Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van, 2009, 2255, Zootaxa 2255, pp. 1-100 : 62

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E3D17B-FFC3-124D-44D4-E8FF9663F828

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843
status

 

Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843  

Australasian blind-snakes

Typhlina Wagler, 1830: 196   . Type species: Acontias lineatus Reinwardt   (= Typhlops lineatus Fitzinger, 1826: 24   , Boie, 1827: 563, and Schlegel, 1827: 291 —all nomina nuda), by subsequent designation of Fitzinger, 1843: 24; Hahn, 1980: 36. Preoccupied by Typhlina Ehrenberg   in Hemprich, 1828 (Rotifera). Suppressed for the purposes of the Law of Priority (ICZN, 1982: 106).

Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843: 24   . Type species: Typhlops multilineatus Schlegel, 1839   in 1837–1844, by original designation; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 55. Conserved as Official Generic Name no. 2156 (ICZN, 1982: 106).

Pseudotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843: 24   . Type species: Typhlops polygrammicus Schlegel, 1839   in 1837–1844, by original designation. Preoccupied by Pseudotyphlops Schlegel, 1839   in 1837–1844 (Serpentes: Uropeltidae   ).

Pilidion Duméril & Bibron, 1844: 257   . Replacement name for Typhlina Wagler, 1830   .

Typhlinalis Gray, 1845: 134   . Replacement name for Typhlina Wagler, 1830   .

Diagnosis. —An Australasian genus whose sole African representative (introduced) is characterized by the following characters: nasal shield completely divided with superior nasal suture extending onto dorsum of snout, inferior nasal suture contacting preocular, 20 scale rows throughout body, narrow rostral (less than 1/3 interocular head width), single postocular, poorly developed eye or eyespot, prominent cephalic glands forming lines beneath head shields, and small size (maximum length 200 mm).

Distribution.— Southeastern Asia, the Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and islands of the Indian and western Pacific Oceans, except for Ramphotyphlops braminus   , which also has been introduced throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world.

Content. —Currently 22 species.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Typhlopidae

Loc

Ramphotyphlops Fitzinger, 1843

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van 2009
2009
Loc

Typhlinalis

Gray, J. E. 1845: 134
1845
Loc

Pilidion Duméril & Bibron, 1844: 257

Dumeril, A. M. C. & Bibron, G. 1844: 257
1844
Loc

Ramphotyphlops

McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 55
Fitzinger, L. J. F. J. 1843: 24
1843
Loc

Pseudotyphlops

Fitzinger, L. J. F. J. 1843: 24
1843
Loc

Typhlina

Hahn, D. E. 1980: 36
Fitzinger, L. J. F. J. 1843: 24
Wagler, J. 1830: 196
Boie, F. 1827: 563
Schlegel, H. 1827: 291
Fitzinger, L. J. F. J. 1826: 24
1830