Lepanus dukungarri Gunter & Weir

Gunter, Nicole L. & Weir, Thomas A., 2019, Revision of Australian species of the dung beetle genus Lepanus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): description of 10 new species from the L. australis, L. monteithi, and L. villosus species groups, Zootaxa 4695 (3), pp. 201-252: 214-217

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4695.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:32E17629-F29A-47C8-ACCB-69A32C17B147

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ED0167-FF88-FFAD-FF1D-F42BFE42FBF3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lepanus dukungarri Gunter & Weir
status

new species

Lepanus dukungarri Gunter & Weir   , new species

( Figs 1E, H View FIGURE 1 ; 2C View FIGURE 2 ; 3C View FIGURE 3 ; 4C View FIGURE 4 )

Type series. Holotype: ♂ “ Mt. Lewis QLD, 20km S Mossman 1000m 10 July 1982 S. J.Peck SBP67” / “log and leaf litter” / “ ANIC Database No. 25 065542” / “ Lepanus   NQ6 det TA Weir 2018” / “ ANIC Image” in ANIC   [ 16°35’0”S, 145°17’0”E]. Paratypes (86 ♂, 71 ♀, 1 sex undetermined): Queensland, Mount Lewis , 20 km S Mossman, 1000 m 10.vii.1982, SBP67, log and leaf litter, S. & J. Peck (25-054116 3 specimens ♂ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Queensland, Mount Lewis , 20 km S Mossman, 1000 m 10.vii–1.viii.1982, rainforest carrion trap, SBP64, S. & J. Peck (25-054115 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC)   ; Queensland, Mount Lewis , 20 km SW Mossman, [16°35’0”S, 145°17’00”E], 900 m, 26.vi–1.viii.1982, SBP52, flight intercept trap rainforest, S. & J. Peck (25- 054112 4 specimens ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Queensland, Mount Lewis , 20 km SW Mossman, [16°35’0”S, 145°17’0”E], 900 m, 26.vi–1.viii.1982, SBP53, flight intercept trap rainforest, S. & J. Peck (25-054113 2 specimens ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis (general), [16°35’0”S, 145°17’0”E], 26.xi.1980, R.I. Storey & I.J. Tit- marsh (25-059216 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; 11 km up Mount Lewis Road, via Julatten , [16°34’0”S, 145°15’0”E], 900 m, 11.xi–25.xii.1987, R.I. Storey & A. Walford-Huggins, (25-059221 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis , 20 km N Mount Molloy, [16°28’55”S, 145°19’27”E, 800 m, 20.xii.1986, H.F. & A.T. Howden (CMNEN-00030323- 00030324 2 specimens ♂ in CMNC) GoogleMaps   ; 23 km up Mount Lewis Road via Julatten , [16°31’0”S, 145°17’0”E], 9– 23.xi.1982, Morgan, Brown, & Storey, (25-059220 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; 11 km up Mount Lewis Road, Julatten , [16°35’1”S, 145°16’13”E], 8.i–2.ii.1987, H. Howden & R.I. Storey (CMNEN-00030326 1 specimen ♂ in CMNC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis , 8 km NW of Julatten, [16°35’0”S, 145°17’0”E], 8.i–2.ii.1987, R.I. Storey & H. Howden, (25-059214 2 specimens ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road , 16°35’24”S, 145°16’30”E, 987 m, 21.iv.2014, A. Riedel (25- 063058 1 specimen in ANIC also as COL3027 ♀) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 16 km from Highway, ANZSES Site 2, 16°35’44”S, 145°16’44”E, 18.xii.1989 – 13.i.1990, ( T54572 View Materials T54573 View Materials 1 specimen ♂, 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 22 km from Highway, ANZSES Site 3, 16°32’48”S, 145°16’53”E, 29.xi.1997 – 9.ii.1998, ( T62217 View Materials 1x ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis Road, 29 km from Highway , 16°13’51”S, 145°27’43”E, 18.xi.1997 – 9.ii.1998, ( T62218 View Materials T62221 View Materials 2 specimens ♂, 2 specimens ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Lewis, Road at Forest Hut , [16°36’0”S, 145°16’0”E], 1020 m, 16.iv.1994, D. Bickel, (K266972 also as 25- 060769 1 specimen and COL 745 ♂ in AM) GoogleMaps   ; Big Tableland , NE corner, 15°42’39”S, 145°17’12”E, 20.xii.1990 - 8.i.1991, ( T54515 View Materials T54521 View Materials 3 specimen ♂ 4 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Big Table- land, 15°43’5”S, 145°16’41”E, 20.xii.1990 - 8.i.1991, ( T54522 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Big Tableland , 15°43’5”S, 145°16’41”E, 21.xii.1990 - 9.i.1991, ( T54523 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Big Tableland , 15°43’5”S, 145°16’41”E, 20.xii.1990, ( T54549 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Hartley , 30 km S Cooktown, [15°46’0”S, 145°20’0”E], 760 m, 3.vii.1982, S. & J. Peck (25-054114 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Hartley , summit, 15°46’28”S, 145°19’24”E, 8.xi.1995 – 16.i.1996, ( T54544 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Sampson , 600–790 m, 15°48’31”S, 145°11’20”E, 27.xii.1990 – 18.i.1991, ( T54077 View Materials 1 specimen ♀, T54545 View Materials T54548 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 3 specimens ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Finnigan ANZSES Site 5, 15°49’13”S, 145°17’2”E, 4.xii.1990 – 17.i.1991, ( T62213 View Materials T62216 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 1 speci- men ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Finnigan summit, ANZSES Sites 2 & 3, 15°49’6”S, 145°16’45”E, 30305, 20.xii.1982, ( T54556 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Finnigan ANZSES Site 4, 15°49’9”S, 145°16’55”E, 4.xii.1990 – 17.i.1991, ( T62211 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Misery , ascent road, 15°52’39”S, 145°12’58”E, 6.xii.1990 – 17.i.1991, ( T62209 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Boolbun South , summit, 15°56’50”S, 145°8’14”E, 5.xi.1995 – 11.i.1996, ( T54527 View Materials T54528 View Materials 2 specimens ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Boolbun South , creek, 15°57’10”S, 145°8’17”E, 5.xi.1995 – 11.i.1996, ( T54525 View Materials T54526 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Boolbun South , camp, 15°57’10”S, 145°8’23”E, 4.xi.1995 - 6.xi.1995, ( T54529 View Materials T54542 View Materials 10 specimens ♂ 4 specimens ♀, T62210 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Boolbun South , camp, 15°57’10”S, 145°8’23”E, 6.xi.1995 ( T54543 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Cape Tribulation transect Site 6, 16°4’41”S, 145°26’39”E, 20.ix.1982 – 7.x.1982, ( T54563 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Cape Tribulation transect Site 8, 16°4’44”S, 145°25’59”E, 23.ix-7.x.1982, ( T54560 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Cape Tribulation transect Site 8, 16°4’44”S, 145°25’59”E, 5–9.i.1983, ( T54561 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Cape Tribulation transect Site 8, 16°4’44”S, 145°25’59”E, 20–23.iv.1983, ( T54562 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Thornton Peak summit, 145°22’4”E, 16°9’45”S, 30.x–1.xi.1983, ( T54524 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Windsor Tableland , 38 km from main road [Mount Windsor Tableland], [16°12’0”S, 145°5’0”E], 20.xii.1985 – 15.i.1986, R.I. Storey & Brown (25-059215 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Lync-Haven, Daintree area , 145°24’32”E, 16°12’7”S, 35m, 6–9.xii.2012, G.B. Monteith (25-057638 1 specimen ♀ also as COL2775, 25-057639 1 specimen ♂ also as COL 2776 in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Hutchinson Creek, ( Grove ), 16°13’4”S, 145°23’57”E, 13.i–11.ii.1998, ( T73124 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Hutchinson Creek, ( Grove ), 16°13’4”S, 145°23’57”E, 12.ix–23.x.1998,( T88838 View Materials 1 specimen♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Hutchinson Creek,( Grove ), 16°13’4”S, 145°23’57”E, 14.iii.1998 – 8.v.1998, ( T88840 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Buchanan Creek, ( Grove ), 16°14’39”S, 145°25’54”E, 12.ix– 23.x.1998, ( T88842 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Buchanan Creek, ( Grove ), 16°14’39”S, 145°25’54”E, 11.ii–12.iii.1998, ( T85639 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Windsor Tableland via Mount Carbine [Mount Windsor Tableland], [16°15’0”S, 145°2’0”E], 25.xi.1976, R.I. Storey (25-059225 4 specimens ♂ 3 specimens ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Windsor Tableland via Mount Carbine [Mount Windsor Tableland], [16°15’0”S, 145°2’0”E], 26.xii.1983 – 24.i.1984, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25-059223 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Windsor Tableland via Mount Carbine [Mount Wind- sor Tableland], [16°15’0”S, 145°2’0”E], 9.ix–4.xi.1976, R.I. Storey (25-059222 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Windsor Tableland , 28 km NNW Mount Carbine, 16°17’5”S, 145°4’40”E, 315. iv.1982, ( T54566 View Materials T54570 View Materials 3 specimens ♂ 2 specimens ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Devils Thumb transect Site 9, 16°23’35”S, 145°17’28”E, 26.xii.1989 – 15.i.1990, ( T54571 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Upper Whyanbeel Creek , 16°24’1”S, 145°16’57”E, 33852, ( T54550 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Stewart Creek , 4 km NNE Mount Spurgeon, (camp 1), 16°24’19”S, 145°13’1”E, 15–20.x.1991, ( T54558 View Materials T54559 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Spurgeon , [145°12’0”E, 16°26’0”S], 1200 m, 19–22.xi.1997, C. Reid (25-059226 1 specimen ♂ also as COL 2459 in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Spurgeon , 2 km SE, 16°27’17”S, 145°12’26”E, 32497, 29.xii.1988, 1100 m, ( T54554 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Spurgeon ANZSES Site 2, 16°27’47”S, 145°12’19”E, 21.xii.1988 - 4.i.1989, ( T54551 View Materials T54553 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mossman Bluff Site 1, 16°28’19”S, 145°19’37”E, 20.xii.1989 – 15.i.1990, ( T54564 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Mossman Bluff Site 6, 16°28’22”S, 145°17’39”E, 20.xii.1989 – 15.i.1990, ( T54565 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Clachery Road via Julatten , [16°34’19”S, 145°21’52”E], 8.i–2.ii.1987, H. Howden & R.I. Storey (CMNEN-00030325 in CMNC) GoogleMaps   ; 7.5 km NNW of Kuranda , [16°46’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 20.xii.1984 – 15.i.1985, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25-059219 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Mount Williams summit, 16°54’53”S, 145°39’43”E, 27.xi.1997 – 10.ii.1998, ( T62207 View Materials T62208 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀, T62212 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Isley Creek , upper, 17°2’41”S, 145°39’57”E, 29– 30.xi.1993, ( T54574 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Robson Creek , 17°7’8”S, 145°37’52”E, 670 m, 8.iv.2014, A. Riedel (25- 063057 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC also as COL3026) GoogleMaps   ; Boar Pocket Road , [17°12’0”S, 145°42’0”E], xi.1969, J.G. Brooks (25-057919 1 specimen ♂ in ANIC [paratype of Lepanus latheticus   ]) GoogleMaps   ; Lake Barrine , 17°14’49”S, 145°38’10”E, 32487, ( T54575 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Bellenden Ker Range , 0.5 km S Cable Tower 7, [17°16’0”S, 145°55’0”E], 500 m, 25–31.x.1981, Earthwatch, Queesland Museum, (25-054118 3 specimens ♂ 5 specimens ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Wright Creek, Lake Eacham National Park , [17°16’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 720 m, 26–30.vii.1982, S. & J. Peck (25-054117 2 specimens ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Graham Range , summit, 17°16’24”S, 145°57’58”E, 1.xi– 8.xii.1995, ( T54577 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Graham Range , 350 m, 17°16’37”S, 145°57’48”E, 1.xi–8.xii.1995, ( T54578 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Millaa Millaa Falls , [17°30’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 760m, 10.iv–4.v.1990, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25- 032594 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Millaa Millaa Falls , [17°30’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 13.vii– 15.viii.1990, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25- 032596 2 specimens ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Millaa Millaa Falls , [17°30’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 13.iii–10.iv.1990, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25- 032593 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Millaa Millaa Falls , [17°30’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 4.i–7.ii.1990, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25- 032591 1 specimen ♂ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Millaa Millaa Falls , [17°30’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 6.vi–13.vii.1990, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25- 032595 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Millaa Millaa Falls , [17°30’0”S, 145°37’0”E], 7.ii–13.iii.1990, R.I. Storey & H.K. Halfpapp, (25- 032592 1 specimen ♂ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Palmerston National Park , east margin, 17°36’40”S, 145°45’48”E, 1.xii.1993 – 25.ii.1994, ( T54576 View Materials 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Ravenshoe State Forest, Tully Falls Road, [17°43’0”S, 145°33’0”E], 10.x.1987 – 15.xi.1987, A. Walford-Huggins (25-054119 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Tully Falls State Forest 18 km SSW Ravenshoe, [17°46’0”S, 145°31’0”E], 730 m, 1.x–5.xi.1987, R.I. Storey & Dickinson, (25- 059218 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in QDPC) GoogleMaps   ; Tully Falls State Forest 18 km SSW Ravenshoe, [17°46’0”S, 145°31’0”E], 20.iv–25.v.1988, R.I. Storey & Dickinson, (25-059224 1 specimen ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Upper Boulder Creek , top camp, 17°49’44”S, 145°54’2”E, 17–18.xi.1984, ( T54581 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Boulder Creek track, 200–600 m, 17°51’2”S, 145°54’29”E, 24–27.x.1983, ( T54579 View Materials T54580 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 1 specimen ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Laceys Creek , 10 km SE El Arish, [17°53’0”S, 146°4’0”E], 40 m, 23.vi–5.viii.1982, S. & J. Peck (25-054111 3 specimens ♂ 2 specimens ♀ in ANIC) GoogleMaps   ; Tully River Crossing , 10 km S Koombooloomba Dam, 145°37’38”E, 17°55’32”S, 8.xii.1989 – 4.i.1990, ( T54582 View Materials T54585 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ 3 specimens ♀ in QM) GoogleMaps   ; Kirrama Range, Douglas Creek , 18°13’30”S, 145°48’13”E, 10.xii.1986 – 11.i.1987, ( T54586 View Materials 1 specimen ♂ in QM) GoogleMaps   .

Description. Holotype uniformly dark brown. Rest of specimens ranging from uniformly light brown to almost black. Antennal clubs grey.

Total length: 2.1–2.9 mm. Holotype measurements: total length 2.6 mm, elytral width 1.8 mm.

Male. Head. Very broad U-shaped between clypeal teeth that are very short. Surface with setae and heavy punctation. Basal carina absent. Dorsal part of the eyes narrow, separated by an interocular space approximately 11 times the eye width (34: 3); eye canthus dividing eye. Head 1.45 x wider than long (44:30).

Prothorax: Pronotal surface with moderate punctation anteriorly to heavy punctation posteriorly, and with straight, fine setae as long as space between punctures. Anterior angles almost 90°. Basal margin slightly angulate. Hypomeral surface reticulate. Hypomeral striae about half the length of the hypomeron, and close to the lateral margin almost appearing double. Pronotum 1.7 x wider than long (74:44).

Elytra: Surface smooth with impressed striae, striae 1–7 appearing double with very finely punctate edges; intervals punctate with straight, fine setae as long as space between punctures. All striae on disc equal width. Stria 6 extending to elytral base and stria 7 not extending to elytral base. Stria 8 slightly curving inwards posteriorly. Elytra almost equal in width and length (92:90).

Legs: Front edge of protibiae deeply angulate. Metafemora expanded medially. Metatibiae with inner edge distinctly curved or bent.

Abdomen: Pygidium simple, coarsely to finely punctate, with setae, and slightly gibbous towards the apex. Abdominal ventrites reticulate right across. Ventrite 6 punctate and slightly gibbous.

Pterothorax: Medial lobe of metaventrite smooth and punctate and broadly margined between the mesocoxae. Lateral lobe with horseshoe shaped to ocellate punctures and reticulations. Mesoventrite with a minute notch anteriorly. Mesoventrite and mesepimeron smooth. Metanepisternum reticulate with a line of punctures.

Female. Metatibiae less curved or bent, otherwise as per L. australis   species group.

Etymology. The name is formed in Kuku-Yalanji, the indigenous language of the region, and refers to the distinctly bent metatibiae duku - bent; ngarri - lower legs (see Henry & Hershberger 1986).

Distribution. Known from rainforests of the Australian Wet Tropics south of Cooktown to Kirrama Range in the Wet Tropics bioregion ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 ).

Comments. Most specimens have been collected in flight intercept traps or in berlesed leaf litter, however they have also been collected in baited pitfall traps (dung, mushroom, or carrion). This species has been referred to under the informal nomenclature sensu Yeates et al. 2011 as Lepanus   NQ6.

Preliminary sequencing suggested that more than one species was included under this name (Gunter et al. 2019). One specimen included in that analysis was collected from Robson Creek, NE of Tinaroo, and was genetically divergent from a specimen sequenced from Mount Lewis. Upon examination of these specimens, we could not identify morphological differences to support further splitting of species at this point in time and as such we consider that L. dukungarri   new species ranges from south of Cooktown to Kirrama Range, and our paratype series thus reflects this distribution.

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

QDPC

Queensland Primary Industries Insect Collection

QM

Queensland Museum

AM

Australian Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Lepanus