Rhinotyphlops schinzi (Boettger)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van, 2009, 2255, Zootaxa 2255, pp. 1-100 : 61-62

publication ID

1175­5334

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E3D17B-FFC2-124D-44D4-E8BF9789FB9E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Rhinotyphlops schinzi (Boettger)
status

 

Rhinotyphlops schinzi (Boettger)  

( Fig. 11A)

Schinz’s beaked blind-snake

Typhlops (Onychocephalus) schinzi Boettger, 1887a: 154   , pl. 5, figs. 1–2. Type locality: “Noi Xas unweit Ghanze in der Nord-Kalayari, Südweat-Afrikas” [= between Aus and Keetmanshoop, Great Namaqualand, Noixas, Ghansi District, W. Kalahari, Botswana] (type locality restriction by Mertens, 1971: 75) (21.567°S, 21.783°E, elevation 1155 m), holotype SMF 16665 View Materials (formerly SMF 7047, 1A), collected by H. Schinz, 1884–1885; Mertens, 1922: 178, 1967: 88.

Typhlops (Onychocephalus) schinzii   — Müller, 1890: 690; FitzSimons, V., 1966a: 38.

Typhlops schinzi   — Boulenger, 1893: 47, 1910: 499; Boettger, 1898: 5; Sclater, 1898: 98; Gough, 1908: 18; FitzSimons, F., 1910: 26, 1912 & 1919: 52; Sternfeld, 1910d: 12; Werner, 1910: 353, 1921: 319; Hewitt & Power, 1913: 161; Duerden & Essex, 1923: 175, fig. 10; Schmidt, 1923: 33; Essex, 1927: 923, fig. 65; Rose, 1950: 253, 1955: 75, 1962: 321; Mertens, 1955: 86, 1967: 88, 1971: 75; FitzSimons, V. & Brain, 1958: 102; FitzSimons, V., 1970 & 1974: 67, 1978: 57; Broadley, 1983 & 1990a: 48, fig. 11, pl. 5; Haacke, 1984: 177; Auerbach, 1987: 147; Branch, 1988a & 1994: 47, pl. 39, 1988b: 11, 1988c: 175, 1990: 37; Coborn, 1991: 111, fig.; Freed, 1992: 82; Marais, 1992: 182, 3 figs., 1999: 84, fig.; Bauer et al., 1993: 134; Bates, 1995: 53.

Typhlops schinzii   — FitzSimons, V., 1962: 70, fig. 8, col. pl. III, 1966a: 38; Isemonger, 1968: 85, 1983: 88.

Rhinotyphlops schinzi   — Roux-Estève, 1974: 186, 1975a: 495, figs. 31–32; Hahn, 1977: 36; Elzen, 1980: 335; Welch, 1982: 126, 1994: 57; Coborn, 1991: 111; Meirte, 1992: 19; Wallach, 1993a: 217, 1998a: 182, 1998b: 342, 2003: 240; Frank & Ramus, 1995: 252; Branch, 1998: 53, pl. 39; Mattison, 1999: 147; McDiarmid et al., 1999: 83; Bauer & Branch, 2002: 154; Griffin, 2003: 86; Murphy, 2003: 552; Marais, 2004: 282, 2 figs.; 2007: 89, fig.; Brogard, 2005: 113; Schmidt, W., 2006: 15; Alexander & Marais, 2007: 50, fig.; Maritz & Alexander, 2009: 6.

Rhinotyphlops schinzii   (sic) — Roux-Estève, 1974: pl. 8.

Rhinotyphlops (Onychocephalus) schinzi   — Griffin, 2003: 86.

Rhinotypholops (sic) schinzi   — Mattison, 2007: 198, fig.

Description. Snout prominent, strongly hooked, with a sharp cutting edge extending back to the nostrils, which are directed more or less laterally; rostral large, oviform, but not reaching the level of the eyes, ventrally about half the width of the head at the level of the nostrils; frontal hexagonal; supraocular large, transverse, its lateral apex between preocular and ocular; eye distinct towards anterior edge of ocular; nasal in contact with first and second labial, nasal suture arising from first. SIP T-II (N2, P, O, O), rarely T-X (on the left side of the holotype — Boettger, 1887a, pl. 5, fig. 1c). MSR 22–26 (mean 24.4, n = 17); MD 413–538 (mean 455.1, n = 14); vertebrae 217–272 (mean 236.8, n = 13); MD/V ratio 1.87–1.99 (mean = 1.92, n = 13); L/D ratio 34–64 (mean 45.9, n = 9). Pinkish to yellowish above, usually speckled with blackish to reddish brown, sometimes forming irregular crossbands, which may be confluent; uniform below. Largest specimen ( CM 119342 View Materials —Luderitz, Namibia) has a total length of 293 mm.

Distribution. From northwestern Namibia south to the Northern Cape Province of South Africa and the extreme west of Botswana near Ghanzi, 690–1310 m.

Localities. NAMIBIA. Aus TM 25736; Aus to Keetmanshoop ( Boettger, 1887a); Blaauwpoort TM 49421; Grabwasser TM 84908; Kalkfontein South ( FitzSimons, 1962); Kuyper TM 33058; Lüderitz TM 28303–04; Nina TM 30515; Okahandja ( Mertens, 1955); 6km N of Ongango TM 48928; Plateau 38, Lüderitz TM 43130, 48344–7; Twilight TM 43433–4; 25 km S of Windhoek NMZB-UM 12400. BOTSWANA. Noi Xas, Ghanzi SMF 16665 View Materials (holotype of Typhlops schinzi   ). SOUTH AFRICA (NORTHERN CAPE PROV- INCE). ‘ Cape Colony’ BMNH 1910.8.5.1; Bakputs, Carnarvon ( FitzSimons, 1962); Brandvlei to Kenhardt TM 28702–03; Kakamas TM 22281; Kakamas to Pofadder TM 27184–85; Lower Molopo ( Hewitt & Power, 1913); Prieska ( FitzSimons, 1962); 16km N of Springbok TM 85291; Steinkopf MCZ 22404 View Materials ; Swartmodder ( FitzSimons, 1962); Tweerivieren TM 42500; Upington TM 4935.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Reptilia

Order

Squamata

Family

Typhlopidae

Genus

Rhinotyphlops

Loc

Rhinotyphlops schinzi (Boettger)

Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, Van 2009
2009
Loc

Rhinotypholops (sic) schinzi

Mattison, C. 2007: 198
2007
Loc

Rhinotyphlops (Onychocephalus) schinzi

Griffin, M. 2003: 86
2003
Loc

Rhinotyphlops schinzi

Maritz, B. & Alexander, G. J. 2009: 6
Alexander, G. J. & Marais, J. 2007: 50
Brogard, J. 2005: 113
Marais, J. 2004: 282
Wallach, V. 2003: 240
Griffin, M. 2003: 86
Murphy, J. B. 2003: 552
Bauer, A. M. & Branch, W. R. 2002: 154
Mattison, C. 1999: 147
McDiarmid, R. W. & Campbell, J. A. & Toure, T. A. 1999: 83
Wallach, V. 1998: 182
Wallach, V. 1998: 342
Branch, W. R. 1998: 53
Frank, N. & Ramus, E. 1995: 252
Welch, K. R. G. 1994: 57
Wallach, V. 1993: 217
Meirte, D. 1992: 19
Coborn, J. 1991: 111
Welch, K. R. G. 1982: 126
Elzen, P. van den 1980: 335
Hahn, D. E. 1977: 36
Roux-Esteve, R. 1975: 495
Roux-Esteve, R. 1974: 186
1974
Loc

Typhlops schinzii

Isemonger, R. M. 1983: 88
Isemonger, R. M. 1968: 85
1968
Loc

Typhlops schinzi

Bates, M. F. 1995: 53
Branch, W. R. 1994: 47
Bauer, A. M. & Branch, W. R. & Haacke, W. D. 1993: 134
Freed, P. S. 1992: 82
Marais, J. 1992: 182
Coborn, J. 1991: 111
Broadley, D. G. 1990: 48
Auerbach, R. D. 1987: 147
Haacke, W. D. 1984: 177
Mertens, R. 1971: 75
Mertens, R. 1967: 88
Rose, W. 1962: 321
Rose, W. 1955: 75
Mertens, R. 1955: 86
Rose, W. 1950: 253
Essex, R. 1927: 923
Duerden, J. E. & Essex, R. 1923: 175
Schmidt, K. P. 1923: 33
Werner, F. 1921: 319
Hewitt, J. & Power, J. H. 1913: 161
Boulenger, G. A. 1910: 499
Sternfeld, R. 1910: 12
Werner, F. 1910: 353
Gough, L. H. 1908: 18
Boettger, O. 1898: 5
Sclater, W. L. 1898: 98
Boulenger, G. A. 1893: 47
1893
Loc

Typhlops (Onychocephalus) schinzii

Muller, F. 1890: 690
1890
Loc

Typhlops (Onychocephalus) schinzi

Mertens, R. 1971: 75
Mertens, R. 1967: 88
Mertens, R. 1922: 178
Boettger, O. 1887: 154
1887