Muhaka icipe Buffington & Copeland, 2015

Buffington, M. L. & Copeland, R. S., 2015, Muhaka icipe, an enigmatic new genus and species of Kleidotomini (Hymenoptera: Figitidae: Eucoilinae) from an East African coastal forest, Journal of Natural History 49 (43), pp. 2597-2607 : 2602-2604

publication ID 10.1080/00222933.2015.1042411

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persistent identifier

taxon LSID

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scientific name

Muhaka icipe Buffington & Copeland

new species

Muhaka icipe Buffington & Copeland , new species.


As in diagnosis of the genus.


As in description of genus with: Head. Nearly glabrous with a few scattered setae on inner orbits of compound eyes, frons, kemnina (torular sculpture) and ankos (central depression on vertex); ocellar hair patches absent ( Figure 2D View Figure 2 ). Genal carina absent, but blunt ridge present, glabrous. Longitudinal striae present along vertex, very weakly setose ( Figure 2A View Figure 2 ). Lateral mandibular fold present along basal half of each mandible, containing a single, stout seta ( Figure 2B View Figure 2 ).

Pronotum. Lateral aspect of pronotum smooth, gentle striae present posterior to lateral margin of pronotal plate, as well as ventral to pronotal trough ( Figure 2C View Figure 2 ).

Mesoscutum. Glabrous and smooth except for pair of sparse setal lines along the length of the mesoscutum (in position of notauli) ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ).

Mesopectus. Upper and lower part of mesopleuron completely smooth, with a few gentle striae anteriorly; glabrous ( Figure 2C View Figure 2 ).

Scutellum. Rim of plate miniscule, translucent; two setae located anteriorly ( Figures 2A View Figure 2 and 3A View Figure 3 ); dorsal surface of scutellum bifurcate posteriorly, margined both laterally and posteriorly (sct, Figure 2A View Figure 2 ). Lateral bars slightly wider than long; ventral lobe present, smooth; auricle lightly setose ( Figure 2C View Figure 2 ). Scutellar fovea elliptical, interior surface smooth ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ).

Metapectal–propodeal complex. Entire metapectus glabrous except for one to three long setae dorsally. Anteroventral cavity ellipsoidal, setose. Propodeum lightly covered in appressed setae ( Figure 2C View Figure 2 ). Lateral propodeal carinae semi-parallel, slightly divergent, bowed at junction with auxiliary propodeal carinae; auxiliary propodeal carinae indistinct. Nucha heavily setose, deeply crenulate.

Wings. R 1 incomplete along anterior margin of wing; marginal cell elongate; trace veins absent, M vein represented by setal line extending to apical margin of wing. Apical fringe medium length, longer along posterior margin.

Metasoma. Hairy ring incomplete dorsally ( Figures 2C View Figure 2 and 3A View Figure 3 ). Distinct longitudinal striae present posterior to hairy ring ( Figure 3A View Figure 3 ). Micropunctures absent on syntergum, sparsely present on remaining terga.


icipe in honour of ICIPE, the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology; it is a noun in apposition. ICIPE has been, and continues to be, a leader of entomological research in Africa.


Unknown. This species was collected in a 6 m Malaise trap set inside Muhaka Forest ( Figure 3D View Figure 3 ).

Material examined

Holotype, male. KENYA, Coast Prov. , Muhaka Forest , 52 m, 4.32530°S, 39.52345°E, 6 m Malaise trap, indigenous forest, 30 May–19 June 2013, R. GoogleMaps

Copeland. USNMENT 01022113. Deposited in NMKE. Paratypes , males: same data as holotype. USNMENT 01022107. Deposited in USNM GoogleMaps ; KENYA, Coast Prov. , Muhaka Forest , 52 m, 4.32530°S, 39.52345°E, 6 m Malaise trap, indigenous forest, 27–30 May 2013, R. Copeland. USNMENT 00917892. Deposited in SAMC GoogleMaps .


National Museum of Kenya


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Iziko Museums of Cape Town