Afrotyphlops lineolatus (Jan)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van, 2009, 2255, Zootaxa 2255, pp. 1-100: 39-40

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E3D17B-FFD8-1258-44D4-E90D978EFAFE

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Afrotyphlops lineolatus (Jan)
status

 

Afrotyphlops lineolatus (Jan)  

( Fig. 7A)

Lineolate blind-snake

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) lineolatus Jan, 1863: 13   . (nomen nudum)

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) lineolatus Jan, 1864   , Icon. Gén. Ophid. I Typhl.: 24. Type locality: “ Sierra Leone,” holotype ZMUU 725, collected by A. Afzel (late 18 th –early-19 th century; lost fide Hahn, 1980: 62   ); McDiarmid et al., 1999: 107.

Typhlops lineolatus   — Jan & Sordelli, 1865: 5, pl. 1, fig. 4; Günther, 1866: 24; Pitman 1938: 44, 1974: 61, pl. 1, fig. 3, pl. U, fig. 1; Roux-Estève, 1970: 2186, fig. 2, 1974: 80, fig. 13.18, 1975a: 492, fig. 30; Hahn, 1977: 37, 1980: 62; Largen, 1978: 48 (part), fig. 1; Hughes, 1983: 354; Lanza, 1983: 219, 1990: 430; Obst et al., 1984: 439, 2 figs., 1988: 774, 2 figs.; Meirte, 1992: 22, 23; Largen & Rasmussen, 1993: 323 (part); Wallach, 1993a: 217, 1994: 215, 1998a: 3, 1998b: 399; Frank & Ramus, 1995: 253; Broadley, 1998b: xii; Mattison, 1999: 147; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 107;? Kley, 2001: 1323, fig. 4; Lee & Scanlon, 2002: 400; Spawls et al., 2002: 290, fig., 2006: 90, fig.; Kley, 2003: 379, 2003: 379; Murphy, 2003: 552; Largen & Parker, 2004: 37; Brogard, 2005: 115; Lötters et al., 2007: 75, pl. 11; Conrad, 2008: 181; Cundall & Irish, 2008: 600.

Onychocepahlus lineolatus   — Bocage, 1873: 250.

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) eschrichtii lineolata   — Peters, 1877: 614.

Typhlops punctatus   — (not Leach) Boulenger, 1893: 42 (part); Ferreira, 1906: 167; Sternfeld, 1908a: 239 (part, Galena River at Lake Abaya); Werner, 1921: 315 (part); Schmidt, K., 1923: 45, pl. 1, fig. 1; Zavattari, 1930: 190; Curran & Kauffeld, 1937: fig. 49; Monard, 1937: 104; Fitch, 1970: 121; Porter, 1972: 406; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 107 (part).

Typhlops boulengeri Bocage, 1893   , Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. (2) 3(10): 117. Type locality: “Quindumbo, dans l’intérieur de Benguella, Angola,” lectotype by present designation BMNH 1946.1.11.18 (formerly BMNH 1893.12.27.12) [MBL 1888 destroyed by fire 18 March 1978], collected by J. d’Anchieta; Bocage, 1895: 64, 1897: 198; Boulenger, 1896: 586, 1915a: 196; Ferreira, 1900: 50, 1906: 167; Werner, 1921: 312; Schmidt, 1923: 33; Monard, 1937: 103; Witte, 1953: 138, fig. 28, 1962: 40, 1966: 37 (part); Laurent, 1954b: 292, 1956a: 68, 366, figs. 7–8, pl. 8, fig. 3, 1956b: 282, 1960a: 18, 1960b: 439, 1964a: 89, 1965: 14; Curry-Lindahl, 1956: 41; Bourgeois, 1961: 331, 1964: 70; Thys van den Audenaerde, 1965: 369; Bourgeois, 1968: 277; Hahn, 1977: 37, 1980: 62; Derleyn et al., 1983: 771; Wallach, 1993a: 216, fig. 1B; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 93.

Typhlops punctatus lineolata   — Bocage, 1895: 66.

Typhlops punctatus lineolatus   — Bocage, 1895: xvii, 1896b: 112; Ferreira, 1903: 9.

Typhlops bocagei Ferreira, 1905   , Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisbon, (2) 7(26), 114. Type locality: “Cabicula, Bom Jesus (margens do Quanza)” [= Angola], syntypes (2) MBL (destroyed July 1943 during WW II), collected by Newton, 1903; Werner, 1921: 316; Monard, 1937: 103; Hahn, 1977: 37, 1980: 62; Roux-Estève, 1974: 80; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 107.

Typhlops tornieri Sternfeld, 1910b   , Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 5(1): 69. Type locality: “Kilima-Ndjaro, Deutsch-Ostafrika ” [= Kilimandjaro Mountain, Tanzania], syntypes ZMB 20722 View Materials –23, collected by Dr. Eggel; Sternfeld, 1910c: 11; Boulenger, 1915b: 615; Werner, 1921: 309; Schmidt, 1923: 33; Loveridge, 1924: 3, 1933: 199; Werner, 1929: 176; Roux-Estève, 1974: 80; Hahn, 1977: 37, 1980: 62; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 93; Bauer et al., 2002: 165.

Typhlops bocagii   (sic) — Boulenger, 1915b: 615, 1920: 271; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 108.

Typhlops punctatus punctatus   — (not Leach) Loveridge, 1929a: 16; 1933: 213; 1936b: 225; 1942: 255, 1945: 2, 1946: 6, fig. 4, 1956a: 41, 1957b: 241; Mertens, 1937: 11; Uthmöller, 1937: 100, 1941a, 26, 1941b: 227 (Kilimandjaro); Pitman, 1938: 44, pl. 1, fig. 3, pl. U, fig. 1; Laurent, 1950: 7, 1954a: 37, 1964a: 89; Witte, 1953: 139, 1966: 36; Hellmich, 1957: 70; Robertson et al., 1962: 426 (Rukwa).

Typhlops angolensis boulengeri   — (not Bocage) Laurent, 1964b: 392.

Typhlops boulengeri boulengeri   — (not Bocage) Laurent, 1964b: 414; Guibé in Pitman, 1974: 59; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 93.

Typhlops lineolatus lineolatus   — Roux-Estève, 1974: 80, 90, 124, figs. 13.18 & 54; Largen, 1978: 51; Poynton & Broadley, 1978: 930; Spawls, 1978: 2; Hahn, 1980: 62; Rodgers & Homewood, 1982: 238; Welch, 1982: 129, 1994: 71; Pakenham, 1983: 32; Broadley, 1991: 525; Broadley & Howell, 1991: 21; Rasmussen, 1991: 181, fig. 2; Simbotwe & Mubamba, 1993: 76; Broadley, 1998a: 38; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 108.

Typhlops boulengerii   — Roux-Estève, 1974: 80; Largen, 1978: 48.

Typhlops eschrichtii   —(not Schlegel) Largen, 1978: 48.

Typhlops angolensis blanfordi   — Hahn, 1980: 62; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 108.

Typhlops lineolatus tanganicanus   — Hahn, 1980: 62 (part).

Typhlops schmidti schmidti   — Hahn, 1980: 62.

Typhlops lincelatus   (sic)— Chifundera, 1990: 141.

Rhinotyphlops lineolatus   — Broadley & Wallach, 2000: 167; Broadley & Cotterill, 2004: 44.

Description. Snout rounded, prominent. Rostral broad, three-quarters the width of the head, truncated posteriorly; frontal subtrapezoidal; supraocular oblique, its lateral apex between nasal and preocular (rarely between preocular and ocular); eye usually behind the posterior border of the preocular; nasal suture arising from the first labial; SIP usually T-X (P, P, O, O), sometimes II-O, very rarely I-P; MSR 26 to 30, reduction A/B +2 to 2, B/C 2 to 6; MD 323–505 (mean 379.1, n = 169); vertebrae 185–225 (mean 201.2, n = 82); MD/V ratio 1.67–2.05 (mean 1.87, n = 82); L/D ratio 21–47 (mean 31.8, n = 114). Blackish, each scale with yellow spots at base and apex, pigmentation gradually reduced laterally and sometimes with the midventral zone unpigmented or with a series of irregular pale patches. MCZ 30037 View Materials from Ujiji is black above and blotched below. Largest specimen (IRSNB 3206A—Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo) has a total length of 640 mm.

Distribution. Savannas of West Africa, east to Ethiopia, south to Angola, the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and northern Tanzania, 0–2600 m ( Figs. 11, 13 & 14).

Localities. SUDAN. Kagelu MCZ 45261 View Materials   ; Kajiko North ZFMK 26061 View Materials   ; Katiri MCZ 53321 View Materials –22 View Materials   ; Suni, Darfur Mts ZFMK 39898–99 View Materials   ; Talanga Forest, Imatong Mts ZFMK 26062 View Materials , 29558 View Materials , 29687–93 View Materials , 29708–10 View Materials , 297220– 26 View Materials , 29748–52 View Materials   ; Yambio BMNH 1951.1.7.86–7   . ETHIOPIA. Galena River at Lake Abaya ZMB 27453 View Materials   . DEM- OCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO. (Orientale Province) Aru Kilabi IRSNB 3228 View Materials   ; MRAC 1232 View Materials   ; Avakubi BMNH 1919.8.16.73–74; MRAC 1614 View Materials (5)   ; Bagbele IRSNB 3107–08 View Materials (2)   ; Ekibondo ANSP 20500 View Materials   ; Faradje AMNH 11609–11 View Materials , 11618–20 View Materials   ; IRSNB 3969 View Materials   ; Gangala na Bodio IRSNB 3103 View Materials , 3110 View Materials   ; Garamba AMNH 11612–17 View Materials   ; IRSNB 3102 View Materials , 3104–06 View Materials , 3109 View Materials   ; Mahagi MRAC 10161 View Materials . (Kivu Province)   Kagondo MRAC 20342– 43 View Materials   ; Kiharo MRAC 17613–15 View Materials   ; Kitutu MRAC 21629 View Materials   ; Lubirizi MCZ 57457 View Materials ,   MRAC 20655–95 View Materials   ; Mahagi-Port, Lac Albert MRAC 20627 View Materials   ; Makobola MRAC 21243 View Materials   ; Mugera MRAC 17609–12 View Materials   ; Rugari MRAC 10919 View Materials   ; Runingo MRAC 20257–59 View Materials   ; Uvira MNHN 1966-1239 View Materials   - 43 View Materials ,   MRAC 17616–33 View Materials , 20389 View Materials , 20655–93 View Materials , 20793–796 View Materials , 21283–300 View Materials , 21342 View Materials , 21537–55 View Materials . (Katanga Province)   Bukena IRSNB 4001 View Materials   A; Kalémie IRSNB 3990 View Materials   ; MRAC 610 View Materials   ; Kapiri IRSNB 3975 View Materials   ; Likasi IRSNB 3977 View Materials   ; Lubumbashi IRSNB 3206 View Materials (2)   ; Musosa IRSNB 3967–68 View Materials   ; Panda IRSNB 3976 View Materials , 3978–79 View Materials (2)   ; Upemba National Park IRSNB 3992–96 View Materials , 4000 View Materials . (Bas-Zaire Province)   Kisantu Botanical Gardens BMNH 1980.29   30   . UGANDA. Ajai Game Reserve MUZM —; Budongo Forest BMNH 1935.10   . 11.2, 1936.7.3.3–5, LACM 35282–83 View Materials   ; Bugiri ( Bourgeois, 1961); Bulaba BMNH 1954.1.11.87; Chagwe ZMB 58377 View Materials   ; Jinja BMNH 1912.10.12.1; MCZ 30042 View Materials   ; Kampala MUZM —; Kitwanga BMNH 1912.10.14.3; Kome Island BMNH 1936.7.3.6; Lukambi BMNH 1934.12.15.519; Mabira Forest BMNH 1908.10.20.9–10; CAS 111849 View Materials ,   MCZ 30040 View Materials –41 View Materials , 48059–60 View Materials ,   NMZB 127–28 View Materials   ; Masindi NMZB 125 View Materials   ; Mityama NMK 352–53 View Materials   ; Mubango BMNH 1934.12.15.20; Murchison Falls BMNH 1908.2.4.2; Mt. Elgon BMNH 1901.10.14.1–2; Nyakabanda USNM 120797 View Materials   . KENYA. Athi River NMK 2692 View Materials   ; Chapelunge MMK 880 View Materials   ; Chemelil CAS 148005 View Materials   ; Embakasi NMK 2782 View Materials   ; Juja Farm USNM 40898 View Materials   ; Kakamega MCZ 96853 View Materials   ; NMK 2306 View Materials (2)   ; Kavirondo Gulf ZMB 11922 View Materials   ; Kiambu NMK 149 View Materials   ; Kiboko Range NMK 2948 View Materials   ; Kisumu NMK 3356 View Materials , 3368 View Materials   ; NMZB-UM 8958–9   ; Kitale NMK 1503 View Materials , 2975 View Materials   ; Lolgorien NMK 3106 View Materials   ; Makueni NMK 1584 View Materials   ; Masai Mara Game Reserve NMZB 7915 View Materials   ; Meru TMP 26561 View Materials   ; Nairobi NMK 150–2 View Materials , 156–7 View Materials   ; Nyambeni Hills NMK 2008 View Materials   ; Yala River NMK 3356 View Materials , 3368 View Materials   . TANZANIA. Amani NMZB 16145 View Materials   ; Handeni-Yamota MCZ 54811 View Materials   ; Ikiju- Musoma MCZ 54808 View Materials   ; Imanina Hills BMNH 1959.1.4.65; Kasulu MCZ 54651 View Materials   ; Kibondo NMZB 6957 View Materials , 7434 View Materials   ; Kibonoto MCZ 38684 View Materials   ; Kigoma BMNH 1959.1.4.58; MCZ 54810 View Materials   ; Kilimandjaro ZMU 20722 View Materials –3 (syntypes of Typhlops tornieri Sternfeld   ); Kilombero Valley KMH 17651 View Materials , 17671; NMZB 17341 View Materials   ; Lake Manyara National Park NMZB 8329 View Materials   ; Magrotto Hill MCZ 48061 View Materials , 48063–5 View Materials   ; MRAC 21947 View Materials   ; NMZB 14080–81 View Materials   ; Majita — Musoma MCZ 54809 View Materials   ; Muse, N. Rukwa MCZ 54586 View Materials   ; Mwanza BMNH 1976.2294,   MCZ 30038 View Materials   ; Ngorongoro ( Bourgeois, 1961); Rukwa Valley IRSNB 3229 View Materials , 3232 View Materials   ; Sekenke — Somanza MCZ 49507 View Materials   ; MRAC 21948 View Materials   ; Tanga MNHN 1897-233 View Materials   ; Ujiji MCZ 30037 View Materials   ; Ukerewe Island MCZ 30039 View Materials   ; Uluguru North NMZB 17549 View Materials   ; Zaraninge Forest Reserve NMZB 14523 View Materials   . ANGOLA. Cazengo ( Ferreira, 1903); Quindumbo BMNH 1946.1   . 11.18 (lectotype of Typhlops boulengeri Bocage   ); Rio Luinha ( Ferreira, 1906)   .

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

TMP

Transvaal Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Typhlopidae

Genus

Afrotyphlops

Loc

Afrotyphlops lineolatus (Jan)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van 2009
2009
Loc

Rhinotyphlops lineolatus

Broadley, D. G. & Cotterill, F. P. D. 2004: 44
Broadley, D. G. & Wallach, V. 2000: 167
2000
Loc

Typhlops lincelatus

Chifundera, K. 1990: 141
1990
Loc

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) lineolatus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 107
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
1980
Loc

Typhlops angolensis blanfordi

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 108
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
1980
Loc

Typhlops lineolatus tanganicanus

Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
1980
Loc

Typhlops schmidti schmidti

Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
1980
Loc

Typhlops eschrichtii

Largen, M. J. 1978: 48
1978
Loc

Typhlops lineolatus lineolatus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 108
Broadley, D. G. 1998: 38
Welch, K. R. G. 1994: 71
Simbotwe, M. P. M. & Mubamba, R. 1993: 76
Broadley, D. G. & Howell, K. M. 1991: 21
Rasmussen, J. B. 1991: 181
Pakenham, R. H. W. 1983: 32
Rodgers, W. A. & Homewood, K. M. 1982: 238
Welch, K. R. G. 1982: 129
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
Largen, M. J. 1978: 51
Poynton, J. C. & Broadley, D. G. 1978: 930
Spawls, S. 1978: 2
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 80
1974
Loc

Typhlops boulengerii

Largen, M. J. 1978: 48
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 80
1974
Loc

Typhlops angolensis boulengeri

Laurent, R. F. 1964: 392
1964
Loc

Typhlops boulengeri boulengeri

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 93
Pitman, C. R. S. 1974: 59
Laurent, R. F. 1964: 414
1964
Loc

Typhlops punctatus punctatus

Witte, G. - F. de 1966: 36
Laurent, R. F. 1964: 89
Robertson, I. A. D. & Chapman, B. M. & Chapman, R. F. 1962: 426
Hellmich, W. 1957: 70
Laurent, R. F. 1954: 37
Witte, G. - F. de 1953: 139
Laurent, R. F. 1950: 7
Loveridge, A. 1945: 2
Loveridge, A. 1942: 255
Pitman, C. R. S. 1938: 44
Mertens, R. 1937: 11
Uthmoller, W. 1937: 100
Loveridge, A. 1936: 225
Loveridge, A. 1933: 213
Loveridge, A. 1929: 16
1929
Loc

Typhlops bocagei

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 107
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 37
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 80
Monard, A. 1937: 103
Werner, F. 1921: 316
1921
Loc

Typhlops bocagii

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 108
Boulenger, G. A. 1920: 271
Boulenger, G. A. 1915: 615
1915
Loc

Typhlops tornieri

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 93
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 37
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 80
Loveridge, A. 1933: 199
Werner, F. 1929: 176
Loveridge, A. 1924: 3
Schmidt, K. P. 1923: 33
Werner, F. 1921: 309
Boulenger, G. A. 1915: 615
Sternfeld, R. 1910: 11
1910
Loc

Typhlops punctatus lineolatus

Ferreira, J. de & Bethencourt 1903: 9
1903
Loc

Typhlops boulengeri

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 93
Wallach, V. 1993: 216
Derleyn, P. & Taverne, L. & Ndabakubije, V. & Madodo, G. & Karonkano, J. 1983: 771
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 37
Bourgeois, M. 1968: 277
Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. 1965: 369
Bourgeois, M. 1964: 70
Bourgeois, M. 1961: 331
Laurent, R. F. 1956: 68
Curry-Lindahl, K. 1956: 41
Laurent, R. F. 1954: 292
Witte, G. - F. de 1953: 138
Monard, A. 1937: 103
Schmidt, K. P. 1923: 33
Werner, F. 1921: 312
Ferreira, J. de & Bethencourt 1906: 167
Ferreira, J. de & Bethencourt 1900: 50
Bocage, J. V. 1897: 198
Bocage, J. V. 1895: 64
1895
Loc

Typhlops punctatus lineolata

Bocage, J. V. 1895: 66
1895
Loc

Typhlops punctatus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 107
Porter, K. R. 1972: 406
Fitch, H. S. 1970: 121
Monard, A. 1937: 104
Zavattari, E. 1930: 190
Werner, F. 1921: 315
Sternfeld, R. 1908: 239
Ferreira, J. de & Bethencourt 1906: 167
Boulenger, G. A. 1893: 42
1893
Loc

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) eschrichtii lineolata

Peters, W. C. H. 1877: 614
1877
Loc

Onychocepahlus lineolatus

Bocage, J. V. 1873: 250
1873
Loc

Typhlops lineolatus

Conrad, J. L. 2008: 181
Cundall, D. & Irish, F. 2008: 600
Lotters, S. & Wagner, P. & Bwong, B. A. & Schick, S. & Malonza, P. K. & Muchai, V. & Wasonga, D. V. & Veith, M. 2007: 75
Brogard, J. 2005: 115
Largen, M. J. & Parker, A. R. 2004: 37
Kley, N. J. 2003: 379
Kley, N. J. 2003: 379
Murphy, J. B. 2003: 552
Lee, M. S. Y. & Scanlon, J. D. 2002: 400
Spawls, S. & Howell, K. M. & Drewes, R. C. & Ashe, J. 2002: 290
Kley, N. J. 2001: 1323
Mattison, C. 1999: 147
McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 107
Wallach, V. 1998: 3
Wallach, V. 1998: 399
Frank, N. & Ramus, E. 1995: 253
Wallach, V. 1994: 215
Largen, M. J. & Rasmussen, J. B. 1993: 323
Wallach, V. 1993: 217
Meirte, D. 1992: 22
Lanza, B. 1990: 430
Hughes, B. 1983: 354
Lanza, B. 1983: 219
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 62
Largen, M. J. 1978: 48
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 37
Pitman, C. R. S. 1974: 61
Roux-Esteve, R. 1970: 2186
Pitman, C. R. S. 1938: 44
Gunther, A. C. L. G. 1866: 24
Jan, G. & Sordelli, F. 1865: 5
1865
Loc

Typhlops (Ophthalmidion) lineolatus

Jan, G. 1863: 13
1863