Asturodes fimbriauralis Guenée, Guenee, 1854

Solis, M. Alma, Rodríguez, Eugenie Phillips-, Hallwachs, Winnie, Dapkey, Tanya & Janzen, Daniel H., 2020, Asturodes Amsel (Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Spilomelinae): Three New Species From The Western Hemisphere And Food Plant Records From Area De Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica, Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 122 (1), pp. 147-171: 153-160

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.4289/0013-8797.122.1.147

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3728757

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E087B3-DF24-8A36-FD05-A4E6FD96FBD9

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Asturodes fimbriauralis Guenée
status

 

Asturodes fimbriauralis Guenée   ( Figs. 2, 5, 6 View Figs , 9 View Figs , 14‒15 View Figs , 21 View Figs , 25–26 View Figs )

Diagnosis.—Forewing with a “C” pattern on both sides of M 2 near outer margin with a dark brown line to reniform spot; reniform spot with three dark brown circles ( Figs. 2 View Figs , 9 View Figs ); male genitalia with uncus tip round ( Fig. 14 View Figs ); female genitalia with signa on corpus bursae a small circle ( Fig. 21 View Figs ).

Description.—Adult. Head: Vertex with upright yellow scales with mostly dark brown scales on posterior side of and behind scape. Proboscis with yellow scales basally, becoming dark brown as proboscis curves under. Labial palpus ( Fig. 6 View Figs ) with first and second segments yellow, with dark band anteriorly across entire width. Thorax: Average forewing length 10.7 mm (n = 10) in males, 9.8 mm (n = 10) in females. Forewing pattern as in Figures 2 View Figs and 9 View Figs , a “C” pattern on both sides of M 2 near outer margin ( Fig. 9 View Figs , see red circle), connected with a dark brown band to reniform spot with three dark brown circles; no dark brown markings in radial area between reniform spot and postmedial line; first lengthwise line of zigzag between Rs 3 and Rs 4 broad; second lengthwise line of zigzag between Rs 4 and M

3 / 1 4

as long as first lengthwise line; antemedial line complete. Abdomen: Third and fourth tergite dark brown anteriorly, spot anteromedially, triangles laterally; fifth tergite with silver transverse band posteriorly and two triangles lateromedially ( Fig. 2 View Figs ). Male genitalia ( Figs. 14–15 View Figs ) uncus with very short, lateral setae; uncus tip not prominent. Androconial organ on parateguminal sclerite oblong, ear-shaped ( Fig. 25–26 View Figs ) with petaloid (ps) and filiform scales (fs). Valva with fibula, or sclerotized, thin, finger-like process only slightly extending beyond saccular margin, sclerotized from saccular margin to center of valva. Juxta medially with a single rod-like structure perpendicular to another rod-like structure. Phallus with vesica proximally covered with two prominent lines of spinules, without large spines. Female genitalia ( Fig. 21 View Figs ) ductus bursae with a square-like antrum about 2 mm in width, followed by a lightly sclerotized band and two triangular sclerotized structures within that are wider than the band, remainder membranous, almost same width to corpus bursae. Corpus bursae membranous, oval, signum small, round. Ductus seminalis originating about halfway between ostium bursae and corpus bursae.

Type Material.— HOLOTYPE: Brazil ( BMNH) [examined] ( Fig. 5 View Figs ).  

Material examined.— BRAZIL: 1♀, Parana, F. Johnson, [USNMENT01116063];   1♀, Rondonia, 62 km S Arquemes, 165 m Faz. Rancho Grande , 10 ° 32 ̍ S, 62 ° 48 ̍ W, 27.VIII– 8. IX.1994, R. Leuschner .   COSTA RICA: Alajuela, Area de Conservación Guanacaste: 2♀♀, Sector Rincon Rain Forest , Estación Caribe , 415 m, 10.90187, -85.27495, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 25. IX. 2009, coll. 8. IX. 2009, 09-SRNP-42469 [USNMENT01469974], 09-SRNP-42470 [USNMENT01469977]; GoogleMaps   1 ♂, ecl. 22. III. 2010, coll. 8. III. 2010, 10-SRNP-40826 [USNMENT01462885];   3 ♂♂, Jacobo , 461 m, 10.94076, -85.3177, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 1. X. 2009, coll. 18. IX. 2009 [USNMENT01462889]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 18. V. 2012, coll. 1. V. 2012 [USNMENT01462891];  

ecl. 18. VI. 2012, coll. 3. VI. 2012 [ USN MENT 01462892]. Puente Rio Negro , 340 m, 10.90376, -85.30274, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 23. V. 2010, coll. 11. V. 2010, 10-SRNP- 41767 [USNMENT01469969]. GoogleMaps   2 ♂♂, Quebrada Escondida , 420 m, 10.89928, -85.27486, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 11. III. 2010, coll. 18. II. 2010, 10-SRNP-40653 [ USN- MENT 01469949]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 14. VIII. 2010, coll. 8. VII. 2010, 10-SRNP-42506 [USNMENT- 01462894].   4♀♀, 2 ♂♂, Rio Blanco Abajo , 500 m, 10.90037, 85.37254, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 19. VII. 2000, coll. 4. VII. 2000, 00-SRNP-11840 [USNMENT01469963]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 23. VII. 2000, coll. 4. VII. 2000, 00- SRNP-11843 [USNMENT01469966];   ecl. 31. VII. 2000, coll. 15. VII. 2000, 00-SRNP- 11997 [USNMENT01462890];   ecl. 7. III. 2002, coll. 14. II. 2002, 02-SRNP-962 [ US NMENT 01462888];   ecl. 2. XI. 2009, coll. 12. X. 2009, 09-SRNP-5316 [USNMENT- 01469954];   ecl. 29. XI. 2009, coll. 16. XI. 2009, 09-SRNP-6020 [USNMENT0146- 9953];   1♀, San Lucas , 320 m, 10.91847, 85.30338, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 11. XI. 2009, coll. 28. X. 2009, 09-SRNP-43102 [ USN- MENT 01469952]; GoogleMaps   2♀♀, Sendero Anonas , 405 m, 10.90528, 85.27882, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 25. VI. 2010, coll. 7. VI. 2010, 10- SRNP-42102 [USNMENT01469961]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 28. I. 2001, coll. 11. I. 2001, 01-SRNP-4057 [USNMENT01469979]. 1♀, 3 ♂♂, Sendero Juntas , 400 m, 10.90661, -85.28784, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 1. VII. 2007, coll. 12. VI. 2007, 07-SRNP-41680 [USNMENT01462893]; GoogleMaps   ecl. 11. III. 2010, coll. 23. II. 2010, 10-SRNP- 40700 [USNMENT01469971];   ecl. 14. III. 2010, coll. 23. II. 2010, USNM slide # 1154 9110-SRNP-40703 [USNMENT01462903];   ecl. 10. VII. 2005, coll. 25. VI. 2005, USNM slide #115728, 05-SRNP-41655 [USNMENT01462897];   1 ♂, 1♀, Above El Gavilan, N. slope of Volcan Rincon de La Vieja, Las Bromelias lodge, 4‒ 7. IX. 2005, App. 800 m., A. Sourakov [ MGCL];   5 ♂♂, 2♀♀, Bosque Nuevo, 5 km E. Santa Cecilia , 11 ° 03.165 ̎ N 85 ° 21.283 ̍ W, 18 ‒ 20. VI. 2005, A. Sourakov [ MGCL];   2 ♂♂, Volcan Rincon de la Vieja, Las Bromelias , 13– 16. IX. 2009, A. Sourakov [ MGCL];   Alajuela: 1♀, Upala, Estación San Gerardo , 550 m, 17‒ 21. VII. 2005, J. B. Sullivan, B. Espinosa, UV trap & sheet [USNMENT01469944];   San Jose: 1♂, San Jose , 4000 ft, XI. 1906, W. Schaus [USNMENT01116034];   Guanacaste: 1♂, Bullas , 440 m, 10.9867, 85.38503, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 4. VIII. 2009, coll. 22. VII. 2009, 09-SRNP-71447 [ USN- MENT01462884]; GoogleMaps   1♀, Charia , 530 m, 10.99339, 85.40271, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 7. VIII. 2009, coll. 20. VII. 2009, 09- SRNP-71434 [USNMENT01469951]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Estación Quica , 470 m, 10.99697, -85.39666, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 7. VII. 2009, coll. 2. VI. 2009, 09-SRNP-70692 [ USN- MENT01469959]; GoogleMaps   1♀, Ingas , 580 m, 11.00311, 85.42041, ecl. 2. III. 2004, coll. 13. II. 2004, USNM slide #115727, 04- SRNP-30695 [USNMENT01462896]; GoogleMaps   4♀♀, Monte Cristo, 525m, 11.01373, Long . -85.42531, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 21. VII. 2009, coll. 3. VII. 2009, 09-SRNP- 21831 [USNMENT01469968];   ecl. 18. VII. 2009, coll. 3. VII. 2009, 09-SRNP- 21835 [USNMENT01469956];   ecl. 21. VII. 2009, coll. 3. VII. 2009, 09-SRNP- 21840 [USNMENT01469958];   ecl. 21. VII. 2009, coll. 3. VII. 2009, 09-SRNP- 21843 [USNMENT01469973];   2♀♀, 2♂♂, Pasmompa , 440 m, 11.01926, -85. 40997, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 30. VI. 2009, coll. 17. VI. 2009, 09-SRNP-31996 [ USN- MENT01469972];   ecl. 10.VII.2009, coll. 17.VI.2009, 09-SRNP-31997 [ USN- MENT01469978];   ecl. 5.VII.2009, coll. 17.VI.2009, 09-SRNP-31999 [ USN- MENT01469948]; ecl. 28.II.2007, coll. 3.II.2007, USNM slide #115632, 07- SRNP-31104 [USNMENT01469947];   4♀♀, 2♂♂, Puente Mena , 280m, 11. 04562, 85.45742, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 29.VI.2009, coll. 11.VI.2009, 09-SRNP- 21396 [USNMENT01469957];   ecl. 30. VI.2009, coll. 11.VI.2009, 09-SRNP- 21 397 [USNMENT01469964];   ecl. 23. VI.2009, coll. 11.VI.2009, 09-SRNP-21398 [USNMENT01462887];   ecl. 26.VI.2009, coll. 11.VI.2009, 09-SRNP-21399 [ USN- MENT01469962];   ecl. 2.VII.2009, coll. 11.VI.2009, 09-SRNP-21409 [ USN- MENT01462904];   ecl. 29.IX.2009, coll. 11.VI.2009, USNM slide #115490, 09- SRNP-21426 [USNMENT01462904];   1♀, Sendero Paleta , 570 m, 11.00434, -85. 41646, fp: C. spinosa   , ecl. 22.IV.2004, coll. 6.III.2004, 04-SRNP-31090 [USNMENT- 01469967];   1♂, El Bosque Nuevo, Santa Cecilia , 22.VI.1905, D.S. Lewis [MG- CL];   Costa Rica Oeste: 1♂, Guapiles , 850 ft, V.1907, W. Schaus [USNMENT01- 116029];   1♂, II.1907, [USNMENT01- 116035];   1♀, Juan Vinas , no date, W. Schaus [USNMENT01116030];   1♀, no date, Schaus and Barnes [USNMENT0- 1116032];   1♀, Banana River, III.1907, W. Schaus [USNMENT01116031];   Limón: 1♂, Veragua Rainforest Campamiento , -83.1129 W, 9.5532 N, 400-500m, 12‒ 15.III. 2010, J.B. Sullivan, UV trap [ USN- MENT01116033]; GoogleMaps   1♀, Hitoy Cerere Reserve , -83.015w, 9.404N, 354 ̍, 1‒4.VII. 2008, J.B. Sullivan, UV trap, sheet, [USNMENT01116048]; GoogleMaps   1♂, Six [a]ola River , IX, Schaus and Barnes [ USN- MENT01116042];   1♀, NW Guapiles, Rio Blanco , 11.III. 86, G. and A. Austin [ MGCL];   Heredia: 1♀, 11 km ESE La Virgen , 84 ° 03 ̍ W, 10 ° 21 ̍ N, 250–350m, 8.IV.2004, D. R. Davis , InBio-OET-ALAS transect, Estación Cartagena , @ light sheet [USNMENT01116037];   1♀, El Ceibo, 10 km SE La Virgen , 84 ° 05 ̍ W, 10 ° 20 ̍ N, 450‒550 m, D. R. and M.M. Davis , primary forest, trap 05/L/00/057, INBio-OET-ALAS, 11.IV.2003 [ USN- MENT01116036];   1♀, 9.IV.2003 [ USN- MENT01116038];   1♀, 11.IV.2003 [USNMENT01116039];   1♂, 11.IV.2003 [USNMENT01116040];   1♂, 3♀, Chilamate, 100 m, 11.VIII.1986, C. V. Covell, Jr. [USNMENT01116041, USN- MENT01469938, USNMENT01469939, USNMENT01469943];   1♀, Chilamate, 7.IX.1988, C. V. Covell, Jr. [ MHNG];   1♀, Finca Holbrook, Silva Verde nr. Chilamate, 84 ° 05 ̍ W, 10 ° 27 ̍ N, 500 ft, 24–26.IX.1986, Gaskin , GC:20,327c [USNMENT01116044];   1♀, GC:20,327d [USNMENT01116045];   1♂, GC:20,327 [USNMENT01116046];   1♀, Puerto Viejo, light on sheet behind Hotel Bambu , 12 V, J.D. Hedbor [ MGCL];   Cartago: 1♀, Turrialba , 27.I.1970, Colubrina, Pupated   : 31.I.70;   ecl. 9.II.70 [USNMENT01116047];   1♀, Colubrina, Pupated   : 26-I-70, ecl. 6.II.70 [USNMENT01116049];   1♂, Tuis , no date, W. Schaus [USNMENT01116043].   Puntarenas: 1♂, 1♀, Finca Selva Verde , 2.IX.88; 2.IX.88, L. Kasarov [ MGCL];   1♀, Monteverde, 5.IX.1988, C. V. Covell, Jr. [ MGCL];   1♀, Puntarenas, Monteverde, 16.IX.1986, G. and A. Austin [ MGCL].   CUBA: 1♂, 1♀, Santiago , no date, W. Schaus [USNMENT01116050, USNMENT01116051];   1♂, Matanzas, Cienaga Zapata, nr. Playa Largo , 3 m, 10–11.II.1981, D. R. Davis [USNMENT- 01116053];   1♂, San Blas, Sta. Clara, X.1931, G. C. Rowe, Ento No 10075 [USNMENT01116052];   1♀, S[an]tiago, Turguino, 470 m, 27.VII.1990, V. O. Becker, Co. Becker 73256 [USNMENT- 01116064].   DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: La Vega: 1♂, vic. Jarabaccoa, 28.VI. 1981, C. V. Covell, Jr. [USNMENT- 01469941];   Barahona: 1♂, nr. Filipinas, Larimar Mine , at light, 26.VI‒7.VII. 1992, R. E. Woodruff, P.E. Skelley [ MGCL];   1♂, nr. Filipinas, Larimar Mine, mercury vap. Light , 11.VI. VII-1993, R. E. Woodruff, diss #02810 [ MGCL].   ECUADOR: Napo: 1♂, Yasuni Research Station, Rios Tivacuso & Tiputini , 0 ° 38 ̍ S, 76 ° 30 ̍ W, 250 m, 18‒23.X.1998, C. V. Covell, Jr. , at lights [USNMENT- 01116028].   JAMAICA: St. Catherine Parrish: 1♀, Worthy Park Est. , 9‒19.XI. 1968, R. E. Woodruff, Blacklight Trap [USNMENT01116054].   NICARAGUA: Chontales: 1♂, Pte. Quinama E. Villa Somoza , 29.VII.1967, O.S. Flint, Jr. [USNMENT01116027];   Jinotega: 1♀, El Jaguar Pl [a]nt[atio]n, 86.05 ° W, 12.24 ° N, 4200 ft, 3‒8.XII.2005, D. Marqua [ MGCL]. GoogleMaps   PANAMA: Canal Zone: 1♂, 1♀, Corozal, C.E. Crafts , XI.1912 [USNMENT01116018, USN- MENT01116020];   1♀, Barro Colorado Isl [and], 22.III.1978, Silberglied and Aiello , at light [USNMENT01116021];   1♂, 3.IV.1978 [USNMENT01116022];   1♀, Madden Dam , 10‒13.VII.1967, O.S. Flint, Jr. [USNMENT01116024];   Panamá Oeste: 1♂, La Chorrera, A. Busck , V.1912 [USNMENT01116019];   Capiro: 1♀, Rio Trinidad, 1‒10.VI.1912, A. Busck [USNMENT01116023];   Unknown province: 1♀, La Couna [sic?], 5 km from Pan Am Hwy, MV and black light, 24.IX.1982, D.H. Habeck ( MGCL). PERU:   Chanchamayo: 1♂, no date, Dognin , [USNMENT01116025];   Loreto: 1♂, Callicebus Res. Station Mishana, Rio Nanay , 25 km SW Iquitos , 120 m, 10‒ 17.I.1980, J.B. Heppner, tropical wet forest [USNMENT01116026].   Puerto Rico: 4♀♀, Quebradilias , 17.XI.1940, L.F. Martorell, P. R. Acc. No. 778-40, Larvae leaf-rollers on C. colubrina   [USNMENT01116055, USNMENT01116056, USNMENT01116057, USNMENT01116058];   1♂, Guajataca Forest, Isabella , 22.VII.1955, Ramos and Maldonado , collected at light [USNMENT01116059];   2♂♂, Reserva Forestal Guajataca , 360 m, 18‒28.III.1971, C.P. Kimball [USNMENT01116060, USNMENT01116061];   1♂, 1‒13.IV. 1971 [USNMENT01116062].   VENEZUELA: Anzoátegui: 2♀♀, San Esteban Valley, Las Quiguas [USNMENT01469988, USNMENT01469990].  

Distribution.—Broadly distributed from Brazil to Nicaragua; in the Caribbean it has been collected in Cuba, Dominican

Republic, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico, but probably occurs on other islands. Recently, this species has been collected as far north as Monroe County, Florida, United States ( Hayden 2017).

Biological remarks.—Wild-collected larvae have been found only on the leaves of Colubrina spinosa Donn. Sm.   in Costa Rica (DHJ and WH), with 655 larval rearing records ( Janzen and Hallwachs 2019). From the literature and USNM specimens, this species has been reared only from Colubrina   ( Rhamnaceae   ) in Puerto Rico: “Reared from leaves [of Colubrina arborescens (Mill.) Sarg.   ] mined by caterpillars of this species collected at Guajataca and San Sebastián, Oct. to Dec.1940, at 15 to 450 feet altitude ( Martorell 1945, 1976; Wolcott 1951).” Host plant data in the USNM collection are four voucher specimens collected by Martorell (1945) that have the following label: “Larvae a leaf-roller on Colubrina colubrina   .” and other specimens from Costa Rica with labels “ Colubrina   sp.” (see Material Examined for this species).

BMNH

United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)]

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MV

University of Montana Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Crambidae

Genus

Asturodes