Microglanis malabarbai, Bertaco & Cardoso, 2005

Bertaco, Vinicius A. & Cardoso, Alexandre R., 2005, A new species of Microglanis (Siluriformes: Pseudopimelodidae) from the rio Uruguay drainage, Brazil, Neotropical Ichthyology 3 (1), pp. 61-67 : 62-63

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1590/S1679-62252005000100002

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scientific name

Microglanis malabarbai

new species

Microglanis malabarbai , new species

Figs. 1-2 View Fig View Fig

Holotype. MCP 35941 View Materials (50.0 mm SL), arroio Albino, tributary of rio Ijuí (rio Uruguay drainage), 28 o 08’10”S 54 o 55’28”W, São Pedro do Butiá , Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 12 Jun 2004, A. R. Cardoso & V. A. Bertaco. GoogleMaps

Paratypes. Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, rio Ijuí drainage: MCP 35339 View Materials (1, 38.3 mm SL), collected with the holotype. MCP 35761 View Materials (5, 31.5-45.7 mm SL), same locality and collectors as holotype, 31 Oct 2004. MCP 35760 View Materials (1, 36.4 mm SL), MZUSP 85812 View Materials (2, 42.6-46.2 mm SL), arroio Alexandrino, Salvador das Missões, 28 o 10’25”S 54º48’05”W, 31 Oct 2004, A. R. Cardoso & V.A. Bertaco. MCP 35762 View Materials (1, 43.2 mm SL), arroio Portão, Roque Gonzales, 28º08’21”S 54 o 58’33”W, 31 Oct 2004, A. R. Cardoso & V. A. Bertaco GoogleMaps .

Diagnosis. Microglanis malabarbai is distinguished from all other species in the genus by having a caudal fin that is almost completely black, with a narrow vertical white band across central portions of the caudal-fin rays. Microglanis malabarbai is further distinguished from M. cottoides by the longer head length (29.6-33.5 vs. 25.1-31.2% SL, Fig. 3 View Fig ), smaller pectoral spine length (17.0-22.5 vs. 20.0-27.5% SL), smaller maxillary barbel length (63.4-92.4 vs. 91.4-131.6% HL, Fig. 4), larger internareal distance (24.0-29.1 vs. 19.6-25.2% HL, Fig. 5), and smaller number of lateral-line pores (6-7 vs. 7-13, Fig. 6). It further differs from M. cibelae by longer head length (29.6-33.5 vs. 25.1-28.9% SL), larger body width (29.3-33.1 vs. 22.3-26.0% SL), and smaller maxillary barbel length (63.4-92.4 vs. 84.1-144.6% HL); from M. eurystoma by smaller mouth width (60.5-71.9 vs. 74.1-76.9% HL), and larger head depth (52.7-61.2 vs. 42.4-48.2% HL); from M. parahybae by longer head length (29.6-33.5 vs. 23.2-27.6% SL), higher body depth (17.4-19.8 vs. 12.9-15.6% SL), and higher caudal peduncle depth (9.4-11.3 vs. 7.6-9.7% SL); from M. nigripinnis and M. ater by color of fins (fins scattered with chromatophores vs. all fins black, except caudal fin in M. malabarbai ). Microglanis malabarbai also differs from M. ater by having a smaller number anal-fin rays (10-12 vs. 14-15).

Description. Morphometric data for M. malabarbai summarized in Table 1. Body compressed behind dorsal fin. Highest body depth at dorsal-fin origin, largest body width at pectoral-fin base. Head slightly depressed and rounded in dorsal view. Frontal fontanel small, nearly two times eye size. Supraoccipital process short, contacting pre-dorsal nuchal plate. Mouth curved, terminal; mouth gape about same size as head width at opercle. Teeth small and viliform. Premaxillary teeth in rectangular patch about four times wider than long. Dentary teeth patch along whole exposed border of dentary. Gill membranes free, supported by 8 or 9 branchiostegal rays; upper gill rakers of first arch 3 and lower gill rakers 7 (2 c&s). Barbels thin, flattened in cross section. One maxillary and two mental pairs of barbels. Maxillary barbel short, not reaching base of pectoral-fin spines. Outer mental barbels longer than inner, and reaching base of pectoral-fin spines. Anterior nostril near upper lip, at tip of erect tube; posterior nostril near bony orbital margin. Eye closer to mouth than to distal margin of opercle. Lateral line with 6-7 pores (one specimen with 9), reaching vertical line projected over base of last two dorsal-fin rays.

Dorsal fin with spinelet, strong pungent spine, and 5-6 soft branched rays. Spine short, smaller than soft rays, anterior margin smooth and posterior margin serrated in distal portion. Adipose fin of medium size, base longer than length of analfin base. Caudal fin emarginate, lower and upper lobes of equal length with rounded margins; principal caudal-fin rays 15-16 (mean = 15.5). Dorsal procurrent caudal-fin rays 15-16, and ventral procurrent caudal-fin rays 11-12. Anal fin short and rounded; posteriormost rays reaching caudal-fin base; anal-fin rays 10-12 (mean = 10.7), 3-4 unbranched, 7-8 branched. Pectoral fin with strong spine, 5 soft rays; anterior margin of spine with retrorse hooks on proximal third, antrorse hooks distally; and posterior margin with retrorse hooks along entire length. Posterior cleithral process slender and pointed. Pelvic fin rounded with i, 5 soft rays. Vertebral count 29-30 in 2 c&s specimens.


Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul