Menemerus bivittatus ( Dufour, 1831 ),

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 528-529

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4114.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F950473-E021-4704-9DA7-9AA9A259C5C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFE8-E634-FF59-8ED1E2D2FC1F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Menemerus bivittatus ( Dufour, 1831 )
status

 

Menemerus bivittatus ( Dufour, 1831) 

Figs 101–109View FIGURES 101 – 104View FIGURES 105 – 109

Salticus bivittatus Dufour, 1831: 369  , pl. 11, fig. 5. Remainder of the long list of non-Australian synonyms can be found in ( Platnick 2014; Richardson & Żabka 2015).

Menemerus acuminatus Rainbow, 1912: 201  , figs 15, 16— NEW SYNONYMY. Marpissa ridens Hogg, 1914: 90  , fig. 12 — NEW SYNONYMY.

Type material. Holotype of Menemerus acuminatus Rainbow, 1912  , a pre-adult F, 152.87 °E, 26.57 °S, Blackall Range, Queensland (QM); Syntypes of Marpissa ridens  , 2 F, 115.53 °E, 26.53 °E, Hermite Island, Montebello Group, Western Australia, P.D. Montague ( BNHM 1924.III, 1.1124-5).

Other material examined. AUSTRALIA: QUEENSLAND: 1 M, Tinaroo Dam, 145.55 °E, 17.17 °S, 10 Oct. 1971, R.E. Mascord (AMS KS 18318, KS 18318); 1 M, Tinaroo Dam, 145.55 °E, 17.17 °S, 10 Oct. 1971, R.E. Mascord (AMS KS 18318); 1 M, Townsville, 146.8 °E, 19.23 °S (AMS KS 34902); 1 M, 1 F, Townsville, 146.82 °E, 19.27 °S, 1 Mar. 1927, G. Dennes (AMS KS 18230); 1 M, Townsville, 146.82 °E, 19.27 °S, 1 Nov. 1927 (AMS KS 32449); 1 M, Townsville, 146.82 °E, 19.27, 1 Nov. 1927 (AMS KS 32450); 1 M, 1 imm., Hooley Creek, 64 km NW of Wittenoom, 117.93 °E, 21.87 °S, 2 Nov. 1984, B. & M. Baehr, (QM S 96157View Materials); 1 F, Gillett Cay, Swain Reefs, 152.6 °E, 22.18 °S, 1 Oct. 1962, Australian Museum 1962 Swain Reefs Expedition (AMS KS 109404View Materials); 1 M, Yeppoon, 150.73 °E, 23.13 °S, 26 Jul. 1992, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130188); 1 M, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 13 Dec. 1977, R. Owen (QM S 96178View Materials); 1 imm., Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47, 18 Mar. 1982, V. Davies (QM S 96179View Materials); 1 imm., Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 26 Feb. 1976, P. Filewood (QM S 96177View Materials); 1 M, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 2 Apr. 1984, J. Gallon (QM S 96172View Materials); 1 F, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 17 Nov. 1980, V. Davies (QM S 96180View Materials); 1 M, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 24 Apr. 1986, V. Davies (QM S 96174View Materials); 1 M, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 5 Mar. 1981, A. Rozefelds (QM S 96176View Materials); 1 M, Brisbane, Queensland Museum, 153.03 °E, 27.47 °S, 9 Nov. 1983, V. Davies (QM S 96173View Materials); 1 M, Brisbane, 153.02 °E, 27.47 °S, 21 Jun. 1934, L. Cooper (AMS KS 18925); UNKNOWN: 2 imm., ' 16543 ', (Godeffroy Collection label, NMV, BJR 1369). WESTERN AUSTRALIA: 3 M, North West Australia, 1920 (AMS KS 22121); 1 F, Barrow Island, Marine Offloading Facility, 115.48 °E, 20.8 °S, 26 Dec. 2011, M. Atkinson ( WAM T 119411); 1 M, Barrow Island, Marine Offloading Facility, 115.48 °E, 20.8 °S, 23 Dec. 2011, M. Atkinson ( WAM T 119407); 2 M, 6 imm., Barrow Is., Airport on outside wall, 115.4 °E, 20.87 °S, 11 Apr. 2012, T. Saxelby ( WAM T 122488); 1 M, Carnarvon, Plantation Caravan Park, 113.67 °E, 24.88 °S, 28 Jul. 1994, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130187); 1 F, Carnarvon, Plantation Caravan Park, 113.67 °E, 24.88 °S, 28 Jul. 1994, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130187); 1 M, Kalbarri, Tudor Park Caravan Site, 114.17 °E, 27.7 °S, 20 Apr. 1990, A.F. Longbottom ( WAM T 130183). SOUTH- WESTERN PACIFIC MATERIAL IN AUSTRALIAN COLLECTIONS: 1 F, Fiji, Sigatoka Valley Viti Levu Island, 178 °E, 18 °S (AMS KS 6122); 2 F, New Caledonia, Noumea, 166.5 °E, 22.17, 1928, I.D.A. Cockerell (AMS KS 22120); 1 F, New Hebrides, 168.5 °E, 17.5 °S, 1900, J.J. Walker (AMS KS 18253); 1 M, Norfolk Island, Kingston, 167.95 °E, 29.05 °S, 16 Mar. 1995 (AMS KS 53425); 1 M, Papua New Guinea, Rabaul, New Britain, 152.18 °E, 4.22 °S, 1917, C.J. White (AMS KS 22214); 1 M, 1 F, Solomon Islands, Bai Bai Island, 155.85 °E, 7.1 °S, 10 Jul. 1975, H. Heatwole (QM S 96175View Materials).

Remarks. This variable, pantropical species is found in many parts of the world (see Prószyński 2014 for a convenient summary). L. Koch (1879) describes and Davies & Żabka (1989) illustrate the Australian form of the species. One of the specimens examined by L. Koch, (with the correct Museum Godeffroy number) was found in the MVMA. Colour patterns of the types for both names match that of populations throughout Australia and the Pacific islands. The very large world synonymy of this species can be found in Platnick (2014), Prószyński (2014) and Richardson & Żabka (2015). The presence of a bright narrow white stripe along the base of the cephalothorax, of a membranous conductor, and the general morphology of the palp and epigyne clearly identify the Australian material as M. bivittatus  . Two new, Australian junior synonyms, Menemerus acuminatus Rainbow, 1912  and Marpissa ridens Hogg, 1914  , clearly showing these characteristics are established here. The types are illustrated, but not dissected due to their very fragile states.

Distribution and biology. The species has a widespread, cosmotropical, distribution. In Australia it is known from subtropical coastal regions of eastern and western Australia ( Fig. 104View FIGURES 101 – 104). Extra localities in the south-west Pacific, based on material in Australian museums, are also given. As a consequence of its cosmotropical distribution, its likely IUCN Red List Category is LC.

NEW

University of Newcastle

BNHM

Bombay Natural History Museum

WAM

Western Australian Museum

NMV

Museum Victoria

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Menemerus

Loc

Menemerus bivittatus ( Dufour, 1831 )

Richardson, Barry J. 2016
2016
Loc

Menemerus acuminatus

Hogg 1914: 90
Rainbow 1912: 201
1912
Loc

Salticus bivittatus

Dufour 1831: 369
1831