Nylanderia fuscaspecula, Kallal, 2019

Kallal, Robert J., 2019, Nylanderia of the World Part III: Nylanderia in the West Indies, Zootaxa 4658 (3), pp. 401-451 : 418-419

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Nylanderia fuscaspecula

sp. nov.

Nylanderia fuscaspecula , sp. nov.

Figs. 31–33 View FIGURES 31–33 (worker)

Holotype worker, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Salto de Jimenoa , 19° 06.094’N, 70° 35.877’W, elev. 620 m, under stones on coffee plantation, 08.viii.2009, S.A. Schneider (USNMENT00754801) ( NMNH). 3 paratype workers and 2 paratype queens with same locality data as holotype (specimens are from the same nest as holotype) ( NMNH & MCZC). GoogleMaps

Worker diagnosis: Very dark brown with smooth and shining cuticle contrasting with yellow meso/metacoxae, trochanters and leg joints; pubescence sparse to absent across body.

Compare with: N. bibadia , N. caerula , N. metacista , N. pini

WORKER. Measurements (n=8): TL: 1.90–2.30; HW: 0.50–0.54; HL: 0.58–0.61; EL: 0.14–0.15; SL: 0.68– 0.73; WL: 0.70–0.78; GL: 0.56–1.0. SMC: 18–24 PMC: 2–4; MMC: 2. Indices: CI: 84–88; REL: 23–26; SI: 135– 142; SI2: 19–21.

Head: sides of head in full face view nearly parallel; posterolateral corners rounded; posterior margin rounded; anterior clypeal margin emarginate; ocelli absent; eyes well-developed. Mesosoma: in lateral view, pronotum subangular; anterior margin of mesonotum raised slightly above posterior pronotal margin; metanotal area without short flat area before spiracle; dorsal face of propodeum slightly convex; dorsal face of propodeum and mesonotum approximately the same height in lateral view. Color and pilosity: body very dark brown to black; mandible and antenna lighter brown; apical segments of funiculus yellow; scape with brownish yellow end and dark brown middle portion; trochanters, tarsi, and leg articulations yellowish-brown; femora and tibiae lighter on ends with dark brown middle portions giving legs mottled appearance; pubescence sparse to absent on head (if present than densest under eyes and along posterolateral corners), mesosoma and gaster; some specimens with fringe of pubescence on propodeal dorsal face.

QUEEN. Measurements (n=2): TL: 3.20–3.30; HW: 0.78–0.80; HL: 0.75–0.77; EL: 0.23; SL: 0.80–0.85; WL: 1.30–1.40; GL: 1.70–1.90. SMC: 18 PMC: 3–5; MMC: 7–8; MtMC: 2–3. Indices: CI: 101–106; REL: 30–31; SI: 106–111. Generally, as in worker with modifications expected for caste and with the following noted difference: slightly lighter brown than seen in workers.

Other material examined: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Parque Nacional Armando Bermúdez , 19° 04.044’N, 70° 51.830’W, elev. 1037 m, moss and soil under tree, 07.viii.2009, S.A. Schneider; Prov GoogleMaps . La Vega, La Cienaga , ca. 1100 m, mixed HW-pine valley forest, Feb 1975, WL & DE Brown ; La Vega Prov., El Rio; Bonao , km 24, 600– 800 m, ravine, Feb 1975, WL & DE Brown ; La Vega Prov , 14 km NW Bonao, 19° 02’ N, 70°30’W, 1100 m, 12.ix.1992, P.S. Ward 1176 GoogleMaps ; La Vega Prov., 7km SE Jarabacoa, Salta Jimenoa , 800 m, 31.VII.1995, forest litter, S+ J Peck, Peck 95-51 ; La Vega Prov., PN. A. Bermudez, 1km W Cienaga , 2.VIII-1995, 1050 m, forest litter, S+ J Peck, Peck 95-53 ; La Vega Prov., PN. A. Bermudez, 2km SW Cienaga , 2.VIII-1995, 1100 m, forest litter, S+ J Peck, Peck 95-52 ; La Vega Prov., PN. A. Bermudez, Cienaga , 21.VII-1995, 1050 m, evergreen forest litter, S+ J Peck, Peck 95-44 .

Etymology: Species epithet is a combination of speculum (L. = mirror) and fuscus (L. = dark), named for the reflective properties of the cuticle.

Notes: Workers of this species are generally shiny and largely free of pubescence, but there are several species that can be confused with N. fuscaspecula . Nylanderia fuscaspecula can be separated from N. pini by possessing a shorter head length ( pini range: 0.64–0.73) and scape length ( pini range: 0.82–0.86). Additionally, the posterior margin of the first gastral tergite in N. pini possesses abundant pubescence and a distinct fringe of pubescence is typically present along the dorsal face of the propodeum. Nylanderia fuscaspecula can be separated from N. metacista because the first gastral tergite of N. metacista is covered entirely in a dense pubescence. Nylanderia fus- caspecula can also be confused with N. caerula . As does N. caerula , N. fuscaspecula can display blue iridescence on its mesosoma under light microscope examination, but the iridescence is not as intense as in most N. caerula . Additionally, Nylanderia fuscaspecula has no pubescence on the gastral tergites, unlike N. caerula which possesses dense pubescence on gastral tergites I & II.


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History