Dinapsis planifrons Mita & Shaw, 2020

Mita, Toshiharu & Shaw, Scott Richard, 2020, A taxonomic study of Dinapsis Waterson, 1922 from Madagascar (Hymenoptera Megalyridae, Dinapsini): crested wasps of the hirtipes species-group, Zootaxa 4858 (1), pp. 71-84 : 73-74

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https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4858.1.4

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Dinapsis planifrons Mita & Shaw

sp. nov.

Dinapsis planifrons Mita & Shaw , n. sp.

Figs 2, 5 View FIGURES 1–6 , 10 View FIGURES 7–10 , 11–15 View FIGURES 11–13 View FIGURES 14, 15

Materials examined. Holotype: ♀, “ MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana / Ambato forest, 26.6 km 33°/ NE Ambanja elev 150 m / 8 December 2004 ”, “ 13°27’52”S 048°33’06”E / California Acad. of Sciences / coll: B. L. Fisher, rainforest,/ yellow pan trap, BLF11517”, “CASLOT 014881”, “SEM”. GoogleMaps

Paratypes: [ Madagascar] 1♀, Antsiranana Prov., Binara forest , 9.1 km 233° SW of Daraina, (650–800 m alt.), 13°15’48”S 049°36’12”E ”, 3. XII. 2003 (Sift), B.L.Fisher leg.; GoogleMaps 1♀, Antsiranana Prov., Antsahabe forest, 11.4km 275° W of Daraina (550 m alt.), 13°12’42”S 049°33’24”E ”, 12 XII. 2003 (YPT), B.L.Fisher leg. GoogleMaps ; 4♀, Mahajanga Prov., Namoroka National Park , 16.9 km 317° NW of Vilanandro (100 m alt.), 16°24’24”S 045°18’36”E, 12–16. IX. 2002 (YPT), Fisher, Griswold et al GoogleMaps .; 3♀, Diego-Suarez Prov., Montagne d’Ambre National Park , (960 m alt.), 12°30’52”S, 49°10’53”E, 19. III – 5. IV. 2001 (MsT), R. Harin’Hala leg. GoogleMaps ; 1♀, same data as above, but CASENT 2009721 GoogleMaps ; 1♀, same data as above, but (1125 m alt.), 12°31’13”S, 49°10’45”E, 29. I – 11. II. 2001 GoogleMaps ; 1♂, Antsiranana / Prov., Ankaranana Special Reserve , 13.6 km 192° SSW of Anivorano Nord (210 m alt.), 12°51’49”S 49°13’33”E, 16–20. II. 2001 (Sift), Fisher, Griswold et al. leg GoogleMaps .; 1♀, Antsiranana Prov., Ambanitaza forest , 26.1 km 347° N of Antalaha, (240 m alt.), 14°40’45”S 050°11’01”E, 26. XI. 2004 (YPT), B.L.Fisher leg. GoogleMaps ; 1♀, Toliara Prov., Ambohijanahary Special Reserve, Ankazotsihitafototra forest , 35.2 km 312° NW of Ambaravaranala (1050 m alt.), 18°16’00”S 045°24’24”E, 13–17. I. 2003 (Sift), Fisher, Griswold et al GoogleMaps .; 1♀, Toliara Prov., Analavelona Classified Forest , 29.2 km 343° NNW of Mahaboboka (1100 m alt.), 22°40’30”S 044°11’24”E, 18–22. II. 2003 (YPT), Fisher, Griswold et al GoogleMaps .; 2♂, Fianarantsoa Prov., Analalava forest , 29.6 km 280° W of Ranohira (700 m alt.), 22°35’30”S 045°07’42”E, 1–5. II. 2003 (YPT), Fisher, Griswold et al. leg GoogleMaps .

Description. (Female) Head ( Figs 2 View FIGURES 1–6 , 12, 13 View FIGURES 11–13 ) covered with short scattered setae on frons and dorsal surface of vertex, long setae on posterior surface of vertex and gena; frons and dorsal part of vertex flat, sparsely covered with small punctures, rarely almost smooth; transversal elevation present on lower part of frons, but rarely absent; outer margin of each ocellus bearing crescent-shaped depression; row of punctures behind anterior ocellus present, rarely absent; vertex produced dorsally forming raised carina; posterior surface of vertex dorsally smooth, ventrally reticulate rugose; gena smooth, sometimes sparsely punctured; orbital carina present; suborbital irregular carina present, not reaching subocular suture; occipital carina without lateral collar; clypeus smooth; POL: OOL: OL: OPL = 1.0: 1.5–2.0: 1.1–1.2: 1.1–1.2.

Mesosoma ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 11–13 ): Mesonotum sparsely covered with erect setae; mesoscutum smooth, with deep median sulcus; anterior surface forming lateral carina; anterior margin not excavated; dorsal surface flat in lateral view; short parapsides indicated by row of small punctures; lateral lobe weakly present, not forming distinct corner; axilla smooth, flat, separate medially; scuto-scutellar sulcus forming deep continuous groove; scutellum smooth, flat; anterior margin of mesepisternum hairless, ventral surface hairy; metanotum hairy; propodeum with paired longitudinal and parallel median, submedian, and lateral carinae (as in Fig. 18 View FIGURES 16–19 ); surface between longitudinal carinae transversely striated; posterior margin of median region producing dorsally; posterior transversal carina absent.

Forewing ( Fig. 11 View FIGURES 11–13 ) entirely hyaline; vein M 1.9–2.4 × basal part of RS.

Hind coxa longitudinally striated on dorsal part, weakly shagreened on distal part; hind tibia smooth; distal prong weakly elongated; apex bearing two or rarely three spatulate setae ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1–6 , 10 View FIGURES 7–10 ).

Metasoma smooth but anterior surface of 6th and entire 7–8th metasomal tergites shagreened. Ovipositor 1.47– 1.99 × mesosoma length, apex bearing small teeth and single knob.

Color. Head entirely brownish in holotype, paratypes reddish brown to brown, sometimes vertex and surface around occipital carina darkened; antenna testaceous with brown scape and apical four flagellomeres blackish in holotype, occasionally entirely reddish brown. Mesosoma brown, but metanotum, propodeum, furrows and carinae black. Legs testaceous but mid and hind coxae darkened, hind femur and tibia brown, rarely entirely testaceous. Metasoma testaceous to dark brown, dorsally darkened. Ovipositor brown. Ovipositor sheath brown.

Measurements (in mm). Head 0.86–1.10 long, 0.98–1.22 wide; mesosoma 1.34–1.48 long; mesoscutum 0.90– 1.00 wide; propodeal disc 0.52–0.56 long, 0.82–0.94 wide; forewing 2.70–3.05 long; metasoma 1.54–2.45 long, 0.90–1.16 wide; ovipositor 2.15–2.95 long; total body length excluding ovipositor 3.74–4.87.

(Male) Similar to female but different as follows: punctures on frons and vertex denser ( Figs 14, 15 View FIGURES 14, 15 ); mesoscutum and scutellum with small scattered punctures; distal prong of hind tibia stout, not distinctly elongate; mesopleuron darker, dark brown to black; metasoma darker, entirely dark brown.

Distribution. Known from northern and western Madagascar ( Fig. 42 View FIGURE 42 ): Antsiranana Prov.; Mahajanga Prov.; Toliara Prov.; Fianarantsoa Prov.

Etymology. The specific epithet is formed from Latin words referring to the flat frons.

Notes. The modified setae on the distal prong of the hind tarsus are a distinctive apomorphy for this species ( Figs 5 View FIGURES 1–6 , 10 View FIGURES 7–10 ). Other morphological characters are most similar to Dinapsis scriptus n. sp. See the notes for D. scriptus for additional discussion on how to separate these two species. This species is distributed mainly in the western part of Madagascar ( Fig. 42 View FIGURE 42 ).


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile













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