Kunth, Sp., 2017

Stauffer, Fred W. & Stauffer, Johann, 2017, The palm (Arecaceae) collections gathered by Bonpland and Humboldt in their American journey: origin and fate of the specimens and typifications, Candollea 72 (1), pp. 5-22 : 20-21

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https://doi.org/ 10.15553/c2017v721a1

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21. Mauritia flexuosa View in CoL L. f., Suppl. Pl. 454. 1782.

Collection. – VENEZUELA: “Crescit locis humidis planis Prov. Cumanensis et Caracasanae, ad hostia Orinoci et prope montem Duida, Angostura (Orinoco)”, s.d., Bonpland & Humboldt 1068 (B-W [BW18433010], P-Bonpl. [P00669612]).

Vernacular names. – “Murichi”, “Moriche”, “Arbol de vida de los Guaraunos” ( KUNTH, 1816 ).

Notes. – The treatment of this species in Nova genera does not provide any collection number for the material but the label bears the collection number Bonpland & Humboldt 1068.

22. Oreodoxa frigida Kunth , Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (ed. 4): 304. 1816.

= Prestoea acuminata (Willd.) H.E. Moore in Gentes Herb. 9: 286. 1963.

Typus: COLOMBIA: “Crescit locis scopulosis, montanis Andium Quindiuensium inter El Azufral et Los Galiegos”, s.d. Bonpland & Humboldt s.n. (P & P-Bonpl., not found).

Neotypus (designated here): C OLOMBIA. Dto. de Caldas: entre Circasia y Pereira, cerca del Alto de El Roble , 2200 m, 16.VII.1941, Dugand 2984 (COL!) .

Vernacular name. – “Palmito” ( KUNTH, 1816 ).

Notes. – HENDERSON & GALEANO (1996) pointed out that the type specimen of this taxon was deposited at P; however, no specimen associated with this palm could be found in the frame of our study. We propose here as neotype the specimen A. Dugand 2984 (COL) as it was collected in a region that is relatively close to the area where the type specimen was gathered.

23. Oreodoxa regia Humboldt & Bonpland ex Kunth , Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (ed. 4): 305. 1816.

÷ Roystonea regia (Humboldt & Bonpland ex Kunth) O.F. Cook View in CoL in Science ser. 2, 12: 479. 1900.

Typus: CUBA: “Crescit frequentissime in insula Cuba prope Havana, Regla, Ojo de Agua et Guanavacoa” [data in the publication], s.d., Bonpland & Humboldt 1276 (holo-: P-Bonpl. [P00669609]!; iso-: P [P0072518]!).

Vernacular name. – “Palma real” (Bonpland & Humboldt


Notes. – The type specimen in P has been identified by Moore in 1977 and confirmed by Zona in 1993 and Espejo & Lopez in 1997.

24. Oreodoxa sancona Kunth , Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (ed. 4): 304. 1816.

Typus: COLOMBIA: “Crescit rarius in convalle fluminis Caucae, juxta pagum Roldanilla, inter urbem Carthagenis et villam El Naranjo”, s.d., Bonpland & Humboldt s.n. (P & P-Bonpl., not found).

Neotypus (designated here): C OLOMBIA. Dto. Cundinamarca: Guaduas (Bogotá), s.d., Karsten s.n. (LE!) .

= Syagrus sancona H. Karst. View in CoL in Linnaea 28: 247. 1856.

Vernacular name. – “Palma sancona” ( KUNTH, 1816 ).

Notes. – The combination Syagrus sancona (Kunth) H. Karst. proposed by GOVAERTS et al. (2016) should be considered as invalid given that KARSTEN (1856) stated that the species that he described had not to be mistaken with the Oreodoxa sancona Kunth. Recent studies on Colombian palms (i.e. GALEANO & BERNAL, 2010; pers. obs.) allow to confirm that the palms collected by Bonpland and Humboldt and later by Karsten in the Cauca Valley of Colombia, should be regarded as the same taxon. In order to maintain the link between these names we propose as neotype of Oreodoxa sancona Kunth the specimen that GLASSMAN (1987: 70) designated as lectotype of Syagrus sancona Karst.

25. Phytelephas macrocarpa Ruiz & Pav., Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. View in CoL 1: 301. 1798.

= Phytelephas macrocarpa subsp. schottii (H. Wendl.) Barfod View in CoL in Opera Bot. 109: 60. 1991.

Collection. – PERU AND CHILI: “Peruv et Chil.”, s.d., Bonpland & Humboldt 1596 (P [P01797373], P-Bonpl. [P00669613]).

Vernacular name. – “Cabeza de Negro” (Bonpland & Humboldt 1596).



Stauffer, Fred W. & Stauffer, Johann 2017

Phytelephas macrocarpa subsp. schottii (H. Wendl.)

Barfod 1991: 60

Syagrus sancona

H. Karst. 1856: 247
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