Mnioes attenboroughi,

Alvarado, Mabel, 2020, Ten new species of parasitoid wasps Mnioes Townes, 1946 (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Banchinae) described from Peru, Zootaxa 4743 (2), pp. 181-199: 183-186

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Mnioes attenboroughi

sp. nov.

Mnioes attenboroughi  sp. nov.

( Figs 1View FIGURE 1, 9AView FIGURE 9)

Diagnosis. Mnioes attenboroughi  sp. nov. can be distinguished from its female congeners by the following combination of traits: frontal orbit white, tegula black, coxae predominantly red, wings hyaline, ovipositor sheath length 2.3–2.5× as long as metathoracic tibia; while the male can be distinguished due its mesoscutum entirely black and wings hyaline. M. attenboroughi  sp. nov. resembles to M. tawa  sp. nov. as both have females with mesosoma  and metasoma extensively black and wings hyaline; they differ mainly the coloration of the coxae, trochanters and trochantellus predominantly red in M. attenboroughi  sp. nov. (vs. predominantly black).

Material examined: Holotype: ♀ “ PERU, MD, Albergue Refugio Amazonas 12º52’30”/69º24’35” 231 m 14.iii.2017 D. Couceiro // WIRED AMAZON PROYECT PAN TRAP ” ( MUSM). 

Paratypes: CUZCO: 3♂♂, La Convención, Echarate , 414m, 29.VII.2011  , P. Sánchez; 1♂, La Convención, Echarate , Nueva Luz, 11º39’27.7”S / 73º1’20”W, 417m 12–14.v.2012GoogleMaps  , P. Sanchez; 1♀, idem but 11º41’20.7”S / 72º56’47”W, 482m, 21.VIII.2013GoogleMaps  , V. Borda; 1♂, La Convención, Echarate, Saringabeni, 12º12’46.21”S / 72º51’48.40”W, 798m, 30.IX.2010GoogleMaps  , LT, E. Rázuri & C. Espinoza; 1♂, La Convención , Echarate, Túpac Amaru, 11º56’59.13”S / 72º55’01.18”W, 484m, 15.IX.2010GoogleMaps  LT, E. Razuri & C. Espinoza; 1♀, 1♂, La Convención , Echa- rate, Kitaparay, 12º12’47.73”S / 72º49’11.42”W, 474m, 11.XI.2009GoogleMaps  , C. Espinoza & E. Rázuri; 2♀♀, La Conven- ción, Echarate, Quebrada Coentiari, 12º10’25”S / 73º3’56”W, 543m, 7–10.VIII.2011GoogleMaps  , A. Alfaro; 1♀, idem but 12º10’28”S / 73º03’55.9”W, 06–08.VIII.2011GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, idem but 12º9’56”S / 73º4’2.1”W, 614m, 13–16.VII.2011GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, La Convención, Echarate , Pagoneri Norte 11º39’27”S / 73º1’31”W, 387m, 23–25.XI.2011GoogleMaps  , P. Sánchez; 2♀♀, La Convención, Echarate , Pagoreni, 11º42’12,8”S / 72º53’53,1”W, 475m, 13.GoogleMaps  V.1998, YPT, J. Santisteban; 1♀, La Con- vención, Echarate, 06.VIII.  2011, 503m, P. Sánchez; 1♀, idem but 526m, 30.VII.2011  ; 1 F, idem but 11º51’29.41”S / 72º56’49.92”W, 391m, 24.VIII.2015GoogleMaps  ; 2♀♀, 11º41’20.7”S / 72º56’47”W, 482m, 21.VIII.2013, V. Borda; 1♀, idem but 11º49’16.4”S / 73º11’13.4”W, 442m, 24.VIII.2015GoogleMaps  , M. Pereyra; 1♀, La Convención, Gasoducto TGP, Cami- sea River, 11º54’28.1”S / 72º56’03.7”W, 426m, 18.VIII.2009GoogleMaps  , W. Paredes; 1♀, La Convención, Reserva Comu- nal Matsigenga, 12º13’31.21”S / 73º01’59.78”W, 1180m, 1.VIII.2007GoogleMaps  , A. Asenjo, Premontane forest , FIT; 1♀, La Convención, near Timpia, Shiguaniro river, 12º4’52”S / 72º48’25”W, 470m 16.x.2010GoogleMaps  , MT, F. Meza; 1♀, Cashiri- ari, 11 o 52’S / 72º39’W, 579m 31.VIII.1997GoogleMaps  , MT, Camisea Project; 1♀, San Martin , 7.XI.  1997, 474m, 11º47’S / 72º42’W, MP, Camisea Project ”, 1♀, La Convención, 12º05’7.75”S / 73º03’08.06”W, 640m, 22.IV.2007GoogleMaps  , F. Azorsa, low hills forest, YPT; 1♂, Reserva Comunal Amarakaeri , 12º58’26.45”S / 70º56’21.31”W, 467m, 01–02.GoogleMaps  VI.2011, YPT, V. Alarcón & J.F. Costa; 2♀♀, idem but 17.IX–14.XI.2010GoogleMaps  333–884m, 12°55’S / 70°51’W, YPT, M. Vílchez & C. Castillo; 2♀♀ idem butGoogleMaps  MT. MADRE DE DIOS: 2♀♀ Albergue Refugio Amazonas 12º52’30”/69º24’35” 231m, 21.VII.2017  D. Couceiro; 1♀, idem but 27.XI.2017  ; 1♀, idem but 15.X.2016  ; 1♀, idem but 04.III.2017  ; 1♀, idem but 10.VII.2017  ; 1♂ idem but 20.VII.2017  ; 1♂, idem but 06.XI.2016  ; 1♀, idem but 01.  XII.2016, MT; 1♂ idem but 02.X.2017  , MT; 1♂, idem but 09.  VI.2017, LT; 1♀, Tambopata National Reserve , Explorer’s inn, 12 o 50’30”S / 69 o 17’31.1”W, 161m, 19.VII.2009GoogleMaps  , M. Alvarado; 1♀ similar to previous but 02.VIII.2009; 1♀ 1♂, idem but 16.VIII.2009GoogleMaps  ; 3♂♂, Tambopata National Reserve , Explorer’s Inn, 12º50’44.2”S / 69º17’34.5”W, 189m, 1–14.GoogleMaps  XII.2008 MT, M. Alvarado y L. Sulca; 1♀, 3♂♂, idem but 15–28.GoogleMaps  XII.2008, 1♂ idem but 17–30.XI.2008GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, 12º50’31.6”S / 69º17’36.1”W, 216m, 20.IV–4. V.2009, MT, L. Sulca y M. Alvarado; 1♂, idem but 25.X.2009GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, idem but 29.VIII.2009GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, CICRA, 4.X.2005  , 12º34’S / 70º5’W, 208m, C. Castillo & C. Peña; 1♀, idem butGoogleMaps  MT ( MUSM). 1♀, Puerto Maldonado , Sudadero, 12º21’19”S / 69º1’48”W, 221m, 21–22.VII.2009GoogleMaps  , M. Alvarado; 1♀, Puerto Maldonado , Madama, 12º31’20”S / 69º3’44”W, 182m, 19–20.VII.2009GoogleMaps  , M. Alvarado ( SEMC). LORETO:

1♂, Iquitos , left bank of Amazonas River, 3°43’7.98”S / 73°13’33.93”W, 89m, 4.IV.2018 C. Ampudia; 1♂, idem but 3°43’53.43”S / 73°13’36.76”W, 92m; 1♀GoogleMaps  , idem but near to Yurimaguas 5°46’43.82”S / 76°3’30.78”W, 122m, 11.IV.2018GoogleMaps  , L. Pérez; 2♀♀, idem but near to Yurimaguas 5°47’22.23”S / 76°10’11.52”W, 133m, 8.IV.2018GoogleMaps  , L. Pérez;

1♂, Requena , Bretaña, Lote 95, 5º14’41.54”S / 74º19’48.06”W, 105m, 04.VIII.2018, R. Rivera; 1♂, Urituyacu River , near Ayahuasca, 4º20’31”S / 75º49’3”W, 110m, 25.III.2010GoogleMaps  , MT, C. Castillo; 1♂, idem butGoogleMaps  YPT ( MUSM). JUNIN: 1♂, Satipo , 11º14’14”S / 74º38’7”W, 953m, 21–25.IV.2012GoogleMaps  , MT, V. Borda & L. Figueroa ( SEMC). PAS- CO: ♀, Oxapampa , Yanachaga-Chemillen National Park, Huampal, 10º10’57”S / 75º34’25.6”W, 1001m, 30.IV– 02.GoogleMaps  V.2011, J. Grados ( MUSM)  . PUNO: 1♂, Sandia , San Pedro de Putina Punco, Bahuaja Sonene National Park, 13º23’29.4”S / 69º29’00.1”W, 322m, 11–24.IX.2011GoogleMaps  , E. Guillermo & E. Rázuri ( MUSM). UCAYALI: 1♂, Coronel Portillo , Calleria, 08 o 24’54.21”S / 73 o 41’36.7”W, 255m, 14.X.2012GoogleMaps  , B. Medina; 1♂, idem but 08º18’51.81”S / 73º40’19.52”W, 268m, 27.X.2012GoogleMaps  , P. Sánchez; 1♂, idem but 73º40’50.78”W / 08º20’53.67”S, 217m, 23.X.2012GoogleMaps  P. Sánchez ( MUSM). 1♀, Abujao , 08 o 21’02”S / 73 o 40’50.4”W, 241m, 28.IV.2013GoogleMaps  , L. Huerto; 1♂, Coronel Portillo , Rio Suaya, 08º56’54.13”S / 74º0’28.9”W, 230m, 13–14.VII.2008GoogleMaps  , M. Alvarado ( SEMC)  .



Description of female holotype. Fore wing length 7.1 mm.

Head: Face ( Fig. 1CView FIGURE 1) granulate-punctate and weakly polished, 0.8× as long as wide; clypeus dorsal half granulate-punctate, ventral half granulate, 2.2× as wide as long; malar space 0.6× as long as basal mandibular width; lateral ocellus separated from compound eye by about 1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; distance between ocelli 1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; scape with truncated section V-shaped, with 44 flagellomeres, ratio of length from second to fourth flagellomeres: 3.2:3.0:2.9, subapical flagellomere 1.1× as long as centrally broad.

Mesosoma  : Granulate-punctate and weakly polished; notaulus vestigial, weakly impressed anteriorly; subalar prominence low and weakly rounded. Propodeum ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1) granulate-punctate; evenly declivous from anterior margin; pleural carina distinct only basally; with a weak, narrow vestige of posterior transverse carina present centrally on an elevation. Fore wing with vein 1m-cu with a ramellus; vein 2m-cu weakly sinuate, with a two bullae, with abscissa and without a stub on spurious vein; 2rs-m 5.2× as long as abscissa of M between 2rs-m and 2m-cu. Hind wing with length of abscissa of Cu1 between Cu1 and 1A 0.2× as long as length of vein Cu1 between M and Cu1.

Metasoma: Metasomal tergites ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1) granulate, matte; tergite I 2.2× as long as posteriorly wide; tergite II 1.1× as long as posteriorly wide; ovipositor sheath 2.3× as long as metathoracic tibia.

Colour: Head ( Fig. 1CView FIGURE 1) black; mandible basally, ventral half of clypeus, palpi, and orbit (between antennal socket and median ocellus) white; antenna black with flagellomeres 7–18 dorsally white. Mesosoma  ( Fig. 1AView FIGURE 1) predominantly black; anterior margin of pronotum, subalar prominence, dorsal most section of mesepisternum, and distal half of mesoscutellum off-white ( Fig. 1DView FIGURE 1). Prothoracic leg reddish, tarsus brown. Mesothoracic leg red, tibia and tarsus black. Metathoracic leg predominantly black, coxa and trochanter red, trochantellus and basal end of femur reddish-brown, distal half of tarsomere 1 and tarsomere 2–4 white. Wings hyaline. Metasomal tergites ( Fig. 1AView FIGURE 1) predominantly black; anterior and lateral margins of tergite I reddish, posterior margin of tergites I–II, and anterior margin of tergites II–III off-white; mid-posterior margin of tergites V–VII white. Ovipositor sheath black.

Variation of female paratypes. Fore wing length 6.0– 8.8 mm. They differ from the holotype in the following features: face 0.7–0.8× as long as wide;malar space 0.6–0.7× as long as basal mandibular width; lateral ocellus separated from compound eye by about 1.1–1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; distance between ocelli 1.0–1.2× maximum ocellar diameter; antenna with 41–45 flagellomeres, ratio of length from second to fourth flagellomeres: 3.0–3.2:2.6–2.9:2.6–2.9, subapical flagellomere 1.0–1.2× as long as centrally broad; fore wing with vein 2m-cu with or without a stub of spurious vein, and 2rs-m 3.1–5.2× as long as abscissa of M between 2rs-m and 2m-cu; hind wing with length of abscissa of Cu1 between Cu1 and 1A 0.1–0.3× as long as length of vein Cu1 between M and Cu1; tergite I 2.1–2.3× as long as posteriorly wide; tergite II 1.2–1.3× as long as posteriorly wide; ovipositor sheath 2.3–2.5× as long as metathoracic tibia. Within the coloration: pronotum ranging from evenly black to having the anterior margin of off-white, mesopleuron rarely with a reddish spot postero-ventrally; prothoracic coxa, in many individuals, basally brownish to brownish-black, rarely leg evenly brownish; some individuals with mesothoracic femur brown; and, metasomal tergite I, in some individuals, anteriorly off-white.

Male. Fore wing length 5.2–6.8 mm. The male individuals differ from the females in the following features: clypeus 2.0–2.1× as wide as long; malar space 0.7–0.8× as long as basal mandibular width; lateral ocellus separated from compound eye by about 1.0–1.1× maximum ocellar diameter; distance between ocelli 1.0–1.3× maximum ocellar diameter; antenna with 39–44 flagellomeres, ratio of length from second to fourth flagellomeres: 3.3–3.4:3.2–3.3:3.2–3.3, subapical flagellomere 2.2–2.5× as long as centrally broad; pleural carina distinct along its length; fore wing with vein 1m-cu with a ramellus (rarely without a ramellus), vein 2m-cu with one long bulla (rarely with two bullae), without a stub on spurious vein,2rs-m 2.5–3.3× as long as abscissa of M between 2rs-m and 2m-cu; tergite I 2.2–2.6× as long as posteriorly wide; tergite II 1.1–1.2× as long as posteriorly wide, rarely 0.9× as long as posteriorly wide;

Male (colour): Head ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1) predominantly white with frons centrally, vertex, gena, and occiput black; antenna predominantly black with scape and pedicel ventrally white, flagellomeres black with flagellomeres 14 or 15–16 (rarely 19) entirely and dorsally of flagellomeres 13–14 and 17–18 (rarely 20–21) white. Mesosoma  ( Fig. 1BView FIGURE 1) predominantly black with anterior margin and postero-dorsal corner of pronotum, prosternum, mesosternum, subalar prominence, tegula, humeral plate, mesoscutellum, lower half of mesopleuron, dorsal most section of mese- pisternum, and a spot dorso-posteriorly of metapleuron white. Prothoracic leg orange, coxa and trochanter white, tarsus light brown. Mesothoracic leg orange, coxa anteriorly white, tarsus brown. Metathoracic leg orange, coxa basal-dorsally white, tibia brown, tarsomeres 1–4 white, and tarsomere 5 black. Wings hyaline. Metasomal tergites predominantly black; anterior and posterior margins of tergites I–III white or off-white; posterior margin of tergite IV white or off-white; tergite I laterally, in some individuals, off-white (rarely also of tergites II–III); posterior margin of tergites IV–VI off-white or black; mid-posterior margin of tergite VII white.

Comments. The specimens from the Albergue Refugio Amazonas were collected by guests at the Refugio Amazonas Lodge, located on the right bank of the Tambopata River (Madre de Dios, Peru), as part of a Citizen Science program, with the mutual collaboration between the MUSM and Rainforest Expeditions. The collections done in the Refugio Amazonas lodge used light, Malaise, and pan traps (daily serviced) from March 2016 to August 2017, and the collections at the Explorer’s Inn were carried out from December 2008 to November 2009 using solely Malaise traps; these collections showed that the species flies throughout the year, except January and February.

Distribution. This species is widely distributed in the Amazon basin ( Fig. 9AView FIGURE 9), from sea level to 600m, rarely, between 1000–1200m.

Etymology. The specific epithet attenboroughi  honours Sir David Frederick Attenborough; the members of the project “Discovery new species” want to commemorate him for raising awareness about the importance of wildlife conservation and his educational documentaries on wildlife that inspired many biologists, among them the author.


Museum Donaueschingen


Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium


Mus. Tinro, Vladyvostok


Mohonk Preserve, Inc.


Mykotektet, National Veterinary Institute


University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile