537603 // 2374F06 // HOLOTYPE / Lasioglossum (Dialictus) cactorum Gardner and Gibbs   ]

GoogleMaps  

Paratypes

UNITED STATES – Arizona • 1 ♀; Maricopa Co., Mountain View Park ; 33.5787° N, 112.0799° W; 18 May 2017; S.J. Hall et al. leg.; ASUHIC GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Grand Canyon Mile 1792; [36° N, 112° W]; 11 Jun. 1953; G.D. Butler leg.; UAIC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; same collection data as for preceding; USNM GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Grand Canyon Mile 32; [36° N, 112° W]; 6 Jun. 1953; G.D. Butler leg.; UAIC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Mojave Co., White Hills , Lk. Mead NRA ; [35.83° N, 114.32° W]; 488 m a.s.l.; 30 Mar. 1993; T. Griswold and V. Tepedino leg.; ex Arctomecon californica   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   . – California • 1 ♀; Inyo Co., 1 km SE of Swansea; [36.52° N, 117.9° W]; 19 Sep. 1993; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co., 9 air mi. S of Baker, Zzyzx Springs ; [35.14° N, 116.1° W]; 20–21 Apr. 1977; M. Buegler leg.; EMEC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; same location as for preceding; 22 Apr. 1977; Chemsak leg.; EMEC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Anza Borrego, Vallecito Crk. ; 32.9157° N, 116.2255° W; 8 Jun. 2013; K.E. Borchers leg.; ex Psorothamnus spinosus   ; WRME GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; San Diego Co., Borrego Springs (NW side), YPT, rocky draw nr base of Indian head; 33.2925° N, 116.4° W; 213 m a.s.l.; 12 Jan. 2011; John / Derrin Pinto leg.; UCRC GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Riverside Co., Corn Spring, Chuckwalla Mts , 7.5 mi. SE of Desert Center; [33.626° N, 115.325° W]; 488 m a.s.l.; 15–17 Jun. 1973; J.P. and K.E. Donahue leg.; LACM GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co., Cove Spr., Granite Mts ; [34.78° N, 115.65° W]; 1311 m a.s.l.; 31 May 1981; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Death Valley ; [36.5° N, 116.9° W]; 26 Jun. 1953; G.D. Butler leg.; ex Stanleya   ; UAIC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Death Valley National Monument ; [36.5° N, 116.9° W]; 31 Mar. 1976; M.A. Ivie leg.; MTEC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Inyo Co., Death Valley NP , E of Travertine Spr.; 36.4388° N, 116.8258° W; 16 Mar. 1998; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Riverside Co., Deep Canyon ; 33.6475° N, 116.3806° W; 295 m a.s.l.; 17 Apr. 2009; ex cactus; UCRC GoogleMaps   1 ♂; Riverside Co., Deep Canyon ; [33.62° N, 116.4° W]; 11 Jul. 1963; E.I. Schlinger leg.; UCRC GoogleMaps   1 ♂; same location as for preceding; 13 Jun. 1963; E.I. Schlinger leg.; ex Eriogonum   ; UCRC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; same location as for preceding; 11 Nov. 1963; M.E. Irwin leg.; UCRC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Inyo Co., DVNM Keane Spr. ; [36.745° N, 116.902° W]; 18 Apr. 1994; W.R. Bowlin leg.; ex Arctomecon merriamii   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Inyo Co., DVNM Klare Spr. ; [36.841° N, 117.091° W]; 15 Apr. 1994; W.R. Bowlin leg.; ex Argemone   spp.; BBSL GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Inyo Co., DVNM Mes. Spr. ; [36.964° N, 117.368° W]; 13 Apr. 1994; W.R. Bowlin leg.; ex Arctomecon merriamii   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Inyo Co., DVNM, Lost Burro Gap , Cottonwood Mts ; [36.746° N, 117.52° W]; 914 m a.s.l.; 15 Oct. 1985; R.R. Snelling leg.; ex Ericameria nauseosa var. nauseosa   ; LACM GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Inyo Co., Emigrant Pass , E of Tecopa; [35.89° N, 116.08° W]; 15 Sep. 1993; T. Griswold leg.; ex Eriogonum deflexum   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Inyo Co., Grapevine Canyon , Death Valley N. M. ; [37.005° N, 117.356° W]; 760 m a.s.l.; 16 Sep. 1993; T. Griswold leg.; ex Cleomella obtusifolia   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co., Mid Hills , SSE of Cima; [35.15° N, 115.43° W]; 14 Sep. 1975; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co., Norris Camp ; 34.8089° N, 115.6281° W; 1215 m a.s.l.; 13 May 2013; D. Yanega leg.; UCRC GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Riverside Co., Palm Springs ; 33.6796° N, 116.548° W; 6–12 May 2014; F.D. Parker and T.D. McIntyre leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; same location as for preceding; 13–16 May 2014; F.D. Parker and T.D. McIntyre leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; same location as for preceding; 14–18 Apr. 2014; F.D. Parker and T.D. McIntyre leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   7 ♀♀; same location as for preceding; 28 Apr. 2014; F.D. Parker and T.D. McIntyre leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Sunset Cove, Granites Res. Stn. Mojave Desert ; 34.77903° N, 115.66311° W; 24 Apr. 2018; J. Braun leg.; PCYU GoogleMaps   1 ♀; same location as for preceding; 4 May 2018; J. Braun leg.; PCYU GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Inyo Co., Surprise Canyon ; [36.11° N, 117.15° W]; 29 Apr. 1953; R.O. Schuster leg.; EMEC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; same location as for preceding; 6 May 1961; D.Q. Cavagnaro leg.; UCDC GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Inyo Co., Surprise Canyon, Panamint Mountains ; [36.11° N, 117.15° W]; 24 Apr. 1957; P.D. Hurd leg.; ex Eriogonum inflatum   ; EMEC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co., Willow Wash , Sec24 T13N R10E; [35.2° N, 115.87° W]; 10 May 1982; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Riverside Co., Windy Point ; 33.892° N, 116.6393° W; 24 Mar. 2019; J. Gardner leg.; ex Ferocactus cylindraceus   ; WRME GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co., Zzyzx Springs ; [35.14° N, 116.1° W]; 26 Mar. 1988; S. O’Keefe leg.; EMEC GoogleMaps   10 ♀♀; San Bernardino Co.; 34.8681° N, 115.7731° W; 16–17 Aug. 2011; N. Darby leg.; WRME GoogleMaps   1 ♀; San Bernardino Co.; 34.8794° N, 115.7808° W; 16–17 Aug. 2011; N. Darby leg.; WRME. – Nevada   GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Clark Co., 0.2 mi. W of Hiko Spr. ; 35.1675° N, 114.6813° W; 609 m a.s.l.; 27 Apr. 2004; S. Higbee and E. Ahlstrom leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., 0.5 mi. SW of Cabin Spr. ; 36.5362° N, 114.0844° W; 1368 m a.s.l.; 17 Aug. 2004; E. Ahlstrom leg.; ex Eriogonum deflexum   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., 2 mi. E of Sawmill Canyon ; 36.7008° N, 115.0492° W; 1439 m a.s.l.; 2 Sep. 2004; E. Rentz leg.; ex Eriogonum fasciculatum   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., 2.1 mi. N of Harris Spr. ; 36.2707° N, 115.5434° W; 1775 m a.s.l.; 22 Jun. 2004; L. Saul leg.; ex Argemone munita   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   4 ♀♀; same collection data as for holotype; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., 2.7 mi. ESE of Red Bluff Spr.; 36.6209° N, 114.2066° W; 15 Apr. 2005; S. Higbee leg.; PCYU GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Clark Co., 3.5 mi. SE of Hiko Spr.; 35.1252° N, 114.6432° W; 235 m a.s.l.; 27 Apr. 2004; S. Higbee and E. Ahlstrom leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; 4 mi. E. of Glendale; [36.66° N, 114.49° W]; 20 Jun. 1939; Timberlake leg.; ex Sphaeralcea   ; UCRC GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Nye Co., Ash Meadows ; [36.4° N, 116.3° W]; 18 Apr. 1993; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Columbia Pass ; 35.8224° N, 115.4835° W; 1319 m a.s.l.; 31 Aug. 2004; S. Higbee leg.; ex Eriogonum deflexum   ; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., E of Trapp Ridge; 36.3905° N, 114.1287° W; 4 Aug. 1998; M. Andres and C. Shultz leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   4 ♀♀; Clark Co., Gypsum Spring ; 36.2093° N, 114.912° W; 12 Mar. 1998; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Gypsum Wash ; 36.2177° N, 114.8965° W; 12 Mar. 1998; T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., 22 mi. S of Las Vegas; [35.85° N, 115.25° W]; 3 Apr. 1953; J.W. MacSwain leg.; EMEC GoogleMaps   5 ♀♀; Clark Co., Lee Canyon ; 36.4476° N, 115.5097° W; 1252 m a.s.l.; 7 Sep. 2004; S. Higbee and T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   3 ♀♀; same location as for preceding; 7 Sep. 2004; S. Higbee and T. Griswold leg.; PCYU GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Mormon Well ; 36.6752° N, 115.0952° W; 1 Jul. 1998; M. Andres and C. Shultz leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   2 ♀♀; Clark Co., Peek a Boo Canyon ; 36.5065° N, 115.1477° W; 16 Jul. 1998; M. Andres and C. Shultz leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Pulsipher Wash ; 36.8073° N, 114.1143° W; 16 Sep. 1998; W. Bowlin leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Sandy Valley ; 35.852° N, 115.6715° W; 25 Aug. 1998; O. Messinger and C. Shultz leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Sheep Mountain ; 35.7598° N, 115.3213° W; 11 Aug. 1998; M. Andres, C. Shultz and T. Griswold leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   1 ♀; Clark Co., Sheep Range ; 36.4382° N, 115.2983° W; 28 May 1998; F.D. Parker leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   6 ♀♀; Clark Co., Wheeler Wash ; 36.239° N, 115.8865° W; 20 Jul. 1998; M. Andres and C. Shultz leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   . – Utah • 1 ♀; Washington Co., summit, road to Lytle Ranch Preserve; [37.14° N, 114.04° W]; 20 Aug.–9 Sep. 1987; W.J. Hanson and M. T. leg.; BBSL GoogleMaps   .

Description

Female

COLOURATION. Head and mesosoma blue to blue-green; clypeus apical colour orange, reddish brown, or nearly black; labrum orange; mandible orange with black basal spot or band and red tip; flagellum reddish brown dorsally, orange ventrally; pronotal lobe orange, reddish brown, or nearly black; metasoma red to orange with dark spiracular spots on T2–4, sometimes dark on discs of T4–5; legs reddish brown with femur-tibia joints and tarsi mostly orange; tegula orange; wing membrane hyaline, veins with subcosta dark brown, stigma pale amber, otherwise pale amber to brown.

PUBESCENCE. Body hair colour white. Tomentum dense on paraocular area, frons, gena, pronotal collar and lobe, space between pronotal lobe and tegula, and metanotum anteromedially; sparse on preëpisternum, mesepisternum anteroventrally, metepisternum, T2–3 laterally, and T4 throughout. Scutum hair thin to moderately plumose. Wing hairs dark or light, short and dense. Acarinarial fan complete or incomplete, very sparse. T2–3 fringes very long and dense laterally, absent medially.

SURFACE SCULPTURE. Clypeus punctures irregularly sparse (i <2 pd), slightly larger and sparser in apcial half, sculpture shiny; supraclypeal area punctures dense (i ≤ 1 pd), slightly sparser medially (i=1–2 pd), sculpture shiny; paraocular area punctures dense (i <1 pd), sometimes becoming moderately sparse around antenna socket (i=1–2 pd), sculpture shiny; frons punctures dense (i <1 pd), sculpture shiny; vertex punctures minute, sparse (i=1–3pd), obscure medially, sculpture shiny;gena punctures moderately dense (i =1–2 pd), sculpture shiny; postgena sculpture weakly ruguloso-lineate to imbricate; tegula punctures absent; scutum punctures dense (i ≤ 1 pd), becoming sparse submedially and anteromedially (i =1–3 pd), sculpture shiny, becoming tessellate anteromedially; scutellum punctures dense marginally and on median line (i ≤ 1 pd), moderately sparse submedially (i=1–2 pd), diversopunctate, sculpture shiny; metanotum sculpture shiny and minutely reticulate-punctate medially, becoming finely rugulose laterally; metapostnotum rugae weak, anastomosing, not reaching margin, sculpture shiny on posterior margin, otherwise tessellate; preëpisternum sculpture reticulate-punctate; hypoepimeron punctures crowded (i=0 pd), sculpture ruguloso-punctate; mesepisternum punctures crowded (i=0 pd), becoming slightly sparser ventrally (i ≤ 1 pd), sculpture shiny, sometimes becoming areolate-rugulose dorsally; metepisternum sculpture lineate dorsally, rugulose medially, imbricate ventrally; propodeum lateral face sculpture tessellate; propodeum posterior face sculpture tessellate and sparsely punctate (i = 1–6 pd), becoming shiny medially; T1 anterior face sculpture shiny; T1 dorsal surface punctures fine, moderately sparse (i =1–3 pd), becoming sparser apicolaterally (i =2–6 pd), sculpture shiny; T2 disc punctures fine, sparse (i=1–3 pd), disc sculpture shiny, rim punctures fine, sparse (i =1–3 pd), rim sculpture shiny.

STRUCTURE. Face length/width ratio 0.83 (± 0.02 SD). Clypeus projecting ~50% below suborbital tangent; clypeal area length/width ratio 0.37 (± 0.03 SD); apicolateral denticles rounded obtuse points; supraclypeal area length/width ratio 0.75 (± 0.03 SD). Forewing with 3 submarginal cells; pronotal angle obtuse; tegula shape normal. Intertegular distance 0.98 (± 0.07 SD) mm. Scutum length/width ratio 0.86 (± 0.03 SD); scutum/scutellum length ratio 2.92 (± 0.16 SD); scutellum/metanotum length ratio 1.52 (± 0.13 SD); metanotum/metapostnotum length ratio 0.8 (± 0.07 SD). Propodeum lateral carinae not reaching dorsal margin; oblique carina very weak or absent. T2 depressed apical rim linear. (n= 10)

Male

COLOURATION. Head and mesosoma blue to blue-green; clypeus apical colour reddish brown to orange; labrum orange; mandible orange with black basal band and red tip; flagellum reddish brown, sometimes orange ventrally; pronotal lobe reddish brown to orange; metasoma black to reddish brown with downcurved lateral areas of terga becoming orange to translucent yellow; legs reddish brown with femur-tibia joints, base and apex of tibiae, and tarsi orange; tegula orange; wing membrane hyaline, veins brown to dark brown.

PUBESCENCE. Body hair colour white. Tomentum dense on face below eye emargination, gena, pronotal angle and lobe, and space between pronotal lobe and tegula; sparse on episterna. Scutum hair thin to

moderately plumose. Sterna hair short (1–1.5 OD), densely plumose, dense and erect. Wing hairs dark or light, short and sparse.

SURFACE SCULPTURE. Clypeus punctures dense (i ≤ 1 pd), sculpture shiny; supraclypeal area punctures dense (i <1 pd), sculpture shiny; paraocular area punctures dense (i <1 pd), sculpture shiny; frons punctures dense (i <1 pd), sculpture shiny; vertex punctures moderately dense (i=1–2 pd), sculpture shiny; gena punctures moderately dense (i=1–2 pd), sculpture shiny; postgena sculpture lineate, sometimes becoming shiny anteriorly; tegula punctures absent; scutum punctures sparse (i=1–3 pd), becoming dense marginally (i ≤ 1 pd), sculpture shiny; scutellum punctures sparse (i=1–3 pd), becoming dense marginally (i ≤ 1 pd), sculpture shiny; metanotum sculpture shiny and densely punctate (i ≤ 1 pd), becoming rugulose laterally; metapostnotum rugae strong, anastomosing, not reaching margin, sculpture shiny to weakly tessellate; preëpisternum sculpture areolate; hypoepimeron punctures crowded (i =0 pd), sculpture areolate; mesepisternum punctures dense (i <1 pd) to crowded (i =0 pd), sculpture shiny; metepisternum sculpture lineate dorsally, weakly rugulose ventrally; propodeum lateral face punctures dense (i ≤ 1 pd), sculpture tessellate, becoming shiny posteriorly; propodeum posterior face sculpture shiny and densely punctate (i ≤ 1 pd), becoming sparse to absent medially; T1 anterior face sculpture shiny; T1 dorsal surface punctures moderately sparse (i= 1–3 pd), sculpture shiny; T2 disc punctures moderately dense (i=1–2 pd), disc sculpture shiny, rim punctures moderately sparse (i= 1–3 pd), rim sculpture shiny.

STRUCTURE. Face length/width ratio 0.85 (± 0.02 SD). F1:pedicel length ratio 1.01 (± 0.18 SD); F2:F1 length ratio 1.85 (± 0.03 SD); F2 length/width ratio 1.68 (± 0.05 SD); F9 length/width ratio 1.18 (± 0.01 SD). Forewing with 3 submarginal cells; pronotal angle obtuse; tegula shape normal. Intertegular distance 0.88 (± 0.11 SD) mm. Scutum length/width ratio 0.93 (± 0.01 SD); scutum/scutellum length ratio 2.65 (± 0.02 SD); scutellum/metanotum length ratio 1.8 (± 0.1 SD); metanotum/metapostnotum length ratio 0.62 (± 0.03 SD). Propodeum lateral carinae not reaching dorsal margin; oblique carina absent. Metasomal terga strongly convex. (n =2)

GENITALIA. Not examined.

Range

Mojave and Sonoran Deserts of southern Nevada   and California, southwestern Utah, and Arizona ( Fig. 18 View Fig ).

Floral records

ASTERACEAE Giseke   : Ericameria   : E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh)G.L.Nesom &Baird   : E. n. var. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird   BRASSICACEAE Burnett   : Stanleya Nutt.   CACTACEAE Juss.   Ferocactus Britton & Rose   : F. cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt   CLEOMACEAE Bercht. & J. Presl   : Cleomella DC.   C. obtusifolia Torr. & Frém.   FABACEAE Juss.   Psorothamnus   : P. spinosus (A.Gray) Barneby   MALVACEAE Juss.   Sphaeralcea A. St.   -Hil. • PAPAVERACEAE Juss.   Arctomecon Torr. & Frém.   A. californicum Torr. & Frém.   A. merriamii Coville   Argemone L.   A. munita Durand & Hilg.   POLYGONACEAE Juss.   Eriogonum Michx.   E. deflexum Torr.   E. fasciculatum Benth.   E. inflatum Torr.  

DNA barcodes

Six sequences available (BOLD process IDs: DLII909-07, DLII910-07, DLII1028-07, DLII1691-09, BHTT020-09, DLIII179-19; BIN: BOLD:AAE1189). Lasioglossum cactorum   sp. nov. differs from all other western red-tailed L. ( Dialictus   ) by 5 fixed substitutions: 213(C), 318(T), 379(A), 553(A), and 573(C) (Supplementary file 4).

Remarks

Although Lasioglossum cactorum   sp. nov. has been frequently collected from cactus flowers, it is not oligolectic on them. There is considerable variation in the size of this species, especially of the head, and in the sculpturing of the mesepisternum. This variation, combined with the year-round phenology of this species and phylogenetic data, suggests it is likely social.

An undescribed species from the Chihuahuan Desert has similarly narrow and strongly depressed rims of T1–3, but the metasoma is all black. DNA barcodes and other morphological features also distinguish these two species.

UAIC

USA, Arizona, Tucson, University of Arizona

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

BBSL

BBSL

EMEC

USA, California, Berkeley, University of California, Essig Museum of Entomology

UCRC

USA, California, Riverside, University of California

LACM

USA, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History

MTEC

USA, Montana, Bozeman, Montana State University

UCDC

USA, California, Davis, University of California, R.M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

UAIC

University of Alabama, Ichthyological Collection

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology