Clynotis Simon, 1901,

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 523

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Clynotis Simon, 1901


Clynotis Simon, 1901 

Type species: Icius severus L. Koch, 1879  (as Icius viduus L. Koch 1879  ), 611, by original designation.

Remarks. Clynotis severus  is the only known Australian species remaining in this genus ( Davies & Żabka 1989). All other species are removed in this work to other genera, namely Pungalina semiferruginea  comb. nov., P. albobarbata  comb. nov. and P. semiatra  comb. nov. The different genera can be most simply distinguished from each other on the basis of the very different structures of their epigynes [ Clynotis  : Figs 83–85View FIGURES 77 – 86; Apricia  : Figs 28 –29View FIGURES 25 – 31, 46–47View FIGURES 40 – 49, 61– 64View FIGURES 58 – 66; Pungalina  : Figs 130–132View FIGURES 125 – 133, 146– 148View FIGURES 142 – 149, 163–165View FIGURES 158 – 166, 178– 180View FIGURES 175 – 181 (see also Richardson 2013, figs 40–41)]. There is a single median atrium in Clynotis  , unlike the paired atria in the other genera. In Clynotis  , there are also two, long, very large, diverticula with bulbous ends leading from each spermatheca and insemination duct, one of these leads to the fertilization duct.

Maddison et al. (2008) placed Clynotis severus  in a clade with another Australian genus, Sandalodes Keyserling, 1883  , on the basis of molecular data. However, the molecular association with Sandalodes  is now considered doubtful (W. Maddison, pers. comm.).