Trite concinna Rainbow 1920, Rainbow, 1920

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 553-556

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4114.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F950473-E021-4704-9DA7-9AA9A259C5C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFC7-E61F-FF59-8C93E31CFE0C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Trite concinna Rainbow 1920
status

 

Trite concinna Rainbow 1920  

Figs 215–229 View FIGURES 215 – 222 View FIGURES 223 – 229

Trite concinna Rainbow 1920: 267   , pl. 31, figs 114–119 (Part).

Type material. Lectotype, here designated: AUSTRALIA, 1 F, Lord Howe Island, 159.03 °E, 31.50 °S, Dec. 1915, A.M. Lea (AMS KS 6762); Paralectotypes: 1 M, 1 imm., Lord Howe Island, 159.03 °E, 31.50 °S, Dec. 1915, A.M. Lea (AMS KS 121958 View Materials , ex KS 6762); 1 M, 1 imm., Lord Howe Island, 159.03 °E, 31.50 °S, Dec. 1915, A.M. Lea ( SAM NN 299, 300); 11 badly damaged specimens, Norfolk Island, 168 °E, 29.08 °S, Dec. 1915, A.M. Lea ( SAM NN 28317).

Remarks. The syntype series from Lord Howe Island includes two species from different genera. One specimen from the series belongs in the genus Trite   and is the specimen illustrated ( Figs 115, 116 View FIGURES 110 – 116 ) in Rainbow (1920). Accordingly, a female specimen (now registered as KS 6762) is here designated as the lectotype of Trite concinna   with the remainder of the syntype series (now AM KS 121958 View Materials and KS 121959 View Materials plus SAM N 1981360) transferred to a new genus and species, Ancepitilobus howensis   (see above). A male specimen of T. concinna   , collected from Lord Howe Island at a later date was also available for study.

Rainbow (1920) also reported that T. concinna   is found on Norfolk Island. A series of specimens ( SAM NN 28317) were syntypes, now paralectotypes, of this species while further specimens (AMS KS 22281, ex SAM, identified as Trite concinna   from Norfolk Island), also presumably a syntype, is of yet another unknown genus.

A third, more common species in the AM collection from Lord Howe Island is also labelled as T. concinna   but these specimens are not part of the syntype series. This species is three times the size of the above species and is described here as Trite grayi   .

Diagnosis. A small species (4.7mm; Figs 215–222 View FIGURES 215 – 222 ) compared to T. grayi   (11mm). The genitalia have a generally similar form in T. concinna   and T. grayi   . In the female ( Figs 228 – 228 View FIGURES 223 – 229 ), T. concinna   , unlike T. grayi   , there are narrow rather than broad insemination ducts and copulatory openings and a distinct diverticulum on the ventral surface of each spermatheca. In the male, the endites have very distinct winged shapes in T. concinna   ( Fig. 217 View FIGURES 215 – 222 ) and are rounded in T. grayi   Fig. 232 View FIGURES 230 – 237 ). The tegulum ( Figs 223–225 View FIGURES 223 – 229 ) is greatly enlarged ventrally and there is no proximal lobe, unlike T. grayi   .

Description. Male: Cephalothorax ( Figs 215, 216 View FIGURES 215 – 222 ) mid orange with scattered pennate grey hairs over anterior dorsal surface and sides. Surrounds of ALE, PME and PLE, black with scattered grey hairs. Carapace low and flat, eye-field much narrower than the cephalothorax. Fovea placed towards the back of the carapace. Clypeus narrow ( Fig. 217, 218 View FIGURES 215 – 222 ), with sparse grey hairs. Chelicerae straight, tan with a scattering of small darker patches and a corrugated surface. One promarginal tooth and one medium sized, strongly asymmetrical unident (or fissident) retromarginal tooth. Endites, sternum and labium brown. Endites with a distinctive winged shape terminating in pointed protrusions ( Fig. 217 View FIGURES 215 – 222 ). Sternum brown. Dorsal abdomen round and yellow with a faint pattern of darker markings. Spinnerets yellow. Ventral abdomen yellow. L 1 brown, more robust and larger than other legs, without fringes on patella and tibia. Remaining legs yellow. Palp ( Figs 223–225 View FIGURES 223 – 229 ): brown, tibia with a ‘y’-shaped apophysis. The ventral arm of which is short, broad and blunt, while the dorsal arm is longer, also broad, but with a rounded and twisted end. The long embolus begins midway down the posterior edge of the tegulum and bends in a slight clockwise direction over an anterior lobe edged with the seminal duct. The tegulum has a proximal lobe and markedly projecting face. Dimensions: lectotype, CL 2.35, EFL 0.87, CW 1.61, AEW 1.21, AMEW 0.99, PEW 1.24, AL 2.41, P 1 +T 1 1.86, L 1 4.02 (1.24 + 0.93 + 0.80 + 0.62 + 0.43), L 2 3.65 (1.18 + 0.68 + 0.68 + 0.62 + 0.50), L 3 3.65 (1.18 + 0.62 + 0.68 + 0.74 + 0.43), L 4 3.68 (0.87 + 0.62 + 0.93 + 0.80 + 0.46).

Female: Lectotype. As for male except the retromarginal tooth is clearly fissident and the endites are more rounded and grades from brown to cream on the proximal edge ( Figs 219–222 View FIGURES 215 – 222 ). L 4 longer than L 1. Epigyne ( Figs 226–228 View FIGURES 223 – 229 ): The anterior copulatory openings face the median line and lead from faint curving posterior-directed guides. A simple insemination duct passes backwards and enters the anterior median edge of the spermatheca. No gland could be seen on the insemination duct. The spermatheca is partially divided into two sections with the fertilization duct exiting from the dorsal medial edge of the second section. There is a gland or diverticulum apparent externally on the ventral surface of the first chamber. Dimensions: CL 2.04, EFL 0.90, CW 1.49, AEW 1.24, AMEW 0.74, PEW 1.24, AL 2.72, P 1 +T 1 1.24, L 1 3.22 (0.93 + 0.68 + 0.74 + 0.50 + 0.37), L 2 3.03 (0.87 + 0.56 + 0.68 + 0.560 + 0.37), L 3 2.91 (0.87 + 0.56 + 0.68 + 0.50 + 0.31), L 4 4.33 (1.30 + 0.62 + 0.93 + 0.87 + 0.62).

Distribution and biology. Found in palm bracts on Lord Howe Island, an Australian island 700 km north-east of Sydney in the Tasman Sea, also Norfolk Island ( Fig. 229 View FIGURES 223 – 229 ). The genus is otherwise unknown from Australia and its nearest relatives are likely to be found in New Caledonia.

SAM

South African Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Trite

Loc

Trite concinna Rainbow 1920

Richardson, Barry J. 2016
2016
Loc

Trite concinna

Rainbow 1920: 267
1920