Stenochironomus manauara, Dantas, Galileu P. S., Hamada, Neusa & Mendes, Humberto F., 2016

Dantas, Galileu P. S., Hamada, Neusa & Mendes, Humberto F., 2016, Contribution to the knowledge of Stenochironomus Kieffer (Diptera, Chironomidae) from Brazil: seven new species and description of females and immatures of some previously known species, Zootaxa 4117 (1), pp. 1-47: 33-38

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4117.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4274F17E-D096-4B30-8FD2-E66769F49708

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E32D35-512F-3227-FF04-CDA3F300FECD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stenochironomus manauara
status

new species

Stenochironomus manauara   new species

( Figs. 24–27 View FIGURE 24 View FIGURE 25 View FIGURE 26 View FIGURE 27 )

Type material. Holotype male with pupal exuviae, BRAZIL: Amazonas state, Manaus, Reserva Florestal Adolfo Ducke, Igarapé Bolivia, 02º 59 ' 14.5 " S, 59 º 56 ' 30.5 " W, 20.vi. 2009, on submerged leaf, G.P.S. Dantas, ( INPA). Paratypes: 1 male with pupal and larval exuviae, as holotype collected, 26.vi. 2009 ( MZUSP); 1 male as holotype collected, 27.vi. 2009; 2 males, one with the pupal exuviae, as holotype collected, Igarapé Acará, 02º 57 ' 07.4" S, 59 º 57 ' 27.6 " W, 15.iii.2009, 17.iii. 2009.

Diagnostic characters. Male: scape with a circular patch on superior margin; abdomen with brown pigmentation on posterior margin of T II –IV and on posterolateral margin of T VII; two brown bands in the fore femur; anal point broad at base; superior volsella pointed at apex. Pupa: frontal apotome elongated; spur on T VIII with 4 teeth, the outer tooth quite larger than all others; row of hooklets on TII on a flap extending posteriorly. Larva: labral lamellae with two conical-shaped teeth; S 1 bifid, S 2 and S 3 simple; micropore located posteromedially in relation to the setae submenti; ventromental plate with a concavity near mentum, with some crests near anterolateral margin.

Etymology. the name manauara   is a reference to people born in the city of Manaus, where the specimens were collected. The name is to be treated as a noun in apposition.

Male (n = 5, except when otherwise stated). Total length 4.26–4.69, 4.49 mm. Wing length 1.78–2.08, 1.94 mm. Total length/ wing length 2.05–2.63, 2.33. Wing length/ length of profemur 1.41–1.52, 1.47.

General coloration greenish. Head: eyes markedly metallic when alive or in alcohol; pedicel with a circular patch on superior margin. Thorax: lateral vitta with anterior margin yellowish, with dark pigmentation restricted to a lateral stripe; postnotum with brown pigmentation near anterior margin; preepisternum with a transversal band. Legs –Anterior: femur with two brown patches, one medial and the other distal; tibia with three patches, one basal, one ⅓ from apex and the other apical; ta 1 -ta 4 yellowish with apex light brown; ta 5 yellowish.Medial and posterior legs: femur with two patches, one basal and other apical; tibia with a basal patch; ta 1 - ta 5 yellowish. Wing: clear, with a medial light-brownish band (hard to see when mounted in Euparal®). Abdomen: T II –IV with brown pigmentation restricted to posterior margin.

Head ( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 A). AR 1.60–2.75, 2.23. Thirteenth flagellomerum 730 –1.000, 880 µm long. Temporal setae 19 – 23, 21. Clypeus with 20 –22, 21 setae. Tentorium, stipes and cibarial pump as in Figure 21 View FIGURE 21 A. Tentorium 177–181, 179 µm long; 47 –54, 50 µm wide at sieve pore; 22 –28, 25 µm wide at posterior tentorial pit. Stipes 129–146, 138 µm long; 6 –7, 7 µm wide. Palpomere lengths (1–5 in µm): 45 –47, 46; 43 –47, 45; 144–160, 150; 112–123, 120; 199–207, 201.

Thorax ( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 B). Acrostichals 11 –15, 13; dorsocentrals 13 –16, 15 in a single row; prealars 6 –8, 7 in one or two rows. Scutellum with 19–22; 20 setae in two rows. Anterior edge of scutum angular in lateral aspect.

Wing ( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 C). VR 1.09–1.13, 1.11. Brachiolum with 2 –3, 2 setae. R with 30 –46, 39 setae; R 1 with 32 –54, 45 setae; R 4 + 5 with 56 –80, 69 setae; M with 1 –4, 2 setae; RM with 0–2, 1 setae; remaining veins bare   . Squama with 7 setae.

Legs. Scale of front tibia 44 –52, 47 µm long, with 3–4 strong setae; spurs of middle tibia 32 –39, 34 µm and 42 –44, 41 µm long; spurs of hind tibia 32 –40, 35 µm and 38 –49, 43 µm long. Apex of fore tibia 52 –65, 61 µm wide, of mid tibia 55 –65, 60 µm wide, of hind tibia 61 –71, 67 µm wide. Lengths (in µm) and proportions of legs as in Table 7.

fe ti ta 1 ta 2 ta 3 ta 4

p 1 1263 –1366, 1313 951 –1267, 1135 1521 –1685, 1601 759–864, 802 602–666, 625 492–562, 522 p 2 992 –1166, 1093 863–982, 933 620–684, 658 320–366, 339 241–267, 257 161–171, 167 p 3 1159 –1385, 1283 1103 –1200, 1155 775–968, 877 442–505, 476 357–414, 383 218–237, 225

ta 5 LR BV SV BR

p 1 200–225, 212 1.28–1.68, 1.43 1.81–1.93, 1.87 1.39–1.64, 1.53 4.7–4.9, 4.8 p 2 67 –86, 77 0.69–0.72, 0.71 3.14–3.25, 3.19 2.99–3.20, 3.08 2.8–3.7, 3.4 p 3 85–111, 101 0.70–0.81, 0.76 2.75–2.85, 2.80 2.67–2.92, 2.79 3.5–5.3, 4.6 Hypopygium (Figs, 25 A, 25 B, 25 C). Anal point 84 –95, 89 µm long; 18 –23, 21 µm wide at base; µm wide at apex; 22 –27, 25 µm at the midpoint; 28 –30, 29 µm at ⅓ of the distance from the apex; 14 –15, 15 µm at apex. Tergite IX with 41 –44, 43 strong setae, caudal apex rounded to wedge-shaped in dorsal aspect. Laterosternite IX with 4 –5, 4 setae. Phallapodeme 110–120, 115 µm long; transverse sternapodeme 49 –57, 52 µm long. Gonocoxite 199–209, 204 µm long; inferior volsella 235–245, 238 µm long, with 4 –6, 5 setae, restricted to apical ¼, apical setae stout; superior volsella pointed at apex, 59 –76, 67 µm long, with 3–4 setae. Gonostylus 184–200, 193 µm long. HR 1.02–1.10, 1.06. HV 2.26–2.39, 2.32.

Pupa (n = 3 except when otherwise stated). Total length 5.52–5.58 mm.

Coloration: cephalothorax and abdomen clear. Spur on SVIII brownish, teeth with distal portion darker.

Cephalothorax ( Figs. 26 View FIGURE 26 A, 26 B) Frontal apotome elongated ( Fig. 23 View FIGURE 23 A). Precorneal setae 126–159 µm long. Dorsocentrals (Dc) 118–155 µm long. Distance between Dc 1 and Dc 2 4 (1) µm; between Dc 2 and Dc 3 230 (1) µm; between Dc 3 and Dc 4 4 (1) µm. A laterodorsal tubercle anterior to Dc 1 ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 B). Basal ring of thoracic horn oblong ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 C). Median suture granulose.

Abdomen ( Figs. 26 View FIGURE 26 D, 26 E). T I bare   ; T II –III with large field of shagreen; T IV with a large field of shagreen, with a posterolateral dark patch on each side, posterior half of paratergites with shagreen; T V similar to T IV, except for the posterolateral patches, and the presence of small anterior median area without shagreen; T VI with an anterior field of shagreen restricted to medial region, and a posterior field extending to paratergite, the two fields are connected by a central band of fine shagreen; T VII without shagreen; T VIII with very fine shagreen restricted to anterolateral margin; anal segment with anterior pair of fine shagreen patches. TII with posterior row of hooklets, divided medially into two groups and located on a flap extending posteriorly. Abdominal setation: S I without L setae; S II –IV with 3 L setae; S V –VII with 4 LS setae; S VIII with 5 LS setae. Spur on S VIII with 4 teeth, the outer tooth quite larger than all others, 88–90 µm long ( Fig. 26 View FIGURE 26 F). Genital sac 358–367 µm long, overreaching the posterior margin of the anal lobe by; anal lobe 160 (1) µm long, rounded at apex, with fringe of about 50 filaments.

Fourth-instar larva (n = 1). Total length not measurable. Head capsule 0.63 mm.

Head ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 A). Lengths of antennal segments (in µm): 72; 23; 14; 12; 4. Blade not measurable. Labrum as in Figure 27 View FIGURE 27 B. Labral lamellae with two conical-shaped teeth; spicules of pecten epipharyngis simple, arranged in a row ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 B). S 1 bifid, 31 µm long; S 2 simple, 35 µm long; S 3 simple, not measurable. Premandible not measurable. Mandible ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 C) 187 µm long, with 4 inner teeth; setae submenti short, drop-shaped. Maxilary palp 26 µm long, 14 µm wide. Mentum slightly concave ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 D) 137 µm wide, number of teeth not countable; micropore located postero-medially in relation to the setae submenti; ventromental plate with a concavity near mentum, with some crests near anterolateral margin. Base of dorsolateral strip originating near the base of dorsomedian strip ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 A). Labiohypopharynx ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 E) with ligular lobes rounded, cleft between lobes widening posteriorly.

Abdomen. Procercus with 8 filaments; associated seta of equal size. Anal tubules not measurable. The longest anal hook 88 µm long.

Female unknown.

Systematic remarks. The adult male of S. manauara   sp. nov. is similar to that of S. fittkaui Borkent   and S. triannulatus   . However, it can be differentiated from S. fittkaui   by have pigmentation in TVII, superior volsella with a pointed apex and arched anal poitn in lateral view; from S. triannulatus   is distinguished by pigmentation of the legs, while S. manauara   sp. nov. has two brown bands in the fore femur, S. triannulatus   has three. Recently, the immature stages of S. trianulatus   were described by Angelis-Reis et al. (2013), the pattern of shagreen of T V –VI can be used to separate the pupa of this species from the pupa of S. manaura   sp. nov. In addition, the spur on S VIII of the pupa has 5 teeth in S. triannulatus   and the two outer teeth are elongated and of equal size, in S. manauara   sp. nov. the spur has 4 teeth and the outer tooth is quite larger than all others.

Notes on biology of the species. The analyzed specimens were collected mining leaves in small black-water streams. The mined leaves were retained in submerged branches and roots, in areas with strong water flow.

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo