Afrotyphlops fornasinii (Bianconi)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van, 2009, 2255, Zootaxa 2255, pp. 1-100: 27-29

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E3D17B-FFE4-126C-44D4-ECDF95F4FDDE

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Afrotyphlops fornasinii (Bianconi)
status

 

Afrotyphlops fornasinii (Bianconi)  

( Fig. 4A)

Fornasini’s dwarf blind-snake

Typhlops fornasini Bianconi, 1849a: 107   (incorrect original spelling). Type locality: “ Mozambico ” [= Mozambique], collected by C. Fornasini   , holotype MBI; Bianconi, 1849b: 203; Bocage, 1895: 64, 1896a: 99; Branch 1986: 285; Wallach, 1993b: 33; Frank & Ramus, 1995: 253; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Typhlops fornasinii Bianconi, 1850a: 183   , pl. 6, fig. 1, 1850b in 1850–1870: 13, pl. 3, fig. 1; Jan, 1863: 12, 1864: 17; Jan & Sordelli, 1864c: 4, pl. 5, fig. 5, pl. 6, fig. 5; Peters, 1882: 94, pl. 15, fig. 3; Boulenger, 1893: 38, 1910: 497; FitzSimons, F., 1912 & 1919: 52; Werner, 1921: 313; Schmidt, 1923: 33; Barbour & Loveridge, 1929: 357; Rose, 1950: 252, 1955: 74, 1962: 320; Brynard & Pienaar, 1960: 31; FitzSimons, V., 1962: 65, fig. 4, 1966a: 37, 1970 & 1974: 65, 1978: 55; Isemonger, 1968: 81, 1983: 84; Laurent, 1964: 421, 1968: 1; Broadley, 1973: 20, 1978: 29, 1983: 40, fig. 4, 1998c: 385, 1990a: 40 & 377, fig. 4, 1990b: 485; 1992: 543; Roux-Estève, 1974: 146, figs. 13.23 & 97, 1975a: 492, fig. 30; Broadley & Cock, 1975: 101; Bruton & Haacke, 1975: 26, 1980: 262; Bourquin, 1977: 46, 1989: 20; Hahn, 1977: 37, 1980: 58; Poynton & Broadley, 1978: 941; Broadley & Blake, 1979: 10; Welch, 1982: 128, 1994: 67; Hughes, 1983: 354; Haagner & Els, 1986: 20; Branch, 1986: 290, 1988a & 1994: 47, pl. 40, 1988b: 11, 1998: 54, pl. 40; Marais, 1992: 178, 3 figs., 286, 2 figs.; Meirte, 1992: 22; Wallach, 1993a: 217, 1993b: 33, 1998a: 183, 1998b: 370; Haagner, 1994: 34; Broadley & Kalk, 1995: 322; Mattison, 1999: 147; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102; Webb et al., 2001: 559; Murphy, 2003: 552; Brogard, 2005: 115; Schneider et al., 2005: 116; Alexan- der & Marais, 2007: 52, 2 figs.; Maritz & Alexander, 2009: 6.

Onychocephalus mossambicus Peters, 1854   , Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1854(11): 621. Type locality: “Insulae Mossambique et Anjoana” [= Mozambique Island and Nzwani, Comoro Islands], syntypes MCZ 21007 View Materials (formerly ZMB 3948), ZMB 3949–50, 63441 (formerly ZMB 3949), collected by W.C.H. Peters, June 1843 – March 1847 (Anjoana syntype presumably lost fide Bauer et al., 2002: 161   ); Peters, 1855: 50, 1882: 93, pl. 15, fig. 2; Lichtenstein, 1856: 21; Günther, 1866: 25; Barbour & Loveridge, 1929: 310; Fitz- Simons, V., 1962, 66, 1966a: 38; Roux-Estève, 1974: 146; Hahn, 1980: 58; Bauer et al., 1995: 78, 2002: 161; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Onychocephalus trilobus Peters, 1854   , Ber. Bekanntmach. Geeignet. Verhandl. Königl.-Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1854(11): 621. Type locality: “Lourenzo-Marques, Inhambane ” [= Maputo and Inhambane, Mozambique], syntypes MCZ 21006 View Materials (formerly ZMB 3917), ZMB 3915–16, collected by W.C.H. Peters, July–November 1846; Peters, 1855: 50, 1860: 80; Lichtenstein, 1856: 21; Barbour & Loveridge, 1929: 310; FitzSimons, V., 1962, 65, 1966a: 37; Roux- Estève, 1974: 146; Hahn, 1980: 58; Bauer et al., 1995: 78, 2002: 162; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Ophtalmidion (sic) mossambicus Jan, 1857: 43   .

Onychocephalus tettensis Peters, 1860   , Mber. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860(2): 80. Type locality: “Mossambique, Tette” [= Tete, Mozambique], holotype ZMB 3944, collected by W.C.H. Peters, December 1844 – September 1845; Peters, 1882: 92, pl. 15, fig. 1; Roux-Estève, 1974: 146; Hahn, 1980: 58; Bauer et al., 1995: 78, 2002: 162; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) bianconii Jan & Sordelli, 1860: 1   , pl. 5, fig. 3, pl. 6, fig. 3. Type locality: “Mosambique,” by restriction of type locality by Jan, 1863: 13, holotype MZUT fide Jan, 1864: 23   (contra MSNM fide Jan & Sordelli, 1860: 1   ); Jan, 1863: 13, 1864: 23; Hahn, 1980: 58; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Typhlops (Typhlops) fornasinii   — Jan, 1863: 12; Hahn, 1980: 58.

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) mossambicus   — Jan, 1863: 13; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Typhlops bianconii   — Jan, 1863: 13; Roux-Estève, 1974: 146.

Typhlops mossambicus   — Jan & Sordelli, 1864c: 4, pl. 5, fig. 3, pl. 6, fig. 3; Jan, 1864: 22; Peters, 1882: 93, pl. 15, fig. 2; Boulenger, 1887:174, 1893: 41, 1908a: 227, 1910: 498, 1915b: 615; Bocage, 1896a: 99; Sclater, 1898: 97; Gough, 1908: 18; FitzSimons, F., 1910: 26, 1912 & 1919: 52; Sternfeld, 1908b: 242; Werner, 1921: 314; Schmidt, 1923: 33; Loveridge, 1924: 3; Essex, 1927: 925, figs. 77–78; Barbour & Loveridge, 1929: 357; Pitman, 1938 & 1974: pl. 1, fig. 1; Rose, 1950: 252, 1955: 74, 1962: 320; Brynard & Pienaar, 1960: 31; FitzSimons, V., 1962: 66, fig. 5, 1966a: 38, 1970 & 1974: 66, 1978: 56; Isemonger, 1962: 93, 1968: 83, 1983: 87; Laurent, 1964: 421; Pooley, 1965: 47; Hahn, 1977: 35, 1980: 58; Welch, 1982: 128; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Typhlops tettensis   — Peters 1882: 92, pl. 15, fig. 1; Boulenger, 1915b: 615; Werner, 1921: 314; Schmidt, 1923: 33; Broadley, 1961: 3; Hahn, 1980: 58; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102; Brogard, 2005: 116.

Typhlops trilobus   — Peters 1882, pl. 15, fig. 3.

Typhlops tetensis   (sic)— Bocage, 1896a: 99.

Typhlops mossombicus   (sic)— Werner, 1921: 336; Hahn, 1980: 58; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 102.

Typhlops bianconi   — FitzSimons, V., 1966a: 38.

Rhinotyphlops fornasinii   — Broadley & Wallach, 2000: 167.

Description. Snout rounded, prominent. Rostral broad and slightly pointed behind; frontal small, subhexagonal; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex between preocular and ocular; eye beneath or slightly behind the anterior border of the ocular; nasal often completely divided, the nasal sulcus arising from the first labial; SIP T-II-O (N2, P/O, O, O); MSR 22–26, reduction A/B 0 to 2, B/C 0–4; MD 232–286 (mean 260.7, n = 35); vertebrae 144–160 (mean 154.3, n = 24); MD/V ratio 1.52–1.77 (mean 1.69, n = 23); L/D ratio 28–45 (mean 33.6, n = 28). Dark grey to black, with irregular yellowish patches below, especially on throat and cloacal region. Largest specimen ( PEM 12121 View Materials —Shangwane, Zululand, South Africa) has a total length of 185 mm.

Distribution. Coastal Mozambique and its offshore islands, extending into southeastern Zimbabwe and northern KwaZulu-Natal, NSL- 65 m ( Fig. 14).

Localities. MOZAMBIQUE. No precise locality MNHN 178 View Materials , 3213 View Materials   ; Bazaruto Island NMZB 10002 View Materials , 11444 View Materials   ; Benguerua Island NMZB 11395–97 View Materials   ; Inhaca Island NMZB-UM 2301   ; Inhambane MCZ 21006 View Materials (syntype of Onychocepphalus trilobus Peters   )   ; Inharrime NMZB-UM 25586   ; Lourenco-Marques MCZ 41947 View Materials   ; Magaruque Island NMZB 10012 View Materials   ; Maputo NMZB 11931–32 View Materials   ; TMP 4829 View Materials , 4831–35 View Materials , 4841 View Materials , 4843–47 View Materials , 4849–50 View Materials   ; ZMB 3915–16 View Materials   ; Matola CZL 1 View Materials   ; Mauele CZL 1157–59 View Materials   ; Maxixe SAM 44553 View Materials   ; Mozambique Island MCZ 21007 View Materials (syntype of Onychocephalus mossambicus Peters   )   , ZMB 3949 View Materials (2)   , 3950 (syntypes of Onychocephalus mossambicus Peters   ); Tete (?) ZMB 3944 View Materials   ; Vundiça TMP 29461 View Materials   . ZIMBABWE. Malugwe Pan, Gonarezhou National Park NMZB-UM 12329   . SOUTH AFRICA (Kwazulu-Natal). Mseleni TMP 4830 View Materials , 4836–38 View Materials , 4848 View Materials   ; Shangwane, Tembe Elephant Park PEM 12119 View Materials –21 View Materials , 12123 View Materials , 12173–77 View Materials   ; Sibaya Research Station TMP 46022 View Materials   ; Sodwara Bay Park TMP 46001 View Materials   .

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

SAM

South African Museum

TMP

Transvaal Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Typhlopidae

Genus

Afrotyphlops

Loc

Afrotyphlops fornasinii (Bianconi)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van 2009
2009
Loc

Rhinotyphlops fornasinii

Broadley, D. G. & Wallach, V. 2000: 167
2000
Loc

Typhlops mossombicus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Werner, F. 1921: 336
1921
Loc

Typhlops tetensis

Bocage, J. V. 1896: 99
1896
Loc

Onychocephalus tettensis

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Bauer, A. M. & Gunther, R. & Klipfel, M. 1995: 78
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 146
Peters, W. C. H. 1882: 92
1882
Loc

Typhlops tettensis

Brogard, J. 2005: 116
McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Broadley, D. G. 1961: 3
Schmidt, K. P. 1923: 33
Werner, F. 1921: 314
Boulenger, G. A. 1915: 615
Peters, W. C. H. 1882: 92
1882
Loc

Typhlops mossambicus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Isemonger, R. M. 1983: 87
Welch, K. R. G. 1982: 128
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 35
Isemonger, R. M. 1968: 83
Pooley, A. C. 1965: 47
Rose, W. 1962: 320
Isemonger, R. M. 1962: 93
Brynard, A. M. & Pienaar, U. de V. 1960: 31
Rose, W. 1955: 74
Rose, W. 1950: 252
Barbour, T. & Loveridge, A. 1929: 357
Essex, R. 1927: 925
Loveridge, A. 1924: 3
Schmidt, K. P. 1923: 33
Werner, F. 1921: 314
Boulenger, G. A. 1915: 615
Boulenger, G. A. 1910: 498
Boulenger, G. A. 1908: 227
Gough, L. H. 1908: 18
Sternfeld, R. 1908: 242
Sclater, W. L. 1898: 97
Bocage, J. V. 1896: 99
Boulenger, G. A. 1893: 41
Boulenger, G. A. 1887: 174
Peters, W. C. H. 1882: 93
Jan, G. & Sordelli, F. 1864: 4
1864
Loc

Typhlops (Typhlops) fornasinii

Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Jan, G. 1863: 12
1863
Loc

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) mossambicus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Jan, G. 1863: 13
1863
Loc

Typhlops bianconii

Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 146
Jan, G. 1863: 13
1863
Loc

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) bianconii

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Jan, G. 1863: 13
Jan, G. 1863: 13
Jan, G. & Sordelli, F. 1860: 1
Jan, G. & Sordelli, F. 1860: 1
1860
Loc

Ophtalmidion (sic) mossambicus

Jan, G. 1857: 43
1857
Loc

Onychocephalus mossambicus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Bauer, A. M. & Gunther, R. & Klipfel, M. 1995: 78
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 146
Barbour, T. & Loveridge, A. 1929: 310
Peters, W. C. H. 1882: 93
Gunther, A. C. L. G. 1866: 25
Lichtenstein, H. 1856: 21
Peters, W. C. H. 1855: 50
1855
Loc

Onychocephalus trilobus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Bauer, A. M. & Gunther, R. & Klipfel, M. 1995: 78
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Barbour, T. & Loveridge, A. 1929: 310
Peters, W. C. H. 1860: 80
Lichtenstein, H. 1856: 21
Peters, W. C. H. 1855: 50
1855
Loc

Typhlops fornasinii

Maritz, B. & Alexander, G. J. 2009: 6
Marais, J. 2007: 52
Brogard, J. 2005: 115
Schneider, M. F. & Buramuge, V. A. & Aliasse, L. & Serfontein, F. 2005: 116
Murphy, J. B. 2003: 552
Webb, J. K. & Branch, W. R. & Shine, R. 2001: 559
Mattison, C. 1999: 147
McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Wallach, V. 1998: 183
Wallach, V. 1998: 370
Broadley, D. G. & Kalk, M. 1995: 322
Welch, K. R. G. 1994: 67
Branch, W. R. 1994: 47
Haagner, G. V. 1994: 34
Wallach, V. 1993: 217
Wallach, V. 1993: 33
Marais, J. 1992: 178
Meirte, D. 1992: 22
Bourquin, O. 1989: 20
Haagner, G. V. & Els, R. A. 1986: 20
Branch, W. R. 1986: 290
Isemonger, R. M. 1983: 84
Hughes, B. 1983: 354
Welch, K. R. G. 1982: 128
Bruton, M. N. & Haacke, W. D. 1980: 262
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 58
Broadley, D. G. & Blake, D. K. 1979: 10
Poynton, J. C. & Broadley, D. G. 1978: 941
Bourquin, O. 1977: 46
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 37
Broadley, D. G. & Cock, E. V. 1975: 101
Bruton, M. N. & Haacke, W. D. 1975: 26
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 146
Broadley, D. G. 1973: 20
Isemonger, R. M. 1968: 81
Rose, W. 1962: 320
Brynard, A. M. & Pienaar, U. de V. 1960: 31
Rose, W. 1955: 74
Rose, W. 1950: 252
Barbour, T. & Loveridge, A. 1929: 357
Schmidt, K. P. 1923: 33
Werner, F. 1921: 313
Boulenger, G. A. 1910: 497
Boulenger, G. A. 1893: 38
Peters, W. C. H. 1882: 94
Jan, G. & Sordelli, F. 1864: 4
Jan, G. 1863: 12
Bianconi, J. J. 1850: 183
1850
Loc

Typhlops fornasini

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 102
Frank, N. & Ramus, E. 1995: 253
Wallach, V. 1993: 33
Branch, W. R. 1986: 285
Bocage, J. V. 1896: 99
Bocage, J. V. 1895: 64
Bianconi, J. J. 1849: 107
Bianconi, J. J. 1849: 203
1849