Ormiophasia costalimai Tavares, 1964,

Gudin, Filipe M. & Nihei, Silvio S., 2019, Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical genus Ormiophasia Townsend, 1919 (Diptera: Tachinidae), with the description of eight new species, Zootaxa 4643 (1), pp. 1-74: 29-32

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4643.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:518ACC5F-A320-4EBD-B750-50006F40B054

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4333260

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E98795-FF8F-1161-FF53-FD27FBB6C058

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Ormiophasia costalimai Tavares, 1964
status

 

Ormiophasia costalimai Tavares, 1964 

( Figs 5CView FIGURE 5, 7CView FIGURE 7, 9CView FIGURE 9, 11CView FIGURE 11, 13CView FIGURE 13, 19–20View FIGURE 19View FIGURE 20, 38CView FIGURE 38)

Ormiophasia costalimai Tavares, 1964: 44  (description of male). Holotype male (CEIOC), examined. Type locality: Brazil, Pará , Serra do Cachimbo.

Ormiophasia costalimai: Tavares (1964: 39  , key to species; 45, illustrations of head, abdomen, wing and terminalia; 47, comparison to O. busckii  ; 52, comparison to O. travassosi  ); Guimarães (1971: 22; catalog).

Type material examined. HOLOTYPE ♂ ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20): “ Cachimbo [ridge located South the state of Pará , compris- ing some municipalities of Pará ], Estado do Pará [PA, state of Brazil]/ Alt 400m, 12/18–I–956 [1956.01.12 –18]/ L. Travassos & S. Oliveira col.”/ “ Ormiophasia costalimai  / O. Tavares det.”/ “Holotipo” [red label]/ “N. 13.190/ DIPTERA  / Inst. Oswaldo Cruz” ( CEIOC). 

PARATYPES: Brazil: 1 ♂: “ Ormiophasia costalimai  / O. Tavares det.”/ “ Cachimbo [ridge located South the state of Pará , comprising some municipalities of Pará ], Estado do Pará [PA, state of Brazil]/ Alt 400m, 12/18–I–956 [1956.01.12 –18]/ L. Travassos & S. Oliveira col.”/ “ Paratypus [pink label]”/ “N. 13.194/ DIPTERA  / Inst. Oswaldo Cruz” ( MZSP)  ; 1 ♂: “ Cachimbo [ridge located South the state of Pará , comprising some municipalities of Pará ], Estado do Pará [PA, state of Brazil]/ Alt 400m, 12/18–I–956 [1956.01.12 –18]/ L. Travassos & S. Oliveira col.”/ “ Paratypus [pink label]”/ “ Ormiophasia costalimai  / O. Tavares det.” ( MZSP)  ; 1 ♂: “ Ormiophasia costalimai  / O. Tavares det.”/ “ Cachimbo [ridge located South the state of Pará , comprising some municipalities of Pará ], Estado do Pará [PA, state of Brazil]/ Alt 400m, 14/21–IX–956 [1956.10.14 –21]/ L. Travassos & S. Oliveira col.”/ “ Paratypus [pink label]”/ “N. 13.196/ DIPTERA  / Inst. Oswaldo Cruz”/ “ Ormia costalimai (Tavares)  / det Sabrosky” ( MZSP)  .

Additional material examined. Brazil: 1 ♀, Amazonas, Carauari, 5º05’31”S 67º1-‘03”W, vii.2005, A. Hen- riques & Xavier-Filho leg. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Cuipiranga, Nhamundá River, 22 m, 1º53’58”S 57º02’59”W, 20–23.v.2008, J.A. Rafael et al. ( INPA); 1 ♀, Amazonas, Ipixuna, Liberdade River, Estirão da Preta, 7º21’46.7”S 71º52’07.1”W, 13.v.2011, J.A. Rafael et al. ( INPA); 1 ♀, Amazonas, Ipixuna, Liberdade River, Estirão da Preta, 7º10’11.7”S 71º49’10.3”W, 23.v.2011, J.A. Rafael et al. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Ipixuna, Gregório River, Com. Lago Grande, 7º10’11.7”S 70º49’10.3”W, 23.v.2011, J.A. Rafael et al. ( INPA); 1 ♀, Amazonas, Itapiranga, AM363 [highway] Km 111, 02º42’57”S 58º00’46”W, 8–9.x.2010, R. Machado et al. leg. ( INPA); 1 ♂ [dissected], Ama- zonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 26.x.2003, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 1 ♀, Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 18–21.ii.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 2 ♂♂ [one dissected], Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 19–22.iii.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 2 ♂♂ [one dissected, one photographed] ( Figs 5CView FIGURE 5, 9CView FIGURE 9, 11CView FIGURE 11, 19A, C, E, GView FIGURE 19), Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 16–19.iv.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 2 ♂♂ [one dissected], 1 ♀ [photographed] ( Figs 7CView FIGURE 7, 13CView FIGURE 13, 19B, D, FView FIGURE 19), Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 18–21.v.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 16–19.vii.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 2 ♀♀, Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 13–16.viii.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 2 ♀♀ [one dissected], Amazonas, Manaus, Km 14, 40 m, 2º35’21”S 60º06’55”W, 12–15.x.2004, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 1 ♂ [dissected], Amazonas, Manaus, 1.xi.2005, J.A. Rafael et al. leg. ( INPA); 1 ♂, Amazonas, Manaus, Km 34, 40 m, 2º35’37”S 60º12’39”W, 9–10.vii.2008, J.A. Rafael & F.F. Xavier leg. ( INPA); 1 ♀, Amazonas, Maturacá, Negro River, 17.xii.1962, J. & B. Bechyné leg. ( MPEG); 2 ♀♀, Amazonas, Presidente Figueiredo, Com. São Francisco, AM240 [highway] Km 24, 2º01’05”S 59º49’59”W, 26.vii–3.viii.2005, F.F. Xavier et al. ( INPA); 1 ♂ [dissected], 1 ♀, Mato Grosso, Jacaré, National Park of Xingu, xi.1961, Alvarenga & Werner leg. ( MZSP); 1 ♂ [dissected], Pará, Altamira, Xingu River, 3º39’S 52º22’W, 2–8.x.1986, P. Spangler & O. Flint leg. ( USNM); 3 ♀♀, Pará, Cachimbo, 400 m, 14–21.ix.1955, L. Travassos & S. Oliveira leg. ( CEIOC); 4 ♀♀, Pará, Cachimbo, 400 m, 12–18.i.1956, L. Travassos & S. Oliveira leg. ( CEIOC); 1 ♀, Pará, São Geraldo do Araguaia, Serra das Andorinhas, 6º12’58.8”S 48º26.1’01.6”W, 1–10.xii.2001, L.S. Gorayeb et al. leg. ( MPEG). Colombia: 1 ♀, [as Columbien], 1931, E. Pehltke S. leg. ( CEIOC); 1 ♀, Valle del Cauca, E. of Buenaventura, Dagua River, 17.ix.1970, R. Dietz & H. Moore leg. ( USNM). Ecuador: 1 ♀, Napo, Lago Agrio, 19.ix.1975, Andrea Langley leg. ( USNM); 1 ♀, Pichincha, Santo Domingo, 22–28.vii.1976, Jeffrey Cohen leg. ( USNM). Guyana: 1 ♀, Mazaruni River, 20.viii.1937, Richard & Smart leg. ( NHMUK); 1 ♀, 1953, A.H. Bastley leg. ( NHMUK). Peru: 1 ♀, Junín, Satipo, xii.1948, P. Paprzycki leg. ( USNM). Suriname: 1 ♀, Marowijne, Anapaike, Lawa River, xi.1963, B. Malkin leg. ( CEIOC). Venezuela: 1 ♂ [dissected], Amazonas, Cerro de la Neblina [near to Neblina], 140 m, 0 o 50’N 66º10’W, 21–28.ii.1985, P.J. & P.M. Spangler et al. . leg. ( USNM); 1 ♀, Aragua, Rancho Grande, 1100m, 19.xi.1952, F. Fernandez Yepez leg. ( MIZA); 1 ♀, Barinas, 15 Km SW. of Barinitas, 25.ii.1969, Duckworth & Dietz leg. ( USNM).

Distribution. Brazil (states of Amazonas, Mato Grosso and Pará), Colombia (department of Valle del Cauca), Ecuador (regions of Napo and Pichincha), Guyana, Peru (department of Junín), Suriname (district of Marowijne) and Venezuela (states of Amazonas, Aragua and Barinas).

Diagnosis. Ormiophasia costalimai  can be distinguished from other species of Ormiophasia  by head with yellow pruinosity ( Figs 5CView FIGURE 5, 7CView FIGURE 7); body brownish-yellow ( Figs 9CView FIGURE 9, 11CView FIGURE 11, 13CView FIGURE 13); wing hyaline ( Fig. 19GView FIGURE 19); and apex of male cerci about 1/3 length of cerci ( Fig. 38CView FIGURE 38), rounded in posterior view and 1/3 width of cerci, abruptly constricted. Ormiophasia costalimai  is very similar to O. inflata  externally, although the male cerci and surstylus are very different. Usually, O. inflata  ( Fig. 9EView FIGURE 9, 11EView FIGURE 11, 13EView FIGURE 13) is stouter than O. costalimai  . Additionally, the female head of O. costalimai  is usually elliptic in frontal view ( Fig. 7CView FIGURE 7), rather than subtrapezoidal ( Fig. 7EView FIGURE 7).

Redescription of male. Body length 7.07–8.66 mm (mean = 7.54 mm); wing length 6.98–8.52 mm (7.39 mm) (n = 6).

Coloration. Head yellow-pruinose ( Fig. 5CView FIGURE 5). Frontal vitta and ocellar triangle brown. Fronto-orbital plate and lunule brownish-yellow. Antenna yellowish-orange. Parafacial, gena, facial ridge, face and mouthparts brownishyellow. Occiput brown in upper area, becoming brownish-yellow in lower area. Thorax silver-pruinose ( Figs 9CView FIGURE 9, 11CView FIGURE 11). Scutum brownish-yellow to light brown; presutural scutum with three silver-pruinose stripes merged posteriorly after suture. Postpronotal lobe, lateral surface of thorax, scutellum and subscutellum brownish-yellow. Wing hyaline. Tegula, basicosta, veins, halter and calypteres brownish-yellow. Legs brownish-yellow. Abdomen entirely brownish-yellow with silver pruinosity.

Head ( Figs 5CView FIGURE 5, 19A, CView FIGURE 19). Elliptic in frontal view; ratio of head height/head width 0.80. Ocelli 1.5 times the diameter of dorsal ommatidia. Postocellar setae 1–2. Frontal vitta entirely obliterated. Frontal setae 7–8, convergent, posterior ones shorter and weaker. Arista weakly plumose. First flagellomere twice length of pedicel. Face 1.3 times wider than facial ridge. Facial ridge 2.6 times wider than parafacial.

Thorax. Basisternum 0.52 times as high as wide ( Fig. 19EView FIGURE 19); median upper margin rounded and long, subrectangular. Prosternal tympanal membrane 0.76 times as high as wide. Proepimeral setae 2–3, upcurved. Anterodorsal corner of anepisternum with 1–2 weak setae, about 1/2 length of first notopleural seta; posterior row with 7–8 setae. Meral setae 6–9. Wing. Subequal to body length, three times longer than wide. Basicosta subequal in width to tegula. Base of vein R 4+5 with 2–3 dorsal and 2–4 ventral setae. Section of vein M between crossvein dm-cu and M 1 straight. Legs. Fore femur with row of 10–11 dorsal setae from base to apex and row of 14–17 setae from base to apex. Fore tibia with row of 4 equally-spaced anterodorsal setae and 1 preapical seta. Mid femur with 2–3 posteroventral basal setae. Hind femur with row of 13–15 anterodorsal setae from base to apex and 3–4 anteroventral basal setae. Hind tibia with 2–3 posterodorsal median setae and 1 preapical seta.

Terminalia ( Fig. 38CView FIGURE 38). Sternite 5 subrectangular; lateral distal lobes weakly pronounced. Anteroventral epandrial process continuous with ventral epandrial margin. Dorsal surface of epandrium short, posterior margin higher than anterior margin; lateral ventral margin slightly curved; posterior area articulated to surstylus with open, round- ed arch. Surstylus stout, as thick as apex of cerci in lateral view; posterior outer surface covered with strong setae in upper two-thirds. Cerci: basal margin with distinct median projection; apex about 1/3 length of cerci, rounded in posterior view, thick and rounded in lateral view; apex 1/3 width of cerci in posterior view, abruptly constricted; apex with anterior surface V-shaped. Postgonite slightly curved, apex tapered in lateral view.

Description of female. Differs from male as follows. Body length 6.10–8.52 mm (mean = 7.32 mm); wing length 6.51–9.09 mm (mean = 7.80 mm) (n = 10). Head ( Figs 7CView FIGURE 7, 19B, DView FIGURE 19). Frontal vitta subequal in width to frontoorbital plate. Frontal setae 8–9, from lunule to posterior orbital proclinate seta; second or third anteriormost frontal seta stronger and subequal to subvibrissal setae. Thorax. Basisternum 0.48 times as high as wide ( Fig. 19FView FIGURE 19); median upper margin rounded, subtriangular, with broad base. Prosternal tympanal membrane elliptic, 0.76 times as high as wide. Wing 2.8 times longer than wide.

Remarks. The females were associated with the males by being from the same locality. The female of O. costalimai  is described for the first time in the present study. In his key, Tavares made a confusion when assigning diagnostic characters to O. costalimai  and O. travassosi  (interpreted in the present revision as a junior synonym of O. inflata  ) ( Tavares 1964: 39). Tavares (1964) assigned to O. costalimai  surstylus (“forcipes inferiores”) with higher density of setae, mentioning that O. travassosi  lacked this character. However, the drawings of the male terminalia of both species show exactly the opposite. Ormiophasia inflata  ( Fig. 39BView FIGURE 39) has a stouter and more setose surstylus than O. costalimai  ( Fig. 38CView FIGURE 38). This can also be verified in the male terminalia, mounted on slides, of paratypes of both species. Ormiophasia costalimai  seems to be restricted to the Amazon rainforest.

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

NHMUK

Natural History Museum, London

MIZA

Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Ormiophasia

Loc

Ormiophasia costalimai Tavares, 1964

Gudin, Filipe M. & Nihei, Silvio S. 2019
2019
Loc

Ormiophasia costalimai Tavares, 1964: 44

Tavares, O. 1964: 44
1964
Loc

Ormiophasia costalimai: Tavares (1964: 39

Guimaraes, J. H. 1971: 22
Tavares, O. 1964: 39
1964