Apricia bracteata ( L. Koch, 1879 ),

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 514-518

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4114.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F950473-E021-4704-9DA7-9AA9A259C5C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFFE-E639-FF59-8E96E3D2FE29

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Apricia bracteata ( L. Koch, 1879 )
status

comb. nov.

Apricia bracteata ( L. Koch, 1879)  comb. nov.

Figs 32–49View FIGURES 32 – 39View FIGURES 40 – 49

Marptusa bracteata L. Koch, 1879: 1105  , pl. 96 figs 7, 8.

Menemerus bracteatus  — Davies & Żabka 1989: 256, fig. 57.

Type material. Syntype: 1 M, ‘ 16532 Godeffroi Collection’ ( MVMA BJR 1370), examined; Drawings provided by M. Żabka: Syntype M, Rockhampton, Queensland 150.52 °E, 23.37 °S, ( ZMUH MG 16532).

Other material examined. AUSTRALIA: QUEENSLAND: 1 M, Mount Cameron, Winton, 143.03 °E, 22.38 °S, Apr. 1977, T. Tebble (QM S 4565); 2 imm., Heron Island, 151.92 °E, 23.45 °S, 15 Jul. 1983, D.C.F. Rentz ( ANIC 42 000694); NEW SOUTH WALES 1 F, Gundabooka National Park, Bennets Gorge picnic area, 145.69 °E, 30.57 °S, 20 Oct. 2010, G.A. Milledge & H.M. Smith (AMS KS 114361View Materials); 1 F, Paroo, Darling National Park, Peery section, 9.8 km N of turnoff to Peery Homestead, 143.48 °E, 30.73 °S, 27 Oct. 2010, G.A. Milledge & H.M. Smith (AMS KS 114446View Materials); VICTORIA: 1 F, ' 16543 ' in Godeffroi Collection ( MVMA BJR 1367); 1 F, Robinvale, 142.77 °E, 34.58 °S, 25 Oct. 1988, T. Weir, J. Lawrence & M. Hansen ( ANIC 42 001206); 2 M, 3 imm., Millewa, Murray Sunset National Park, 140.07 °E, 34.75 °S, 19 Nov. 2002 ( ANIC 42 000800); SOUTH AUSTRALIA: 1 M, 1 imm., Pinkawillinie Conservation Park, 136.00°E, 33.12 °S, 20 May 1990, D. Hirst ( SAM BJR 1268); 1 imm., as above ( SAM BJR 1394); 1 M, 1 imm., as above ( SAM BJR 1270); WESTERN AUSTRALIA: 1 F, 1 imm., King Edward River Crossing, 126.07 °E, 15.08 °S, 4 Aug. 1998, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130207); 1 M, Drysdale River Station, Dawerra Creek, S of Poonjurra Hill, 126.12 °E, 15.63 °S, 10 Sep. 1995, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130201); 1 F, Gibb River Road, 126.50 °E, 16.28 °S, 19 Aug. 1992, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130203); 1 F, Mount Elizabeth Station, 126.18 °E, 16.30 °S, 21 Aug. 1992, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130209); 1 M, 1 F, 65 km SSE Port Hedland, 118.82 °E, 20.84 °S, 28 Nov. 1984, B. & M. Baehr (QM S 96214View Materials); 1 F, Cape Lambert, 9.5 km from Wickham, 117.05 °E, 20.68 °S, 29 May 2007, Z. Hamilton ( WAM T 92316View Materials); 1 M, Canning Stock Route, Well 45, 126.18 °E, 20.80 °S, 9 Aug. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130200); 1 F, 1 imm., Canning Stock Route, Well 45, 126.18 °E, 20.80 °S, 9 Aug. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130199); 1 M, 1 F, Woodie Woodie Road, near 'Braeside' on Oakover River, 121.02 °E, 21.20 °S, 4 Sep. 1994, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130215); 1 F, Millsteam National Park, 117.08 °E, 21.57 °S, 3 Dec. 1984, B. & M. Baehr (QM S 96159View Materials); 1 M, Millstream National Park, Pipeline Road, 117.07 °E, 21.60 °S, 2 May 2003, C. Lambkin, J. Recsei & D. Yeates ( ANIC 42 000691); 1 M, Mount Divide, 120.82 °E, 22.42 °S, 9 Aug. 1992, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130211); 1 M, Cane River Conservation Park, Onslow Road, 115.17 °E, 21.87 °S, 29 Jun. 2011, C. Whisson ( WAM T 115526); 1 M, 63 km SW of Pannawonica, 116.25 °E, 22.20 °S, 28 Jun. 2007, P. Runham & J Adcroft ( WAM T 81348View Materials); 1 M, Wittenoon Gorge, 118.33 °E, 22.23 °S, 2 Dec.

1984, B. & M. Baehr (QM S 96203View Materials); 2 F, 1 imm., Carrowina Creek near Oakover River, 121.18 °E, 22.33 °S, 21 Jul. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130212); 5 M, 4 F, 6 imm., Rudal River, National Park, River Crossing, 122.62 °E, 22.48 °S, 25 Jul. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130213); 1 M, 4 imm., Rudal River, National Park, River Crossing, 122.62 °E, 22.48 °S, 25 Jul. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130214); 1 M, Karajini National Park, Weano Gorge Road, 116.25 °E, 22.37 °S, 25 Apr. 2003, C. Lambkin & T. Weir ( ANIC 42 000695); 1 M, Karajini National Park, Juno Downs Road, 118.42 °E, 22.72 °S, 14 May 2003, C. Lambkin ( ANIC 42 000690); 1 F, Coral Bay, 113.77 °E, 23.13 °S, 11 Mar. 2006, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130190); 1 F, Lofty Range, 119.27 °E, 24.22 °S, 15 Jul. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130208); 1 F, Gibson Desert Nature Reserve, 12.03 °E, 24.67 °S, 12 Aug. 1990, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130204); 1 M, 1 F, 1 imm., Mount Evelyn, near, 121.77 °E, 25.52 °S, 14 Aug. 1991, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130179); 1 F, Melrose Station, Camp 8, 121.03 °E, 26.30 °S, 14 Aug. 1991, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130194); 1 M, Millbillillie Station, Bubble Well, MEB site 130, 120.03 °E, 26.57 °S, 31 Mar. 2009, W.F. Humphries & S. Cooper ( WAM T 111617); 1 M, Helena-Aurora Ranges, 119.63 °E, 30.38 °S, 24 Sep. 1995, R.P. McMillan ( WAM T 130206); 1 M, Jaurdi Station, 120.17 °E, 30.82 °S, 3 Aug. 1991, A.E. de Jong ( WAM T 130193); 1 M, Dryandra, 116.92 °E, 32.78 °S, 28 Aug. 1978, S.J. Curry ( WAM T 130202); 1 F, Sieda, Fitz Loc 41, 121.77 °E, 33.23 °S, 4 Nov. 2000, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130192).

Remarks. L. Koch (1879) described and Davies & Żabka (1989) illustrated this species. Davies & Żabka (1989) also showed drawings of the male palp of a syntype. Whilst examining the material for this species in the MVMA, a specimen with the label 16532 Godeffroi Collection was found. As this is the same number as the types in the ZMUH, it is taken to be a further member of the syntype series. The syntypes in the collection of the ZMUH can no longer be borrowed, making work on this very extensive collection of Australian types difficult and prohibitively expensive for Australian workers. Fortunately, Prof. M. Żabka has seen and drawn the palp of one of the syntypes and kindly made his illustrations available. They are shown below.

There is variation in abdominal colour pattern between individuals in this species ( Figs 32, 36View FIGURES 32 – 39), though this is not reflected in consistent variation in other characters. The figures of this species in L. Koch (1879) show the cephalothorax to be a light colour, though the description and all known specimens show the cephalothorax to be medium to very dark red-brown.

Diagnosis. This species can be most easily separated from A. longipalpis  by the length of the tibia and the patella of the male palp (each half the length of the cymbium compared to each twice the length of the cymbium in A. longipalpis  , Fig. 65View FIGURES 58 – 66). The tibial apophysis is narrow with a rounded end in A. bracteata  ( Figs 42, 44View FIGURES 40 – 49) and narrow and pointed in A. jovialis  ( Fig. 27View FIGURES 25 – 31) but strongly built and square in shape in A. longipalpis  ( Fig. 60View FIGURES 58 – 66). The embolus is long and thin in A. bracteata  ( Figs 41, 43View FIGURES 40 – 49) and A. longipalpis  ( Fig. 59View FIGURES 58 – 66) but short and stubby in A. jovialis  . It arises from a distinct mound on the anterior distal edge of the tegulum in all three species; however, in M. bracteata  this is small, unlike the other two species.

In the female in each species there is a gland/diverticulum arising on the lateral edge of the spermatheca. In A. bracteata  ( Figs 45, 46View FIGURES 40 – 49) the gland is relatively large, directed laterally away from the spermatheca and arises posterior to the entry point of the insemination duct. The gland in A. jovialis  ( Fig. 28View FIGURES 25 – 31) arises in a similar fashion but is relatively small. In A. longipalpis  ( Figs 61, 62View FIGURES 58 – 66) the gland is slightly shorter, the entrance lies immediately above that of the insemination duct and then moves directly along the top of the duct; it may in fact be fused onto the top of it.

Description. Male: Syntype. Cephalothorax ( Figs 32, 33View FIGURES 32 – 39) long and flat, mid to dark orange, darker on the sides. There are patches of pennate grey hairs all over the cephalothorax with a well-marked wide band of them along the sides. Surrounds of ALE, PME and PLE, black covered with patches of grey hairs. Clypeus ( Fig. 35View FIGURES 32 – 39) narrow, without a thick fringe of long white hairs. Chelicerae mid to dark orange, geniculate. Two medium sized promarginal teeth (one larger than the other) and one medium sized, unident, retromarginal tooth ( Fig. 34View FIGURES 32 – 39). Endites and labium brown grading to yellow distally. Sternum brown. Abdomen ( Figs 32, 33View FIGURES 32 – 39) elliptical, dorsal surface varying in colour from light to dark brown, covered with scattered dark brown hairs. Edges dark brown spreading variably towards the midline dorsally and changing suddenly to a lighter brown part-way down the sides ( Fig. 37View FIGURES 32 – 39). Dorsal pattern shows variation around that shown in Figs 32, 36View FIGURES 32 – 39. Spinnerets large, varying in colour to match the abdomen. Ventral abdomen mid to dark brown. Legs grading backwards from very robust to lightly built and from dark to mid brown. L 1 with long grey fringe on patella, tarsus and metatarsus matching that on the clypeus. Palps: dark brown, with one short blunt tibial apophysis ( Figs 40–44View FIGURES 40 – 49). Cymbium long. Tegulum rounded, with a large proximal lobe. Embolus long. It arises from a distinct mound on the anterior distal edge of the tegulum forming a clockwise quarter circle. Dimensions: CL 2.91, EFL 1.11, CW 2.29, AEW 1.73, AMEW 1.05, PEW 1.73, AL 3.28, P 1 +T 1 2.41, L 1 5.88 (1.86 + 1.18 + 1.36 + 0.93 + 0.56), L 2 5.33 (1.67 + 0.99 + 1.24 + 0.80 + 0.62), L 3 4.89 (1.42 + 0.87 + 0.99 + 0.99 + 0.62), L 4 5.88 (1.86 + 0.99 + 1.36 + 0.99 + 0.68).

Female: As for the male, except colours much lighter and L 1 less robust. Epigyne: difficult-to-see, medianfacing, ‘C-shaped’, external guides ( Figs 47, 48View FIGURES 40 – 49). Copulatory openings indistinct. Insemination ducts first move laterally a short distance then in a posterior direction until joining the prolateral edges of the spermathecae ( Figs 45–47View FIGURES 40 – 49). Large glands or diverticula arise from the lateral edges of the spermathecae and move in an anterior direction. The short fertilization ducts open from the median anterior edge of the spermatheca. Dimensions: CL 2.91, EFL 1.11, CW 2.11, AEW 1.61, AMEW 0.99, PEW 2.11, AL 3.72, P 1 +T 1 2.04, L 1 4.83 (1.61 + 1.05 + 1.99 + 0.68 + 0.50), L 2 4.46 (1.42 + 0.99 + 0.93 + 0.62 + 0.50), L 3 4.46 (1.36 + 0.80 + 0.80 + 0.87 + 0.62), L 4 5.63 (1.73 + 1.42 + 0.80 + 1.11 + 0.56).

Distribution and biology. The species is found throughout the more arid parts of mainland Australia ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 40 – 49). Accordingly, its IUCN status would be LC. Found under bark and in foliage.

ZMUH

Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

NEW

University of Newcastle

SAM

South African Museum

WAM

Western Australian Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Apricia

Loc

Apricia bracteata ( L. Koch, 1879 )

Richardson, Barry J. 2016
2016
Loc

Menemerus bracteatus

Davies 1989: 256
1989
Loc

Marptusa bracteata

Koch 1879: 1105
1879