Anthidium (Proanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911 ),

Niu, Ze-Qing, Yuan, Feng, Ascher, John S., Kasparek, Max, Orr, Michael C., Griswold, Terry & Zhu, Chao-Dong, 2020, Bees of the genus Anthidium Fabricius, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae: Anthidiini) from China, Zootaxa 4867 (1), pp. 1-67: 56-59

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4867.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:32B4ABB2-F744-4160-BD6D-DBA3C038209D

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4417439

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03ECDE2C-FF88-FFBA-FF51-FDFF2A81FCAE

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anthidium (Proanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911 )
status

 

Anthidium (Proanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911) 

( Fig. 37View FIGURE 37 a–h, female; Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 a–j, male)

Proanthidium kashgarense Cockerell, 1911: 250  , ♀.

Trachusa (Paraanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911)  : Wu, 2006: 173, ♀ (key), 179, ♀ (redescription).

Anthidium (Proanthidium) oblongatum Latreille, 1809  : Wu, 2006: 166, ♀ (key), ♂ (key), 169, ♀, ♂ (redescription), Fig. 90. (misidentification, erroneous nomenclator and original publication date).

Anthidium (Proanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911)  : Kasparek, 2017: 17.

Diagnosis: This species is very similar to Anthidium (Proanthidium) oblongatum ( Latreille, 1809)  and can be distinguished from A. (P.) oblongatum  by the following combination of characters: female F1 about 2.0X as long as broad ( Fig. 37dView FIGURE 37), male F1 about 1.8X as long as broad ( Fig. 38cView FIGURE 38), anterior surface of the male F1–F2 and the female F2–F4 reddish-brown, propodeal triangle with dense punctures, apical process of male S8 sub-triangular and rounded apically ( Fig. 38hView FIGURE 38).

Description: Male (new). BL = 10.8–11.5 mm ( Fig. 38aView FIGURE 38); head broader than long, HW: HL = 82: 68 ( Fig. 38bView FIGURE 38); gena slightly broader than eye, GW: EW = 20: 18. Clypeus nearly as broad as long, with longitudinal smooth area medially, apical margin of clypeus smooth, straight medially ( Fig. 38bView FIGURE 38); mandible with three teeth, apical one sharp, longest, third one broad, blunt; F1 about 1.8 times as long as broad, shorter than F2 + F3 together ( Fig. 38cView FIGURE 38); omaular carina absent; pronotal lobe lamellate anteriorly; scutellum with small triangulate tooth posterolaterally, greatly overhanging metanotum and propodeum ( Fig. 38dView FIGURE 38); propodeum without fovea behind spiracle; fore wing with two submarginal cells, cells nearly equal in length, second recurrent vein meets distal to second submarginal crossvein; arolia absent; apical margin of S6 slightly emarginated, without lateral lobe, and median lobe slight projected ( Fig. 38gView FIGURE 38); apical process of S8 sub-triangular, rounded apically ( Fig. 38hView FIGURE 38); T6 with midapical projection on distal margin, lateral spine distinct long and sharp ( Fig. 38fView FIGURE 38); T7 without median spine, lateral lobe with outer margin broadly convex, inner margin nearly straight ( Fig. 38fView FIGURE 38); genitalia shown in Fig. 38iView FIGURE 38 (in dorsal view), gonostylus broad and rounded apically ( Fig. 38iView FIGURE 38); hind trochanteric spine short and blunt ( Fig. 38jView FIGURE 38). T1–T6 with broadly interrupted yellowish-brown bands, becoming progressively closer on apical, forming distinctive black, broad V-shaped area across terga ( Fig. 38eView FIGURE 38). Integument black, except reddish-brown on anterior surface of F1 and F2 ( Fig. 38cView FIGURE 38), apical margin of scutellum (part, Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 d-1); dark blackish brown on anterior surface of F3–F11 ( Fig. 38cView FIGURE 38); yellow on clypeus, lower part of paraocular area and outer surface of mandible except teeth ( Fig. 38bView FIGURE 38); yellowish-brown on one large marking on vertex near apex of eye, tegula, ventral parts of middle and hind coxae, femora, tarsi, basitarsi, and lateral part of T7 ( Fig. 38fView FIGURE 38); blackish-brown on teeth ( Fig. 38bView FIGURE 38), fore coxa, and trochanters ( Fig. 38jView FIGURE 38); dark brownish on sterna ( Fig. 38gView FIGURE 38). Fore wing hyaline, veins brownish and stigma dark brownish. Lower part of face, gena, and lower part of mesepisternum covered with long and dense white pubescence ( Fig. 38bView FIGURE 38); vertex, scutum, and scutellum covered long and sparse pale yellowish-white pubescence ( Fig. 38cView FIGURE 38, Fig. 38dView FIGURE 38); lateral side of metasomal terga covered with long and dense yellowish pubescence; apical margin of S4 covered with dense yellowishbrown pubescence, not forming brush, apical lateral margin of S5 covered long yellowish-brown pubescence ( Fig. 38gView FIGURE 38); outer surface of basitarsi covered with long and sparse yellowish-white hair, inner surface of basitarsi covered with short and dense golden hair; coxae, trochanters, femora and tibiae covered with long sparse pale yellowishwhite hair, and outer apical margin of hind tibiae covered with short and dense white pubescence.

Material examined: China, Hebei: Zhangjiakou (40º42′N, 114º48′E), 1 ♂, 28. VIGoogleMaps  .1973, leg. Ju-Peng LIU; Chi- na, Inner Mongolia: Bayannur Meng, Urad Houqi (41º06′N, 107º05′E), 1 ♂, 4.VII.1986, leg. Zi-Hai ZHANGGoogleMaps  ; Alax Meng, Bayan Hot, Helan Shan , Shuimogou (38º51′N, 105º41′E), 1 ♂, 1, ♀, 11.VII.2010, leg. Yan-Hui ZHAOGoogleMaps  ; So- nid Youqi (43º42′N, 112º42′E), 1 ♀, VIGoogleMaps  .1962, leg. no information on the label, 1200 m, 1 ♀, 23.VII.1963, leg. no in- formation on the label; Hohhot Shi (40º48′N, 111º42′E), 1 ♀ (on flower of Hedysarum mongolicum  ), 30.VIII.1989, leg. Huan-Li XUGoogleMaps  ; Ulan Qab Shi, Morin Dawa Qi (41º01′N, 113º06′E), 1 ♀, 5.VII.1987, leg. Xiao-Ping ZHANGGoogleMaps  ; China, Xinjiang: Aksu (42º42′N, 80º42′E), 1180 m, 1 ♀, 21. VIGoogleMaps  .1978, leg. Xue-Zhong ZHANG; Yecheng Xian (37º48′N, 77º18′E), 1970 m, 3 ♀, 31. VGoogleMaps  .1959, leg. Shu-Yong WANG; Taxkorgan, Kalaqigu (37º13′N, 75º23′E), 3550 m, 1 ♀, 11.VIII.1989, leg. Xue-Zhong ZHANGGoogleMaps  .

Type locality. China: Xinjiang Uygur: Kashgar   .

Distribution: China (Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang).

Floral association: Hedysarum mongolicum  ( Fagaceae  ).

Remarks: The male is described for the first time here. Wu (2006) misidentified some female specimens as A. (P.) oblongatum ( Latreille, 1809)  , but the female F1 is about 2.0X as long as broad ( Fig. 37dView FIGURE 37), the male F1 is about 1.8X as long as broad ( Fig. 38cView FIGURE 38), the anterior surface of the male F1–F2 and the female F2–F4 are reddish-brown, propodeal triangle with dense punctures, apical process of male S8 is sub-triangular and rounded apically ( Fig. 38hView FIGURE 38), and these characters separate this species from A. (P.) oblongatum ( Illiger, 1806)  (F1 of female and male about 1.4X as long as broad, the color of flegellomere is black, propodeal triangle of female shiny, nearly smooth, apical process of male S8 subquadrate, truncate apically). Consequently, A. (P.) oblongatum ( Illiger, 1806)  does not currently occur in China, although Ebmer (2010) thought it occurs in Xinjiang of China.

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Megachilidae

Genus

Anthidium

Loc

Anthidium (Proanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911 )

Niu, Ze-Qing, Yuan, Feng, Ascher, John S., Kasparek, Max, Orr, Michael C., Griswold, Terry & Zhu, Chao-Dong 2020
2020
Loc

Anthidium (Proanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911 )

Kasparek, M. 2017: 17
2017
Loc

Trachusa (Paraanthidium) kashgarense ( Cockerell, 1911 )

Wu, Y. - R. 2006: 173
2006
Loc

Anthidium (Proanthidium) oblongatum

Wu, Y. - R. 2006: 166
2006
Loc

Proanthidium kashgarense

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1911: 250
1911