Mecynotarsus parvulus, Kejval & Cz, 2013

Kejval, Zbyněk, 2013, Taxonomic revision of the Australian Notoxinae (Coleoptera: Anthicidae), Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae (suppl.) 53, pp. 1-98 : 67-68

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Mecynotarsus parvulus

sp. nov.

Mecynotarsus parvulus sp. nov.

( Figs 86, 87 View Figs 82–87. 82–83 , 161 View Figs 159–167 , 180 View Figs 177–185 , 205 View Figs 202–209 )

Type locality. Australia, Northern Territory, Butterfly Gorge Nature Park, Douglas River, 13°45′S 131°34′E.

Type material. HOLOTYPE: ♂, ‘ 13.45S 131.34E GPS Butterfly Gorge Nature Pk Douglas River NT 19 Jul.1994, at light T. Weir, A. Roach [p] // AUST. NAT. INS. COLL. [p; green label]’ ( ANIC). GoogleMaps PARATYPES: 2 ♀♀, same data as holotype ( ANIC) GoogleMaps ; 1 ♀, ‘ 16.34S 135.41E 14 km NW of Cape Crawford , NT. 6 Nov. 1975 M. S. Upton [p] // AUST. NAT. INS. COLL.[p; green label]’( ANIC) GoogleMaps ; 2♂♂, ‘ 13.03S 132.19E South Alligator River , N.T. 46 km WSW of Mt.Cahill 20.v.73, Matthews & Upton [p] // ANIC Specimen [p; green label]’( ANIC) GoogleMaps ; 2♀♀, ‘ AUSTRALIA, N.Territory Nitmiluk National Park, Edit Falls , 37 m alt, 14°10′S 132°06′E, 3.12.2008, St. Jakl leg.[p]’ ( ZKDC, NMPC) GoogleMaps ; 1♂, ‘ Annan Riv 3 km W by S of Black Mt QLD 27 Sept 1980 D. H. Colless [p] // AUST. NAT. INS. COLL.[p; green label]’ ( ANIC) ; 1 ♂, ‘ 15.41S 145.12E Annan R. 3 km WbyS of Black Mt. QLD 27 Sept. 1980 T. Weir [p] // at light [p] // AUST. NAT. INS. COLL. [p; green label]’ ( ANIC) GoogleMaps ; 1♀, ‘ 12.42S 144.30E QLD Moonlight Creek 13 Nov.1993 P. Zborowski & M.Horak,at light [p] //ANIC Specimen [p; green label]’ ( ANIC) GoogleMaps ; 4♀♀,‘ 13.40S 142.40E QLD Coen river, Rokeby H. S. 24 Jul. 1998 K. R. Pullen margin of river [p] // AUST. NAT. INS. COLL. [p; green label]’ ( ANIC, 1 spec. ZKDC) GoogleMaps ; 3 ♂♂ 1 ♀, ‘ Davies Creek, Kuranda - Mareeba Rd. , N. Qld.,AUST. X-1950 W L Brown [h]’ ( DCDC, ZKDC) ; 1 ♂, ‘ Qld. Greenvale 70 km SW at light, 12-21 Apr 1995 A. J. Watts [p] // SAMA Database No. 25-028960 [p]’ ( SAMA) ; 4 spec., same data, except database numbers: ‘25-028977, 25-028986, 25-028980 or 25-029022’ ( SAMA) ; 1 spec., ‘ AUSTRALIA: Queensland Townsville , 16.–22.III.1965. Exp. Dr. J. Balogh [p] // Mecynotarsus ziczac King det. G. Uhmann 1998[p]’ ( HNHM) ; 2 ♀♀, ‘ W. Normanby R., N. Qld., 40 ml.W. of Cooktown 2.i.1964. G. Monteith [p]’ ( QMBA) .

Description (holotype, male). Body length 1.8 mm. Head and pronotum reddish brown, head vertex darker, nearly brown black, elytra reddish, with vague darker markings; legs and antennae reddish.

Antero-lateral margins of frons simple. Gular rugules of different sizes, anteriorly larger, ordered and fused as in Fig. 139 View Figs 133–140. 133 . Clypeal granules indistinct. Setation of head uniformly short and appressed, finer medially on vertex, distinctly coarser to scaly around eyes and ventrolaterally. Antennae rather moderately long; antennomeres III–V 1.7 times, X 1.2 times as long as wide; setation mostly fine, distinctly coarser to scaly on basal 2–3 antennomeres.

Pronotum moderately transverse, 1.4 times as long as wide, its lateral margins somewhat unevenly shaped in dorsal view, slightly angled at widest point and nearly straight in narrowing towards base in dorsal view; posterior collar narrow but distinct. Pronotal horn robust and wide, its posterior angles indicated in dorsal view ( Fig. 161 View Figs 159–167 ); horn margins armed with 4 lobules on each side, apical lobule distinctly bilobed; horn crest very distinct, raised, with coarse rugules on margins; submarginal rugules rather coarse and distinctly spaced; median rugules largely fused and forming longitudinal sculpture, with single minute granule posteriorly. Setation whitish, with slight reddish tinge dorsally, largely scaly, appressed to subdecumbent, distinctly finer, hairy dorsally on pronotal horn (even here rather distinct and dense); scales on pronotal disc of two sizes, larger scales more raised and distinctly truncate apically; antebasal paired setae present laterally and absent medially, another tactile setae absent.

Elytra 1.8 times as long as wide; omoplates and postbasal impression absent. Setation brownish and whitish, mixed and forming also rather vague brownish markings ( Fig. 205 View Figs 202–209 ), scaly and appressed, evenly ordered; scales elongate, rounded to subtruncate apically, densely spaced (surface barely visible, Fig. 180 View Figs 177–185 ); erect tactile setae absent.

Male characters. Sternum VII simple. Tergum VIII and aedeagus as in Figs 86, 87 View Figs 82–87. 82–83 .

Variation. Body length (♂ ♀) 1.8–2.1 mm. Pronotal horn with 4–5 lobules on each side. Body colouration reddish to dark brown.

Differential diagnosis. Mecynotarsus parvulus sp. nov. can be easily recognized by combination of the following external characters: small body size; elytra rather elongate, subparallel; pronotal horn distinctly, rather finely and densely setose dorsally, apical lobule bilobed, single longitudinal median rugule; elytral scales rather contrastingly bicoloured, evenly mixed in basal half ( Fig. 180 View Figs 177–185 ). Moreover, the presence of a small tuft of setae on the parameres ( Fig. 87 View Figs 82–87. 82–83 ) is a quite distinctive character, unique within M. ziczac species-group.

Etymology. The species name is a Latin adjective, parvulus , -a, -um (= little, slight); named in reference to the small body size.

Distribution. Australia: Northern Territory, Queensland.


Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection


Australian National Insect Collection


National Museum Prague


South Australia Museum


Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)