Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764,

Dubois, Alain & Bour, Roger, 2010, The nomenclatural status of the nomina of amphibians and reptiles created by Garsault (1764), with a parsimonious solution to an old nomenclatural problem regarding the genus Bufo (Amphibia, Anura), comments on the taxonomy of this genus, and comments on some nomina created by Laurenti (1768), Zootaxa 2447, pp. 1-52: 26-27

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.195113

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9539D22A-DD41-4336-AF9B-26B71A49A5AA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03D887CC-FFE3-FFA8-24FB-F9D2FD1DFD0C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764
status

 

Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764 

The plate 669 in Garsault (1764) shows his Lacertus viridis  or “Lézard verd”, which is undoubtedly a species of the group of Lacerta viridis ( Laurenti, 1768)  (family LACERTIDAE Batsch, 1788  ). However, if we suppose that the specimens drawn by Garsault were from the Paris region or at least from France (see above), the specimen of plate 669 could not be a Lacerta viridis  , but must have belonged in the species now named Lacerta bilineata Daudin, 1802  , a nomen formerly considered a synonym of Lacerta viridis ( Laurenti, 1768)  (e.g. Mertens & Wermuth 1960: 151) but now considered to apply to a distinct species, the “western green lizard” (see Amann et al. 1997).

The nomen Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764  is a senior asthenomonym (secondary homonym) of Lacerta 

2. For the valid author and date of this family nomen, see Dubois (2004 a).

viridis ( Laurenti, 1768)  , originally described as a member of the genus Seps Laurenti, 1768  . Its allocation to the species now known as Lacerta bilineata  would require that another nomen be given to the species currently known as Lacerta viridis  . According to Mertens & Wermuth (1960: 151), the first three available junior doxisonyms of the latter are three nomina created by Laurenti (1768: 61–62) for species that he referred to his genus Seps  , now an invalid junior doxisonym of Lacerta Linnaeus, 1758 ( Stejneger 1936: 138)  . Acting as First-Revisers, we hereby choose the following order of priority among these three nomina: Seps varius Laurenti, 1768  , then Seps sericeus Laurenti, 1768  , then Seps terrestris Laurenti, 1768  . Consequently, the species long known as Lacerta viridis  should now be known as Lacerta varia  , and the nomen Lacerta viridis  should now apply to the species currently known as Lacerta bilineata  . We think this change would have a disruptive effect on communication among zoologists, as the nomen Lacerta varia  has never been used as valid, and as, since its creation and for about 250 years, the nomen Lacerta viridis  has been associated with the common green lizard present in most of Europe (for a list of more than 25 recent references, see e.g. Nettmann & Rykena 1984: 173–180). We therefore use Article 23.9. 1 of the Code to reject the nomen Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764  in favour of its junior asthenomonym Lacerta viridis ( Laurenti, 1768)  . Being rejected under this Article, Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764  becomes an exoplonym and it does not threaten its junior doxisonym Lacerta bilineata Daudin, 1802  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Genus

Lacertus

Loc

Lacertus viridis Garsault, 1764

Dubois, Alain & Bour, Roger 2010
2010
Loc

Lacerta Linnaeus, 1758 ( Stejneger 1936: 138 )

Linnaeus, 1758 (Stejneger 1936: 138
1936
Loc

Lacerta bilineata

Daudin 1802
1802
Loc

viridis (

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Seps

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Seps varius

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Seps sericeus

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Seps terrestris

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Lacerta viridis (

Laurenti 1768
1768
Loc

Lacertus viridis

Garsault 1764
1764
Loc

Lacertus viridis

Garsault 1764
1764