Psychopsidae, Tillyard, 1916

Bakkes, Deon K., Sole, Catherine L. & Mansell, Mervyn W., 2017, Revision of Afrotropical Silky Lacewings (Neuroptera: Psychopsidae), Zootaxa 4362 (2), pp. 151-212 : 158-159

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4362.2.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:432FDE90-9F73-4A99-8DC2-55E93503892C

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6053331

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03EBD360-332B-7C0D-F3D5-B9D6FA7DEB58

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Psychopsidae
status

 

Key to the extant subfamilies, genera and species of Afrotropical Psychopsidae

LUCID v3 key available at keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/ v3 /Afrotropical_ Psychopsidae /.

1 Head with two cranial pulvinae (sclerites) ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ); male sternite IX not narrow and parallel-sided (Fig 31, 42); female 9th gonocoxite lacking longitudinal row of stiff setae (Figs 14, 50); female 9th gonocoxite with stylus presenting blunt, rounded spines (Figs 14, 50); female 9th gonocoxite with suprastylar setae>50% cochleariform (Figs 14, 50); female spermatheca with broad ventral lobes in lateral view (Figs 12, 70):Zygophlebiinae................................................. 2

- Head with three cranial pulvinae (sclerites) ( Fig. 3B View FIGURE 3 ); sternite IX narrow and parallel-sided in male terminalia (Fig. 120); female 9th gonocoxite presenting longitudinal row of stiff setae ( Figs 97 View FIGURE 97 , 110); female 9th gonocoxite with stylus presenting long, sharp spines ( Figs 97 View FIGURE 97 , 110); female 9th gonocoxite with suprastylar setae <50% cochleariform ( Fig. 97 View FIGURE 97 ); female spermatheca with narrow, finger-like ventral lobes in lateral view (Fig. 95): Silveirainae subfam. nov.: Silveira ................... 7

2 Wings white, patterned variously with brown, black and yellowish spots ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 ); pronotal pattern of anteriorly directed white trident shape with middle and two side stripes ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 ); male mediuncus hooked in lateral view (Fig. 8); female copulatory fovea rounded and oval shaped in ventral view (Fig. 13), internal and backward-directed hook shaped in lateral view (Fig. 22); female bursa without corniform diverticula, one pair of glandulae accessoriae present (Fig. 23): Cabralis ................ 3

- Wings hyaline-yellow, patterned with regular or irregular brown transverse bars, either appearing mottled or striped, becoming more indistinct distally ( Figs 38 View FIGURE 38 , 52 View FIGURE 52 ); hind wing apex with a small dark brown macula on crossveins that close the vena triplica distally ( Figs 38 View FIGURE 38 , 52 View FIGURE 52 ); pronotal pattern indistinct, not as in Cabralis ( Figs 39 View FIGURE 39 , 53 View FIGURE 53 ); variably recurved male mediuncus in lateral view (Figs 41, 55, 66); male 9th gonocoxite bearing large, setose, rounded lobes dorsally (Figs 43, 55); female copulatory fovea with central projection (mid-sagittal carina) present (length varies by species) (Figs 46, 61, 72); female bursa with corniform diverticula present and with two pairs of glandulae accessoriae (one pair in Z. pseudosilveira) (Fig. 71): Zygophlebius. 5

3 Forewing spots relatively small and weak, imparting a less prominent appearance to wing markings ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 ); pronotum with anteriorly-directed white trident pattern having distinct widening of middle stripe ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 ); generally light body colour ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 ); male mediuncus curved, thick and with smooth margin in lateral view (Fig. 19):.............. Cabralis pallidus n. sp.

- Forewing spots relatively large and strong, imparting a prominent appearance to wing markings ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 , 27 View FIGURE 27 ); pronotal pattern of anteriorly-directed white trident shape with distinct widening or black spot on middle stripe ( Figs 6 View FIGURE 6 , 28 View FIGURE 28 ); generally dark body colour ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 , 27 View FIGURE 27 ); male mediuncus thin with smooth margin in lateral view (Fig. 8), or thick with undulating margin in lateral view (Fig. 30):.................................................................................. 4

4 Pronotum with anteriorly-directed white trident pattern having minor thickening on middle stripe ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 ); male mediuncus thin with smooth margin in lateral view (Fig. 8):............................................... Cabralis gloriosus

- Pronotum with anteriorly-directed white trident pattern having black spot on middle stripe ( Fig. 28 View FIGURE 28 ); male mediuncus thick with undulating margin in lateral view (Fig. 30):....................................... Cabralis zambeziensis n. sp.

5 Forewing hyaline with dark brown maculations, irregularly or transversely barred proximally, grading to finely irrorate or indistinct distally ( Fig. 52 View FIGURE 52 ); male mediuncus weakly recurved (Fig. 55); male mediuncus with a pair of subapical setal tufts laterally (Fig. 58); male gonarcus lacking extra-hemigonarcal process; female copulatory fovea large and spheroidal; female sternite VII with sagittal carina incipient (Fig. 61):........................................ Zygophlebius pseudosilveira

- Forewing hyaline-yellowish with patterning light brown and non-irrorate, resembling stripes, sometimes nearly indistinct ( Fig. 38 View FIGURE 38 ); male mediuncus strongly recurved, entire distal portion or only apical portion recurved (Figs 41, 66); male mediuncus lacking pair of sub-apical setal tufts laterally; male gonarcus with extra-hemigonarcal processes (Figs 41, 66); female copulatory fovea non-spheroidal; female sternite VII with sagittal carina prominent (Figs 47, 74)............................ 6

6 Male mediuncus strongly recurved in apical portion only (Fig. 66); female copulatory fovea non-spheroidal, sagittal carina short (Fig 74):......................................................................... Zygophlebius zebra

- Male mediuncus strongly recurved in the entire distal portion (Fig. 41); female fovea non-spheroidal, sagittal carina long (Fig. 47):...............................................................................Z ygophlebius leoninus

7 Male ectoproct with ventral margin straight, lacking an inwardly-directed dilatation (Fig. 80); male mediuncus dorsoventrally flattened and broad in dorsal view (Fig. 81); male mediuncus without dorsolateral lobes at proximal end (Fig. 79); female ster-

nite VII with furrow-like copulatory fovea, without dividing ridge at its anterior end (Fig. 84):............ Silveira jordani - Male ectoproct with an inwardly-directed dilatation on ventral margin (either long and truncate, or broadly angular) (Figs 90, 101); male mediuncus not dorsoventrally flattened, spine-like in dorsal view (Figs 89, 102); male mediuncus with large dorsolateral lobes at proximal end (Figs 89, 102); female sternite VII with pit-like copulatory fovea, shape chordate in ventral view, and with narrow or wide dividing ridge at its anterior margin (Figs 95, 107, 122):................................... 8

8 Forewing patterned with reddish mottling, body reddish brown ( Fig. 97 View FIGURE 97 ); male ectoproct with inwardly-directed dilatation of ventral margin broadly angular in shape (Fig. 101); male mediuncus not dorsoventrally flattened, thick spine-like (Fig. 102); male mediuncus with dorsolateral lobes not narrowing posteriorly (Fig. 102); female copulatory fovea broadly chordate, with incipient and narrow dividing ridge placed anteriorly (imparting a bilobed appearance in ventral view) (Fig. 107):.................................................................................................... Silveira rufus

- Forewing patterned with dark brown, interspersed with grey mottling, body dark brown ( Figs 86 View FIGURE 86 , 112 View FIGURE 112 ); male ectoproct with inwardly directed dilatation of ventral margin either long and truncate, or broadly angular (Figs 90, 116); male mediuncus not dorsoventrally flattened, instead spine-like, thin or moderate thickness (Figs 89, 115); male mediuncus with dorsolateral lobes broad proximally, narrowing posteriorly (Figs 91, 117); female copulatory fovea broadly chordate, with a wide dividing ridge placed anteriorly (Figs 95, 122):.......................................................................... 9

9 Male ectoproct with ventral margin presenting inwardly directed dilatation that is abruptly protruding, long and truncate (Fig. 90); male mediuncus spine-like, moderately thick (Fig. 91); female spermatheca with ventral, slender, finger-like process arising close to apex (Fig. 92); female copulatory fovea with shallowly produced dividing ridge on anterior margin (Fig. 95):........................................................................................... Silveira occultus

- Male ectoproct with ventral margin presenting inwardly directed dilatation gently protruding and broadly angular (Fig. 118); male mediuncus spine-like, thin (Figs 117); female spermatheca with slender, finger-like process arising near midway (Fig. 121); female copulatory fovea with deeply produced dividing ridge on anterior margin (Fig. 122):........ Silveira marshalli

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Neuroptera

Family

Psychopsidae