Andesipolis brasiliensis Shimbori & Penteado-Dias

Mitio, Shimbori Eduardo, Souza, Souza-Gessner Carolina Da Silva, Maria, Penteado-Dias Angelica & Richard, Shaw Scott, 2017, A revision of the genus Andesipolis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Mesostoinae) and redefinition of the subfamily Mesostoinae, Zootaxa 4216 (2), pp. 101-152 : 118-120

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.230717

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Andesipolis brasiliensis Shimbori & Penteado-Dias

sp. n.

Andesipolis brasiliensis Shimbori & Penteado-Dias sp. n.

( Figs 3 View FIGURES 2 – 13 , 15 View FIGURES 14 – 25 , 27 View FIGURES 26 – 34 , 48 View FIGURES 47 – 55 , 74–79 View FIGURES 74 – 79 )

Female. Body length 1.9–2.6 mm; fore wing length 2.1–2.8 mm

Head. Smooth and polished, with scattered setae; 1.3–1.4x wider than mesoscutum. Face 1.77–1.90x broader than long, polished. Clypeus about 2.3–2.6x broader than long. Malar space 0.3–0.4x eye height in frontal view. In lateral view, eyes 1.1–1.4x longer than temple. Maximum width of lateral ocellus 0.45–0.57x ocell-ocular distance. Antenna about 1.05–1.19x longer than fore wing, 23–28 segmented; first flagellomere about 3.6–4.0x longer than wide.

Mesosoma . 1.7–1.8x longer than high. Mesonotum 1.27–1.40x longer than width of mesoscutum. Pronotum dorsally more or less crenulate anteriorly with distinct mid-longitudinal carina, posteriorly smooth with pair of lateral carinae, 0.7–0.9x longer than vertex; laterally smooth and polished, pronotal groove crenulate but smooth medially, with scattered setae along posterior and ventral margin. Mesonotum smooth and polished; setae concentrated anteriorly and on median lobe of mesoscutum; scutellum with scattered setae along margin; notauli present on anterior 0.22–0.33 of the mesoscutum, narrow and shallow dorsally but distinctly crenulate; mid pit narrow, 0.57–0.64x the length of mesonotum; scutellum 1.3–1.6x longer than wide, smooth and polished; scutellar sulcus 0.31–0.37x longer than wide, with one median carina and sometimes a pair of weak lateral carina; mesoscutellar trough costate proximally, distally smooth and bare. Metanotum without median carina, laterally faintly crenulate with scattered setae. Mesopleuron bare on central portion, setae concentrated on anterior corner and ventrally; sternaulus relatively shallow and short, crenulate; anterior corner of mesopleuron rugose. Epicnemial carina present laterally and extending ventrally, incomplete ventrally. Metapleuron rugose ventrally, with long and scattered setae. Propodeum with some rugosity inside and outside areola, areola roughly pentagonal with distinct cross-bridge and two pairs of transverse lateral carinae; median carinae short and irregular. Hind coxa 1.6–1.8x longer than wide, 0.76–0.91x as long as metasomal TI. Hind basitarsus about 0.36–0.39x as long as hind tibia. Hind tarsal claws without basal lobe.

Wings. Fore wing. Stigma 3.8–4.1x longer than broad; vein r arising from middle of stigma. Vein r 0.43–0.54x longer than vein 3RSa. Vein 2RS sinuate, 0.76–0.97x longer than 3RSa. Vein 3RSa 0.45–0.53 x 3 RSb and 1.6–2.0x as long as vein r-m. Vein 1Cub 1.9–2.4 x 1 CUa. Vein (RS+M)b short and spectral. Vein 1-1AC 0.21–0.34x longer than vein 2-1A. Hind wing. Vein M+CU about 2x longer than 1M. Vein cu-a 0.53-0.66x as long as 1M. Vein r-m 0.58–0.66x as long as 1M.

Metasoma. TI 1.22–1.32x as long as apical width; rugose, with one median longitudinal ridge basally; dorsal carinae converging but not meeting, irregular apically; dorsope deep and large. Metasoma beyond petiole virtually membranose, but TII basally slightly more sclerotized. TII 1.7–1.8x longer than TIII. Hypopygium short. Ovipositor short and straight, 0.6–0.7x as long as hind tibia; ovipositor sheaths 0.8– 1.0x longer than ovipositor.

Color. Head, mesosoma and petiole dark brown, clypeus and malar space near mandibles yellow-brown; antenna dark brown but scapus honey yellow and pedicel light brown, sometimes first flagellomere lighter basally; pronotum entirely honey yellow (in var. the pronotum laterally is yellowish ventrally and brown dorsally); mesosoma yellowish orange markings frequently present posteriorly on mesoscutum and ventrally on mesopleuron and just apically on petiole; metasoma beyond petiole mostly brown to dark brown with whitish spot covering most of TII+III. Legs whitish to pale yellow, tarsi brown, all coxa and trochanter whitish; hind leg with tibia on apical 1/ 2 and tarsi brown; wings hyaline, tegula light yellow, veins and stigma pale brown, sometimes stigma whitish centrally.

Male. Similar to female. Body length 2.1–2.5 mm; antenna with 22–26 segments. Most males do not present the yellowish orange marking on mesoscutum.

Biology. Unknown

Comments. Andesipolis brasiliensis sp. n. is recognizable by the mostly dark brown body with a contrasting whitish patch on TII+III. However, A. itatiaia sp. n. presents the same color pattern and also has the midlongitudinal ridge on petiole, another diagnostic character of A. brasiliensis sp. n. A. brasiliensis sp. n. is distinct from A. itatiaia sp. n. in having the epicnemial carina well developed ventrally, as opposed to weak or absent in A. itatiaia sp. n., and rugose anterior corner of mesopleuron, smooth in A. itatiaia sp. n. A. brasiliensis sp. n. also has less flagellomeres than A. itatiaia sp. n. (23–28 and 30–32 respectively), and hind wing vein 1M relatively longer.

Distribution. This is the most common and widespread Brazilian species, with a more northerly distribution as compared with A. atlanticus sp. n. This species has been collected in all four states from Southeast Region, in several parks with remnants of Atlantic Forest, and altitudinal distribution raging from about 850 m until above 2,200 m above sea level.

Etymology. The name of the species is a reference of its widespread distribution in Brazil.

Type material. Holotype, female ( DCBU 210356 View Materials ): “ Itatiaia , RJ, Brasil / PARNA de Itatiaia / S 22°21’36,9” W 44°43’56” / Armadilha Malaise 5 (2.206 m) / 07.xi.2011 / R.F. Monteiro col.” GoogleMaps

Paratypes (75♀, 13♂) (DCBU 210357 – 210441). 3♀, same as holotype; same as holotype, different dates: 2♀, 19.VII.2011; 5♀, 18.VIII.2011; 5♀ and 2♂, 07.X.2011; 7♀, 22.XII.2011; 1♂, 01. II.2012; 4♀, 0 6. III.2012; 8♀, 09. IV.2012; 7♀, 18. VI.2012; same as holotype, different dates and sampling sites: Malaise 4, S 22°21’50.6” W 44°44’38.4” (2,176 m) GoogleMaps : 3♀, 19.VII.2011; 3♀, 18.VIII.2011; 1♀, 22.XII.2011; 1♀ and 1♂, 01. II.2012; 1♀, 06. III.2012; 1♀, 09. IV.2012; 2♂, 18. VI.2012; Malaise 3, S 22°22’22.5” W 44°45’19.7” (1,763 m): 2♀, 19.VII.2011 GoogleMaps ; 1♀, 06. III.2012; 1♀, 18. VI.2012.; 1♂, Rio de Janeiro state, Teresópolis municipality, Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos , S 22°26’52” W 43°00’14” (~ 1,280 m), yellow sticky traps, XII.2007, R.F. Monteiro col. GoogleMaps ; 6♀ and 1♂, São Paulo state, Jundiaí municipality, Estação Ecológica do Japi : S 23°15'02.8" W 46°56'51.0" (~ 1,120 m), 18.VII.2007, Malaise “ Pantano ”, J.F. Sobzack col. GoogleMaps , 1♀, 20.I.2008; 1♀ and 4♂, Espírito Santo state, Castelo, Parque Estadual do Forno Grande , (~ S 20°31’, W 41°11’, 1400–1900 m), 15.X.2000, Sweeping vegetation “L5”, C. O. Azevedo col. GoogleMaps ; São Paulo state, Campos do Jordão municipality, Parque Estadual de Campos do Jordão : 1♀ (DCBU 8881), S 22°39’39.5” W 45°27’ (1,549 m), Malaise 5, 24.II.2010, A.S. Soares col.; 1♀ (DCBU 12777), S 22°39’48.5” W 45°27’13.6” (~ 1,580 m), Malaise, 09.VII.2010, A.S. Soares col.; 1♀, same data, 05.VII.2010 ; 1♂, S 22°39’ W 45°27’ (~ 1,560 m), Malaise, 17.V.2010; 1♀ ( DCBU 13640 View Materials ), Minas Gerais state, Bom Repouso municipality, Serra dos Garcias , S 22°26’25.6” W 46°11’25.8” (~ 1,370 m), Malaise, 10.VI.2010, I.F. Melo col. GoogleMaps ; 1♀ ( DCBU 30510 View Materials ), São Paulo state, Ribeirão Grande, Parque Estadual de Intervales , S 24°16’27.7” W 48°25’19.3” (~ 850 m), Malaise, 23.XI.2009, N.W. Perioto and team col. Pensa-Rio Hympar: Malaise 3 GoogleMaps , S 22°25’42.6” W 44°37’42.2” (1,442 m): 1♂, 30.V.2014; 2♀, 09.VIII.2013; 1♀, 27.II. 204, Malaise 4, S 22°25’20.2” W 44°38’10” (1,642 m) GoogleMaps ; 4♀, 7.VII.2013, Malaise 5, S 22°21’01” W 44°38’32.9” (1,846 m). GoogleMaps


Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos