Pseudophallus Herald, 1940

Dallevo-Gomes, Caio I. A., Mattox, George M. T. & Toledo-Piza, Mônica, 2020, Taxonomic review of the pipefish genus Pseudophallus Herald, with the description of a new species (Syngnathiformes: Syngnathidae), Zootaxa 4859 (1), pp. 81-112 : 85-86

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4859.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C213B95B-6707-4F80-A1EA-58245141F24B

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4412811

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E587F9-FFAE-FF94-FF06-F9A019E245B7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pseudophallus Herald, 1940
status

 

Pseudophallus Herald, 1940

Pseudophallus Herald, 1940:51 ,

Type species Siphostoma starksii Jordan & Culver in Jordan, 1895, by original designation, gender: masculine.

Diagnosis. Pseudophallus has a single apomorphic diagnostic character that is the presence of a phallus-like anal papilla in sexually mature females ( Figure 2 View FIGURE 2 ). The following combination of characters also aids to distinguish the genus: pregnant males with dermal folds of the brood pouch curving from the lateral of the bony rings and encasing the brood pouch towards its midline, dividing the pouch in two longitudinal halves (= inverted brood pouch closure type, Herald, 1959: fig. 1); superior trunk ridge extending posteriorly to dorsal fin, lateral trunk ridge continuous with superior tail ridge, inferior trunk ridge continuous with inferior tail ridge ( Herald, 1959: fig. 3; Dawson, 1982: fig. 2); body ridges usually distinct and elevated, sometimes inferior trunk and tail ridges rounded and indistinct; anal fin absent ( Herald, 1940).

Distribution. Freshwater drainages along the Atlantic coast of South and Central America from the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina to Belize, including the Caribbean islands; and along the Pacific coast from Ecuador to Mexico.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Syngnathiformes

Family

Syngnathidae

Loc

Pseudophallus Herald, 1940

Dallevo-Gomes, Caio I. A., Mattox, George M. T. & Toledo-Piza, Mônica 2020
2020
Loc

Pseudophallus

Herald 1940: 51
1940