Pieza parnasecon Mendes, Lamas, Evenhuis

Mendes, Luanna L., Lamas, Carlos J. E., Evenhuis, Neal L. & Limeira-De-Oliveira, Francisco, 2019, New Pieza Evenhuis (Diptera, Mythicomyiidae, Mythicomyiinae) from Northeast Brazil, Zootaxa 4629 (1), pp. 1-25: 13-15

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4629.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A8E9B9F1-4CC4-4BF9-81B0-36B1729BCC1B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D887D1-A31E-FFA0-F1A7-8D19FD1D406A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pieza parnasecon Mendes, Lamas, Evenhuis
status

 

Pieza parnasecon Mendes, Lamas, Evenhuis   & Limeira-de-Oliveira, sp. nov.

( Figs 35–42 View FIGURES 35–42 )

Diagnosis. Postgena yellow. Ejaculatory apodeme oval in ventral and lateral views ( Figs 39, 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ); anterodorsal region rounded, ventromedial projection subrectangular, directed posteriorly, apex truncate, ventro-median projection sub-hyaline in lateral view ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Gonostylus simple, apices triangular in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ).

Description of holotype male ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Body length: 2.08 mm. Wing length: 1.6 mm. Head. Eyes separated at vertex by approximately 2.0X distance between posterior ocelli. Ocellar triangle light brown. Frons dorsal ¼ light brown, ventral ¾ yellow, round brown mark on median depression; setae brown, small, lateral; face yellow. Proboscis dark yellow to light brown, almost same length as head; oral cavity and margin yellow. Postcranium brown to light brown, yellow on median region toward postgena; setae yellow. Antenna with second flagellomere shorter than maximum width of first flagellomere. Thorax. Mesonotum with setae brown, yellow on postpronotal lobe, reclinate and dense (mostly lost); mesonotum yellow to pale yellow on the submedian antero-mesonotal triangular mark, submedian stripe projecting from antero-mesonotal triangular mark to prescutellar region (not connected posteriorly), and supra-alar area ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 35–42 ); prealar and notopleural setae lost. Scutellum dark yellow to light brown, pale yellow on lateral margins; setae lost. Pleura yellow to pale yellow on the proepimeron, about dorsal ½ and posterior margin of anepisternum, dorsal ¼ of katepisternum, posterior margin of anepimeron and about dorsal ½ of meron ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 35–42 ); setae yellow, sparse, restricted to margin of anepisternum. Legs ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Forecoxa yellow, infuscated brown on anterodorsal surface, mid and hindcoxa yellow. Femora dark yellow to light brown, distal 1/5 yellow. Tarsi yellow, tarsomeres II−V dark brown. Wing ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Hyaline; costal vein ending at proximal ⅓ of distance between veins R 4+5 and M 1; vein R 2+3 arising from Rs at approximately 60° angle, crossvein m-m length shorter than crossvein r-m. Halter pale yellow, anterior surface infuscated dark yellow. Abdomen. Dark yellow to light brown, subshiny; tergites III−VI with brown, shiny, small, glabrous and dispersed plaques; setae yellow, uniform in length; tergites I−VII with pale yellow band on posterior margin, wider laterally. Sternites light brown, each with yellow band on posterior margin. Terminalia. Epandrium rounded in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ), entirely setose; subtriangular, ventral margin about 2.0X longer than dorsal margin, anterior margin straight in lateral view ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ); epandrium with outer and inner margins rounded in posterior view ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Pseudo-surstylus convergent, pointed in ventral and posterior views ( Figs 39, 42 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Cercus subtriangular, weakly sclerotized, setae concentrated on ⅔ of median surface in posterior view ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 35–42 ), projecting posteriorly ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Ejaculatory apodeme oval medially, about 4/5 length of anterior arm of parameral sheath, more heavily sclerotized on longitudinal axis, medial arms subtriangular, apex about 2.0X longer than wide in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ), anterodorsal region rounded, ventromedial projection subrectangular directed posteriorly, apex truncate, both sub-hyaline ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Lateral ejaculatory process strongly sclerotized basally, slightly sinuous in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ), slightly curved ventrally in lateral view ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Phallus funnel-shaped, anterior margin flat in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ); basiphallus about 2.0X longer than distiphallus in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ), distiphallus simple with only one apical opening. Anterior arm of parameral sheath with distal ½ almost 2.0X wider than proximal ½ in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ), sclerotization stronger on internal margin. Gonocoxite subtrapezoidal, anterior margin bulging, posterior margin convex, median notch small, lateral spiny projections small, median setae small, sparse in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ); gonocoxite with anterodorsal margin convex, anterior ventral margin with medial setae small in anteroventral view ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 35–42 ), subtriangular, rounded on anteroventral margin in lateral view ( Fig. 40 View FIGURES 35–42 ). Gonostylus simple, apices triangular in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ).

Female. Unknown.

Variation (n = 3). Body length: 1.30–2.08 mm. Wing length: 1.2–1.6 mm. The dry specimens lack the submedian stripe on mesonotum and have only the antero-mesonotal guttiform submedian mark; general coloration dark brown.

Etymology. The specific epithet is derived from combing the initial letters of Parque Nacional Serra das Confusões, a conservation unit of the state of Piauí, into one word. The name is treated as a noun in apposition.

Comments. It was not possible to ascertain whether there is pruinosity (except in the abdomen), in the alcohol-preserved specimens. The specimens captured directly from flowers at Parque Nacional Serra das Confusões— Piauí, are associated with plants of the family Malvaceae   (Figs 72–73).

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♂: Brazil, PI [= Piauí], Guaribas, Parque Nacional Serra das Confusões, Andorinha, 515 m, 09°08′27″S, 43°33′42″W / Catação em flor, 03–05.v.2014, FLO / MYTH 109 GoogleMaps   / Holotype ♂ Pieza parnasecon Mendes, Lamas, Evenhuis   & Limeira-de-Oliveira (in alcohol: CZMA)   . PARATYPES: idem, Caracol, Riacho dos Bois, 575 m, 09°13′11″S, 43°29′26″W / Armadilha de Malaise , 20–31.viii.2013, JAR, FLO GoogleMaps   & T.T.A. Silva / MYTH 110 (pinned: 1♂ CZMA)   . Same data as holotype / MYTH 111   (in alcohol pinned: 1♂ CZMA)   .

Geographical record. This species is known only from the Brazilian state of Piauí ( Fig. 69 View FIGURE 69 ), where the type series was collected in the Caatinga and relict of Atlantic Forest biomes.

Remarks. Pieza parnasecon   sp. nov. differs from the other known Brazilian species in having the ejaculatory apodeme medially oval in ventral view ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 35–42 ) (ejaculatory apodeme not oval medially in the other species in ventral view, Figs 5 View FIGURES 1–9 , 14 View FIGURES 10–17 , 22 View FIGURES 18–26 , 31 View FIGURES 27–34 , 47 View FIGURES 43–51 , 56 View FIGURES 52–60 , 65 View FIGURES 61–68 ).

PI

Paleontological Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Bombyliidae

Genus

Pieza