Afrotyphlops congestus (Duméril & Bibron)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van, 2009, 2255, Zootaxa 2255, pp. 1-100 : 46-47

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E3D17B-FFD3-125E-44D4-EA689079FA8E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Afrotyphlops congestus (Duméril & Bibron)
status

 

Afrotyphlops congestus (Duméril & Bibron)

( Fig. 8C)

Blotched blind-snake

Onychocephalus congestus Duméril & Bibron, 1844 , Erpét. Gén. 6: 334. Type locality: unknown, holotype Fort Pitt Museum, Chatham, UK (lost fide A. Grandison in Roux-Estève, 1974: 79); Peters, 1860: 82, 1865: 262; Hahn, 1980: 68; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 96.

Onychophis barrowii Gray, 1845 , Cat. Liz. Brit. Mus., 133. Type locality: “ India?” (in error fide Hahn, 1980: 68 ), holotype BMNH 1946.1.11.63, collected by Sir John Barrow; Peters, 1865: 262; Hahn, 1980: 68; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 96.

Typhlops (Onychocephalus) crassatus Peters, S. -Ber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin, 1881(3): 50. Type locality: “Chinchoxo” [= Cabinda, Angola] (5.550°S, 12.200°E, elevation NSL), holotype ZMB 9149, from Afrikanische Gesellschaft; Hahn, 1980: 68; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 96; Bauer et al., 2002: 163.

Typhlops punctatus congesta — Werner, 1913b: 717.

Typhlops punctatus — (not Leach) Boulenger, 1919: 18 (part).

Typhlops congestus — Camp, 1923: 302, fig. 53; Schmidt, K., 1923: 48 (part); Werner, 1929: 176; Pitman, 1938: 45, pl. 1, fig. 4; Laurent, 1954b: 296, 1956a: 53 & 348, figs. 1–2, pl. 7, fig. 1, 1958: 120, 1960a: 9, 1964: 413, 1965: 14; Witte, 1962: 39; Roux-Estève, 1965: 52, fig. 1; Thys van den Audenaerde, 1965: 369; Bourgeois, 1968: 277; McDowell, 1972: 239; Hahn, 1977: 38, 1980: 68; Meirte, 1992: 22, figs. 29–31; Broadley, 1998b: xii, 2000b: 15; Wallach, 1998a: 182, 1998b: 369; Mattison, 1999: 147; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 96; Stafford, 2000: 28, fig.; Spawls et al., 2002: 287, 2006: 92; Murphy, 2003: 552; Brogard, 2005: 114.

Typhlops punctatus punctatus — (not Leach) Witte, 1941: 167; Loveridge, 1957b: 241 (part).

Typhlops punctatus congestus — Roux-Estève, 1974: 79, 106, figs. 13.17 & 65, 1975a: 492, fig. 30; Guibé in Pitman, 1974: 59; Pitman, 1974: 62, pl. 1, fig. 4, pl. U, fig. 2; Hahn, 1980: 68; Welch, 1982: 130, 1994: 73; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 97.

Typhlops crassatus — Hahn, 1977: 38.

Rhinotyphlops congestus — Broadley & Wallach, 2000: 167; Branch, 2005: 11, fig.

Description. Snout rounded in dorsal view, obtusely angular in lateral view. Rostral broad, truncated posteriorly; frontal subhexagonal, but flattened anteriorly; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex between preocular and ocular; eye large, behind or below the posterior border of the preocular; nasal sulcus arising from near the rostral/first labial junction; SIP usually T-II-P (N2, N2/P, O, O), but T-X-(P) in two Akange specimens and a Likwaye juvenile; MSR 24–30, reduction A/B 0 to 4, B/C 4 to 7; MD 310–416 (mean 378.3, n = 30); vertebrae 194–206 (mean 200.3, n = 15); MD/V ratio 1.86–2.06 (mean 1.93, n = 15); L/D ratio 19–29 (mean 23.1, n = 42). Yellowish with large black blotches which may be confluent, so that the dorsum is entirely black, venter immaculate mesially, but black blotches may impinge laterally. Largest specimen (MRAC 821—Haut Oubangui, Democratic Republic of the Congo) has a total length of 765 mm.

Distribution. Forests of southeastern Nigeria and Bioko east through the Congos to western Uganda. A relict population in southeastern Tanzania, 150–1435 m ( Fig. 12).

Localities. DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (Orientale Province). Akange AMNH 11648– 51, 11653–63; MMK 680/2; Irumu MCZ 26652 View Materials ; Medje AMNH 11646–47; NMZB 3738; Niapu AMNH 11666–67; MMK 680/1; Teturi to Butembo IRSNB 3204, 3208–09. (Kivu Province). Bukavu MRAC 11907– 08; Fataki AMNH 51938; Hombo MCZ 57458 View Materials ; MRAC 18987–9; Irangi MRAC 20422–22A, 21428–29; ZFMK 61602–03, 61637; Lubongola MRAC 11940; Meshe MRAC 17565; Walikale MRAC 17566–67. (Bas- Zaire Province) Kisantu Botanical Gardens BMNH 1980.31. UGANDA. Budongo Forest BMNH 1935.10.9.1; Bewera; Bugoma Forest; Bwamba Forest; Kakoba; Kiriandongo; Mbarara; Omubugoiogo ( Pitman, 1974). TANZANIA. Amani ( Werner, 1913b); Likwaye ZMB 23577 View Materials , 23589.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Typhlopidae

Genus

Afrotyphlops

Loc

Afrotyphlops congestus (Duméril & Bibron)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van 2009
2009
Loc

Rhinotyphlops congestus

Broadley, D. G. & Wallach, V. 2000: 167
2000
Loc

Onychophis barrowii

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 96
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 68
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 68
Peters, W. C. H. 1865: 262
1980
Loc

Typhlops (Onychocephalus) crassatus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 96
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 68
1980
Loc

Typhlops crassatus

Hahn, D. E. 1977: 38
1977
Loc

Onychocephalus congestus Duméril & Bibron, 1844

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 96
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 68
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 79
Peters, W. C. H. 1865: 262
Peters, W. C. H. 1860: 82
1974
Loc

Typhlops punctatus congestus

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 97
Welch, K. R. G. 1994: 73
Welch, K. R. G. 1982: 130
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 68
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 79
Pitman, C. R. S. 1974: 59
Pitman, C. R. S. 1974: 62
1974
Loc

Typhlops punctatus punctatus

Loveridge, A. 1957: 241
Witte, G. - F. de 1941: 167
1941
Loc

Typhlops congestus

Spawls, S. & Howell, K. M. & Drewes, R. C. 2006: 92
Brogard, J. 2005: 114
Murphy, J. B. 2003: 552
Spawls, S. & Howell, K. M. & Drewes, R. C. & Ashe, J. 2002: 287
Stafford, P. 2000: 28
Mattison, C. 1999: 147
McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 96
Wallach, V. 1998: 182
Wallach, V. 1998: 369
Meirte, D. 1992: 22
Hahn, D. E. 1980: 68
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 38
McDowell, S. B., Jr. 1972: 239
Bourgeois, M. 1968: 277
Roux-Esteve, R. 1965: 52
Thys van den Audenaerde, D. F. E. 1965: 369
Witte, G. - F. de 1962: 39
Laurent, R. F. 1956: 53
Laurent, R. F. 1954: 296
Pitman, C. R. S. 1938: 45
Werner, F. 1929: 176
Camp, C. L. 1923: 302
1923
Loc

Typhlops punctatus

Boulenger, G. A. 1919: 18
1919
Loc

Typhlops punctatus congesta

Werner, F. 1913: 717
1913