Eupsenella, Westwood, 1874

Ramos, Magno S. & Azevedo, Celso O., 2012, Revision of Eupsenella Westwood, 1874 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae), Zootaxa 3539 (1), pp. 1-80: 8-10

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3539.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0564EF02-FCF9-49A8-BDAC-F432876C16B8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D887D0-8A34-FF84-1399-FC82FA60FC4B

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Eupsenella
status

 

Key to species of Eupsenella  

Males (unknown for Eupsenella agilis   , E. ceciliae   , E. diemenensis   , E. flavifemorata   , E. proxima   , E. reticulata   , E. baada   , E. barada   , E. barna   , E. batjala   , E. bilingara   , E. bugulmara   , E. dalla, E. djagaraga   , E. eora   , E. ilba   , E. inawonga   , E. inggarda   , E. ingura   , E. iwaidja   , E. jaadwa   , E. jaara   , E. jaburara   , E. jadira   , E. jagara   , E. janda   , E. kabalbara   , E. kaibara   , E. karanja   , E. karawa   , E. kokatha   , E. larrakia   , E. maya   , E. malgana   , E. nanda   , E. nangatara   , E. pangkala   , E. wanamara   )

1. Apical lobe of aedeagus short, ≥0.40 length of aedeagus; ( Figs 154 – 156, 157–159).................................. 2

- Apical lobe of aedeagus long, <0.40 length of aedeagus ( Figs 145–147, 148–150, 151–153, 160–162, 163–165).......... 3

2. Area between the anterior margin of eyes and demarkation of median clypeal lobe short, ≤0.15 LH; genitalia with paramere simple ( Figs 11, 154 – 156)................................................................ E. alura   sp. nov.

- Area between the anterior margin of eyes and demarkation of median clypeal lobe long,>0.15 LH; genitalia with paramere doble ( Figs 12, 157 – 159).............................................................. E. antakirinja   sp. nov.

3. Median clypeal lobe without median carina and truncate ( Fig. 10); pronotal disc with longitudinal furrow (Fig. 55); teeth of posterior margin of hypopygium arched ( Fig. 140); apical margin of basiparamere with strong angulation medially ( Fig. 151)....................................................................................... E. alawa   sp. nov.

- Median clypeal lobe with median carina and angulate ( Figs 7, 9, 13, 14); pronotal disc without longitudinal furrow (Figs 52, 54, 58, 59); teeth of posterior margin of hypopygium straight ( Figs 138, 139, 144); apical margin of basiparamere without strong angulation medially ( Figs 145, 148, 163)............................................................. 4

4. Teeth of posterior margin of hypopygium very close and thin ( Fig. 138)..................... E. insulana Gordh & Harris  

- Teeth of posterior margin of hypopygium far and thick ( Figs 139, 144).......................................... 5

5. Median region of aedeagus clearly wider than basal region ( Figs 148, 149)......................... E. ajabatha   sp. nov.

- Median region of aedeagus approximately as wide as basal region or smaller than basal region ( Figs 161, 163).......... 6

6. Outer margin of digitus spinose ( Fig. 163); inner margin of apical lobe of aedeagus with fold in the inner margin ( Fig. 163)..................................................................................... E. arabana   sp. nov.

- Outer margin of digitus smooth ( Fig. 160); inner margin of apical lobe of aedeagus without fold in the inner margin ( Fig. 160)....................................................................................... E. araba   sp. nov.

Females (unknown for Eupsenella ajabatha   , E. alawa   , E. alura   , E. antakirinja   , E. araba   , E. arabana   )

1. Brachypterous ( Figs 130 – 131)........................................................................... 2

- Macropterous ( Figs 93 – 129, 132–137)..................................................................... 3

2. 1R1 cell of forewing open ( Fig. 130); 1M cell of forewing absent ( Fig. 12)........................ E. larrakia   sp. nov.

- 1R1 cell of forewing closed ( Fig. 132); first medial cell (1M) of forewing present ( Fig. 132)............. E. maya   sp. nov.

3. Cu a of forewing aligned basally with Rs b ( Figs 98, 109, 117, 124)............................................... 4

- Cu a of forewing not aligned basally with Rs b ( Figs 93, 94, 134, 136)............................................ 7

5. Pronotal disc very short ( Fig. 72); anterior margin of pronotal disc anteriorly convex ( Fig. 72); notauli clearly parallel to each other ( Fig. 72); C cell widening distally ( Fig. 117)............................................ E. ingura   sp. nov.

- Pronotal disc short (Fig. 79); anterior margin of pronotal disc straight (Fig. 79); notauli strongly convergent posterad (Fig. 79); C cell of forewing not widening only distally ( Fig. 124).......................................... E. janda   sp. nov.

6. Vertex crest slightly convex ( Fig. 8); discal carina of propodeal disc not convergent posterad (Fig. 53); propodeal disc strongly reticulate (Fig. 53).................................................................... E. reticulata Terayama  

- Vertex crest straight ( Fig. 19); discal carina of propodeal disc convergent posterad (Fig. 64); propodeal disc weakly reticulate (Fig. 64)............................................................................. E. bilingara   sp. nov.

7. Vertex crest convex or concave ( Figs 3, 5, 6, 44, 45, 46)....................................................... 8

- Vertex crest straight ( Figs 17, 24, 39)..................................................................... 20

8. Vertex crest concave ( Figs 3, 44, 46)..................................................................... 9

- Vertex crest convex ( Figs 4, 6, 15, 45)................................................................... 11

9. Median clypeal lobe angulate ( Fig. 46).................................................... E. wanamara   sp. nov.

- Median clypeal lobe broadly rounded ( Fig. 3)............................................................. 10

10. Region between anterior margin of eye and antennal torulus not angulate ( Fig. 3); C cell of forewing almost entirely conspicuous along its length ( Fig. 93)............................................................. E. ceciliae Terayama  

- Region between anterior margin of eye and antennal torulus angulate ( Fig. 44); C cell of forewing inconspicuous, almost absent, along its length ( Fig. 134)...................................................... E. nangatara   sp. nov.

11. C cell of forewing almost completely inconspicuous ( Figs 94, 96).............................................. 12

- C cell of forewing completely conspicuous or at least widening distally ( Figs 105, 121, 135)......................... 13

12. R1 b entirely on anterior margin of forewing ( Fig. 94); vertex crest with short setae ( Fig. 4).......... E. diemenensis Dodd  

- R1 b arching distally into forewing ( Fig. 96); vertex crest with long setae ( Fig. 6)............. E. insulana Gordh & Harris  

13. Pronotal disc with deep median pit anteriorly (Fig. 60); median clypeal lobe truncate ( Fig. 15).......... E. baada   sp. nov.

- Pronotal disc without deep median pit anteriorly (Figs 50, 66, 76, 83, 90); median clypeal lobe angulate or slightly subangulate ( Figs 5, 21, 31, 38)................................................................................... 14

14. Head subcircular in dorsal view ( Fig. 45); ocelli widely separated ( Fig. 45); vertex crest slightly angulate medially; ( Fig. 45); pronotal disc very short; pronotal disc narrowed anteriorly ( Fig. 90)............................ E. pangkala   sp. nov.

- Head subtriangular in dorsal view ( Figs 5, 31, 38); ocelli not widely separated ( Figs 5, 31, 38); vertex not angulate medially; ( Figs 5, 31, 38); pronotal disc not very short; pronotal disc not narrowed anteriorly (Figs 50, 66, 76, 83)................ 15

15. Median clypeal lobe truncate medially; median clypeal lobe long and broad ( Fig. 31); frons without median carina ( Fig. 31)..................................................................................... E. jaburara   sp. nov.

- Median clypeal lobe angulate medially; median clypeal lobe short and not broad ( Figs 5, 35, 36, 38); frons with median carina ( Figs 5, 35, 36, 38).................................................................................. 16

16. Ocelli small; posterior ocelli clearly distant from vertex crest ( Fig. 5)....................... E. flavifemorata Terayama  

- Ocelli large; posterior ocelli clearly near vertex crest ( Figs 35, 36, 38).......................................... 17

17. Head longer than wide ( Figs 21, 38)..................................................................... 18

- Head wider than long ( Figs 35, 36)...................................................................... 19

18. Eye small; eye with few setae ( Fig. 21); region between top of eye and crest of vertex clearly convex ( Fig. 21); anterior margin of pronotal disc clearly straight ( Fig. 66)...................................................... E. dalla sp. nov.

- Eye large; eye densely hairy ( Fig. 38); region between top of eye and crest of vertex almost straight ( Fig. 38); anterior margin of pronotal disc convex (Fig. 83).......................................................... E. karawa   sp. nov.

19. Median carina of frons low; median carina of frons almost straight in profile ( Fig. 35)............. E. kabalbara   sp. nov.

- Median carina of frons strongly elevated; median carina of frons convex in profile ( Fig. 36).......... E. kaibara   sp. nov.

20. Eye located more dorsally ( Fig. 17); ocelli triangle compact ( Fig. 17).............................. E. barna   sp. nov.

- Eye located more laterally ( Figs 16, 20, 39); ocelli triangle not compact ( Figs 16, 20, 39)........................... 21

21. Vertex crest strongly narrow medially ( Fig. 39)............................................... E. kokatha   sp. nov.

- Vertex crest strongly not narrow medially ( Figs 16, 20)....................................................... 22

22. Median clypeal lobe truncate ( Fig. 16)...................................................... E. barada   sp. nov.

- Median clypeal lobe angulate/subangulate ( Figs 20, 32)...................................................... 23

23. Median clypeal lobe without median carina ( Fig. 20)........................................ E. bugulmara   sp. nov.

- Median clypeal lobe with median carina ( Figs 18, 26, 30, 32, 37)............................................... 24

24. Posterior margin of pronotal disc regularly concave medially (Fig. 77); median carina of propodeal disc less than half length of propodeal disc (Fig. 77)................................................................... E. jadira   sp. nov.

- Posterior margin of pronotal disc strongly concave medially (Figs 63, 71, 75, 82); median carina equal or longer than half length of propodeal disc (Figs 62, 70, 74, 81)............................................................... 25

25. 1R1 cell of forewing slightly longer than 2R1 cell ( Fig. 137)................................... E. agilis Westwood  

- 1R1 cell of forewing distinctly longer than 2R1 cell ( Figs 108, 112, 115)......................................... 26

26. Rs a of forewing almost vertical ( Figs 108, 116, 120, 127)..................................................... 27

- Rs a of forewing inclined ( Figs 112, 118, 132).............................................................. 30

27. Region between top of eye and vertex crest almost angulate ( Figs 18, 26)........................................ 28

- Region between top of eye and vertex crest convex ( Figs 30, 37)............................................... 29 disc smooth (Fig. 82).................................................................... E. karanja   sp. nov.

- Median carina of propodeal disc short long (Fig. 75); median carina of propodeal disc not located within a furrow (Fig. 75); propodeal disc slightly rugulose (Fig. 75)...................................................... E. jaara   sp. nov.

30. Ocelli touching vertex crest ( Figs 22, 25, 28)............................................................. 31

- Ocelli not touching vertex crest ( Figs 24, 32, 43)........................................................... 34

31. Eye densely setose ( Figs 22, 25)......................................................................... 32

- Eye with few setae ( Figs 28, 42)......................................................................... 33

32. Median carina at frons high ( Fig. 22); eye protuberant ( Fig. 22)................................ E. djagaraga   sp. nov.

- Median carina at frons low ( Fig. 25); eye slightly protuberant ( Fig. 25).......................... E. inawongga   sp. nov.

33. Ocelli clearly very far each other ( Fig. 28); Rs b of forewing almost straight ( Fig. 118); discal carina of propodeal disc conspicuous ( Fig. 74).......................................................................... E. iwaidja   sp. nov.

- Ocelli not too far each other ( Fig. 42); Rs b of forewing convex ( Fig. 132); discal carina of propodeal disc inconspicuous ( Fig. 87)................................................................................. E. malgana   sp. nov.

34. Notauli approximately parallel to each other (Figs 78, 88)..................................................... 35

- Notauli convergent posterad to each other ( Figs 69, 89)...................................................... 36

35. Notauli closed to each other (Fig. 78)........................................................ E. jagara   sp. nov.

- Notauli distant from each other ( Fig. 88)...................................................... E. nanda   sp. nov.

36. r-rs vein of forewing almost vertical........................................................ E. proxima Kieffer  

- r-rs vein of forewing almost horizontal.................................................................... 37

37. C cell of forewing evident along almost its entire length ( Fig. 114); 1M cell of forewing almost triangular ( Fig. 114); Cu b of forewing conspicuous ( Fig. 114)............................................................... E. ilba   sp. nov.

- C cell of forewing almost inconspicuous among its entire length ( Figs 113, 119); 1M cell subpentagonal ( Figs 113, 119); Cu b of forewing inconspicuous ( Figs 113, 119)............................................................... 38

38. Pronotal disc very short ( Fig. 74); Rs b of forewing convex ( Fig. 119); R1 b of forewing arching into forewing posterad ( Fig. 119).................................................................................. E. jaadwa   sp. nov.

- Pronotal disc short ( Fig. 68); Rs b of forewing almost straight ( Fig. 113); R1 b of forewing entirely on anterior margin of forewing ( Fig. 113).......................................................................... E. eora   sp. nov.