Pungalina semiatra ( L. Koch, 1879 ),

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 546-549

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4114.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F950473-E021-4704-9DA7-9AA9A259C5C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFDE-E618-FF59-8E64E0F3FC79

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pungalina semiatra ( L. Koch, 1879 )
status

comb. nov.

Pungalina semiatra ( L. Koch, 1879)  comb. nov.

Figs 182–198View FIGURES 182 – 189View FIGURES 190 – 198

Icius semiater L. Koch, 1879  . 1133, pl. 98, fig. 6.

Clynotis semiater  — Simon 1901: 611; Żabka 1987: 442, figs 11–13 (redescription).

Type material. Syntype: Drawings provided by M. Żabka: Rockhampton, 150.52 °E, 23.37 °S ( ZMUH 16533).

Remarks. The syntypes are part of the collection in ZMUH and can no longer be borrowed, making work on this very extensive collection of Australian types difficult for Australian workers. Fortunately, Prof. M. Żabka has seen and drawn one of the male syntypes and kindly made his original illustrations available ( Żabka 1987).

Other material examined. AUSTRALIA: QUEENSLAND: 1 F, 1 km W of Imbil, 152.82 °E, 26.47 °S, 24 Jun. 1982, L. Hill ( ANIC 42 001748); 1 F, Maidenwell Road, 3 km NNW of Upper Yarraman, 151.89 °E, 26.88 °S, J. Gallon (QM S 96155View Materials); 1 F, Gold Creek Reservoir, Brookfield, 152.88 °E, 27.47 °S, 23 Apr. 1981, V. Davies & R. Raven (QM S 96137View Materials); 3 imm., Mount Coottha, 152.95 °S, 27.48 °S, 17 Jan. 1980, R. Raven (QM S 96132View Materials); 1 M, 1 F, Upper Brookfield, 152.87 °E, 27.48 °S, 30 Oct. 1980, V. Davies & R. Raven (QM S 96136View Materials); NEW SOUTH WALES: 2 M, 1 F, 3 imm., Cherry Tree North State Forest, W of Casino, 152.75 °E, 28.90 °S, 30 Apr. 1976, M. Gray & C. Horseman (AMS KS 10300); 1 M, 1 F, Boorook State Forest, saddle upstream from tributary of Boonoo Boonoo River, below and east of Boonoo Boonoo Falls, 152.18 °S, 28.48 °S, 4 Feb. 1993, M.R. Gray & G.A. Cassis (AMS KS 38344); 2 M, 3 F, 2 imm., Iluka, 153.37 °E, 29.40 °S, 1 Apr. 1976, M. Gray & C. Horseman (AMS KS 12662); 1 F, Gloucester River, Barrington Tops National Park, 151.68 °E, 32.07 °S, 12 Nov. 1981, T. Weir & A. Calder ( ANIC 42 000062); 1 F, Flora Reserve Wallingat State Forest, Myall Lakes, 152.40 °E, 32.43 °S, 18 Sep. 1974, M.R. Gray (AMS KS 19178); 1 M, Upper Hunter River, Jerrys Plains, 150.94 °E, 32.52 °S, 23 Nov. 2004, J. Gollan (AMS KS 92339); 1 F, Blue Mountains National Park, Murphy's Glen day use area, S of Woodford, 150.48 °E, 34.77 °S, 4 Nov. 2008, G.A. Milledge & H.M. Smith (AMS KS 106097View Materials); 1 F, Woronora Dam Catchment, Fire Road No. 9, 150.91 °E, 34.20 °S, 8 Dec. 1999, M.R. Gray, G.A. Milledge & H.M. Smith (AMS KS 63230); 1 F, Dampier State Forest, 2 km ENE along unnamed fire trail from its junction with Nerrigundah Mountain Road, 149.96 °E, 36.13 °S, 17 Feb. 1999, L. Wilkie & R. Harris (AMS KS 58822).

Diagnosis. The females ( Figs 186–189View FIGURES 182 – 189, 195– 197View FIGURES 190 – 198) can be separated from P. albobarbata L. Koch  and P. plurilineata  sp. nov. by the lateral rather than distal direction taken by the insemination ducts, the very small atria and the absence of obvious fertilization ducts. The males ( Figs 182–185View FIGURES 182 – 189, 190– 194View FIGURES 190 – 198) can be separated from the other two species by the shapes and sizes of the proximal lobes on the tegula and the different shapes of the tibial apophyses.

Description. Male: Cephalothorax ( Figs 182, 183View FIGURES 182 – 189) orange/brown with scattered brown hairs over anterior surface. Surrounds of ALE, PME and PLE, black with scattered brown hairs. Lighter coloured striae highlighted by scattered white hairs on the steep posterior wall. Clypeus ( Figs 184, 185View FIGURES 182 – 189) orange/brown, narrow, with a thick fringe of white hairs. Chelicerae brown, straight. Two promarginal teeth and one medium fissident retromarginal tooth. Endites. labium and sternum brown. Abdomen ovate, tapering to the rear. Dorsal abdomen cream with medium brown distinct pattern ( Fig. 182View FIGURES 182 – 189). Spinnerets brown grading to cream. Ventral abdomen mid brown with four longitudinal rows of cream spots. L 1 orange brown with cream patella and tarsus. Remaining legs cream with brown femurs. Palp ( Figs 190–194View FIGURES 190 – 198): long, brown, tibia with single tapering apophysis. Tegulum brown, relatively broad with a proximal lobe tapering to the posterior side and a small lobe midway along the anterior side. Embolus arises from a tapering base and curves in an anticlockwise direction. Dimensions: General: CL 1.89, EFL 0.80, CW 1.55, AEW 1.05, AMEW 0.87, PEW 1.39, AL 2.41, P 1 +T 1 1.55: L 1 3.59 (1.11 + 0.74 + 0.80 + 0.50 + 0.43), L 2 3.41 (0.93 + 0.74 + 0.87 + 0.50 + 0.37), L 3 2.60 (0.87 + 0.37 + 0.43 + 0.56 + 0.37), L 4 3.22 (1.05 + 0.43 + 0.68 + 0.62 + 0.43).

Female: As for the male ( Figs 186–189View FIGURES 182 – 189). Epigyne ( Figs 195–197View FIGURES 190 – 198): consisting of a pair of small round atrium placed laterally. Insemination ducts move laterally towards the midline and then posteriorly grading into the anterior edge of the spermatheca. Fertilization ducts small and indistinct in the median wall of the spermathecae. Dimensions: CL 2.35, EFL 0.96, CW 1.86, AEW 1.49, AMEW 0.99, PEW 1.61, AL 2.85, P 1 +T 1 1.61: L 1 3.56 (1.30 + 0.50 + 0.80 + 0.53 + 0.43), L 2 3.41 (1.11 + 0.68 + 0.68 + 0.50 + 0.43), L 3 3.50 (1.05 + 0.59 + 0.56 + 0.80 + 0.50), L 4 4.15 (1.36 + 0.62 + 0.87 + 0.80 + 0.50).

Distribution and biology. Widespread across the wetter parts of Australia of temperate eastern Australia in a range of habitats including reserves ( Fig. 198View FIGURES 190 – 198). As a consequence, likely IUCN Red List Category is LC. Found in litter.

ZMUH

Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

NEW

University of Newcastle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Pungalina

Loc

Pungalina semiatra ( L. Koch, 1879 )

Richardson, Barry J. 2016
2016
Loc

Clynotis semiater

Zabka 1987: 442
Simon 1901: 611
1901