Nemia karrooa ( Péringuey, 1911 ), Peringuey, 1911

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Mansell, Mervyn W. & Sole, Catherine L., 2019, Revision of the southern African genera Nemopterella Banks and Nemia Navás (Neuroptera: Nemopteridae: Nemopterinae), with descriptions of new genera and species, Zootaxa 4635 (1), pp. 1-89: 79-80

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4635.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E1AC3BD4-6FCB-49F9-8069-624760C2CAF7

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03DBDF51-A717-FFE0-FF0D-FD7831725E20

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nemia karrooa ( Péringuey, 1911 )
status

 

Nemia karrooa ( Péringuey, 1911)  

( Figs 160 View FIGURE 160 , 164 View FIGURES 162–166 , 169 View FIGURES 169–170 , 175 View FIGURES 172–177 )

Nemoptera (Eretmoptera) karrooa Péringuey, 1911: 36   .

Nemopterella karrooa (Péringuey)   : Navás 1912: 9.

Nemia karrooa (Péringuey)   : Tjeder 1967: 448.

Etymology. Derived the common name of the various Pentzia   species (karoo bushes), the dominant shrubs that characterise the Karoo biomes of South Africa, and in which N. karrooa   is widespread.

Type locality. South Africa, Western Cape Province, Tulbagh , 33°16S 19°06E GoogleMaps   .

Type depository. SAMC   .

Diagnosis. This species shares the distinct dark thoracic stripes of N. angulata   and N. costalis   ( Fig. 169 View FIGURES 169–170 ). Nemia karrooa   resembles N. costalis   in having similar abdominal pubescence stripe patterns. It resembles N. angulata   by the similar colouration of the forewing veins, costal membrane and subcostal and anal areas. It can be distinguished from the former species by having a slightly broader forewing with less acute apex ( Fig. 164 View FIGURES 162–166 ), and from the latter by a much paler pterostigma and far less whitish pubescence on the thoracic pleurites.

Size (mm). Male: body length 12.3 (10.6–14.2); forewing 27.6 (24.4–30); hind wing 61.0 (58.8–69.9); antenna 25.5 (21.4– 28.5). Female: body length 13.2 (12.4–14.7); forewing 26.3 (25.6–27); hind wing 59.1 (58.3–60); antenna 17.8 (17–18.8). (N = 58).

Type material Examined. SOUTH AFRICA, Western Cape Province. Holotype ♀, SAM–NEU–A001237, Tulbagh, R.Lightfoot 1910 (white handwritten label) / Nemoptera tulbaghia   ♀ type, Py (white handwritten label) / Holotypus Nemoptera (Eretmoptera) karrooa Péringuey   (red handwritten label) / Nemia karrooa Per.   , det. Bo Tjeder 1966 (white printed label). ( SAMC).

Other material examined. SOUTH AFRICA, Northern Cape Province. 1♂, NEUR08895, 9   Km W of Williston, 31°20’4’’S 20°50’52’’E, 10.xi.1998, J.G.H.Londt, 1080m, Karoo vegetation at foot of rocky ridge GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, NEUR01476   , Milddlepos , 32°54’S 20°14’E, 1120m, 16.xi.1990, M.W. Mansell, R.B.Miller, L.A.Stange GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, NEUR01480   , Ster- kfontein Farm, Williston Dist, 31°48’S 20°31’E, 1200m, 17.xi.1990, M.W. Mansell, R.B.Miller, L.A.Stange GoogleMaps   ; 1♀, NEUR01346   , Westdene Farm, Richmond District , 31°24’S 23°44’E, 1320m, 14.xii.1989, M.W.Mansell, Handnetted GoogleMaps   ; 1♂ 3♀, NEUR12586   , Kelkiewyn Farm, Calvinia District , 31°12’01’’S 19°41’33’’E, 22–23.x. 2013, 661m, C.H.Scholtz GoogleMaps   . 7♂ 3♀, NEUR118110   , same locality and collector, 25.x.2011, At light   . 1♂ 5♀, NEUR09923   , same locality and collector, 1–3.xii.2008, At light. (All SANC)   . Western Cape Province. 1♂, NEUR08894   , Prince Albert Dist, Tierberg Research Station , 33°08’S 22°17’E, 26.xii.1989, W.R.J.Dean / Collected at light GoogleMaps   ; 2♂, NEUR08893   , same locality and collector, x.1989   ; 1♂, NEUR02164   , same locality and collector, x.1990   ; 1♂ 1♀, NEUR02117   , Boonsteveld, 25 K. N Laingsburg [33°11’47’’S 20°51’39’’E], 10.xi.1985, M.D.Picker GoogleMaps   ; 5♂ 1♀, NEUR10118   , Oorlogskloof Farm, Klaarstroom District , 33°21’48’’S 22°43’34’’E, 897m, 21.xi.2008, At light, A.P.Marais GoogleMaps   ; 1♂, NEUR10119   , Oukloof Farm, Prince Albert District , 33°16’23’’S 22°08’12’’E, 745m, 22–23.xi.2008, At light, A.P.Marais GoogleMaps   ; 8♂ 7♀, NEUR09864   , Wamakerskraal Farm, Laingsburg District , 33°02’03’’S 21°35’36’’E, 350m, 11.x.2008, J.B.Ball, A.P.Mariais, Light. (All SANC) GoogleMaps   . 1♂, A001338, Klaarstroom, Prince Albert / Nemia karrooa Per.   , det. Bo Tjeder 1966   ; 3♂, A001239, Dikbome , Merweville Koup, C.P / Nemia karrooa Per.   , det. Bo Tjeder 1966   ; 1♂, A001240, Koup Siding, Laingsburg [33°11’47’’S 20°51’39’’E], C.P. / Nemia karrooa Per.   , det. Bo Tjed- er. (All SAMC) GoogleMaps   .

Distribution and habitat. Nemia karrooa   occurs in the Northern and Western Cape provinces, South Africa ( Fig. 175 View FIGURES 172–177 ). Compared to other species in the genus, this species has a wide distribution. The range extends over the Fynbos, Succulent Karoo and Nama Karoo Biomes. The habitat consequently ranges from arid to semi-arid with different rainfall seasons and different vegetation cover according to biome type.

Remarks. The female holotype of N. karrooa   was originally described by Péringuey (1911) and deposited in the South African Museum, Cape Town. When he examined the holotype Tjeder (1967), observed that it is labelled “ Nemoptera tulbaghia   ♀./ type Per” with type locality “Tulbagh, R. Lightfoot 1910” instead of Nemoptera karrooa   as Péringuey had named it in his paper. Tjeder assumed that the change in the species name from tulbaghia   to karrooa   may have been because Péringuey has been informed by Lightfoot (the collector of the species) that the type specimen had, in fact, been collected from Laingsburg in the Karoo region and not from Tulbagh, and Péringuey inadvertently did not change the label. Tjeder (1967) consequently amended the label to “ Holotypus, Nemoptera (Eretmoptera) karrooa Péringuey   ” and then substituted the name Nemoptera   with Nemia   in his paper.

SAMC

Iziko Museums of Cape Town

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Neuroptera

Family

Nemopteridae

Genus

Nemia

Loc

Nemia karrooa ( Péringuey, 1911 )

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Mansell, Mervyn W. & Sole, Catherine L. 2019
2019
Loc

Nemia karrooa (Péringuey)

Tjeder, B. 1967: 448
1967
Loc

Nemopterella karrooa (Péringuey)

Navas, L. 1912: 9
1912
Loc

Nemoptera (Eretmoptera) karrooa Péringuey, 1911: 36

Peringuey, L. 1911: 36
1911