Hirondellea Chevreux, 1889

Lowry, J. K. & Stoddart, H. E., 2010, The deep-sea scavenging genus Hirondellea (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Lysianassoidea: Hirondelleidae fam. nov.) in Australian waters, Zootaxa 2329 (1), pp. 37-55 : 38-39

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https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.2329.1.3



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Hirondellea Chevreux, 1889


Hirondellea Chevreux, 1889 View in CoL

Hirondellea Chevreux, 1889: 285 View in CoL . ― Stebbing, 1906: 16. ― Gurjanova, 1962: 88. ― J.L. Barnard, 1969: 345. ― Barnard & Ingram, 1990: 7. ― Barnard & Karaman, 1991: 490.

Tetronychia Stephensen, 1923: 63 View in CoL . ― Schellenberg, 1926: 251 [type species Tetronychia abyssalis Stephensen, 1923 View in CoL by monotypy].

Type species. Hirondellea trioculata Chevreux, 1889 View in CoL , by original designation.

Species composition. Hirondellea View in CoL includes 16 species: Hirondellea abyssalis ( Stephensen, 1923) View in CoL ; H. antarctica ( Schellenberg, 1926) View in CoL ; H. brevicaudata Chevreux, 1910 View in CoL ; H. diamantina View in CoL sp. nov.; H. dubia Dahl, 1959 View in CoL ; H. endeavour View in CoL sp. nov.; H. fidenter J.L. Barnard, 1966 View in CoL ; H. franklin View in CoL sp. nov.; H. gigas ( Birstein & Vinogradov, 1955) View in CoL ; H. glutonis Barnard & Ingram, 1990 View in CoL ; H. guyoti Barnard & Ingram, 1990 View in CoL ; H. kapala View in CoL sp. nov.; H. naturaliste View in CoL sp. nov.; H. sindhusagar Horton & Thurston, 2009 View in CoL ; H. trioculata Chevreux, 1889 View in CoL ; H. wolfendeni ( Tattersall, 1909) comb. nov.

Remarks. The taxon Hirondellea wolfendeni is newly included here as a species of Hirondellea . Tattersall (1909) originally assigned it, with some doubts, to the genus Anonyx where it has remained ever since. The characteristic maxilla 1 with subterminal notch on the palp and one of the inner plate setae very broad at the base, clearly place this species in the genus Hirondellea .

Based on the misleading illustration (fig. 9) of Stephensen (1923), Gurjanova (1962), Barnard & Ingram (1990) and Horton & Thurston (2009) all key H. abyssalis as having the inner ramus of uropod 2 constricted. Stephensen (1923: 64) noted of uropod 2 that "… in the right side only the proximal part of outer ramus is kept, the inner ramus is totally lost; and in the left up. 2 both of the rami are very short and seem to be in regeneration ...". We have looked at Stephensen's slide and found no constriction on the uropod 2 inner ramus. We suspect that even if it were regenerating it would show some sign of the constriction. The species has never been re-collected. We cannot say for certain whether H. abyssalis uropod 2 inner ramus is constricted or not but the current evidence suggests that it is not constricted and that it should not be recorded as constricted.

Distribution. Hirondelleids have been recorded from all major ocean bodies except the South Atlantic Ocean, the southern Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the North Polar Sea.












Hirondellea Chevreux, 1889

Lowry, J. K. & Stoddart, H. E. 2010


Schellenberg, A. 1926: 251
Stephensen, K. 1923: 63


Barnard, J. L. & Karaman, G. S. 1991: 490
Barnard, J. L. & Ingram, C. 1990: 7
Barnard, J. L. 1969: 345
Gurjanova, E. F. 1962: 88
Stebbing, T. R. R. 1906: 16
Chevreux, E. 1889: 285
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