Anthidiellum (Pycnanthidium) spilognathum (Cockerell)

Eardley, Connal, 2018, Taxonomic revision of the sub-Saharan Anthidiellum Cockerell (Apoidea: Megachilidae: Anthidiini), Zootaxa 4402 (2), pp. 201-250 : 220-223

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Anthidiellum (Pycnanthidium) spilognathum (Cockerell)


Anthidiellum (Pycnanthidium) spilognathum (Cockerell) View in CoL stat. n.

( Figs 15–17 View FIGURE 15 View FIGURE 17 )

Dianthidium zebra spilognathum COcKERELL, 1936A: 1, 6, FEMALE HOLOtyPE (AMNH, NOt EXAMINED) GREytOWN, SOUtH AFRIcA; PAStEELS 1984: 97, SyN.

The holotype of this species was not located, and, therefore, not examined. However, the colour of the clypeus in combination with the type locality are diagnostic.

Diagnosis. This species is in a species-group where the upper margin of the clypeus is convex (see Fig. 1a View FIGURE 1 ). The vertical surface of the propodeum is reticulate, as in A. zebra and unlike A. absonulum and A. otavicum . The male terminalia have several unique features, S3 has a mediolongitudinal spinose carina that projects posteriorly beyond the distal edge of the sternum; S4 has a posterior projecting posteromedian spine, that is flat mediolongitudinally and the posterior fringe of S5 comprises similar setae. They are confined to the south-eastern region of South Africa. The most similar species, A. zebra , occurs north of this region, albeit with a fine dividing line.

Description. Female. Integument black with variable golden-yellow maculation on paraocular area (ventral broad, dorsal narrow or absent), sometimes subantennal area (lower face partly black), clypeus (ventral, Wshaped), posterolateral vertex, sometimes mandible, lateral scutum, sometimes pronotal lobe, axilla, posterolateral scutellum, sometimes dorsal tibiae (most foretibia, proximal end middle tibia, most hind tibia excluding medioanterior area), most outer hind basitarsus (perimeter orangish, remainder of legs orangish), lateral T1–T3, T4–T5 with medially interrupted or continuous cross-bands, central or mediolateral T6 (perimeter black); metasomal venter blackish. Scopa very pale yellow ( Fig. 15a–c View FIGURE 15 ). Lengths: face 2.1–2.5 mm; scutum 1.7–2.0 mm; forewing 4.6–5.2 mm; body 5.3–6.8 mm. Structure. Head. Epistomal suture convex above ( Fig. 1a View FIGURE 1 ); lower epistomal suture projection adjacent to opposite inner antennal socket edge ( Fig. 1a View FIGURE 1 ); preoccipital area rounded; omaulus carinate; fore and middle femora with sparse, plumose vestiture posteriorly; hind basitarsus wide (length 1.8x width) ( Fig. 15c View FIGURE 15 ); propodeum coarsely striate on narrow dorsal margin, vertical surface finely sculptured.

Male. Integument black with variable golden-yellow maculation on lower face (mediolongitudinal interantennal area black), posterolateral vertex, mandible, pronotal lobe, lateral scutum, axilla and posterolateral scutellum, legs from considerably yellow (remainder orange) to entirely blackish; lateral T1–T3, T4–T5 lateral only, medially interrupted or continuous cross–bands, T6–T7 entirely or mediolateral spot (latter blackish–yellow) (Fig. 16a–d); metasomal venter orangish. Lengths: head 2.2 mm; scutum 1.7 mm; forewing 5.0 mm; body 5.8 mm. Structure. Head. Preoccipital area rounded on gena; omaulus carinate; forebasitarsus with short, sparse posterior fringe; propodeum coarsely striate on narrow dorsal margin, remainder finely sculptured; T6 slightly raised mediolongitudinally; T7 weak mediolongitudinal tuberculate, distal edge truncate in dorsal view (Fig. 16c), obtusely pointed in ventral view; S2 slightly spinose posteromedially; S3 weakly spinose posteromedially, distal fringe on mesal one-half of distal edge, a little longer than spine; S4 flattish mediodistally, with small posteromedian spine; S5 comb of short black setae occupies entire posterior edge, a little longer laterally than medially, not interrupted medially (Fig. 16d, i); S6–S8 and gonocoxa as illustrated (Fig. 16e–h).

Distribution ( Fig. 17 View FIGURE 17 ). Anthidiellum spilognathum is endemic to southern Kwa-ZuluNatal and the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.

FIGURE 16. Anthidiellum spilognathum , MALE. A. FAcE. B. HABItUS. c. T6–T7. D. S5. E. GONOStyLUS. F. S8. g. S7. H. S 6. I. S5.

Material examined. South Africa. KarKloof, 67km N Pietermaritzburg, 22.xii.1966, C.D. Michener, B.B. Stuckenberg (2♀ KU) ; Mossel Bay, i.1940 (1♀ SAMC) ; Knysna , i.1979, C.D. Eardley (2♀ 1♂ SANC) ; Willowmore , 1.iii.1902, 5.iii.1903, H. Brauns (2♂ TMSA) ; Studispoort Bavianskloof , 33.31S 23.56E, 27.ii.2010, C. Eardley (1♀ SANC) GoogleMaps ; Willowmore ,. iii.1905, H. Brauns (1♀ 1♂ TMSA) ; Resolution Albany District 29.2.1925, A. Walton (1♀ TMSA) ; Algoa Bay, 10.iii.1897, H. Brauns, (1♂ TMSA) ; Resolution Albany District 25.ii.1928, A. Walton’ (1♂ TMSA) ; Hilton Grahamstown , 12–16.xi.1975, F.W. Gess (1♂ AMCG) ; Queenstown , 16.xii.1979, H. Empey (2♀ SANC) ; King Williams Town, 30km WN, Rooikrans Dam , 12.xii.2002, M Halada’ (1♂ SC); Pearston, plains of Camdeboo Game Reserve, 32.32.033S 25.14.267E, 30.x.2009 – 22.ii.2010, S. van Noort, Camdeboo Escarpment Thicket PCD09–ACAI–M02, SAM–HYMB023430 (1♂ SAMC).


Iziko Museums of Cape Town


Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute


Transvaal Museum

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