Pungalina plurilineata, Richardson, Barry J., 2016

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 543-546

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4114.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F950473-E021-4704-9DA7-9AA9A259C5C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFD9-E605-FF59-897EE1B4FCEA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pungalina plurilineata
status

sp. nov.

Pungalina plurilineata  sp. nov.

Figs 167–181View FIGURES 167 – 174View FIGURES 175 – 181

Type Material examined. Holotype: M, Wangi Point Reserve, Ridge Track, New South Wales, Australia, 14.60 °E, 33.08 °S, 23 Mar. 2012 (AMS KS 118337View Materials); Paratype: 1 F, as for the holotype (same vial).

Other Material examined. AUSTRALIA: QUEENSLAND: 1 M, 2 km WSW of Cape Tribulation, 145.45 °E, 16.08 °S, Sep. 1996, J. Seymour ( ANIC 42 000073); 1 M, Cape Tribulation, 145.45 °E, 16.13 °S, 14 Jul. 1993, R. Kitching ( ANIC 42 001575); 1 M, Cape Tribulation Road, Daintree National Park, 145.43 °E, 16.25 °S, 20 May 2000, G. Milledge & H. Smith (AM KS 57887); 1 M, Windsor Tableland, 28 km NNW of Mount Carbine, 145.23 °E, 16.30 °S, 15 Apr. 1982, Monteith, Yeates & Cook (QM S 25546View Materials); 1 M, Mount Lewis, 11.3 km along Mount Lewis Road, 145.27 °E, 16.59 °S, 30 Apr. 1998, G.A. Milledge (AM KS 52190); 1 M, Crystal Cascades, 145.68 °E, 16.93 °S, Dec. 1982, R.R. Jackson (QM S 96117View Materials); 1 M, Mission Beach, 146.07 °E, 17.87 °S, 3 Jun. 1996, M. Cermak ( ANIC 42 001569); 1 M, Townsville, 146.08 °E, 19.23 °S (AMS KS 34904); 1 M, Pine Islet, Percy Island Group, 150.22 °E, 21.67 °S, Dec. 1982, P. Sutton (QM S 96186View Materials); 1 M, Percy Island, 150.33 °E, 21.70 °S, White (QM S 3579); 1 M, Kroombit Tops, Lower Kroombit Creek, 45 km SSW of Calliope, 151.03 °E, 24.35 °S, 9 Dec. 1983, V. Davies & J. Gallon (QM S 5780); 1 M, as above (QM S 4610); 1 M, Kroombit Tops (Three Moon Creek), 151.02 °E, 24.45 °S, 9 Dec. 1983, V. Davies & J. Gallon (QM S 96182View Materials); 1 M, Gold Creek Reservoir, Brookfield, 152.88 °E, 27.47 °S, V. Davies & R. Raven (QM S 96183View Materials); 1 M, Roedean Street, Fig Tree Pocket, Brisbane, 152.97 °E, 27.53 °S, Apr. 1988, V. Davies (QM S 96188View Materials); 1 M, as above, 7 Dec. 1977 (QM S 96187View Materials); 1 M, as above, 23 Oct. 1977 (QM S 96185View Materials); 1 M, as above, 14 Jan. 1989 (QM S 96190View Materials); 1 M, as above, Jan. 1992 (QM S 91119View Materials); 1 imm., as above, 30 May 1983 (QM S 3597); 1 M, as above, Dec. 1985 (QM S 96181View Materials); 1 M, Griffith University, 153.05 °E, 27.55 °S, 31 May 1986, J. Rienks (QM S 4607); NEW SOUTH WALES: 1 F, Coolah Tops National Park, Grass Tree Track, 150.00°E, 31.73 °S, 8 Nov. 2001, M. Gray, G. Milledge & H. Smith (AMS KS 75120); 1 M, Olney State Forest, Mount Faulk Road, 151.45 °E, 33.01 °S, 21 Mar. 2012, G.A. Milledge & H.M. Smith (AMS KS 118260View Materials); 1 M, Wyrrabalong National Park, Tuggerah Beach Trail, 151.53 °E, 33.30 °S, 19 Mar. 2012, G.A. Milledge & H.M. Smith (AMS KS 118133View Materials); 1 M, Gosford, 151.35 °E, 33.43 °S, 24 Dec. 1992, G.A. Milledge ( MVMA BJR 1371); 1 M, Mount Colah, Heaney Close, 151.12 °E, 33.67 °S, 1 Jan. 2013, H.M. Smith (AMS KS 119669View Materials); 1 M, Beecroft, 151.07 °E, 33.75 °S, 14 Nov. 1994, J. Noble (AMS KS 56520); 1 M, Beecroft, as above, 26 Oct. 1993 (AMS KS 56437); 1 F, Pymble, 151.13 °E, 33.75 °S, 1 Feb. 1997, P. Jinks (AMS KS 53427); 1 M, 1 F, Royal National Park, Sydney, 151.07 °E, 34.13 °S, 24 Mar. 1988, M. Żabka (AMS KS 64904); 1 M, Wagga Wagga, 147.38 °E, 35.10 °S, Apr. 2001, A.W. McCarthy ( ANIC 42 001411); VICTORIA: 1 M, Cape Conran, Coast Park, 148.73 °E, 37.78 °S, 12 Jan. 2005, C. Lambkin & N. Starick ( ANIC 42 001425).

Etymology. The name reflects the pattern of lateral lines found on the abdomen. To be treated as a Latin adjective.

Remarks. Commonly confused with Apricia longipalpis  and A. jovialis  in collections. The drawings of the male palp of A. jovialis in Davies & Żabka (1989)  are of this species.

Diagnosis. The females ( Figs 171–174View FIGURES 167 – 174, 178– 180View FIGURES 175 – 181) can be separated from P. semiatra  by the distal rather than lateral direction taken by the insemination ducts and the possession of large rather than small atria. It can be separated from P. albobarbata L. Koch  by the larger fertilization ducts and the median rather than lateral guides. The males ( Figs 175–177View FIGURES 175 – 181) can be separated from the other two species by the shapes and sizes of the proximal lobes on the tegula and the different shapes of the tibial apophyses and emboli.

Description. Male: Holotype. Cephalothorax ( Figs 167, 168View FIGURES 167 – 174) dark brown with scattered pennate white hairs over anterior dorsal surface. Surrounds of ALE, PME and PLE, black. Clypeus ( Figs 169, 170View FIGURES 167 – 174) narrow, with a thin fringe of dark hairs. Area immediately ventral to the clypeus and dorsal to the chelicerae bright white. Chelicerae straight, dark brown with a single small promarginal tooth and a small, unident retromarginal tooth. Endites, labium and sternum dark brown. Dorsal abdomen dark brown with a fine lacy pattern of black markings and a distinct pattern of bright yellow chevrons and lateral stripes. Spinnerets dark brown with yellow tips. Ventral abdomen black with four longitudinal rows of small yellow dots. L 1 dark brown, except for patella, which is bright yellow and more robust and larger than other legs, without fringing. Remaining legs dark brown with bright yellow trochanters, coxae and tarsi. Palp ( Figs 175–177View FIGURES 175 – 181): Palps mid brown, cymbium with yellow tip. Tibia with thick apophysis tapering in the distal half to a twisted point. Tegulum bulging and twisted with a large posterior lobe. The sperm duct forms a half circle along the distal and anterior edge of the tegulum. The short embolus is placed on a large broad base on the distal edge of the tegulum. Dimensions: CL 2.79, EFL 1.05, CW 2.04, AEW 1.73, AMEW 1.18, PEW 1.67, AL 3.28, P 1 +T 1 2.60, L 1 5.82 (1.85 + 1.11 + 1.49 + 0.80 + 0.56), L 2 4.33 (1.26 + 0.87 + 0.93 + 0.68 + 0.50), L 3 4.15 (1.49 + 0.68 + 0.74 + 0.80 + 0.43), L 4 5.02 (1.42 + 0.87 + 1.18 + 1.05 + 0.50).

Female: Paratype. As for male ( Figs 171 –174View FIGURES 167 – 174), except L 1 not as strongly developed and the patella is dark brown rather than bright yellow. Epigyne ( Figs 178–180View FIGURES 175 – 181): consisting of a pair of posterior facing anterior atria with lightly sclerotised margins and a large median pocket opening from the epigastric fold. Copulatory openings near the atria but indistinct. Long insemination ducts pass posteriorly until joining the anterior edge of the spermathecae. No glands or diverticula seen. Spermathecae simple rounded chambers lying close to the epigastric fold on either side of the median pocket. Fertilization ducts on the median sides of the spermathecae. Dimensions: CL 3.10, EFL 1.18, CW 2.17, AEW 1.86, AMEW 1.24, PEW 1.80, AL 3.72, P 1 +T 1 2.29, L 1 5.51 (1.86 + 1.18 + 1.24 + 0.68 + 0.56), L 2 4.52 (1.61 + 0.93 + 0.87 + 0.62 + 0.50), L 3 4.09 (1.30 + 0.81 + 0.62 + 0.87 + 0.50), L 4 5.63 (1.80 + 0.93 + 1.23 + 1.11 + 0.56).

Distribution and biology. Widespread across eastern Australia in a wide range of localities including reserves ( Fig. 181View FIGURES 175 – 181). As a consequence, likely IUCN Red List Category LC. Predicted to be found in the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and, marginally, in South Australia but no specimens known from these states. Found in leaf litter, under bark and on foliage in habitats ranging from tropical and temperate forests to woodland. May be found in houses and gardens.

ANIC

Australian National Insect Collection

NEW

University of Newcastle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Pungalina