Tainarys sordida Burckhardt, 1987

Burckhardt, D. & Basset, Y., 2000, The jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera, Psylloidea) associated with Schinus (Anacardiaceae): systematics, biogeography and host plant relationships, Journal of Natural History 34 (1), pp. 57-155 : 133-136

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1080/002229300299688

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:203D05D3-DED0-44D2-B749-1B877B2DEB05

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ED87CC-FFB7-A668-FE38-12FFFC20FB91

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Tainarys sordida Burckhardt
status

 

Tainarys sordida Burckhardt

( ®gures 29, 64) Tainarys sordida Burckhardt, 1987a: 314 . Holotype,l Argentina: RõÂo Negro, El Bolso  n,

Mount Piltriquitron, 580 m, 22.iv.1961, beaten from Colletia , Fabiana imbricata , Aristotelia

maqui, Maytenus boaria , Berberis buxifolia , Baccharis magellanica and L omatia obliqua ,

nr. 410 (G. Topal) (HNHM), probably destroyed.

D escription . Adult. By Burckhardt (1987a).

Fifth instar larva (®gure 29). Sclerites yellowish to ochreous, membranes whitish yellow. Body broadly oval. Antennae 7-segmented, with 1 rhinarium on each of segments 3 and 5 and 2 rhinaria on segment 7. Thoracic tergites small. Head, thorax, wing buds and caudal plate sparsely covered in dorsal setae. Head with a few thick or lanceolate setae anteriorly. Forewing buds moderately large, without humeral lobes. Wing buds with sparsely spaced marginal lanceolate setae, pointed or narrowly truncate apically. Legs relatively stout, with fused tibio-tarsus, claws absent. Caudal plate rounded apically, bearing a few marginal lanceolate setae similar to those of wing buds; dorsal surface granular. Anus ventral; circumanal ring small, consisting of a single row of elongate pores.

Host plants, gall and biology. Schinus fasciculatus (Grieseb.) Johnston , S. latifolius (Gillies) Engler , S. montanus (Philippi) Engler , S. patagonicus (Philippi) Johnston , S. polygamus (Cav.) Cabrera , S. velutinus (Turez.) Johnston. Forming irregular leaf roll galls or crumpling of young leaves (®gure 64). Flores et al. (1989) found two generations per year in a population on Schinus polygamus in the Santiago area.

The emergence of adults coincided with the growth of new twigs.

Distribution. Argentina (Cordoba, Mendoza, RõÂo Negro) and Chile (Regions III±IX and Metropolitana). Recorded from Argentina (Cordoba, RõÂo Negro) and Chile (Regions V, VII and Metropolitana) (Burckhardt, 1987a; Flores et al., 1989; Flores, 1990; Sa  iz and NunÄ ez, 1997).

Material examined. Argentina: Mendoza, 3,l 4 m, Mendoza Valley, Uspallata to Potrerillos, 1700 m, 30± 31.xii.1995, Schinus fasciculatus (D. Burckhardt); 2,l 2 m, same data but Potrerillos, 1500 m, 31.xii.1995; 1,l 1 m, same data but 12 km on road Las Cuevas to Puente del Inca, 2800 m, 16.i.1997, without host information; 1,l same data but Punta de Vacas to Uspallata, 1900 m, 16± 19.i.1997, Schinus fasciculatus ; 69,l 40 m, 2 larval skins, same data but Potrerillos, 1300 m, 17.i.1997; 20,l 44 m, 20 larvae and larval skins, same data but Villa Hodel, 7 km on road Cacheuta to Mendoza, 1100 m, 17.i.1997; 34,l 18 m, 2 larval skins, same data but 47 km on road Mendoza to Villa Vicencia, 1400 m, 18.i.1997; 26,l 25 m, 1 larval skin, same data but above Villa Vicencia, 50 km NW Mendoza, 1800±2200 m; 10,l 7 m, 1 larval skin, same data but Mendoza Valley, 27 km Uspallata to Potrerillos, 1500 m, 19.i.1997; 3,l 1 m, Mendoza, Zoological Garden, vii.1997 (S. Roig); RõÂo Negro, 7,l 7 m, El Bolso  n, 22.iv.1961 (G. Topa  l). Chile: III Region, 1 m, Province Huasco, Huasco, 28ss27¾S 71ss05¾W, 50 m, 13.xii.1993, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); 8,l 3 m, 1 larval skin, same data but 85 km S Vallenar, 29ss02¾S 70ss52¾W, 1000 m, 13.xii.1993; IV Region, 32 adults, Province Elqui, 15 km SW VinÄ ita Baja, 29ss50 ¾S 70ss50¾W, 450 m, 4.xii.1993, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); 1,l 3 m, 1 larval skin, same data but VinÄ ita Baja to Condoriaco, 29ss45¾S 70ss50 ¾W, 1000± 1400 m, 4.xii.1993; 12 adults, 2 larval skins, same data but Condoriaco to Almte Latorre, 29ss40¾S 70ss53 ¾W, 1200 m, 4.xii.1993; 18 adults, same data but 15±25 km S VicunÄa, 30ss15¾S 70ss40 ¾W, 1300±1700 m, 14.xii.1993; many adults and crumpled leaves, same data but 10 km S VicunÄa to Hurtado, 900 m, 18.xii.1995; many adults and crumpled leaves, same data but 20 km S VicunÄa to Hurtado, near Puente El Pangue, 1600 m, 18.xii.1995; several adults and larval skins, same data but ca 40 km SW VinÄita Baja, 450 m, 19.xii.1995; 12 adults, same data but ca 45 km ENE La Serena, VinÄita Baja to Condoriaco, 800±1000 m, 19.xii.1995; 16 adults, same data but ca 50 km NE La Serena, Almte Latorre, 1000 m, 19.xii.1995; many adults and larvae, same data but Valle Elqui near Rivadavia, 750 m, 20.xii.1995; 10 adults, 1 larval skin, same data but Valle del RõÂo Claro, Alcohuaz, 1700 m, 20.xii.1995; 9,l 12 m, Province LimarõÂ, Fray Jorge National Park, 250 m, 7± 9.xii.1990, mediterranean scrub, Schinus polygamus (D. Agosti and D. Burckhardt); 11 adults and larvae, same data but foot of hill, 18.ii.1985, Schinus sp. (D. Hollis); 16 adults, same data but Pedregal, 60 km SE Ovalle, 30ss51¾S 70ss42¾W, 800 m, 17.xii.1992, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); 1,l 1 m, Province Choapa, Los Vilos, 6.v.1994, Schinus latifolius (T. Olivares) ; V Region, 20 adults, Province Petorca, El Guayacan, 20 km E Cabildo, 800 m, 17.v.1993, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); 2,l 1 m, same data but Cuesta El Melo  n, 400 m, 22.xii.1995, Schinus velutinus ; 32 adults, 3 larvae, Province San Felipe, Los Patos, 35 km N San Felipe, 17.v.1993, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); many adults and larvae, same data but El Ta  rtaro, 25 km N San Felipe, 32ss37¾S 70ss42¾W, 1000 m, 26.xii.1993; 2,l 4 m, same data but 5 km N El Ta  rtaro, 30 km N San Felipe, 32ss30’ S 70ss42¾W, 1100 m, 26.xii.1993; many adults and larvae, same data but El Ta  rtaro, 20 km N San Felipe, Putaendo Valley, 1100 m, 24.xii.1995; several adults and larval skins, same data but Termas de Jahuel, 1000 m, 21.i.1997; many adults and larvae, same data but Putaendo, 8 km N San Felipe, 700 m, 12± 13.i.1997; many adults and larvae, same data but El Asiento, 10 km NW San Felipe, 900 m, 13± 20.i.1997; 3 m, same data but Resguardo de los Patos, Putaendo, 1000 m, 4± 5.x.1993, without host information (L. E. PenÄ a); 1 m, Province Los Andes, near Portillo Ski Centre, Guardia vieja, 21.x.1995, on the leaves of Schinus polygamus (R. MunÄ oz G.); 27 adults, 25 km W Portillo, 32ss50¾S 70ss08¾W, 1900±2100 m, 1.xii.1993, Schinus montanus and S. polygamus (D. Burckhardt); 1,l same data but 1800 m, subalpine scrub, 31.xii.1993, Schinus montanus ; many adults, same data but 14 km Portillo to RõÂo Blanco, Aconcagua Valley, 1500 m, 23.xii.1995, Schinus montanus and S. polygamus ; several adults, same data but 19 km, 1900 m, Schinus montanus ; many adults and larvae on crumpled leaves, same data but 28 km, 1500 m, Schinus polygamus ; 5,l 3 m, same data but RõÂo Blanco, 1400 m, Schinus montanus ; many adults, same data but Portillo to RõÂo Blanco, Aconcagua Valley, 1800 m, 31.xii.1995; 8 adults, Province Quillota, El Bocco, 5.v.1993, Schinus velutinus (D. Burckhardt); 2 larvae, same data but Cuesta La Dormnida, 10 km W Tiltil, 33ss04¾S 71ss02¾W, 1200 m, 15.xi.1992; Schinus polygamus ; 16 adults, same data but Quillota, 32ss52¾S 71ss13¾W, 200 m, 1.i.1994; Acacia caven steppe, Schinus latifolius and S. velutinus ; many adults and larvae, same data but Quillota, La Palma, 300 m, 25.xii.1995; several adults and larvae, same data but 15.i.1996; 7 adults, same data but La Campana National Park, 500 m, 11.i.1985, Schinus sp. (D. Hollis); 1,l 3 m, same data but La Campana National Park, Sector Ocoa, 400±500 m, from leaf galls of Schinus polygamus (F. Sa Âiz) ; 1 m, same data but from conical leaf gall on Schinus polygam us; 1,l 6 m, 12 larvae, same data but from leaf roll gall on Schinus polygamus ; 4,l 3 m, same data but from leaves of Schinus latifolius ; 4,l 2 m, Province Valparaiso, La Retuca, 33ss08¾S 71ss20¾W, 300 m, 20.xi.1992, Schinus latifolius (D. Burckhardt); 14 adults, same data but Fundo El Peque Ân, Valle Marga Marga, 33ss06¾S 71ss23¾W, 200 m, 21.xi.1992; Region Metropolitana, 2,l 1 m, on road Corral Quemado and Farellones, 1700 m, 19.v.1993, Schinus montanus (D. Burckhardt); 20 adults, 29±41 km Santiago La Disputada Road, 9.1.1985, Schinus sp. (D. Hollis); 18 adults, same data but Maipo Valley, El Volcan, 10.i.1985; many adults, Cuesta La Dormida, 7±10 km W Tiltil, 33ss04¾S 71ss02¾W, 950±1200 m, 28.xii.1993, Schinus latifolius and S. polygamus (D. Burckhardt); VI Region, many adults, Province Colchagua, La Ru®na, RõÂo Tinguiririca, 650 m, 11.i.1996, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); several adults and larvae, same data but Bella Vista, RõÂo Claro, 900 m, 11.i.1996; VII Region, 2,l Province Talca, Armerillo to Las Garzas, Maule Valley, 60±80 km E Talca, 35ss45¾S 71ss00¾W, 700 m, 25.xi.1992, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); 1 m, same data but Gil de Vilches Park, section Piedras Blancas, 1350±1600 m, 12.i.1996; Schinus patagonicus ; 3,l same data but section Majadilla, 1350±1550 m, 13.i.1996; many adults and larval skins, same data but Gil de Vilches Park, El Enladrillo, Valle El Venado, 1350±1700 m, 14.i.1996; 1,l 1 m, crumpled leaves, Province Cauquenes, 10 km W Cauquenes, 400 m, 12.ii.1996, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); several adults and larvae, same data but E Cauquenes, 400 m, 12.ii.1996; 1,l 1 m, same data but Cauquenes, 6.vi.1898, from trees (collector not mentioned); VIII Region, 10 adults, 6 larvae, crumpled leaves, Province Nuble Ä, near Recinto, ca 60 km E Chillan, 400±600 m, 12.xii.1990, Valdivian forest, Schinus polygamus (D. Agosti and D. Burckhardt); 10 adults, same data but 20 km W Termas de Chillan, 16.i.1985, Schinus sp. (D. Hollis); several adults, same data but 10 km on road Cabrero to Yungay, near province border, 200 m, 18.i.1996, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); several adults, 1 larval skin, same data but 20 km on road Cabrero to Yungay, 300 m; 5,l 1 m, same data but Province Concepcio  n, Escuadron, 20 km S Concepcio  n, 20 m, 17.i.1996; 9 adults, Prov. BiobõÂo, Lago Laja National Park, 19.i.19985, Schinus sp. (D. Hollis); 2,l 1 m, same data but Laguna del Laja National Park, sector Chacay, 1200 m, 19.i.1996, Schinus polygamus (D. Burckhardt); many adults, larvae and larval skins, same data but sector Lagunillas, 1100 m, 21.i.1996; 2,l 2 m, same data but sector Saltos Chilcas and Torbelino, 1100 m, 21.i.1996; several adults, same data but Laguna del Laja National Park to El Abanico, 900±1100 m, 22.i.1996; 3,l 2 m, same data but 10 km W Antuco, 500 m, 23.i.1996; IX Region, several adults, larvae and crumpled leaves, Province CautõÂn, ConguillõÂo National Park, 950 m, 19± 21.xii.1990, mixed Nothof agus forest, Schinus patagonicus var. crenuloides (D. Agosti, and D. Burckhardt); 3,l 2 m, same data but Playa Linda, 19± 20.xii.1990, Nothofagus antarctica forest, Schinus patagonicus (D. Burckhardt). Dry and slide mounted, and preserved in alcohol (BMNH, IAIM, MHNG, NHMB, UCVA).

Comments. The holotype of T. sordida and other material collected by G. Topal in Argentina which was studied by Burckhardt (1987a, 1987b, 1988) could not be traced at the HNHM ( T. Vasarhelyi, pers. commun.). It seems that the material was destroyed during the shipment from Liverpool to Budapest in 1985 .

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Aphalaridae

Genus

Tainarys