Cock, Matthew J. W., 2014, An updated and annotated checklist of the Hedylidae and Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera) of Trinidad, West Indies, Insecta Mundi 2014 (393), pp. 1-40: 31-32

publication ID


publication LSID


persistent identifier


treatment provided by


scientific name




Aides dysoni Godman, 1900  

Aides dysoni Godman   : Evans (1955), Cock (1982, no. 257), Cock (2003a) [mislabelled specimen]; Cock (2013b) [not a Trinidad species]

Phanes tavola Schaus, 1902  

Phanis tavola Schaus   : Schaus (1902) TL, Draudt (1921 –1924) [type locality error]

Phanis tavola Schaus   : Kaye (1940, no. 404a), Barcant (1970, no. 534) [based on TL], Cock (2013a) [not a Trinidad species]

Evans (1955), and hence Cock (1982), treated the Trinidad subspecies of Justinia justinianus   as J. j. tavola   , which was described from Trinidad ( Schaus 1902). However, having examined the type specimen, O.H.H. Mielke (in C.G.C. Mielke 1994) reported that tavola   had been misidentified by Evans (1955) and was another species - the one that Evans treated as Phanes hoffmanni Bell   , which is restricted to Brazil and not found in Trinidad. Accordingly, Mielke concluded that the type specimen of tavola   must have been incorrectly labelled as from Trinidad.

Psoralis chittara ( Schaus, 1902)  

Phlebodes chittara Schaus   : Schaus (1902) TL, Kaye (1940, no. 411a) [type locality error], Cock (2013a) [not a Trinidad species]

Philibodes chittara Schaus   : Barcant (1970, no. 545) [misspelling of genus; type locality error]

Schaus (1902) described this species from Trinidad, and Kaye (1940, no. 414A) added it to the Trinidad list. Mielke (2004) finds that it is a Brazilian species, and that the type must have been mislabelled ‘Trinidad’.

Corticea noctis (Plötz, 1882)  

Papias ctyanus Schaus   : Schaus (1902) TL, Draudt (1921 –1924), Kaye (1940, no. 414b), Barcant (1970, no. 552), Cock (1982, no. 171) [type locality error], Cock (2013a) [not a Trinidad species]

Mielke (2004) considers that P. ctyanus   is a synonym of Corticea noctis   from southern Brazil, and that the Trinidad locality label of the type is an error.

Perichares deceptus (Butler and Druce, 1872)   fulvimargo (Butler, 1873)

Perichares agrippa Godman   : Kaye (1921, no. 449), Barcant (1970, no. 602)

Perichares deceptus fulvimargo (Butler)   : Cock (1982, no. 215), Cock (2005) [not a Trinidad species]

Callimormus radiola radiola (Mabille, 1878)  

Callimormus radiola (Mabille)   : Williams and Bell (1931)

Cock (2011) overlooked this record in his treatment of Callimormus   . Since there have been no subsequent captures, it is considered unlikely to be a resident Trinidad species, and probably a misidentification for C. alsimo   .

Cobalopsis autumna (Plötz, 1882)  

Cobalopsis edda (Mabille)   : Kaye (1904, no. 258) [synonym; misidentification]

Although Kaye (1904) included C. edda   in his first list of butterflies, “a single specimen only in June 1898 (W.J. Kaye)”, he did not include it in subsequent lists, so he probably concluded that this was a misidentification ( Cock 2012).

Mnasitheus simplicissima (Herrich-Schäffer, 1870)  

Pamphila uniformis (Butler and Druce)   : Crowfoot (1893) [synonym]

Mnasalcus uniformis (Butler and Druce)   : Kaye (1914), Barcant (1970, no. 556) [synonym]

Mnasitheus uniformis (Butler and Druce)   : Kaye (1921, no. 418), Draudt (1921 –1924) [synonym]

Mnasitheus simplicissima (Herrich-Schäffer)   : Kaye (1914), Draudt (1921 –1924)

I have seen no specimens of this species from Trinidad, and Evans (1955) does not report it from Venezuela or the Guianas. The record of Mnasitheus simplicissima   by Williams and Bell (1931) from Port of Spain, 12 Jul 1927, was overlooked by Cock (2013a). However, the treatment by Godman and Salvin (1893 –1901) in which the adult and male genitalia of Methionopsis ina   are illustrated as Mnasitheus simplicissima ( Evans 1955)   indicates that all these records are probably in error for the common M. ina ( Cock 2013a)   .

Wallengrenia otho   (J.E. Smith, 1797) ophites (Mabille, 1878)

Wallengrenia otho ophites (Mabille)   : Cock (2007)

Although several authors, including Smith et al. (1994), Brévignon and Brévignon (2003) and Warren et al. (2014) have treated W. otho ophites   as a valid species, Mielke (2004) lists it as a subspecies of otho   , and I have located no subsequent publication establishing the split into separate species. It is only known from Trinidad from a single specimen, and needs confirmation as a Trinidad taxon ( Cock 2007). Given that this species is usually common in the Lesser Antilles, it seems unlikely that this is a Trinidad resident.

Saliana chiomara (Hewitson, 1867)  

Thracides chiomara (Hewitson)   : Williams and Bell (1931)

Evans (1955) transferred this species to Saliana   . Williams and Bell (1931) recorded a male from Port of Spain, 12 Jul 1927. I have not seen this specimen and overlooked this record in Cock (2003a). Since S. chiomara   occurs in the Guianas ( Evans 1955) and Venezuela ( Bell 1946), there is no reason why it might not occur in Trinidad, nor a priori to doubt this record. On the other hand, there have been no further records, and this identification predates Evans (1955) revision and the description of several new species in this genus.













Cock, Matthew J. W. 2014

Phanes tavola

Schaus 1902

Phlebodes chittara

Schaus 1902

Papias ctyanus

Schaus 1902

P. ctyanus

Schaus 1902

Perichares agrippa

Godman 1901

Aides dysoni

Godman 1900

Callimormus radiola

radiola (Mabille 1878