Artibeus fallax Peters, 1865

Turni, Hendrik & Kock, Dieter, 2008, Type specimens of bats (Chiroptera: Mammalia) in the collections of the Museum f r Naturkunde, Berlin, Zootaxa 1869 (1), pp. 1-82 : 43

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.1869.1.1

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Artibeus fallax Peters, 1865


Artibeus fallax Peters, 1865

Peters, W.C.H. (1865) Über Flederthiere ( Vespertilio soricinus Pallas , Choeronycteris Lichtenst. , Rhinophylla pumilio nov. gen., Artibeus fallax nov. sp., A. concolor nov. sp., Dermanura quadrivittatum nov. sp., Nycteris grandis n. sp.). Monatsberichte der königlich preussischen Akadademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1865: 355 [351–359].

Valid name: Artibeus jamaicensis Leach, 1821

Paralectotype (by lectotype designation of Husson 1962: 175): ZMB 566 View Materials , body in alcohol, skull extracted, female, adult; “Britisch Guiana” = Guyana; collected by Schomburgk, between 1835 and 1844 .

Comment: In the general catalogue the following entries, which were probably all noted by Peters, are found with ZMB 566. The first entry is the name “ Madateus (Leach) (Phyll.) perspicillatus ”, then the genus names were renamed and replaced by “ Artibeus ”, and the species name was changed to “ superciliatus ”, while the last entry is “ Uroderma concolor Ptrs. ”. This process indicates that Peters changed his view on the classification of ZMB 566. In the original description of A. fallax Peters mentioned: “we possess a female example of this species in spiritus from Guiana, other dry specimens from Suriname are in the Leyden Museum”. Husson (1962: 175) mentioned a letter dated “Berlin 29.7.65” [29 July 1865] written by Peters to H. Schlegel [Leiden]. In the letter, Peters acknowledged the receipt of, amongst others, four Artibeus fallax (three from Surinam and one from Cayenne) and announced that they were sent back to Leiden. Peters did not mention the Cayenne specimen in his original description (1865), so Husson concluded that the Cayenne specimen could not be a type. Husson (1962: 175) designated a lectotype (RMNH 13083, Suriname) out of the three available original Suriname specimens (RMNH 13081 - 13083) examined by Peters (1865).