Nops finisfurvus, Sánchez, Alexander, Brescovit, Antonio D. & Alayón, Giraldo, 2015

Sánchez, Alexander, Brescovit, Antonio D. & Alayón, Giraldo, 2015, Four new caponiids species (Araneae, Caponiidae) from the West Indies and redescription of Nops blandus (Bryant), Zootaxa 3972 (1), pp. 43-64: 52-55

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3972.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:FA022B0E-9F20-4A4C-A0EA-112B60BD42B8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E5C57F-5C76-4C7F-FF77-EAC537BFFB7D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nops finisfurvus
status

new species

Nops finisfurvus  new species

Figures 7 –12, 44–56, 79, 83

Types. Male holotype from Fallen Jerusalem Island (18 ° 24 ' 58.0" N, 64 ° 27 ' 8.0" W), 24.v. 1966, Project Island Staff, University of Puerto Rico, deposited in AMNH. Female paratype from Peter Island, 6.vii. 1965, Project Island staff, University of Puerto Rico, deposited in AMNH.

Additional material examined. BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS: Little Jost Van Dyke (18 ° 27 ' 13 " N, 64 ° 43 ' 19 " W), 27.vii. 1965, Project Island Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1 ♀ ( AMNH). East Seal Dog (18 ° 30 ' 24 " N, 64 ° 25 ' 56 " W), 7.vi. 1966, Project Island Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1 ♀ imm. ( AMNH). Peter Island (18 ° 21 ' 6 " N, 64 ° 34 ' 9 " W), 6.vii. 1965, Project Island Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1 ♀ imm. ( AMNH). Virgin Gorda Mountains (18 ° 28 ' 52.9 " N, 64 ° 24 ' 21.7 " W), Virgin Gorda Island, 26.vi. 1966, Project Island Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1 ♂ ( AMNH). PUERTO RICO: Culebra Island, near Dewey (18 ° 18 ' 9 " N, 65 ° 18 ' 12 " W), 10.viii. 1965, Island Project Staff, University of Puerto Rico, 1 ♀ imm. ( AMNH).

Etymology. The specific name is a Latin combination of the words finis (=end) and furvus (=dark), referring to the dark coloration at the distal part of abdomen ( Figs 54–61View FIGURES 51 – 56View FIGURES 57 – 63).

Diagnosis. Males and females can be distinguished from other congeners by the distal part of abdomen distinctly darker than basal and median part. Males with a pear –shaped bulb ( Figs. 44–46View FIGURES 44 – 50) and the tip with two projetions, one greater than the other ( Figs. 10, 12View FIGURES 9 – 12). Females with a thin and convex anterior margin of receptaculum, and a small membranous sac ( Figs. 52View FIGURES 51 – 56, 83View FIGURES 81 – 83).

Description. Male (holotype): Carapace immaculate dark orange, elongated oval with a black and slightly elevated ocular tubercle ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 44 – 50); pars cephalica not elevated, pars thoracica slight sloping posteriorly ( Fig. 47View FIGURES 44 – 50), thoracic groove absent. Two black, oval eyes of equal size, separated by about two –thirds their diameter.

Chelicerae orange. Endites orange except for anterior tips due a white membranous projection, wide, convergent but not touching, with middle part wider than the distal and proximal and forming an obtuse angle of about 120 degrees ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 44 – 50), covered with scattered long setae. Labium orange, broad, fused to sternum along obsolete posterior groove, rounded and reborded in apical part ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 44 – 50). Sternum orange, darker at the edge, oval, surface with fine reticular lines with few weak pits and numerous stiff setae around the edge ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 44 – 50). Coxae orange. Legs orange, formula 4123; metatarsi entire, anteriors with a median translucent ventral longitudinal keel and with a distal, translucent ventral extension of membrane between anterior tarsi and metatarsi; all tarsi subsegmented, with three claws, unpaired claw elongated and dorsally reflexed in anterior legs, without teeth. Trichobothria present on metatarsi and tarsi in a single row. Palp with tibia excavated ventrally; cymbium elongated rounded (Fig. 7), ventral surface densely covered with strong setae, and an oval pad of fine chemoreceptor hairs on dorsal distal part ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 9 – 12), with a pear shaped bulb ( Figs. 44–46View FIGURES 44 – 50); embolus weakly curved ( Fig. 9View FIGURES 9 – 12), distinctly shorter than tibial length, on a base shorter than tibia width ( Figs. 44, 46View FIGURES 44 – 50), tip of embolus with two projetions, one greater than the other ( Figs. 10, 12View FIGURES 9 – 12). Abdomen light gray dorsally, with a darker area at distal part ( Figs. 47–49View FIGURES 44 – 50). Spinnerets dark gray, six, in typical caponiid arrangement. Total length 7.40. Carapace 3.50 long, 2.70 wide. Eyes 0.16 major diameter, 0.09 minor diameter. Leg measurements: I: femur 8.90 / patella 1.80 / tibia 9.90 / metatarsus 9.70 / tarsus 1.70; II: 9.40 / 1.70 / 9.90 / 9.80 / 1.90; III: 7.90 / 1.80 / 8.80 / 9.40 / 1.60; IV: 8.80 / 1.70 / 9.80 / 9.70 / 1.70. Sternum 1.80 long, 1.40 wide. Palpal tibia 1.50 long, 0.90 wide.

Female (paratype): Carapace, chelicerae, labium, legs, coxae, endites and sternum as in the male ( Figs 53–55View FIGURES 51 – 56). Abdomen as in the male ( Figs. 53–54View FIGURES 51 – 56). Anterior plate (ap) strongly sclerotized, almost reaching proximal part of abdomen ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 51 – 56); external sclerotization of spiracles (ess) darker, large, anteriorly starting from anterior spiracles (as), with a pronounced peak anteriorly directed, extending posteriorly more than the width of posterior spiracles (ps) and ending beyond interior edge of posterior spiracles ( Figs 51View FIGURES 51 – 56, 83View FIGURES 81 – 83). Internal genitalia with a thin, convex and sclerotized anterior margin of receptaculum (amr), and a short membranous sac (ms) ( Figs. 52View FIGURES 51 – 56, 83View FIGURES 81 – 83). Spinnerets gray, six, in typical caponiid arrangement ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 51 – 56). Total length 8.10. Carapace 3.10 long, 2.80 wide. Eyes 0.17 major diameter, 0.09 minor diameter. Leg measurements: I: femur 9.00/ patella 2.10 / tibia 7.30 / metatarsus 7.00/ tarsus 2.30; II: 8.90 / 1.40 / 7.50 / 7.60 / 1.80; III: 7.60 / 1.40 / 7.50 / 7.60 / 1.60; IV: 8.00/ 1.40 / 9.40 / 9.30 / 1.70. Sternum 1.90 long, 1.50 wide. Palpal tibia 1.30 long, 0.80 wide.

Variation. Male (n= 3): Total length 6.80−7.40, carapace 3.30−3.50 long, femur I 8.60−8.90 long. Palpal tibia 1.20−1.50 long, 0.40−0.90 wide. Female (n= 3): Total length 7.20−8.10, carapace 2.60−3.10 long, femur I 8.40 −9.00. Palpal tibia 0.60 −1.00 long, 1.10−1.30 wide.

Distribution. British Virgin Islands and Culebra Island ( Fig. 84View FIGURES 84 – 85).

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Caponiidae

Genus

Nops