Afroptera pruinosa ( Tjeder, 1967 ) Abdalla & Mansell & Sole, 2019

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Mansell, Mervyn W. & Sole, Catherine L., 2019, Revision of the southern African genera Nemopterella Banks and Nemia Navás (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae: Nemopterinae), with descriptions of new genera and species, Zootaxa 4635 (1), pp. 1-89 : 68

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Afroptera pruinosa ( Tjeder, 1967 )

comb. nov.

Afroptera pruinosa ( Tjeder, 1967) comb. nov.

( Figs 113 View FIGURES 111–114 , 121 View FIGURES 115–122 , 153 View FIGURES 153–154 )


Nemopterella pruinosa Tjeder, 1967: 486 .

Etymology. Unknown, but probably from the Latin word purinos (smoke, frost, purinas) for its extensively powdered greyish body.

Type locality. South Africa, Northern Cape Province. Houmoed , 29°18’53’’S 19°32’47’’E GoogleMaps .

Type depository. TMSA .

Diagnosis. Afroptera pruinosa is a small species with greyish pruinose thorax. Superficially similar to A. koranna through its small size, pruinose brown body, unstriped thorax and sparse short black hairs on the prescutum disc. It can be distinguished from A. koranna by a combination of the following characters: A. pruinosa has a blackish brown abdomen with white hair on the dorsum and venter, while in A. koranna the abdomen is brown with white hair on the dorsum and black hair on the venter. Afroptera pruinosa also has forewings with a rounded apex but with a slight emargination before the apex ( Fig. 121 View FIGURES 115–122 ), while in A. koranna the apex is rounded without emargination.

Type material examined. SOUTH AFRICA, Northern Cape Province. Holotype ♂ ( Fig. 113 View FIGURES 111–114 ), TMSA02072 View Materials , HOLOTYPE Neu 102, Nemopterella pruinosa Tjeder (red printed label) / Houmoed [29°18’53’’S 19°32’47’’E], N.W. Cape, 20.X.1955, H.K.Munro (white handwritten label) GoogleMaps / Holotypus ♂, Nemopterella pruinosa Tjed., Bo Tjed- er 1966 (red handwritten label). ( TMSA) .

Distribution and habitat. This species is recorded from the Northern Cape Province and is known only from the type locality in the Nama Karoo Biome ( Fig. 153 View FIGURES 153–154 ). The locality falls within the Bushmanland Inselberg Shrubland vegetation unit in the Bushmanland Bioregion ( Mucina & Rutherford 2006). See description of the habitat under distribution of A. dyscrita . The area receives late summer rains ranging between 70–120 mm from February to April.

Remarks. The species is represented by the male holotype only and occurs sympatrically with A. munroi .


Transvaal Museum














Afroptera pruinosa ( Tjeder, 1967 )

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Mansell, Mervyn W. & Sole, Catherine L. 2019

Nemopterella pruinosa

Tjeder, B. 1967: 486