Mnioes attenboroughi, Alvarado, 2020

Alvarado, Mabel, 2020, Ten new species of parasitoid wasps Mnioes Townes, 1946 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Banchinae) described from Peru, Zootaxa 4743 (2), pp. 181-199: 183-186

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4743.2.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A3EB2E6D-C484-4E24-9613-572BE7873E21

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3688117

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E887DD-CC57-FFC6-FF16-FE3E308CFD00

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Mnioes attenboroughi
status

sp. nov.

Mnioes attenboroughi   sp. nov.

( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 , 9A View FIGURE 9 )

Diagnosis. Mnioes attenboroughi   sp. nov. can be distinguished from its female congeners by the following combination of traits: frontal orbit white, tegula black, coxae predominantly red, wings hyaline, ovipositor sheath length 2.3–2.5× as long as metathoracic tibia; while the male can be distinguished due its mesoscutum entirely black and wings hyaline. M. attenboroughi   sp. nov. resembles to M. tawa   sp. nov. as both have females with mesosoma   and metasoma extensively black and wings hyaline; they differ mainly the coloration of the coxae, trochanters and trochantellus predominantly red in M. attenboroughi   sp. nov. (vs. predominantly black).

Material examined: Holotype: ♀ “ PERU, MD, Albergue Refugio Amazonas 12º52’30”/69º24’35” 231 m 14.iii.2017 D. Couceiro // WIRED AMAZON PROYECT PAN TRAP ” ( MUSM).  

Paratypes: CUZCO: 3♂♂, La Convención, Echarate , 414m, 29.VII.2011   , P. Sánchez; 1♂, La Convención, Echarate , Nueva Luz, 11º39’27.7”S / 73º1’20”W, 417m 12–14.v.2012 GoogleMaps   , P. Sanchez; 1♀, idem but 11º41’20.7”S / 72º56’47”W, 482m, 21.VIII.2013 GoogleMaps   , V. Borda; 1♂, La Convención, Echarate, Saringabeni, 12º12’46.21”S / 72º51’48.40”W, 798m, 30.IX.2010 GoogleMaps   , LT, E. Rázuri & C. Espinoza; 1♂, La Convención , Echarate, Túpac Amaru, 11º56’59.13”S / 72º55’01.18”W, 484m, 15.IX.2010 GoogleMaps   LT, E. Razuri & C. Espinoza; 1♀, 1♂, La Convención , Echa- rate, Kitaparay, 12º12’47.73”S / 72º49’11.42”W, 474m, 11.XI.2009 GoogleMaps   , C. Espinoza & E. Rázuri; 2♀♀, La Conven- ción, Echarate, Quebrada Coentiari, 12º10’25”S / 73º3’56”W, 543m, 7–10.VIII.2011 GoogleMaps   , A. Alfaro; 1♀, idem but 12º10’28”S / 73º03’55.9”W, 06–08.VIII.2011 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, idem but 12º9’56”S / 73º4’2.1”W, 614m, 13–16.VII.2011 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, La Convención, Echarate , Pagoneri Norte 11º39’27”S / 73º1’31”W, 387m, 23–25.XI.2011 GoogleMaps   , P. Sánchez; 2♀♀, La Convención, Echarate , Pagoreni, 11º42’12,8”S / 72º53’53,1”W, 475m, 13. GoogleMaps   V.1998, YPT, J. Santisteban; 1♀, La Con- vención, Echarate, 06.VIII.   2011, 503m, P. Sánchez; 1♀, idem but 526m, 30.VII.2011   ; 1 F, idem but 11º51’29.41”S / 72º56’49.92”W, 391m, 24.VIII.2015 GoogleMaps   ; 2♀♀, 11º41’20.7”S / 72º56’47”W, 482m, 21.VIII.2013, V. Borda; 1♀, idem but 11º49’16.4”S / 73º11’13.4”W, 442m, 24.VIII.2015 GoogleMaps   , M. Pereyra; 1♀, La Convención, Gasoducto TGP, Cami- sea River, 11º54’28.1”S / 72º56’03.7”W, 426m, 18.VIII.2009 GoogleMaps   , W. Paredes; 1♀, La Convención, Reserva Comu- nal Matsigenga, 12º13’31.21”S / 73º01’59.78”W, 1180m, 1.VIII.2007 GoogleMaps   , A. Asenjo, Premontane forest , FIT; 1♀, La Convención, near Timpia, Shiguaniro river, 12º4’52”S / 72º48’25”W, 470m 16.x.2010 GoogleMaps   , MT, F. Meza; 1♀, Cashiri- ari, 11 o 52’S / 72º39’W, 579m 31.VIII.1997 GoogleMaps   , MT, Camisea Project; 1♀, San Martin , 7.XI.   1997, 474m, 11º47’S / 72º42’W, MP, Camisea Project ”, 1♀, La Convención, 12º05’7.75”S / 73º03’08.06”W, 640m, 22.IV.2007 GoogleMaps   , F. Azorsa, low hills forest, YPT; 1♂, Reserva Comunal Amarakaeri , 12º58’26.45”S / 70º56’21.31”W, 467m, 01–02. GoogleMaps   VI.2011, YPT, V. Alarcón & J.F. Costa; 2♀♀, idem but 17.IX–14.XI.2010 GoogleMaps   333–884m, 12°55’S / 70°51’W, YPT, M. Vílchez & C. Castillo; 2♀♀ idem but GoogleMaps   MT. MADRE DE DIOS: 2♀♀ Albergue Refugio Amazonas 12º52’30”/69º24’35” 231m, 21.VII.2017   D. Couceiro; 1♀, idem but 27.XI.2017   ; 1♀, idem but 15.X.2016   ; 1♀, idem but 04.III.2017   ; 1♀, idem but 10.VII.2017   ; 1♂ idem but 20.VII.2017   ; 1♂, idem but 06.XI.2016   ; 1♀, idem but 01.   XII.2016, MT; 1♂ idem but 02.X.2017   , MT; 1♂, idem but 09.   VI.2017, LT; 1♀, Tambopata National Reserve , Explorer’s inn, 12 o 50’30”S / 69 o 17’31.1”W, 161m, 19.VII.2009 GoogleMaps   , M. Alvarado; 1♀ similar to previous but 02.VIII.2009; 1♀ 1♂, idem but 16.VIII.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 3♂♂, Tambopata National Reserve , Explorer’s Inn, 12º50’44.2”S / 69º17’34.5”W, 189m, 1–14. GoogleMaps   XII.2008 MT, M. Alvarado y L. Sulca; 1♀, 3♂♂, idem but 15–28. GoogleMaps   XII.2008, 1♂ idem but 17–30.XI.2008 GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, 12º50’31.6”S / 69º17’36.1”W, 216m, 20.IV–4. V.2009, MT, L. Sulca y M. Alvarado; 1♂, idem but 25.X.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, idem but 29.VIII.2009 GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, CICRA, 4.X.2005   , 12º34’S / 70º5’W, 208m, C. Castillo & C. Peña; 1♀, idem but GoogleMaps   MT ( MUSM). 1♀, Puerto Maldonado , Sudadero, 12º21’19”S / 69º1’48”W, 221m, 21–22.VII.2009 GoogleMaps   , M. Alvarado; 1♀, Puerto Maldonado , Madama, 12º31’20”S / 69º3’44”W, 182m, 19–20.VII.2009 GoogleMaps   , M. Alvarado ( SEMC). LORETO:

1♂, Iquitos , left bank of Amazonas River, 3°43’7.98”S / 73°13’33.93”W, 89m, 4.IV.2018 C. Ampudia; 1♂, idem but 3°43’53.43”S / 73°13’36.76”W, 92m; 1♀ GoogleMaps   , idem but near to Yurimaguas 5°46’43.82”S / 76°3’30.78”W, 122m, 11.IV.2018 GoogleMaps   , L. Pérez; 2♀♀, idem but near to Yurimaguas 5°47’22.23”S / 76°10’11.52”W, 133m, 8.IV.2018 GoogleMaps   , L. Pérez;

1♂, Requena , Bretaña, Lote 95, 5º14’41.54”S / 74º19’48.06”W, 105m, 04.VIII.2018, R. Rivera; 1♂, Urituyacu River , near Ayahuasca, 4º20’31”S / 75º49’3”W, 110m, 25.III.2010 GoogleMaps   , MT, C. Castillo; 1♂, idem but GoogleMaps   YPT ( MUSM). JUNIN: 1♂, Satipo , 11º14’14”S / 74º38’7”W, 953m, 21–25.IV.2012 GoogleMaps   , MT, V. Borda & L. Figueroa ( SEMC). PAS- CO: ♀, Oxapampa , Yanachaga-Chemillen National Park, Huampal, 10º10’57”S / 75º34’25.6”W, 1001m, 30.IV– 02. GoogleMaps   V.2011, J. Grados ( MUSM)   . PUNO: 1♂, Sandia , San Pedro de Putina Punco, Bahuaja Sonene National Park, 13º23’29.4”S / 69º29’00.1”W, 322m, 11–24.IX.2011 GoogleMaps   , E. Guillermo & E. Rázuri ( MUSM). UCAYALI: 1♂, Coronel Portillo , Calleria, 08 o 24’54.21”S / 73 o 41’36.7”W, 255m, 14.X.2012 GoogleMaps   , B. Medina; 1♂, idem but 08º18’51.81”S / 73º40’19.52”W, 268m, 27.X.2012 GoogleMaps   , P. Sánchez; 1♂, idem but 73º40’50.78”W / 08º20’53.67”S, 217m, 23.X.2012 GoogleMaps   P. Sánchez ( MUSM). 1♀, Abujao , 08 o 21’02”S / 73 o 40’50.4”W, 241m, 28.IV.2013 GoogleMaps   , L. Huerto; 1♂, Coronel Portillo , Rio Suaya, 08º56’54.13”S / 74º0’28.9”W, 230m, 13–14.VII.2008 GoogleMaps   , M. Alvarado ( SEMC)   .

GoogleMaps  

GoogleMaps  

Description of female holotype. Fore wing length 7.1 mm.

Head: Face ( Fig. 1C View FIGURE 1 ) granulate-punctate and weakly polished, 0.8× as long as wide; clypeus dorsal half granulate-punctate, ventral half granulate, 2.2× as wide as long; malar space 0.6× as long as basal mandibular width; lateral ocellus separated from compound eye by about 1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; distance between ocelli 1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; scape with truncated section V-shaped, with 44 flagellomeres, ratio of length from second to fourth flagellomeres: 3.2:3.0:2.9, subapical flagellomere 1.1× as long as centrally broad.

Mesosoma   : Granulate-punctate and weakly polished; notaulus vestigial, weakly impressed anteriorly; subalar prominence low and weakly rounded. Propodeum ( Fig. 1D View FIGURE 1 ) granulate-punctate; evenly declivous from anterior margin; pleural carina distinct only basally; with a weak, narrow vestige of posterior transverse carina present centrally on an elevation. Fore wing with vein 1m-cu with a ramellus; vein 2m-cu weakly sinuate, with a two bullae, with abscissa and without a stub on spurious vein; 2rs-m 5.2× as long as abscissa of M between 2rs-m and 2m-cu. Hind wing with length of abscissa of Cu1 between Cu1 and 1A 0.2× as long as length of vein Cu1 between M and Cu1.

Metasoma: Metasomal tergites ( Fig. 1D View FIGURE 1 ) granulate, matte; tergite I 2.2× as long as posteriorly wide; tergite II 1.1× as long as posteriorly wide; ovipositor sheath 2.3× as long as metathoracic tibia.

Colour: Head ( Fig. 1C View FIGURE 1 ) black; mandible basally, ventral half of clypeus, palpi, and orbit (between antennal socket and median ocellus) white; antenna black with flagellomeres 7–18 dorsally white. Mesosoma   ( Fig. 1A View FIGURE 1 ) predominantly black; anterior margin of pronotum, subalar prominence, dorsal most section of mesepisternum, and distal half of mesoscutellum off-white ( Fig. 1D View FIGURE 1 ). Prothoracic leg reddish, tarsus brown. Mesothoracic leg red, tibia and tarsus black. Metathoracic leg predominantly black, coxa and trochanter red, trochantellus and basal end of femur reddish-brown, distal half of tarsomere 1 and tarsomere 2–4 white. Wings hyaline. Metasomal tergites ( Fig. 1A View FIGURE 1 ) predominantly black; anterior and lateral margins of tergite I reddish, posterior margin of tergites I–II, and anterior margin of tergites II–III off-white; mid-posterior margin of tergites V–VII white. Ovipositor sheath black.

Variation of female paratypes. Fore wing length 6.0– 8.8 mm. They differ from the holotype in the following features: face 0.7–0.8× as long as wide;malar space 0.6–0.7× as long as basal mandibular width; lateral ocellus separated from compound eye by about 1.1–1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; distance between ocelli 1.0–1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; antenna with 41–45 flagellomeres, ratio of length from second to fourth flagellomeres: 3.0–3.2:2.6–2.9:2.6–2.9, subapical flagellomere 1.0–1.2× as long as centrally broad; fore wing with vein 2m-cu with or without a stub of spurious vein, and 2rs-m 3.1–5.2× as long as abscissa of M between 2rs-m and 2m-cu; hind wing with length of abscissa of Cu1 between Cu1 and 1A 0.1–0.3× as long as length of vein Cu1 between M and Cu1; tergite I 2.1–2.3× as long as posteriorly wide; tergite II 1.2–1.3× as long as posteriorly wide; ovipositor sheath 2.3–2.5× as long as metathoracic tibia. Within the coloration: pronotum ranging from evenly black to having the anterior margin of off-white, mesopleuron rarely with a reddish spot postero-ventrally; prothoracic coxa, in many individuals, basally brownish to brownish-black, rarely leg evenly brownish; some individuals with mesothoracic femur brown; and, metasomal tergite I, in some individuals, anteriorly off-white.

Male. Fore wing length 5.2–6.8 mm. The male individuals differ from the females in the following features: clypeus 2.0–2.1× as wide as long; malar space 0.7–0.8× as long as basal mandibular width; lateral ocellus separated from compound eye by about 1.0–1.1× maximum ocellar diameter; distance between ocelli 1.0–1.3× maximum ocellar diameter; antenna with 39–44 flagellomeres, ratio of length from second to fourth flagellomeres: 3.3–3.4:3.2–3.3:3.2–3.3, subapical flagellomere 2.2–2.5× as long as centrally broad; pleural carina distinct along its length; fore wing with vein 1m-cu with a ramellus (rarely without a ramellus), vein 2m-cu with one long bulla (rarely with two bullae), without a stub on spurious vein,2rs-m 2.5–3.3× as long as abscissa of M between 2rs-m and 2m-cu; tergite I 2.2–2.6× as long as posteriorly wide; tergite II 1.1–1.2× as long as posteriorly wide, rarely 0.9× as long as posteriorly wide;

Male (colour): Head ( Fig. 1B View FIGURE 1 ) predominantly white with frons centrally, vertex, gena, and occiput black; antenna predominantly black with scape and pedicel ventrally white, flagellomeres black with flagellomeres 14 or 15–16 (rarely 19) entirely and dorsally of flagellomeres 13–14 and 17–18 (rarely 20–21) white. Mesosoma   ( Fig. 1B View FIGURE 1 ) predominantly black with anterior margin and postero-dorsal corner of pronotum, prosternum, mesosternum, subalar prominence, tegula, humeral plate, mesoscutellum, lower half of mesopleuron, dorsal most section of mese- pisternum, and a spot dorso-posteriorly of metapleuron white. Prothoracic leg orange, coxa and trochanter white, tarsus light brown. Mesothoracic leg orange, coxa anteriorly white, tarsus brown. Metathoracic leg orange, coxa basal-dorsally white, tibia brown, tarsomeres 1–4 white, and tarsomere 5 black. Wings hyaline. Metasomal tergites predominantly black; anterior and posterior margins of tergites I–III white or off-white; posterior margin of tergite IV white or off-white; tergite I laterally, in some individuals, off-white (rarely also of tergites II–III); posterior margin of tergites IV–VI off-white or black; mid-posterior margin of tergite VII white.

Comments. The specimens from the Albergue Refugio Amazonas were collected by guests at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge, located on the right bank of the Tambopata River (Madre de Dios, Peru), as part of a Citizen Science program, with the mutual collaboration between the MUSM and Rainforest Expeditions. The collections done in the Refugio Amazonas lodge used light, Malaise, and pan traps (daily serviced) from March 2016 to August 2017, and the collections at the Explorer’s Inn were carried out from December 2008 to November 2009 using solely Malaise traps; these collections showed that the species flies throughout the year, except January and February.

Distribution. This species is widely distributed in the Amazon basin ( Fig. 9A View FIGURE 9 ), from sea level to 600m, rarely, between 1000–1200m.

Etymology. The specific epithet attenboroughi   honours Sir David Frederick Attenborough; the members of the project “Discovery new species” want to commemorate him for raising awareness about the importance of wildlife conservation and his educational documentaries on wildlife that inspired many biologists, among them the author.

MD

Museum Donaueschingen

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MT

Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok

MP

Mohonk Preserve, Inc.

VI

Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute

SEMC

University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile