Notiphilides grandis Brölemann, 1905

Calvanese, Victor C. & Brescovit, Antonio D., 2017, A new species of Notiphilides from Amazonia, with a redescription of N. grandis (Chilopoda, Geophilomorpha, Oryidae), Zootaxa 4232 (1), pp. 1-20 : 4-7

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Notiphilides grandis Brölemann, 1905


Notiphilides grandis Brölemann, 1905

Figures 2‒7 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 View FIGURE 7 , 14 View FIGURE 14 A–B

Notiphilides grandis Brölemann, 1905: 71 , figs. 8̅9 (female holotype from Manaus , 3°6′0″S 60°1′0″W, Amazonas, Brazil, deposited in MZSP 186 View Materials ). GoogleMaps

Other material examined. Brazil, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva Florestal Adolpho Ducke (2°57'42"S, 59°55'40"W): #1 F, 06/09/1992, ( MCN 461 View Materials ) GoogleMaps ; #1 F, 20/8/1991 (MCN 455); #1 F, 18/01/1994 (MCN 477); #1 M, 06- 09/08/1992 (MCN 462); Maricoré (05°48'33"S, 61°18'01"W), #1 F, 19/04/1996 ( IBSP 1160 View Materials ), all collected by A.D. Brescovit. GoogleMaps

Diagnosis. Notiphilides grandis differs from other species of Notiphilides by the combination of the following characteristics: body having 151̄153 leg-bearing segments in females and 137 in males; claw of the second maxillae with only one marginal filament, in the dorsal side of the structure ( Figs 5 View FIGURE 5 D̄E, 14A); a sulcus present in the distal margins of the tergites, more visible in the medial region of the body ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 D, 7D); intermediate tergite of the postpedal segment with homogenous color ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 F, 7F, 14B); ultimate legs without tubercle in apex of the tarsal article ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 F).

Description. Female ( IBSP 1160). Body with 151 leg-bearing segments, length 132, and maximum width 2.8. Specimen preserved in 70% alcohol presents light yellow color ( Figs 2‒6 View FIGURE 2 View FIGURE 3 View FIGURE 4 View FIGURE 5 View FIGURE 6 , 14 View FIGURE 14 B), color in life unknown.

Cephalic plate: smooth, with small sparse setae, wider than long, 2.4 wide, 1.8 length. Basis as wide as middle, tapering towards the distal region ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 B).

Antennae: short and stout, inserted frontally on the cephalic plate ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 A, B), sharply curved backwards. Length 4.1, about 2.2 times the size of the cephalic plate, and maximum width (first segment) of 0.6. Last segment elongated, about 3 times the previous in length ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 C).

Chaetotaxy: ĪIV articles with small and sparse setae, in relatively low numbers ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 A). V̄XIII articles with longer setae increasing in quantity approaching the distal part ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 B). XIV article with two types of setae: A– long and thin and B– short and thickened, and sensilla, distributed in both ventral and dorsal region ( Fig. 3 View FIGURE 3 D).

Clypeus: well-defined region, with 40 short and stout scattered setae, slightly concentrated in the central region ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A). Rod-shaped sensilla spread sparsely throughout the area.

Labrum: well developed and sclerotized, with a single piece, almost straight, serrated, composed of more than 100 small conical teeth, uniform, slightly higher in the middle region ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A, B).

Mandibles: manubrium straight and thin, body concave with six lamellar combs ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C‒D) that gradually decrease in size towards the apex of the structure. Dorsal region of mandible less sclerotized and more flexible, distinctly transparent ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 D).

First maxillae: two lappets present on each side. Telopodite uniarticulated with coxal projections ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 A‒B), both having tiny setae in apical region and sensilla in form of small rods, more numerous in ventral region.

Second maxillae: coxosternite with minute and sparse setae, chaetotaxy as in Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 C. Telopodite with many setae, which gradually accumulate in the apical region of the ventral structure. Telopodite claw well developed ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 D‒E), spatulate, with one filament of 4 short denticles on DR.

Forcipular segment: coxosternite short and wide, 2.1 wide and 0.6 in length ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 A). Telopodites when closed reach the distal edge of the cephalic plate ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 A).

Walking legs: size and morphology uniform along the body, except for the first pair, slightly reduced. Leg of the LXXV segment tapering towards the posterior region, measuring 2.3 length. Pretarsus well developed, 0.23 long, tapered tarsus, tuning in distal portion, with 0.70 length. Rectangular tibia, slightly narrower in distal region, 0.6 length. Rectangular femur, 0.5 length. Prefemur trapezoidal, 0.4 of length. Trochanter uniformly rectangular, 0.2 length. Procoxae greater than metacoxa, both in the shape of a right triangle, with the field of small pores that extend from the sternum.

Pleural region: anterior and posterior part of the body with one line of paratergites ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 A) that gradually increase to 2 lines and 3 lines ending in the middle region ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 B). Posterior paratergites divide into a few articles along the distal part of body. Stigmatopleurite and prescutella similar in size and separated by a conspicuous thin membrane ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 A). Spiracles elliptical in shape ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 B).

Sternites: rectangular, homogeneous throughout the body except for the first and last, little reduced. Sternite of the LXXV segment ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 D) measuring 0.72 length and 1.68 wide. Ventral pores present in all segments, grouped in two interconnected strips extending beyond the sternum to metacoxa and procoxa. Using oblique light, it is possible to see small structures distributed throughout the surface of the sternite where the pore fields occur ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 D1̄D2). Small setae scattered sparsely and dense in quantity, distributed across the sternite surface ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 D1).

Tergites (first to penultimate): rectangular, measuring in the middle of the body ( LXXV segment) 0.73 length and 2.7 wide. Sulcus less conspicuous than in N. amazonica sp. n., divided into two units permeate the distal structure base ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 D), present in the middle and distal body region. Two shallow pits are present in most body segments slightly offset to the side ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 C).

Last leg-bearing segment: sternite slightly trapezoidal, with its base tapering to the distal part of the body ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, 6E), measuring 0.32 wide, 0.75 length. Tergite, with elliptical shape ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 F), measuring 0.9 wide, 0.52 length, pretergite not visible Ultimate legs with six articles, slightly larger than the penultimate, left legs with a length of 2.2 versus 1.8. Undeveloped coxa, missing coxal pores ( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 E, 6E). Setae rather short and in low number are distributed sparsely, especially in the last leg articles. Sub-apex tarsal with little groove ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 F).

Postpedal segments: intermediate tergite homogeneously staining with sub straight base measuring 0.8 in maximum width, and rounded distal part with a maximum length of 0.65 ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 F). Intermediate sternite well developed, in elliptical shape with a maximum length of 0.42 and maximum width of 0.94 ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 E). Gonopod biarticulated, tapering towards the distal portion, in the shape of an isosceles rectangle triangle with the hypotenuse turned to the central portion of the segment. Small sparse setae present on all segments, both ventral and dorsal portions ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 E).

Male. Body length 142, maximum width 2.4. Structures as in female ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 ), except for the number of legbearing segments, 137. Gonopod biarticulated, gradually thinner towards the distal portion, surpassing the distal margin of the anal segment ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 F) in shape of isosceles triangle, with the hypotenuse facing the lateral margin of the segment ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 E).

Variation (n=6). Body length: 132̄184. Pretergite of last leg-bearing segment visible (not hidden for predecessor tergite) in female specimens (MCN 477) from Manaus, Amazonas. One female (MCN 455) with 153 pairs of legs.

Distribution. Brazil: Amazonas.


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


McNeese State University


Instituto Biologico de Sao Paulo














Notiphilides grandis Brölemann, 1905

Calvanese, Victor C. & Brescovit, Antonio D. 2017

Notiphilides grandis Brölemann, 1905: 71

Brolemann 1905: 71